Promising Treatments To Talk To Your Doctor About
The official Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance on what to do if you get sick with Covid-19 advises you to wear a mask, wash your hands, and clean high-touch surfaces to avoid infecting those around you. If your breathing deteriorates or you show signs of severe illness like confusion or an inability to stay awake, the CDC advises you to go to the hospital.
All sound guidance but advice on what treatments to get is harder to come by.
Who You Should Tell That You Have Covid
You’ll want to tell anyone with whom you’ve been in contact recently that you’ve tested positive for COVID-19.
While you’re most infectious when you’re showing symptoms, it is possible to spread the coronavirus earlier up to two days before you show symptoms, according to the CDC.
The CDC defines close contacts as those who were within six feet of you for 15 minutes or more while you were infectious.
How To Avoid Spreading Covid
COVID-19 can easily be passed from one person to another. It can spread in droplets in the air or left on surfaces after a sick person coughs or sneezes. It can also spread if someone touches a sick person and then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.
Follow the instructions in this section to help keep COVID-19 from spreading to people in your home and community.
- If you have COVID-19 symptoms and are waiting for your test results, follow these instructions until:
- You get your test results and theyre negative. If you had a rapid test and get a negative result, get a PCR test to check your results. Keep following these instructions until you get a negative PCR test result.
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When Should You Seek Emergency Medical Attention
According to Mayo Clinic, here are the emergency warning signs associated with COVID, which indicate a person should call 9-1-1 and seek medical assistance immediately:
- Trouble breathing
- Persistent chest pain or pressure
- New confusion
- Pale, gray or blue-colored skin, lips or nail beds depending on skin tone
What Is Nyquil Cold & Flu
Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and fever reducer.
Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant. It affects the cough reflex in the brain that triggers coughing.
Nyquil Cold & Flu may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
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How Should I Take Nyquil Cold & Flu
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use for longer than recommended. Cough and cold medicine is usually taken only for a short time until your symptoms clear up.
Do not take more of this medication than is recommended. An overdose of acetaminophen can damage your liver or cause death.
Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
Stop taking the medicine and call your doctor if you still have a sore throat after 2 days, or if you have a fever, headache, rash, nausea, or vomiting.
If you need surgery or medical tests, tell the surgeon or doctor ahead of time if you have taken Nyquil Cold & Flu within the past few days.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not allow liquid medicine to freeze.
How Can I Access These Treatments
Depending on your medical history, risks, and symptoms, your health care provider can help you determine whether a therapy that is FDA-approved, or available under an EUA, is right for you.
The following websites contain information regarding access to monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19:
You can also contact your state health department for treatment information.
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How To Manage Your Symptoms
Its helpful to keep a daily journal of your symptoms and the medications you use to manage them. This will help you see how your symptoms are changing over time. This can be useful if you need to contact or visit your healthcare provider.
If you use a device for sleep apnea or a home nebulizer, talk with your healthcare provider before using it. These devices may spread the virus that causes COVID-19.
Dr Fauci Says Do Not Take A Drug That Supresses An Immunological Response
As for taking medicines after the vaccine, Fauci says “the mixed advice is based on the fact that there’s very little data on that. I mean, if you’re going to take something that suppresses an immunological response, then obviously you don’t want to take something like that, except if you’re taking it for an underlying disease.” Immunosuppressants are “medications that suppress the body’s immune system,” according to Johns Hopkins. “These are usually taken after an organ transplant to prevent the body from ‘rejecting’ the transplanted organ.” Keep reading to see what he thinks you can take.
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Dr Fauci Says Some Tylenol After The Vaccine Should Be Ok
Aches and pains are a common side effect of the COVID vaccine. “If someone gets achy or gets a headache and it’s really bothering you, I mean, I would believe as a physician that I would have no trouble taking a couple of Tylenol for that,” he said. “So again, people are going to come back and forth and say, well, it could mute or dampen the immunological response to the vaccine itself. I don’t see any biological mechanisms why something like Tylenol would not do that.”
How To Treat Symptoms
- For a fever over 101, alternate Tylenol and Advil so youre taking a dose of one or the other every 3 hours.
