Can You Have Covid
Yes. Symptoms of COVID-19 usually show up from two to 14 days after exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, but some people who are infected do not develop symptoms or feel ill. This is why it is so important to wear a face mask and practice physical distancing and hand hygiene. People can be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and not realize it, but still be able to transmit it to other people.
Who Is A ‘close Contact’
You are a close contact if you have been near someone with COVID-19 while they have been infectious. There is a reasonable chance a close contact will get infected with COVID-19.
Contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19 needs to have occurred during that persons infectious period a period which extends from 48 hours before the their symptoms started until they are classified as no longer infectious.
Close contacts can either be a primary or a secondary close contact.
Coronavirus Disease : Vaccines
There are several COVID-19 vaccines validated for use by WHO . The first mass vaccination programme started in early December 2020 and the number of vaccination doses administered is updated on a daily basis on the COVID-19 dashboard.
The WHO Emergency Use Listing process determines whether a product can be recommended for use based on all the available data on safety and efficacy and on its suitability in low- and middle-income countries. Vaccines are assessed to ensure they meet acceptable standards of quality, safety and efficacy using clinical trial data, manufacturing and quality control processes. The assessment weighs the threat posed by the emergency as well as the benefit that would accrue from the use of the product against any potential risks.
In line with their national regulations and legislation, countries have the autonomy to issue emergency use authorizations for any health product. Domestic emergency use authorizations are issued at the discretion of countries and not subject to WHO approval.
As of 26 November 2021, the following vaccines have obtained EUL:
If you live in a country where vaccines are available to more people beyond these priority groups, get vaccinated as soon as it is your turn.
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What You Need To Know After Your Covid
Normal side effects you may experience
- Injection site pain
- Normal side effects listed above last for more than 72 hours
- You have had exposure to someone with a diagnosed COVID-19 infection
- You are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms
SYMPTOMS of COVID-19 Infection include fever, chills, cough, stuffy nose, headache, shortness of breath, chest tightness, sore throat, lack of smell or taste, severe fatigue/exhaustion, muscle pain, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting.
Please note-you cannot get COVID-19 infection from the vaccine, however you can contract COVID-19 infection through normal community exposure.
Symptoms/side effects you should seek immediate medical care
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of your face and throat
- A fast heartbeat
Is A Sore Throat A Symptom Of Covid
There are now more than 20 symptoms of Covid-19 which have been reported to the ZOE Covid Study app, ranging from coughs and runny noses to skin rashes and diarrhoea.
The current top five are: a runny nose, headache, fatigue, sneezing and sore throat.
The Omicron variant has also been associated with a scratchy throat, aches and pains, and no loss of taste or smell in early reports from South Africa, where the variant was first identified.
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Is A Runny Nose A Symptom Of Covid
COVID-19 is a complex disease with many different symptoms.
While most of us are aware of the three âclassicâ signs of cough, fever and loss of smell , thanks to millions of contributors to the ZOE COVID Symptom Study app we now know that there are more than 20 symptoms of the disease.â
In the early days of the pandemic, it was thought that having a runny nose was not a symptom of COVID-19, and was much more likely to be a sign of a regular cold.
However, data from the ZOE COVID Symptom Study app suggests that having a runny nose can be a sign of COVID-19. â
What Is A ‘suspect Case’ Of Covid
A ‘suspect case’ is someone who:
- has a fever or history of fever such as night sweats and chills OR
- has an acute respiratory infection for example, cough, shortness of breath, and sore throat OR
- has experienced a loss of smell or loss of taste
AND within the 14 days before becoming unwell, the person:
- was in close contact with a confirmed case
- travelled internationally
- was a passenger or crew member on a cruise ship
- worked in healthcare, aged or residential care with direct patient contact
- lived in, or travelled through, a geographically localised area with elevated risk of community transmission as defined by public health authorities
Its recommended that anyone experiencing symptoms seek medical attention. Its up to the medical practice or testing clinic to decide whether you need to be tested for COVID-19, based on these criteria
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Can I Take The Vaccine If I Have Covid
If you have tested positive, you will have to wait for at least 90 days or roughly, three months before you can take the first shot of the vaccine. Since the vaccines are not 100% effective against the coronavirus, you stand a chance to contract COVID-19 after your first shot. In such a case, you may take the second dose as scheduled but only if your quarantine period is over by then. Also, make sure you do not have any symptoms when you go to get vaccinated.
