Q 1: Should Immunodeficiency Or Autoimmune Treatments Be Stopped To Have A Covid
It is important that regular treatments for immunodeficiencies and autoimmune conditions are continued, because stopping these treatments can place people with these conditions at greater risk from COVID-19.
Vaccination should occur on a different day from regular infusion treatments, such as immunoglobulin or immunosuppressant infusions. For example, people on monthly intravenous immunoglobulin may be advised by their specialist to be vaccinated two weeks after an IVIg infusion. This avoids confusion about the cause of side effects or allergic reactions, if they occur in response to the COVID-19 vaccine or the infusion treatment.
Here’s Who Should Not Get The Vaccine Says The Fda
You may have heard that a small number of people had severe allergic reactions to the Pfizer vaccine. “Severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been reported following administration of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine during mass vaccination outside of the clinical trial setting,” says the FDA. Therefore: “You should not get the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine if you:
- had a severe allergic reaction after a previous dose of this vaccine
- had a severe allergic reaction to any ingredient of this vaccine.”
“What the Pfizer people are saying is that if you have a history of a severe allergic reaction, you should either not take this vaccine, or if you do take it, take it in the context of a place where if you do develop an allergic reaction, it could be readily and effectively treated,” said Dr. Anthony Fauci in a CNBC Healthy Returns Livestream. Keep reading to see what exactly is in the vaccine, to see if you might be allergic.
Myth: All Events Reported To The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System Are Caused By Vaccination
FACT: Anyone can report events to VAERS, even if it is not clear whether a vaccine caused the problem. Because of this, VAERS data alone cannot determine if the reported adverse event was caused by a COVID-19 vaccination.
Some VAERS reports may contain information that is incomplete, inaccurate, coincidental, or unverifiable. Vaccine safety experts study these adverse events and look for unusually high numbers of health problems, or a pattern of problems, after people receive a particular vaccine.
Recently, the number of deaths reported to VAERS following COVID-19 vaccination has been misinterpreted and misreported as if this number means deaths that were proven to be caused by vaccination. Reports of adverse events to VAERS following vaccination, including deaths, do not necessarily mean that a vaccine caused a health problem.
Learn more about VAERS.
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Some Medicines May Dampen Vaccine Effectiveness
As with most rules of medical science, there are some exceptions. If you happen to be taking prescription drugs that do affect your immune system, the vaccine might not be as effective as it would be if you weren’t.
So if you have had an organ transplant and are taking immunosuppressant drugs or taking those drugs to treat an autoimmune disease, or if you’re taking certain cancer chemotherapies, the immunosuppressive drug could decrease the efficacy of the vaccine, says William Moss, M.D., executive director of the International Vaccine Access Center at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Same goes for people who are HIV positive and take one or more medications that affect their immune systems.
Even so, Schaffner emphasizes, such medications will continue to work on the conditions you’re taking them for and so will the COVID-19 vaccine.
“Should you still get the vaccines? asks Schaffner, referring to the currently available COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna. Absolutely. Now, can we guarantee that you will have 95 percent protection? No, but you will get some degree of protection. And some is better than nothing.”
What Is The Purpose Of My Covid
The COVID-19 vaccination card is simply a medical record to help keep track of which type of vaccine you received, when you received it, and when you are due for another dose if necessary. You should keep your vaccination record in a safe place, as with all medical records. It is a good idea to make a copy of the vaccination card and keep the copy secure as well. Avoid carrying the card in your wallet to prevent losing it. Laminating the card is not necessary, and can make it difficult to add booster doses. If you lose your card, contact the site where you received your vaccine or your local health department for a replacement.
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I Have An Allergy To Penicillin Or Another Antibiotic Can I Have The Covid
The Pfizer and AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines do not contain penicillin or any other antibiotics. If you are allergic to penicillin or another antibiotic, you can still receive either of the COVID-19 vaccines.
You should not receive the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine if:
- You have had immediate-onset anaphylaxis to multiple classes of drugs
- You have had anaphylaxis but don’t know what caused it
You can receive the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine instead.
Can You Take Antibiotics After Getting The Covid
This is a question many people have right now: can I take antibiotics after getting the COVID-19 vaccine?
According to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases , âThere is no influence or interaction between antibiotics and COVID-19 vaccines, so when indicated, antibiotics may be taken at any time relative to COVID-19 vaccine administration.â
This means that getting the COVID-19 vaccine will not interfere with any antibiotics you may be taking and vice versa. Itâs important to note this as Childrenâs Minnesota encourages everyone who is eligible to get the vaccine to do to help stop the spread of COVID-19.
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Can Immunocompromised People Receive The Covid
Yes. In fact, since people who are immunocompromised face an increased risk of severe disease if they get sick with COVID-19, they should do everything they can to protect themselves against the virus.
