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Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 12:28 am
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Is There Sulfa In The Covid Vaccine

As Peg Is A Component Of The Mrna Vaccines Is That Safe For People With Soy Allergy

U.K. warns those with severe allergies should avoid COVID-19 vaccine for now

We put the polyethylene glycol and soy allergy question to two experts: allergist and vaccine expert;Dr. James Baker, director of the Mary H. Weiser Food Allergy Center at the University of Michigan, and Dr. Kimberly Blumenthal, allergist and the safety officer for allergy at Massachusetts General. Both say there is no soy protein or other food protein in the mRNA vaccines.;

The PEG component of these vaccines are derivatives of soy sterols that are;not cross-reactive with;soy proteins that cause soy allergy, stresses Baker.

Blumenthal agrees, telling;Allergic Living:;Soy allergy is from protein, never plant-derived fatty acids . Importantly, she adds as a drug allergy expert: Soy-allergic patients tolerate PEG all the time.

In rare cases, PEG has triggered allergic reactions. However, Baker notes: PEG;derivatives that cause allergies usually involve some different protein. For example, PEG-asparaginase, an anti-cancer drug, which is altered by complexing with PEG. There is no cross-reaction between soy allergy and allergy to other PEG-conjugated;proteins.

So Should You Get A Vaccine

Unless you have the allergy issues described in this article, the FDA says: Yes! As soon as possible! “When you get a COVID-19 vaccine, you are choosing to protect yourself and make a difference for your children, parents, grandparents, and other loved ones,” says the agency, “Millions of people in the U.S. have already received a COVID-19 vaccine. For a community to be fully protected, most community members need to get the vaccine. Getting vaccinated against COVID-19 will help protect you from COVID-19, and it may also protect the people around you.” And to get through this pandemic without catching coronavirus, don’t miss this essential list: Things You Should Never Do Before Your Vaccine

Eat This, Not That!

Faq On: Allergy Concerns And The Mrna Covid

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that almost 176 million people across the United States have had both shots of a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine as of Sept. 4. As the vaccination program to control the coronavirus continues, U.S. health agencies are closely monitoring any adverse effects.

    In the allergy community, safety questions about the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna messenger RNA vaccines have arisen because of a small number of cases of severe reactions. A CDC detailed review of reported cases of anaphylaxis, published Feb. 12, offers reassurance that such reactions are uncommon. It found only 66 cases of anaphylaxis among 17.5 million doses of the two vaccines administered.

    Forty-seven of the anaphylactic reactions were to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, or 4.7 cases for every 1 million people who got that shot. With Moderna, the CDC study authors said there were 19 confirmed reports of anaphylaxis, or 2.5 cases for every 1 million people.;The review, published in the journal JAMA, says the CDCs continuing safety monitoring confirms that anaphylaxis following vaccination is a rare event.;

    As we discuss in a separate news report here, the majority of those few cases involved women and those with allergy histories.;

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    What Severe Reactions Have Occurred In The Us

    On Dec. 15, 2020, a nurse in Alaska became the first American to have an anaphylactic reaction to the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine. She got her shot at the Bartlett Regional Hospital in Juneau, where she works. The hospital emergency physician who treated her told a press briefing that the woman had a red rash on her face and experienced shortness of breath and an elevated heart rate. She was given epinephrine.

    The nurse was;admitted to the hospital, and put on an epinephrine drip and treated with steroids. A day later, she had recovered and was discharged.;;

    On Dec. 24, 2020,;a Boston doctor;became the first to experience anaphylaxis to the Moderna vaccine. The doctor, who said his blood pressure dropped significantly, administered his own epinephrine auto-injector . He recovered and was discharged.

    On Jan. 6, in its;first report on allergic reactions;to the mRNA vaccines, the CDC gave some details on 21 confirmed anaphylactic reactions reported in the first 1.5 weeks of vaccination program. Given the context that those reactions were out of 1.9 million doses administered, the CDC said a severe reaction to the COVID-19 vaccine appears to be a rare event.