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Do You Have Symptoms Of The Flu Or Covid
Due to overlapping symptoms between influenza and COVID-19, physicians and health experts are urging everyone six months and older to get vaccinated for the flu this year. One infection can make you more susceptible to others by weakening your immune system.
The flu vaccine reduces the severity and risk of serious complications, according to the Mayo Clinic. But it will not protect you from COVID-19.
Many of the steps recommended to prevent the spread of COVID-19 such as mask-wearing, hand-washing, and physical distancing also help prevent the spread of seasonal flu. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the number of hospitalizations during the last flu season was the lowest since 2005.
The flu and COVID-19 share several common symptoms. Here’s a look at how to differentiate the two viruses:
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How Can I Protect Myself And Others From Covid
No vaccine is 100% effective, even for the healthiest among us, and our research shows that some people are less well protected by their jab than others.
Itâs particularly important that people working with frail older adults, such as health and social care workers, continue to use their lateral flow tests because younger people who are infected with COVID-19 might not have any symptoms if theyâve been vaccinated.
We all still need to be careful to follow the advice on âhands, face, space, fresh airâ to cut the chances of catching or spreading the virus.â
Even if youâve had both COVID jabs, itâs important to stick to public health guidelines to help protect your own health as well as those around you in your family, workplace and community.â
Dr Claire Steves at Kingâs College London, who is the lead author on the study, says, âItâs great to see this evidence that vaccinated people experience fewer symptoms, are less likely to be hospitalised and that the risk of developing long COVID is lower in older people at least.
âOur work shows there are still groups to protect, especially frail older adults, and people living in more disadvantaged areas. These groups may need to be prioritised for second and booster vaccinations.â
At the moment, it looks like the vaccination programme is helping to control the pandemic across the UK but we must stay alert for the emergence of local hotspots, especially in light of new variants.
Despite Symptoms Its Not The Flu
COVID-19 is not the flu.
As one of a class of pathogens known as coronaviruses, COVID-19 is actually more closely related to the common cold than the seasonal flu.
However, despite some overlap, the typical symptoms of COVID-19 are more similar to the flu than the common cold .
The Delta variant, however, may have more cold-like symptoms.
In terms of differentiating between flu and COVID-19, it can be almost impossible to distinguish, Dr. Jake Deutsch, co-founder and clinical director of Cure Urgent Care and Specialty Infusion in New York. Thats why people are recommended to have flu vaccinations so it can at least minimize the risk of flu in light of everything else.
Fevers, body aches, coughing, sneezing could all be equally attributed to them both, so it really means that if theres a concern for flu, theres a concern for COVID-19, Deutsch said.
When and where you get sick might be the best predictor of whether you have a cold, the flu, or COVID-19, Yildirim said.
People living in communities with low vaccination rates and high rates of COVID-19 are more likely to have COVID-19, she said, especially outside of cold and flu season.
However, she said, differentiating becomes more difficult during the winter, when all three diseases may be widespread.
If you have a mild case of COVID-19, the flu, or a cold, treatment is geared toward management of symptoms, said Cutler.
Mild cases of COVID-19 are thought to last approximately 2 weeks, said Cutler.
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How Soon After Exposure To A Covid
The COVID-19 incubation period, which is the time between when a person being exposed to the virus and when their symptoms first appear, ranges from 1 to 14 days. Most people develop symptoms 5 to 6 days after being in contact with a person with COVID-19.
Australias national COVID-19 public health guidelines use a 14-day incubation period to inform many public health measures, such as quarantine and isolation.
What Impact Do Vaccines Have On Symptoms
Experts have said symptoms of Omicron infection in vaccinated people might be even milder than in those who are unvaccinated, which could lead to the cases to be missed.
Christina Marriott, chief executive of the Royal Society for Public Health said, Growing evidence shows that people whove received two doses of the vaccine typically present with less severe symptoms, such as headache, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, and loss of smell.
Its important for people whove been fully vaccinated to stay vigilant for cold-like symptoms and get tested if theyre living or working around people who are at greater risk from the disease.
Some early data suggests that current vaccinations may offer less protection against infection by Omicron.
The United Kingdoms Health Security Agency said that early, non-peer-reviewed data from a study suggested that an initial two-dose vaccination course provided less protection against mild disease from Omicron compared with the Delta strain.
But it found boosters restored the protection to an extent giving an estimated 70 percent to 75 percent protection against mild disease from the new Omicron variant.
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What Other Symptoms Of Covid
A sore throat is most likely to occur alongside many other symptoms of COVID-19. People reported a sore throat with varying combinations of symptoms, some of which are associated with a higher risk of needing hospital support.