- Use both cough suppressants and expectorants .
- Drink a ton, hydrate hydrate.
- Rest lots.
Most healthy people will have mild symptoms. A study of more than 72,000 patients by the Centers for Disease Control in China showed 80 percent of the cases there were relatively mild.
But infections can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death, according to the World Health Organization. Older people with underlying health conditions are most at risk.
The CDC believes symptoms may appear anywhere from two to 14 days after being exposed.
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Your Close Contacts Should Get Tested And Quarantine For 5
The people you’ve seen while infectious will also need to get tested themselves. Again, a PCR test is more accurate than a rapid if you’re willing to self-isolate while you wait for results.
The CDC advises that unvaccinated folks get tested immediately after learning of exposure to a close contact with COVID-19, and again 5-7 days later. Fully vaccinated people can wait to get tested 5-7 days after exposure, according to the CDC’s official guidance. However, some experts have warned that Omicron may have a shorter incubation period than past variants, so it might make sense to test sooner.
If your close contacts develop cold-like symptoms such as runny nose, headache, or fatigue, they should quarantine at home for 5-10 days or until they test negative. A rapid test at the onset of symptoms can help them determine if it’s COVID-19 or something else.
If you can’t get tested, it’s best to assume you may be infectious. Wear a mask around other people, and avoid indoor gatherings or public events.
With Omicron It May Be Harder To Tell If You Have Covid The Common Cold Or Flu
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It starts with a sneeze, maybe a sniffle.
You think to yourself, its just mild allergies or a minor cold. Youre not worried about covid-19, because the symptoms dont match up with the distinct, often severe indicators of covid-19: joint aches, violent coughing, a fever or chill, and the dreaded loss of ability to taste or smell.
But with the omicron variant now the dominant strain in the United States infecting the unvaccinated and fully inoculated alike, health experts warn the symptoms that previously helped people to gauge whether they had a cold, flu or covid-19 are no longer the useful marker they once were.
Making risks assessments on whether to travel, gather with others or get tested for the coronavirus based on symptoms is not going to work anymore, said Emily Landon, the chief infectious-disease epidemiologist at University of Chicago Medicine.
Complicating matters is that pandemic-fatigued populations must once again revise what they thought they knew about the coronavirus. Health experts said grids and infographics that suggest certain symptoms are particular to one virus or another, which are popular on social media, may have at one point been helpful but are now outdated with the rise of omicron.
Its confirmation bias, Landon said.
In this omicron-dominant season, symptoms of cold, flu or covid-19 are overlapping to a large degree .
When in doubt, test it out.
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What Should I Avoid While Taking Nyquil Cold & Flu
Ask a doctor or pharmacist before using any other cold, allergy, pain, or sleep medication. Acetaminophen is contained in many combination medicines. Taking certain products together can cause you to get too much acetaminophen which can lead to a fatal overdose. Check the label to see if a medicine contains acetaminophen or APAP.
Avoid drinking alcohol. It may increase your risk of liver damage while you are taking acetaminophen, and can increase certain side effects.
This medication may cause blurred vision and may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert and able to see clearly.
Antiviral Pills To Treat Covid
To treat the coronavirus itself, two newly-authorized antiviral pills from Pfizer and Merck will be available in Illinois “in coming weeks,” according to the Illinois Department of Public Health.
The pills, known as Paxlovid and Molnupiravir, will be available by prescription only “for those with mild-to-moderate COVID-19 who are at high risk for becoming severely ill, including hospitalization or death,” the department said.
U.S. regulators authorized Pfizer’s pill, Paxlovid, and Mercks molnupiravir last month. In high-risk patients, both were shown to reduce the chances of hospitalization or death from COVID-19, although Pfizer’s was much more effective.
IDPH reported Paxlovid is expected to reduce the risk of hospitalizations by 89% and Molnupiravir by about 30%.
The antiviral pills arent for everyone who gets a positive test. The pills are intended for those with mild or moderate COVID-19 who are more likely to become seriously ill. That includes older people and those with other health conditions like heart disease, cancer or diabetes that make them more vulnerable.
Both pills were OK’d for adults while Paxlovid is authorized for children ages 12 and older.
