Side Effects Of Coronavirus Vaccines Vs Catching Coronavirus
Side effects of the approved coronavirus vaccines are incomparable to the long term effects of catching coronavirus.
While some people may experience mild effects from the COVID-19 vaccine, they should pass after a few days. Of the people who got the Pfizer vaccine the most common side effects were headache or fatigue.
By contrast, an initial study from China suggested that around 1 in 5 people over the age of 80 require hospitalisation after contracting coronavirus.
It is difficult to know the exact mortality rate, but research from Imperial College London suggests that in high income countries around 1 in 100 people who catch COVID-19 die.
Side Effects Vs Acute Reactions
While anaphylaxis is rare with the COVID-19 vaccines, other types of reactions can occur.
Side effects: Known as reactogenicity, side effects are common with many vaccines, and usually come on a few hours to a day after vaccination. With the three U.S.-authorized COVID-19 vaccines, clinical trial data shows that about 60 percent of people report side effects. The effects include arm soreness at the injection site and/or fatigue, along with one or more of headache, muscle or joint pain, fever, chills or nausea. Side effects usually go away within a few days.;
Acute reactions: In the Mass General study, 1,365 people about 2 percent reported acute allergic reactions, such as itching, rash, hives, swollen lips or face, or wheezing, chest tightness or shortness of breath. These acute responses come on sooner than side effects, usually within a few moments to a few hours after vaccination.
But such symptoms to the mRNA vaccines may not be the type of allergic reaction thats set off by IgE antibodies. Experts note that there are different types of allergic reactions, and the triggering cause with these vaccines is still unknown. Blumenthal, whose team at Mass General has been at the forefront of coronavirus vaccine allergy research, says there can be triggers that are immunologic in nature, but not allergy-based.
Reports Of Very Rare Blood Clots
The MHRA is carrying out a detailed review of reports of a very rare blood clotting problem affecting a small number of people who have had the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.
The problem can also happen in people who have not been vaccinated and it’s not yet clear why it affects some people.
The current reported rate of this condition in the UK is around 15 cases per million first doses given.
The coronavirus vaccine can help stop you from getting seriously ill or dying from coronavirus. For people aged 40 or over and those with;underlying health conditions, the benefits of being vaccinated outweigh any risk of clotting problems.
For people under 40 without;underlying health conditions, it’s currently advised that it’s preferable to have another coronavirus vaccine instead of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.
If you have already had a first dose of the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine without suffering any serious side effects you should complete the course .
This includes people aged 18 to 39 years who are health and social care workers, unpaid carers and household contacts of those who are severely immunosuppressed.
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What About Delayed Or Less Common Side Effects
Some of our audience reported what seemed like regular vaccine side effects, but they were delayed fever, extreme fatigue, etc. almost a full week after the shot.
Victoria So is 71. The day after her shot, she actually felt fine, just a little sore on the injection site, which is normal for anyone. But after about seven days, she had aches, fever, and fatigue, almost flu-like symptoms.
I dont want to eat. I dont wanna move. I just want to sleep, she told WHYY. I took Tylenol, so I will feel better. And then I slept after a few days, its as if nothing happened to me. Everything is gone!
Most often, Chambers said, COVID vaccine side effects occur within 24 to 48 hours after the shot. Delayed reactions like Sos arent typical, and they may not be definitively associated with the vaccine. Still, that kind of fatigue isnt unusual or unprecedented.
The fatigue, thats a common one I hear from patients and colleagues, he added. The I was OK, and then several days later, I just felt wiped out so I think the common sense is, respect what your bodys telling you. Take it easy. And if it progresses, or it doesnt get better, get back in contact with your doctor.
A listener from Abington, 67-year-old Lisa Guth, said she had typical side effects after her second shot: fever, chills, fatigue. But a couple of days after recovering from those, she started getting really itchy on the same side where shed gotten the injection.
Doctors Found A Weird New Coronavirus Vaccine Side Effect That Takes A Week To Appear
Several coronavirus vaccine candidates have been authorized for emergency use around the world. Most Western countries use a combination of Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, and AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccines. The Johnson & Johnson drug just cleared the regulatory review and will is also now available in various countries. On top of that, Russia and China are using their own vaccines and have exported their drugs to other markets. Nearly 276 million vaccine doses have been administered worldwide as of Thursday morning, with 58 million people having received the full two-shot regimen.
Several new studies have offered plenty of additional proof that the vaccines effectively prevent severe COVID-19 and deaths. The drugs are also well-tolerated, having mostly minimal side effects. The list of adverse reactions includes pain at the injection site and brief flu-like symptoms. An extremely low number of allergic reactions have also been seen from certain vaccines. And now, doctors have started to notice a weird new COVID-19 vaccine side effect that can take more than a week to appear in some people. Thankfully, its extremely mild and isnt cause for concern at all.