Having a sore throat together with loss of smell is more likely to be COVID-19 than a regular cold.
Over the age of 16, a sore throat is associated most of the time with fatigue and headaches, and sometimes with a hoarse voice and light-headedness. Across all ages, a sore throat is reasonably common alongside a persistent cough and fever.
When To Seek Emergency Care
“If you have any of the signs of an allergic reaction within four hours after your first dose, it is very important that you get emergency care then tell your primary care team right away,” says the Mayo Clinic. “Do not wait until your second dose to report possible allergic reactions that you had after your first dose. If you have an allergic reaction, you may need to be assessed by your health care provider as soon as possible. If you have a history of allergies, tell your care team about your allergies. Tell them about all reactions you have had to medications and vaccines.”
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You Can Infect Others Even If You Don’t Have Symptoms
You may be infected but not have symptoms. However, you can still spread the virus to others. You may:
- develop symptoms later
- never develop symptoms
Follow the advice of your local public health authority on quarantine or isolation if you:
- dont have symptoms but have been exposed to someone who has or who may have COVID-19
- have tested positive
Vaccination efforts continue to increase vaccine coverage and lower community transmission. Even with increased coverage, continue to follow the advice of your local public health authority on the use of individual public health measures.
Learn more about:
Living With Long Covid Summary
In our latest expert webinar, Professor Tim Spector, lead scientist at the ZOE COVID Study, was joined by his colleagues from King’s College London, Dr Claire Steves, Reader in ageing research, and Professor Alexander Hammers, who works in imaging and neuroscience and suffers from Long COVID.
They shared personal Long COVID experiences and answered your questions, including whoâs getting Long COVID, what it’s like to live with it, and what help is available.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Covid
Generally, we saw similar symptoms of COVID-19 being reported overall in the app by people who had and hadnât been vaccinated. However, fewer symptoms were reported over a shorter period of time by those who had already had a jab, suggesting that they were falling less seriously ill and getting better more quickly.
Here is the current ranking of COVID symptoms after 2 vaccinations:
The previous âtraditionalâ symptoms as still outlined on the government website, such as anosmia , shortness of breath and fever rank way down the list, at 6, 29 and 8 respectively. A persistent cough now ranks at number 5 if youâve had two vaccine doses, so is no longer the top indicator of having COVID.
Curiously, we noticed that people who had been vaccinated and then tested positive for COVID-19 were more likely to report sneezing as a symptom compared with those without a jab.
If youâve been vaccinated and start sneezing a lot without an explanation, you should get a COVID test, especially if you are living or working around people who are at greater risk from the disease.
To 48 Hours After Vaccination
Once these body-wide side effects set in, they can last for 12 hours or more. Experts say these side effects should all stop within 24 to 48 hours after your shot, though you may still have some slight fatigue or arm soreness after that.
Mullane says its best to avoid important events or take on key tasks the day after your vaccination if youre concerned about the side effects. That’s because your vaccine appointment and the window for peak symptoms aren’t likely to happen at the same time. Most side effects come later.
Its OK to take an anti-inflammatory medication like Tylenol or ibuprofen to relieve any symptoms. But Mullane says not to take it before the shot, as it can interfere with your immune response.
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Whats My Risk Of Covid
May 26, 2021
So far nearly 80% of the amazing ZOE COVID Study contributors have logged one or both of their COVID-19 vaccines in the app so far, adding up to more than 1.2 million shots in total.
Weâve previously written about the after effects from the Pfizer and AstraZeneca jabs, as well as our first findings on how well the vaccines are working.
Now we have enough data for our expert scientists to start looking at the chances of becoming reinfected after having one or both jabs, and who is most at risk. Weâve made the results available as a pre-print, and weâll be sending it to a journal for peer review and publication as soon as possible.
Hereâs what we found.
Tips To Help You Identify And Minimize Mild Side Effects:
- Read the Vaccine Information that came with your scheduling invite to refresh your knowledge about side effects.
- Use an ice pack or cool, damp cloth to help reduce redness, soreness and/or swelling at the place where the shot was given.
- A cool bath can also be soothing.
- Drink plenty of liquids for 1-2 days after getting the vaccine.
- Take an over the counter pain reliever unless you have any specific contraindication.
- The Center for Disease Control and Prevention s v-safe after vaccination health checker is a smartphone-based tool that you can use to quickly tell the CDC if you have any side effects. Participation is voluntary and not a substitute for medical care.
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