Most Children And All Teens Can Get Covid
CDC recommends everyone ages 5 and older get a COVID-19 vaccine to help protect against COVID-19.
Vaccines Authorized For
Children 4 years and under:
Children 511 years old:
Teens 1217 years old:
Everyone 18 years and older:
J& J / Janssen
Widespread vaccination for COVID-19 is a critical tool to best protect everyone, especially those at highest risk, from severe illness and death. People who are fully vaccinated can safely resume many activities that they did prior to the pandemic. Children ages 5 years and older are able to get an age-appropriate dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine. Learn more about what you and your child or teen can do when fully vaccinated.
How Do We Know The Covid
One of the reasons some people havent signed up to receive the COVID-19 vaccine is that theyre worried there might be unknown side effects that will show up months or years later.
Although its true there are still a lot of things were learning about the vaccines like how effective they are against variants and how long their protection lasts there are plenty of things we do know that give experts confidence in the long-term safety of the vaccines.
How Does The Vaccine Work
For children as well as adults, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine requires two doses delivered three weeks apart, and a person is considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose in the series.
After that time, most people will have developed sufficient antibodies against COVID-19 to protect against severe illness, hospitalization and death.
Read Also: Can Covid Cause Autoimmune Disease
Will Getting Vaccinated Against Covid Affect My Childs Fertility
There is no evidence that any vaccine causes fertility problems, the CDC notes, and that includes COVID vaccines. However, using fertility as a talking point is a common strategy of anti-vaccination advocates.
Protecting Workers: Guidance On Mitigating And Preventing The Spread Of Covid
OSHA will update this guidance over time to reflect developments in science, best practices, and standards.
Guidance posted Updated
Summary of changes
- Reorganize Appendix recommendations for Manufacturing, Meat and Poultry Processing, Seafood Processing, and Agricultural Processing Industries
- Add links to guidance with the most up-to-date content
On this Page
This guidance is designed to help employers protect workers who are unvaccinated or otherwise at-risk , including if they are immunocompromised, and also implement new guidance involving workers who are fully vaccinated but located in areas of substantial or high community transmission.
This guidance contains recommendations as well as descriptions of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s mandatory safety and health standards, the latter of which are clearly labeled throughout as “mandatory OSHA standards.” The recommendations are advisory in nature and informational in content and are intended to assist employers in providing a safe and healthful workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
However, preliminary evidence suggests that fully vaccinated people who do become infected with the Delta variant can be infectious and can spread the virus to others.
In this guidance, OSHA adopts analogous recommendations.
Recommended Reading: Can 15 Year Olds Get The Covid Vaccine
How Is The Kids Vaccine Different From The One Given To Adults
For children ages 5 to 11, the doses are a third of the size of those administered to adults. These doses can also be stored in a conventional refrigerator for up to 10 weeks, unlike adult doses, which need to be used or tossed after a month of normal refrigeration. That innovation makes distribution easier than during earlier phases of the U.S. vaccine rollout.
Have There Been Any Covid
Issues concerning the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine and a rare incidence of myocarditis after the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, as noted above have been reported.
Trials for the vaccines have had fully independent safety monitoring boards, and safety data are continuously reviewed by the FDA and expert panels. The number of serious problems in test participants was very low, and there was little difference between those who received the actual vaccine and those who received a placebo. Millions of people have received the vaccines since their authorization, and careful safety monitoring of all three COVID-19 vaccines continues.
Also Check: Can You Only Get Covid Once
Interim Phase 3 Report Suggests Bbv152 Covid
Interim data from a phase 3 trial of BBV152, a COVID-19 vaccine developed in India, reports that two doses offer 77.8% protection against symptomatic COVID-19.
The findings, published in The Lancet, indicate that BBV152 induces a robust antibody response. No severe vaccine-related adverse events or deaths were reported among the trial participants. The majority of the adverse events, including headache, fatigue, fever, and pain at the injection site, were mild and occurred within seven days of vaccination.
BBV152, a Vero cell derived, inactivated whole virion vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in India, recently received emergency use approval from the World Health Organization for people aged 18 and older. The vaccine is formulated with a novel adjuvant and administered in a two-dose regimen, 28 days apart. The vaccine can be stored and transported between 2-8°C with a 28-day multi-dose open vial policy.
The researchers conducted an efficacy analysis based on 130 laboratory-confirmed participants symptomatic for COVID-19 among 16,973 initially seronegative participants. These cases were recorded at least two weeks after participants had received a second dose. Researchers recorded 24 positive cases among 8,471 people in the vaccine group and 106 positive cases among 8,502 people in the placebo group, suggesting an overall vaccine efficacy of 77.8%.
Is There Risk Of Allergic Reaction From Covid
According to the CDC, anyone who has a known severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients should not receive that vaccine.