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Dr Fauci Said Do Expect Some Side Effects Especially After The Second Dose
“If you are really having discomfort that usually would occur rarely after the first dose, you likely would get a pain in the arm and maybe a little bit of an ache, not very much of an issue there. That’s what I went through personally, when I got it,” he said. “But the second dose of either the Moderna or the Pfizer in some people do get about a 24 hours worth of achiness, maybe some chills, occasionally a fever, a headache. You feel under the weather, as it were taking something appealed to youlike two Tylenol, every six or eight hours or soI can see is going to have a major difference that might make you feel much better.”
Additional Safety Measures To Consider Taking
The best safety measures we know at the moment are to get fully vaccinated, and then if eligible, get your booster. Eat a healthy diet, stay physically active, and get good quality sleep, Dr. Li says. These all contribute to building healthy immune defenses. Beyond this, the last mile for safetyand the easiest one to takeis to wear a N95 or KN95 mask to reduce your chances of inhaling virus particles from people around you, even people who have a negative antigen test.
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How To Confirm You Have Covid
You should test yourself for COVID-19 if you’ve been exposed to it. You should also test if you’re showing symptoms.
There are two types of viral tests for COVID-19: rapid and laboratory tests. Rapid tests can give you results in 15 minutes and may be useful if you’re trying to determine your status right before an event. However, they’re more likely to return a false negative result compared to lab tests, especially if you’re asymptomatic.
If you get a negative result from a test you took at home or at a rapid testing site, you should test again the next day to confirm your results.
Even better, book a PCR test to get more meaningful results. Lab tests like the RT-PCR can identify even a trace of the virus’ genetic material, which is why the PCR is known as the gold standard in viral testing.
However, it can take days to get your results back from the lab when the demand for testing is so high. It’s important to self-isolate while you wait.
There’s also the possibility you won’t be able to get a test near you. Many of the areas seeing spikes in infections like NYC are also experiencing testing shortages. If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus from a close contact, you may opt to skip the test and isolate to be safe.
Keep Track Of Your Temperature
- Measure your temperature 2 times every day: once in the morning and once in the evening.
- If youre getting chemotherapy and have a new fever of 100.4 °F or higher, call your healthcare provider.
- If you have a fever of 102 °F or higher that lasts for 24 hours and doesnt get better after you take acetaminophen, call your healthcare provider.
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What To Do If You Test Positive For Covid
- COVID-19 cases are surging again.
- Here’s how to test for COVID-19, and what to do if you test positive.
- Stock up on healthy food, fever-reducing medicine, and avoid contact with other people.
Infections with COVID-19 are surging yet again, so you may find yourself testing positive.
With the highly infectious Omicron variant circulating in many countries, reinfections are common and vaccinated people may be susceptible to mild infections.
It’s important to take precautions and be prepared to act if you get infected.
Here’s what to do:
Do The Current Antiviral Drugs Still Work On Omicron
The existing arsenal of medicines against COVID-19 are being researched for their effect against the latest variant omicron, says Dr. Li.The antiviral drug remdesivir appears to still be effective against omicron.
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Each week, Dylan Scott guides you through the fallout of the Covid-19 pandemic and the health care policies that matter most.
Thats not because theres a lack of options. For instance, the Food and Drug Administration has approved monoclonal antibodies as a treatment for Covid-19 patients at risk of progressing to severe disease. They recently expanded this approval to include monoclonal antibodies for children as well. The catch is this treatment has to be administered in a clinic or hospital, as an IV infusion or as four shots but it can be highly effective, with one high-quality study finding an 85 percent reduction in the risk of hospitalization or death.
Unfortunately, it seems likely at this point that most monoclonal antibodies are somewhat less effective against omicron, for the same reason that our native antibodies are somewhat less effective against omicron the new variant is different than the virus they were trained to fight. Research currently published only in preprints suggests that based on lab studies of antibody neutralization, 18 of the 19 different specific antibody formulations examined are less effective in fighting off omicron. Theres one notable exception: sotrovimab, a monoclonal antibody from GlaxoSmithKline and Vir Biotechnology, seems to hold up well against omicron.