    Of the 21 patients who developed anaphylaxis , 17 had history of allergies or allergic reactions to drugs or to foods or insect stings. There was no common allergen, and all recovered with treatment. Most received epinephrine.

    The CDCs Jan. 6 COVID-19 vaccine allergic reactions report says:

    What Is Herd Immunity

    21 Companies Working on Coronavirus Vaccine or Treatment ...

    Herd immunity occurs when a significant portion of the population becomes immune to an infectious disease, so that the disease stops spreading. It can happen by widespread vaccination, or by people developing antibodies after becoming infected with an illness. Because of the risk of serious complications and death from COVID-19, the World Health Organization recommends that we achieve herd immunity through vaccinations, NOT by exposure to the virus.

    It is difficult to predict when the United States will achieve herd immunity. Experts say that our country needs to have about 200 million immunized or infected citizens to break the chain of infection.

    In the meantime, continue wearing a mask, washing your hands and maintaining at least six feet between you and individuals outside of your immediate household. And schedule your vaccination when your phase of eligibility becomes available to you.

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    At The Current Rate Of Rollout How Long Will It Take Before Iowa Reaches Herd Immunity Against Covid

    About 75 percent of the population needs to be vaccinated it can reach herd immunity. Based on the state’s current rollout, Winokur believes it will be summer or fall before Iowa reaches that immunity.

    New vaccines, in addition to the ones developed by Pfizer and Moderna, will likely be considered in the near future by federal officials. These include shots developed by Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca.

    The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics is also participating in a clinical trial for a new vaccine developed by Novavax.

    Winokur said the trial still is in the midst of recruiting 30,000 participants, and researchers will need to wait at least a month after half of the participants have received the second dose before seeking federal emergency use authorization. She estimated it will be at least until March until that occurs.

    When asked whether Iowans outside of Iowa City could participate in the clinical trial, UIHC officials said they ‘do not have the infrastructure and manpower to send our team to distant locations at this time.

    ‘All personnel working on the study have to be specifically trained for performing clinical research in general and have to be trained for this particular protocol, officials said in a statement. ‘What often isn’t obvious is that we have a large team of individuals working behind the scenes for every single study visit, and these visits will be ongoing for two years.

    Will The Current Vaccines Be Effective Against The New Covid

    Late last year, a mutation of novel coronavirus was discovered in other parts of the world, including the United Kingdom. While it’s common for viruses to mutate, experts have found the newest variant is more contagious that its predecessors.

    So far, data scientists have suggested that the COVID-19 vaccine is effective against various mutations of the virus, Winokur said.

    ‘The nice thing about the vaccine is you develop antibodies to different portions of the spike protein and those mutations are very specific, so you might affect the antibody that’s from the area where the mutation occurs, Winokur said.

    Also Check: How Many Weeks Between Covid Vaccines

    What Are The Signs/symptoms Of Allergic Reactions To Vaccines

    Allergic reactions to vaccines are rare.

    Mild to moderate allergic reaction signs/symptoms include rapid onset swelling of face, lips and/or eyes, tingling mouth, hives or welts, and abdominal pain/vomiting. A mild to moderate allergic reaction may sometimes progress to a severe allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis.

    Anaphylaxis to vaccines is extremely rare, and is indicated by any one of the following signs:;

    • Difficult/noisy breathing
    • Difficulty talking and/or hoarse voice
    • Persistent dizziness and/or collapse*;

    *Some conditions can appear like allergic reactions, including non-allergic rashes, fainting and stress responses. Any suspected allergic reactions should be reported to the vaccination centre.

    Do Immunodeficiency Or Autoimmune Treatments Need To Be Stopped To Have A Covid

    COVID-19 vaccine | SA billionaire gives back

    It is important that regular treatments for immunodeficiencies and autoimmune conditions are continued, because stopping these treatments can place people with these conditions at greater risk from COVID-19.