The CDC says people with allergies to certain foods, insects, latex and other common allergens can safely receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Those with a history of severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines should discuss the vaccination with their doctor, who can evaluate and assess their risk.
How Do We Know a COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe and Effective?
You May Like: Does Covid Cause Back Pain
Side Effects Of Covid
This article is part of a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. Learn more about vaccines from how they work and how theyre made to ensuring safety and equitable access in WHOs Vaccines Explained series.
COVID-19 vaccines are safe, and getting vaccinated will help protect you against developing severe COVID-19 disease and dying from COVID-19. You may experience some mild side effects after getting vaccinated, which are signs that your body is building protection.
Should I Be Worried About Vaccine Safety
Over the past months, millions of people in the U.S. have been safely vaccinated. The FDA has fully approved the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, and may fully approve other coronavirus vaccines in the future. The FDA and CDC continue to carefully monitor each of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines for safety concerns.
These organizations are being thorough and transparent. One example is that in April 2021 the CDC and FDA paused administration of the J& J vaccine so they could review data on a few reported cases of serious blood clots following vaccination with that vaccine. After this review, the FDA and CDC determined that the benefits of the J& J vaccine outweigh the risk of this very rare side effect, and authorized vaccination with the J& J shot to resume.
Similarly, after observing rare occurrences of myocarditis following the second injection of the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, the CDC released information for the public.
They will continue to communicate with the public about their findings and any possible safety issues with this or any other COVID-19 vaccine. Any potential safety risks of COVID-19 vaccines must be weighed against the known serious risk of harm due to the COVID-19 infection and the benefits of protection that the vaccines offer.
You May Like: How To Sign Up For Covid Vaccine In Illinois
Dosages For Children Age 5 To 11 Are One
When Rachel Adams-Kaplan heard that the Covid-19 vaccines would soon be available for her children, she knew she would get her 7-year-old son vaccinated right away. She wasnt so sure about her 11-year-old daughter.
Children between 5 and 11 years of age began getting Covid-19 shots last week, after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech SE s vaccine for that age group. Some 900,000 children in that age group had received a first dose through Wednesday, White House Covid-19 coordinator Jeff Zients said.
I Keep Hearing About Breakthrough Cases In Which Vaccinated People Are Getting Covid
No vaccine offers 100% protection, so breakthrough cases are expected. But hospitalization and death reports show us that serious infections among vaccinated people are rare.
As a vaccinated person, theres no major risk, Dr. DSouza said. Im not going to die. Thats the important thing. The mortality has gone down to like nothing.
Even young, healthy people, whose chances of dying from COVID-19 are low, should get the vaccine, not only to help themselves but to also help others, Dr. DSouza said.
If they just think their chances of dying are very low, they may be right, and thats fine, too, he said. The risky part is if they sneeze onto someone, an older person who is not vaccinated they can really hurt that person.
Takeaway: Breakthrough cases are expected but rare. Vaccines greatly reduce your chances of hospitalization and death from COVID-19 and help protect others.
Dr. DSouza predicts that this novel coronavirus is here to stay, but with vaccination, it will become less deadly.
Sadly, its here to stay with us, he said. Thats in the sense that just like we have the flu every year, this SARS-CoV-2 has basically come into the human cycle, and its not going anywhere anytime soon.
Read Also: Are At Home Covid Tests Accurate
Common Questions About Covid
Getting a COVID-19 vaccine is an important tool, along with wearing a cloth mask, socially distancing and good hand hygiene, to help stop the ongoing pandemic. As wide-scale vaccination efforts continue, many people have questions about the vaccines. Mayo Clinic’s Vaccination and Distribution Workgroup has answered some of the most common questions about COVID-19 vaccines.
If I am vaccinated and develop side effects should I get tested?While many people do not have reactions after vaccination, it is normal if you do. It does not mean you have the COVID-19 infection. If you have a reaction, take some time to rest and allow your body to recover.These reactions should not keep you from going to work or doing other activities. However, stay home if you have a fever. It is not necessary to have a COVID-19 test or to quarantine.
What are the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine?For the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines, you may experience some mild side effects, primarily injection site pain, fatigue, and chills. These symptoms got better without medical care, and usually within 24 to 48 hours.
Second doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines should still be given, even if you had one of these reactions after the first dose.
What is known is that COVID-19 vaccines are 95% effective in preventing symptomatic COVID-19 infection.
Can The Vaccine Change Your Dna
You may have heard concerns about the COVID-19 vaccine affecting your DNA. This isnt possible.
Your DNA is contained within a special part of your cells called the nucleus. The nucleus is separated from other areas of the cell.
The mRNA that your cells naturally produce every day is made within the nucleus, but is promptly transported outside of the nucleus to be translated into protein. After the protein is made, the mRNA is destroyed.