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Some patients were treated with antihistamines, others needed steroids, and one was prescribed an antibiotic by mistake.
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The Rash Could Take A Week After Your Shot To Show Up
According to the CDC, side effects to the vaccine should “go away in a few days.” But what’s interesting with this specific side effect is that it could take more than a few days to show uptypically appearing five to nine days after your shot. “People are a little surprised because it’s a long time after the shot,” Freeman said. She also reassured that while it is “temporarily dramatic,” it is harmless and should go away within 24 hours to a week after cropping up.
“Though if it’s not just in that arm, or if anything lasts longer than a week, definitely reach out to your health care provider,” Freeman cautioned. And for more up-to-date COVID news, .
Getting A Full Body Rash Does Not Mean You Can’t Get The Second Dose Of The Vaccine
If you did experience a skin reactioneven a full body rashafter the first dose, don’t let that deter you from the second dose. Freeman noted that those who experienced a full body rash “were able to go back and get their second dose.”
“People can feel reassured about getting the second dose of their vaccine,” she said. “Even if you have a pretty impressive rash after the vaccine, as long as it didn’t start within four hours of vaccination you should feel comfortable getting the second dose.”
According to the CDC, you should not get the second COVID vaccine dose in a two-dose series only if you have a severe allergic reaction or an immediate allergic reactionno matter the severityto the first dose. “An immediate allergic reaction happens within four hours of getting vaccinated and may include symptoms such as hives, swelling, and wheezing ,” the CDC notes. And for more advice on vaccine reactions, Doing This After Your Vaccine Can Make Side Effects Worse, Doctors Say.
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It Tends To Appear After Your First Dose But You Should Still Get Your Second
Most people have reported this side effect as a reaction to their first dose of the Moderna vaccine, so they may be worried about going back for their second. However, Freeman says this isn’t a concern that doctors are currently seeing as more patients get their second dose. “We don’t want people to panic, and we don’t want people to think they can’t get their second dose just because they have this delayed reaction,” Freeman said.
Kim Blumenthal, MD, an allergist, epidemiologist, and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, also explained to USA Today that delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity is not an infection and doesn’t need to be treated with antibiotics. “If it’s itching take antihistamine; if it’s painful take Tylenol,” she recommended. And for more on reactions to the vaccine, These Are the Side Effects of the New Johnson&Johnson Vaccine.
Emotional Impact And Covid Arm
The nocebo effect: In the placebo effect, people may report feeling better even when theyve received a sugar pill instead of an actual treatment. Think of the nocebo effect as the placebo effects evil twin. When people have negative expectations such as anticipating side effects or a reaction to a treatment they may experience them.
Being vaccinated is a heightened emotional situation, Blumenthal says. You may feel the joy of getting vaccinated, the fear of an allergic reaction or concerns over adverse effects. That can physically manifest.
The symptoms arent in peoples heads. Objective symptoms such as flushing, racing heart and high blood pressure can all be brought on by emotions. Stress can also cause hives and itching, says Blumenthal, an expert in drug allergy research who often conducts drug challenges to help her patients determine if childhood penicillin allergies were misdiagnosed . I tell my patients, I become itchy in my clinic every week because I talk about it a lot.
Understanding COVID arm: Delayed skin reactions, or an angry red rash around the site of the vaccine dubbed COVID arm, have also cropped up. In an article for the New England Journal of Medicine, the Mass General researchers described 12 patients who developed a red, tender and sometimes itchy welt on their arm, starting an average of about a week after their first Pfizer or Moderna shot. One also had a rash on the palm and fingers, while another had an elbow rash.
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Health & Wellnesscan I Choose Which Covid
She has now changed the handout given to people who get the COVID-19 vaccine at Massachusetts General Hospital. In addition to listing itchiness or redness at the injection site for the first few days after the shot as a common side effect, the handout now says its also OK if patients develop a large redness or itching a week after. She hoped other vaccination sites that use similar handouts update them, too.
Dr. Elizabeth Bahar Houshmand, a board certified dermatologist in Dallas, Texas, who was not involved in the research, called it a type 4 hypersensitivity reaction that happens in response to contact with certain allergens.
To be very honest, we don’t know 100% the exact reason, Houshmand said. Theres speculation one of the preservatives in the vaccine could be a factor, or perhaps the spike protein mRNA is causing the reaction, she noted.
It is not dangerous it should resolve on its own, she said, echoing Blumenthals findings.
There Are Multiple Types Of Allergic Reactions To Vaccines Some Severe And Some Not
According to the CDC, there are two different types of allergic reactions you could have to the COVID vaccine: severe and non-severe. In the case of the latter, symptoms such as hives, swelling, and wheezing can arise up to four hours after getting vaccinated. However, swelling at the injection site is also a normal side effect of the vaccine, so you may not be experiencing an allergic reaction if you don’t also have hives and aren’t wheezing.