    Vaccination should occur on a different day from regular infusion treatments, such as immunoglobulin or immunosuppressant infusions. For example, people on monthly intravenous immunoglobulin may be advised by their specialist to be vaccinated two weeks after an IVIg infusion. This avoids confusion about the cause of side effects or allergic reactions, if they occur in response to the COVID-19 vaccine or the infusion treatment.

    Recommended Reading: Why Does Everything Taste Bad To Me Suddenly Covid

    Do These Vaccines Have Any Ingredients Of Concern To Those With Dairy Allergy Or Alpha

    Several readers asked about dairy and gelatin in relation to either dairy allergy or alpha-gal allergy. The CDC specifically says no gelatin or preservatives are used in either of the mRNA vaccines. Dairy isnt directly addressed, but the CDC says there are no special precautions for any food allergens.

    We asked two allergist-immunologists at Massachusetts General Hospital to expand on the questions about dairy allergy and alpha-gal allergy safety. Dr. Anna Wolfson and Dr. Sarita Patil, who are respectively drug and food allergy researchers, said:

    Who Can And Cant Safely Get The Covid

    • Experts say the COVID-19 vaccine is safe for most people.
    • There are no known safety issues for pregnant people, those who are breastfeeding, or people whove tested positive for COVID-19 in the past, according to experts.
    • They note that people whove had severe allergic reactions to any ingredients in the vaccine should not get it.
    • People who have autoimmune or other conditions should check with their doctor before getting the vaccine, experts say.

    All data and statistics are based on publicly available data at the time of publication. Some information may be out of date. Visit our coronavirus hub and follow our live updates page for the most recent information on the COVID-19 pandemic.

    The initial wave of COVID-19 vaccine doses are being administered across the United States.

    The Food and Drug Administration issued for the Pfizer-BioNtech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines. Both vaccines are made up of 2 doses given intramuscularly.

    The Pfizer vaccine is given 21 days apart, while the Moderna vaccine is administered 28 days apart.

    Heres what you need to know about whos getting vaccinated first and who can safely get the COVID-19 inoculation.

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    How Do I Know If Im Allergic To The Ingredients In The Covid

    Severe allergic reactions to the COVID-19 vaccines are rare. A report from the CDC found that the risk of developing a serious allergic reaction is 0.001 percent, based on currently available data.

    Rarely, instances of severe allergic reactions have been reported among people immediately following the shot. These are extremely uncommon, with an estimated 11 anaphylactic reactions per million people vaccinated, and are treatable if they occur.

    If you have a history of an allergic reaction to any of the listed ingredients, to polyethylene glycol , or to polysorbate, the CDC recommends that you DO NOT get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

    Otherwise, you can likely proceed with vaccination. You should talk to your doctor first if you have experienced a severe allergic reaction from a vaccine or injected medication in the past. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention does recommend that if you have a history of a severe allergic reaction to something else , you can get vaccinated.

    Anyone with a history of a severe allergic reaction will be monitored for 30 minutes after vaccination, while all others should be monitored for at least 15 minutes. Vaccination sites have safeguards in place, in the unlikely event you do experience an allergic reaction.

    Q: What Do We Know About Those Who Already Had The Virus Taking The Vaccine

    FDA Fast Tracks COVID

    Two new;studies suggest;that people whove had COVID-19 may need only one dose of the vaccine. The studies show that one shot coupled with antibodies from the virus offers enough protection.;

    If someone has been infected, Venditto said, its recommended they still get the vaccine.;

    So people who get a single-dose who havent been infected their immune response to the vaccine is a little bit less, so it looks like having the virus actually enhances the immune response associated with the vaccine, he said.

    Venditto said both doses are recommended to reach full immunity.;;

    Dr. Greenberg said vaccines dont prevent someone from getting a virus, they keep people alive and prevent hospitalization.;

    But its not a shield against any pathogen, its the immune response is there. And when the person becomes infected with the pathogen, immune response kicks in, Greenberg said. And the more active the immune response, the better chance for the person to get over the infection. They may be asymptomatic or have mild disease.