Likewise, the mRNA from the COVID-19 vaccine will remain outside of the nucleus. It will also be destroyed after the spike protein has been made.
Some people should avoid getting the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines. This includes anyone whos had:
- either a prior severe or immediate allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the vaccine
- either a severe or immediate allergic reaction after getting the first dose of the vaccine
- a previous allergic reaction to polyethylene glycol or polysorbate
If youre concerned about the ingredients in the COVID-19 vaccine, both provide full ingredient lists on their fact sheets for recipients and caregivers.
Also Check: When Will Covid Vaccine Be Ready
What If I’m Immunocompromised And Got J& j
Immunocompromised people who received Johnson & Johnson and are “moderately or severely immunocompromised” should get a booster of any COVID-19 vaccine at least two months after the single dose. This is the same recommendation for everyone else who got Johnson & Johnson, but given that people with a suppressed immune system usually aren’t able to mount as strong an immune response, it may be especially important they seek out a second dose of COVID-19 vaccine.
Although very few immunocompromised people likely received Johnson & Johnson compared to Moderna or Pfizer, a CDC committee member said, those who did were neglected in the CDC’s initial recommendation for an extra dose for moderately or severely immunocompromised folks for lack of data. This week, the CDC issued guidance that Moderna or Pfizer recipients who are moderately or severely immunocompromised may receive a fourth shot or booster at least six months after their third shot.
What Are The Covid Vaccine Side Effects
Some people notice side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine, such as pain or swelling where they got the vaccine. You may also get fever, muscle aches, chills, fatigue, headaches or a combination of these symptoms.
COVID-19 vaccine side effects may last about a day or two, and do not signify illness. These are signs that your immune system is responding and preparing to fight the coronavirus if you catch it. If symptoms persist, you should call your doctor.
You May Like: How Many People Got The Covid Vaccine
A Childs Immune System Can Handle Covid Better Than An Adults Why Bother
Throughout the pandemic, children appear to be statistically less likely to get really sick from COVID-19 compared to adults. Federal data suggests four out of 10 children have been infected with COVID-19. Of those aged 5-11, more than 8,000 were hospitalized, a third of whom had no known medical conditions that would predispose them to severe COVID-19 outcomes. Dozens of these school-aged children have died CDC lists COVID-19 as a top 10 cause of death for this age group. Children are not supposed to die, said Dr. Smriti Khare, president of Childrens Wisconsin-Primary Care. The risk to children may be smaller, but it is not zero.
Everything You Need To Know After The Fda Expanded Use Of Pfizers Covid
Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech SE said on Sept. 20 that their Covid-19 vaccine was found safe to use among children 5 to 11 years old and generated a strong immune response in them, bringing shots for more kids a step closer to distribution. On Oct. 7, the companies asked the Food and Drug Administration to authorize the shots use in the kids. The FDA has already authorized Pfizers vaccine for use in children 12 to 15 years. The shot is the first cleared for administration in the younger age group, after the FDA last December approved the vaccine for ages 16 and up. Here is what you need to know about Covid-19 vaccines and children:
When will children get the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine?
Some 64% of people in the U.S. ages 12 and over are fully vaccinated against Covid-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some older people and people with compromised immune systems have begun to receive booster shots as well.
Don’t Miss: What Is In The Covid Relief Bill 2021
Are You Giving The Johnson & Johnson Covid
On Friday, April 23, 2021, the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lifted the temporary pause of the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine, allowing vaccine providers to resume administration of this vaccine.
UI Health Care is following guidance from the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and is resuming administration of the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine.
Dr Frank Mcgeorge Answers Covid Questions
Frank McGeorge, MD, Local 4’s Good Health Medical Expert
DETROIT Since the coronavirus pandemic began, Dr. Frank McGeorge has been keeping viewers up-to-date and informed on all fronts. Hes been answering your questions about the vaccine, the vaccination process and more.
This time, Dr. McGeorge is answering viewer questions about Pfizers recently-authorized pediatric COVID-19 vaccine, meant for children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old.
My daughter will be 12 in 4 months. Is the smaller dose appropriate for her? Should I wait until she is 12 so she can get the full dose? Are children being given boosters at age 12 if they received the pediatric dose?
The smaller dose is completely appropriate. It really is a good balance between providing protection wile minimizing the side effects.
As for boosters, there has not yet been any research or decision regarding boosters for children ages 5 to 11.
I have a son who is turning 12 in less than a year. Should I wait for the vaccine approved for children 12 and up? Or should I get him the pediatric vaccine now?
I would suggest your son gets the pediatric dose right away.
Delaying the vaccine wont increase your sons protection, but it would delay him from being protected.
Also Check: Does Covid Make You Thirsty