Spencer Kroll, MD, an;internal medicine specialist;with The Kroll Medical Group, says that some of these symptoms of a non-severe allergic reaction may improve upon taking antihistamines. And for more on vaccine reactions, find out why You’re More Likely to Have Vaccine Side Effects If You’ve Done This.
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Why Covid Arm And Other Post
Tina Burke, 40, a nurse who works on the oncology floor at Massachusetts General Hospital , received her first coronavirus shot on Jan. 3. Six days later, she developed a rash on her injected arm but thought nothing of it. The next morning, however, she woke up and found her hands and the heels of her feet covered with itchy red bumps.
It spread all over my hands and around the heels of my feet, and I could even feel one on the roof of my mouth, she says. The itching was so bad I couldnt sleep.
She thought the rash could be a side effect of the vaccine in her case Moderna and worried she wouldnt be able to get her second dose.
That was my biggest fear, she says. I wanted to be able to get it. I was more anxious about not getting it, than I was about the reaction itself.
Covid arm, a red, rashlike skin reaction that can occur at the injection site days after inoculation, has been well-publicized. But some patients also are developing delayed skin reactions on other areas of the body after receiving one of the messenger RNA vaccines, which include one made by Pfizer-BioNTech.
If they occur after the first dose, they shouldnt prevent anyone from getting the second, experts say. Even though skin reactions to a vaccine can look scary, most are not severe or long-lasting, and show us that your body likely is developing a nice strong immune response to the vaccine, which is a good thing, Freeman says.
Second Shot: Side Effects Vs Reactions
Second shot experiences: There is no difference between the first and second shots of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. But the side effects, such as fatigue, muscle pain, headache and fever and chills, do tend to be more intense after the second. ;
Yet there is good news too Macy says that, anecdotally, he is seeing fewer second-dose acute allergic reactions.
More of the ordinary side effects after the second dose are to be expected. The first mRNA shot primes the immune system to recognize and respond to the virus. The second dose acts as a booster to ensure the immune system is ready to mount a full-blown attack.
Though you may feel lousy for a day or two after that second jab, side effects are a sign your immune system is doing its job. Younger adults, who have more vigorous immune systems, report more side effects than older adults. And if you feel fine after your second vaccine, thats no cause to worry not everyone experiences side effects.
To treat side effects like muscle pain or fever, the CDC says its fine to take acetaminophen or ibuprofen. But dont take them before the shot, because they might curb the immune system response to the vaccines.
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Potential Side Effects Per Vaccine
Recently, there have been new concerns about serious side effects of COVID-19 vaccines. These effects may be coincidental, and there is currently not enough conclusive evidence to link these effects to specific vaccines. However, regulatory agencies are taking precautionary measures to investigate these safety concerns.
Cdc Is Monitoring Reports Of Severe Allergic Reactions
If someone has a severe allergic reaction after getting vaccinated, their vaccination provider will send a report to the;Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System .external icon VAERS is a national system that collects reports from healthcare professionals, vaccine manufacturers, and the public about adverse events that happen after vaccination. Reports of adverse events that are unexpected, appear to happen more often than expected, or have unusual patterns are followed up with specific studies.
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A Severe Allergic Reaction Could Affect Several Parts Of Your Body Including Your Respiratory System
The CDC says that severe, life-threatening allergic reactions, also known as anaphylaxis, to the COVID vaccine are rare but possible. According to the CDC, anaphylaxis can target four systems of your body: respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and mucosal . Respiratory symptoms of a serious allergic reaction to the vaccine could include the sensation of your throat closing, a high-pitched sound while breathing, shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing.
Symptoms Of Myocarditis And Pericarditis
Get urgent medical help if you get any of these symptoms in the weeks after the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine:
Serious side effects, like a severe allergic reaction, are extremely rare.
Your vaccinator is trained to treat any serious allergic reactions.
You should not get another mRNA vaccine if you have had a severe allergic reaction to the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine, any of its ingredients, or have been told by your doctor not to have the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine.
mRNA vaccines offered in Ireland are the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine and the Moderna vaccine.
This Skin Reaction Most Commonly Occurred After The First Dose
According to the study, more people experienced a full body rash after the first dose of the vaccine. Out of the patients who reported skin reactions after the Moderna vaccine, morbilliform was the fourth-most common skin reaction, occurring in 11 patients after the first dose and in seven after the second. For those who received Pfizer, morbilliform was the third-most common skin reaction, occurring in six patients after the first dose and in three after the second. And for more on the different reactions between doses, Doctors Are Warning You to “Be Prepared” for This After Your Second Dose.