    In the Johnson & Johnson trials, the vaccine has been 100% effective in preventing hospitalizations and death from COVID-19 illness.;

    Nobody died from COVID, who received the vaccine, Greenberg said. And in the placebo arm, there were five deaths attributed to COVID.

    A number of concerns have been raised about the effectiveness of vaccines against COVID-19 variants. Still all three vaccines work to prevent severe illness.

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    Can Pregnant Women Breastfeeding Mothers And Immunocompromised Get A Covid

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is now recommending that pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers get a COVID-19 vaccine to protect against the spread of the virus. People who are immunocompromised should talk to their provider about whether they should get the vaccine so they can make an informed decision on whether the COVID-19 vaccine is right for them. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;will continue to update its guidelines for these groups as information changes, so we encourage you to visit their website for the latest.

    Are The Mrna Vaccines Safe For People With Celiac Disease

    A group of leading North American celiac experts with the;Society for the Study of Celiac Disease answers this question:; As the safety and efficacy data on COVID vaccination has emerged, there is no evidence to suggest that people with celiac disease would be more prone to an adverse effect of vaccination. Celiac disease is not considered an allergy, and by itself does not prompt additional precaution when proceeding with vaccination. Patients with concerns about vaccination and their particular circumstance should speak with their health-care provider.Additionally, the CDC says: Persons with autoimmune conditions who have no contraindications to vaccination may receive an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

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    Do I Need The Vaccine If Ive Had Covid

    Yes, you should still get the vaccine even if youve been sick with the COVID-19 virus. Researchers are still working to understand how long immunity from the virus lasts. Reinfection is also possible, so the CDC recommends that individuals who have been sick with COVID-19 still receive the vaccine.

    Is Getting The Covid

    Whatâs behind coronavirus vaccine skepticism? | COVID-19 Special

    No, the COVID-19 vaccine is not a bigger risk to your health than becoming ill with the actual virus. COVID-19 can cause many serious short- and long-term symptoms and has killed at least 400,000 Americans, including more than 12,000 right here in Georgia. The COVID-19 vaccine has been proven safe and it is effective at slowing the spread of this very serious virus.

    You may experience some side effects after receiving the vaccine. These may include soreness at the injection site, fatigue or fever; however, they are not dangerous and generally go away 24-72 hours later. The COVID-19 virus can trigger symptoms that last days, weeks, or even months.

    When you get a COVID-19 vaccine, youre not just protecting yourself from a potentially deadly virus, youre also protecting your family, friends and neighbors. Widespread vaccination can also help us return to school and work and enjoy many of the activities weve missed over the past year, such as traveling and getting together with friends.

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    Vaccine Experts Answer Your Questions About Pfizer Moderna And Johnson & Johnson Vaccines

    Posted on:

    FRANKFURT, Ky. More than 2.5 million people in Kentucky, Ohio and West Virginia have been vaccinated with at least one dose of the Moderna or Pfzier COVID-19 vaccines. Little by little, states have received more vaccine doses, but the national supply remains low.

    However, more promise is on the horizon as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration;approved emergency authorization;use of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. That one-dose shot is the third coronavirus vaccine available in the country, and would decrease the number of appointments necessary to be inoculated while upping overall supply.

    As more people become eligible for the vaccine, more questions arise about efficacy and state distribution of the vaccine. The Ohio Valley ReSource created tools to track the progress of vaccinations in;Kentucky,;Ohio;and;West Virginia, and we are;asking;vaccine experts to address questions from our;readers and listeners.

    Vince Venditto;is an assistant professor in the College of Pharmacy at the University of Kentucky and specializes in vaccine design and development. He answered questions about the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. Dr. Richard Greenberg works in the division of infectious diseases at the University of Kentucky and is the;principal investigator;for the Johnson & Johnson one-dose vaccine trial at the university.

    Here are their answers to some of your questions and some additional resources for more information.

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