The main thing immunocompromised people should keep in mind regarding the vaccines is that the vaccines might not work as well for them. Since the vaccines rely on a strong immune system in order to work, a person who is immunocompromised might not get a strong effect from the COVID-19 vaccine. This means you could still be at risk of catching COVID-19, even after receiving the vaccine. We just dont know yet how well the vaccine works in people who are immunocompromised.
What If My Child Has Allergies
Children with mild allergies can be vaccinated. A mild allergy comprises symptoms such as itch, redness or small rashes on exposure to a particular substance. Children with eczema or asthma can be vaccinated. Discuss with your doctor if you have a child who has had a severe allergy prior to vaccination. A severe allergy is one that has resulted in swelling of the lips, nose or eyes, closing of the throat, wheezing, rapid breathing, rapid pulse rate or fainting. If the child has had a severe allergic reaction to a previous vaccine or to substances inside a particular vaccine, that vaccine should be avoided in future. Other vaccines that do not contain the substance causing the allergy can still be given. Other children in the same family can still be vaccinated.
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So What’s In The Vaccine
Says the FDA: “The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine includes the following ingredients: mRNA, lipids azanediyl)bisbis, 2 -N,N-ditetradecylacetamide, 1,2-Distearoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine, and cholesterol), potassium chloride, monobasic potassium phosphate, sodium chloride, dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate, and sucrose.” Next see what you should tell your vaccine administrator before getting yours.
When Can I Get A Covid
Booster shots are recommended for everyone age 12 years and older. Additional populations may be recommended to receive a booster shot as more data becomes available. The COVID-19 vaccines approved and authorized in the US continue to be effective at reducing risk of severe disease, hospitalization, and death. However, the virus that causes COVID-19 is continually evolving. Experts are reviewing all available data to understand how well the vaccines are working for different populations. This includes looking at how variants, like Delta and Omicron, affect vaccine effectiveness.
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Q 1: Do Allergy Treatments Need To Be Stopped To Have A Covid
It is important that regular hay fever , eczema and asthma treatments are continued when having the COVID-19 vaccine.
However, it is recommended that allergen immunotherapy or venom immunotherapy injections should not be given within 48 hours of the COVID-19 vaccine injection. This avoids confusion about the cause of side effects or allergic reactions, if they occur in response to the COVID-19 vaccine or immunotherapy.
/13asthma And Allergic Medications
Allergies have been a talking point with the COVID-19 vaccines since it can make some prone to developing anaphylaxis, which is a worrisome, severe allergic reaction.
However, Dr Pandit says that most medications, or antihistamines used by those suffering from allergies have been found to be safe when used with the COVID-19 vaccine. “Vaccine is safe amongst those with food allergy and common allergic conditions like Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Allergic Dermatitis. Only people who have an Anaphylaxis to any of the vaccine contents, should NOT take the vaccine.”
Can You Get Vaccinated Against Covid
While about 10% of the population has reported a penicillin allergy, less than 1 in 10 of those people are truly allergic. About 80% of those who were once allergic to penicillin lose their sensitivity to it after 10 years. Dr. Lang says that you can still get vaccinated even if youre allergic to penicillin. Since December of 2020, more than 390 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been given in the United States. And the CDC says the vaccines are safe and effective. If youre not sure about what you should do, talk to your provider.
Dr Fauci Says Some Tylenol After The Vaccine Should Be Ok
Aches and pains are a common side effect of the COVID vaccine. “If someone gets achy or gets a headache and it’s really bothering you, I mean, I would believe as a physician that I would have no trouble taking a couple of Tylenol for that,” he said. “So again, people are going to come back and forth and say, well, it could mute or dampen the immunological response to the vaccine itself. I don’t see any biological mechanisms why something like Tylenol would not do that.”
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/13cancer Care And Immunotherapy Medications
Cancer is an immunosuppressing condition. People suffering from cancer are often put on heavy doses of immunosuppressants, which can cause the body to have an ‘incomplete’ immuno response, or have very poor tolerance after the vaccine is injected into the body. The response may be severely compromised for those who have non-functioning or bad immunity.
According to IMA guidelines, those with active cancers, but yet to start treatment can safely take the vaccine, much like cancer survivors. The ones on chemotherapy should consider medical advice prior to the vaccination.
Dr Bharat Agarwal, Consultant, Internal Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Navi Mumbai suggests that chemo patients to schedule doses as per their cycles.
“Immunosuppressants are drugs that lower the body’s ability to reject or have an incomplete immune response. Those undergoing Chemotherapy should seek an appropriate window for vaccination between the Chemotherapy cycles. Ideally, we suggest a patient wait for 4 weeks post-chemotherapy for the jab.”
Similarly, people who have had surgery need not take the vaccine immediately. They should consider waiting for two weeks atleast.
Q : What Happens If You Have A Reaction To The First Dose Of The Covid
The Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Novavax vaccines require a second dose, which provides more long-term protection from COVID-19.
After each dose there should be an observation period of 15 minutes:
- If you have a non-allergic reaction to the first dose you can still receive the second dose. These reactions include fainting and skin reactions other than hives .
- If you have a mild or moderate allergic reaction, such as a skin reaction, including hives , to the first dose, you should receive the second dose with a longer observation period, of at least 30 minutes.
- If you have anaphylaxis to the first dose, you should be referred to a clinical immunology/allergy specialist for assessment, before a second dose is considered.
Allergic reactions to COVID-19 vaccines are rare. However, if someone has an allergic reaction to one of the vaccines, it may be possible to have another vaccine, subject to availability and medical advice.
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/13people With Comorbidities Need To Be Vaccinated At The Earliest
Coronavirus can make a beeline for someone with frail immunity, which is a crucial reason why those with comorbidities should be inoculated at once.
Even with research and studies underway, taking a jab may do more harm than good.
According to Dr Rahul Pandit, Director-Critical Care, Fortis Hospitals Mumbai & Member-Maharashtras COVID Taskforce, prioritized, fast vaccination is the key right now to slowing the COVID mortality rate. “The high-risk vulnerable population – above 60 years and above 45 years with co-morbidities will bring down the mortality rate to very low, as currently, this group forms almost 90% of patients who succumb to the disease.”
What Ingredients Are In The Covid
Heres a breakdown of whats in the three COVID-19 vaccines that have either been FDA-approved or approved for emergency use.
Pfizer BioNTechs COVID-19 vaccine ingredients
According to Pfizer, the Pfizer BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is a messenger RNA vaccine that was made with synthetic and chemically produced components as well as enzymatically produced components from naturally occurring substances like proteins. This vaccine does not have a live virus in it.
Inactive ingredients in the Pfizer BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine include:
- Potassium chloride.
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Should I Be Worried About Myocarditis Or Pericarditis Following Covid
There have been rare reports of inflammation of the heart following vaccination with the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines . Most of the reported cases have been among male adolescents and young adults and have occurred within several days following the second dose of the vaccine. Most patients with myocarditis and pericarditis who received care responded well to medicine and rest and quickly recovered.
If you have any of these symptoms within a week after COVID-19 vaccination, seek medical care:
Reasons To Avoid The Vaccine
Its recommended that if youve had an allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the available vaccines, talk to your healthcare provider first. For instance, if youve had an allergic reaction to an ingredient in one of the mRNA vaccines , your provider might suggest Johnson & Johnsons COVID-19 vaccine. Or, if youre allergic to any ingredient in Johnson & Johnsons COVID-19 vaccine, your provider might recommend an mRNA vaccine. This can also apply if you had an allergic reaction to the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.
But having seasonal allergies or a shellfish allergy doesnt mean that you cant get vaccinated.
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Will Antibiotics Affect The Covid
The answer to this question may be short and simple according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . The CDC says, âDo not withhold vaccination if a person is taking antibioticsâ according to the organizationâs Prevaccination Checklist for COVID-19 Vaccines form. Youâll find that response within the âAre you feeling sick today?â section.
This online PDF is designed to ask patients specific questions to help providers determine if there is any reason why that person should not get the COVID-19 vaccine the day of their appointment.
The CDCâs Prevaccination Checklist also explains:
- There is no evidence that acute illness reduces vaccine efficacy or increases vaccine adverse events.
- Mild illnesses are NOT contraindications, or reasons to not vaccinate.
- As a precaution with moderate or severe acute illness, all vaccines should be delayed until the illness has improved.
Global & National Campaigns
- The CDC is the U.S. lead agency for World Antimicrobial Awareness Week and provides a partner tool kit to make participation easier and coordinated across the U.S.
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My Child Has A Weakened Immune System Can He Be Vaccinated
The principle is that for people with weak immune systems such as those born with immune deficiencies, or those recovering from cancer or taking medication which dampens down their immune system, live vaccines should be avoided but non-live vaccines can be given. In fact, the non-live vaccines become even more important to protect the person from possible future infections. It is possible that the immune response to vaccines may not be as strong as in a health person and the child may need re-vaccination once they are fully recovered. It is also important to check that all other children AND adults in the household have been vaccinated, in order to protect the child from catching diseases from them. If household members require vaccination, inactivated vaccines should be given but a doctor should advise regarding whether live vaccines can be given to the household members. Some live vaccines given to household members may prove a risk to a child with a severely weakened immune system.
What Can Be Done To Relieve Side Effects Of Covid
Side effects are normal signs that the body is building immunity. These side effects usually go away in a few days. Over-the-counter medicines, such as aspirin, antihistamines, or acetaminophen, may help relieve fever, pain, or discomfort after getting vaccinatedbut should not be used before getting vaccinated.
To reduce pain and discomfort in the arm, apply a clean, cool, wet washcloth over the area, and use/exercise your arm gently. To reduce discomfort from fever, drink plenty of fluids and dress in layers that can be removed.
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