Euronews: What Is The Impact On Periods
On blogs and across social media, women have shared their stories of a change to their menstrual cycle, such as changes to the regularity and volume .
A study said it is unclear whether apparent changes are due to COVID-19 infection/illness itself, or other pandemic-related factors like increased psychological stress and changes in health behaviours.
The study also said it was also unclear to what degree current findings are explained by reporting bias, recall bias, selection bias and confounding factors, adding, more research is needed.
But there have been no negative effects on periods reported.
Dr Mosina: Many women participated in clinical trials which did not identify any negative effects of vaccination on the menstruation cycle.
Additional evidence confirming safety of vaccines with regards to menstruation came from national and global vaccine safety monitoring systems after vaccination programmes were rolled-out.
Do Covid Vaccines Affect Pregnancy Fertility Or Periods We Asked The World Health Organization
Misinformation about the impact of COVID-19 vaccines on pregnant people and how it may affect fertility and menstruation have spread like wildfire, triggering warnings from health professionals that not enough pregnant women are getting jabbed.
But studies have yet to link any vaccine-related problems with pregnancy and foetal development, or menstrual cycles and fertility in women or men. In fact, studies and experts say it is more dangerous not to get the vaccine.
The latest data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States concluded that COVID-19 vaccines are well-tolerated by people who are pregnant, planning a pregnancy or lactating, further suggesting the benefits of having the vaccine far outweighs the risks.
The CDC study is one of the largest of its kind and drew data from a survey of more than 17,000 individuals.
To understand the data behind various studies and to get the facts, Euronews Next spoke to Dr Liudmila Mosina, Technical Specialist on Vaccine-preventable Diseases and Immunization at the World Health Organization regional office for Europe.
What Does The Science Say
Although limited, the data on safety and effectiveness continues to grow. Scientists have compared the pregnancies of women who have received COVID-19 vaccines and women who have not. The reports show that these women have had similar pregnancy outcomes. Data do not show any safety concerns.
Remember, pregnant women have a higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19, and the vaccines are very effective at preventing COVID-19 infection, severe illness and death.
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Should I Get The Vaccine If I’m Breastfeeding
Dr Krishan says: ‘If you are breastfeeding there is no known adverse effects on your baby, you do not need to stop breastfeeding.
‘You can get your vaccine at any point.’
Right now we’re in such an amazing position, because we have a vaccine and we have a vaccine that works. Dr Punham Krishan
All vaccines being used in the UK have undergone robust clinical trials and have met the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency s strict standards of safety, effectiveness and quality.
This story will be updated as advice is updated.
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Have you had the coronavirus vaccine in pregnancy? Let us know what you decided in our chat thread below.
Is There An Ideal Time To Get The Covid
Euser is encouraging pregnant women to get COVID-19 vaccines as soon as they are able to do so.
There has been some advice to wait until the end of the first trimester due to the possibility of fever after vaccination, Euser said. This was based on the potential risk of high fevers in the first trimester associated with birth defects , so some have advised waiting until the end of the first trimester to get the vaccine.
But, since the risk of fevers is low, Euser is encouraging patients to get the vaccines as soon as they are comfortable.
If women are concerned about fevers, they can take acetaminophen after their vaccine dose, Euser said.
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Will You Recommend That Your Patients Get Vaccinated Are You Getting Vaccinated
With the exception of some very rare instances of individuals with unique health concerns, we recommend the COVID 19 vaccine to all of our patients. We believe that in the vast majority of cases, the benefits outweigh the risks, and the vaccine is much safer than contracting COVID-19.
Some of us are breastfeeding, some of us are pregnant or are planning to be pregnant in the near future; we all have patients, friends, and family that we want to protect, and we are all frontline healthcare workers. We are grateful to be vaccinated, and hope that others will take advantage of this opportunity to protect themselves, their children, and the other members of their communityWhile the overall risk of experiencing a severe course of COVID-19 is low, if youre pregnant you have an increased risk of getting severely ill if you contract COVID-19.
Should Pregnant Women Get The J&j Vaccine After Evidence Emerged Of Blood Clots In Very Rare Instances
Euser believes that the J&J vaccine overall is quite safe and there is no evidence that the vaccine is a concern in pregnancy. Like everyone, we will continue to follow the data about the risk of blood clots and recommendations may change as we learn more. But, women should have a choice. If they prefer to get the Moderna or Pfizer vaccines instead of the J&J vaccine, that should be their choice, Euser said.
Pregnancy And Getting A Covid
You should get a COVID-19 vaccine to protect yourself from the virus if you’re:
- trying for a baby or might get pregnant in the future
Most pregnant women who get the virus get mild to moderate symptoms. They give birth as planned and the risk of passing on COVID-19 to their baby is low.
But you are more likely to get very unwell and need treatment in intensive care than a woman who is not pregnant. The virus may also cause complications for your baby.
What Do We Know About The Safety Of Covid
Evidence on the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy is growing, according to the CDC. A new report on early data from safety monitoring systems that gather information on people who were pregnant when vaccinated and their babies finds no concerns about safety. Another report based on people enrolled in the v-safe COVID-19 Pregnancy Registry who received COVID-19 vaccines before 20 weeks of pregnancy notes no increased risk for miscarriage.
The CDC continues to follow people vaccinated during different trimesters of pregnancy to better understand effects on pregnancy and babies.
Important points about mRNA vaccines:
- When studied during animal tests, the mRNA vaccines did not affect fertility or cause any problems with pregnancy.
- In humans, we know that other kinds of vaccines generally are safe for use in pregnancy in fact, many are recommended.
- mRNA vaccines do not contain any virus particles.
- mRNA particles used in the vaccine are eliminated by our bodies within hours or days, so these particles are unlikely to reach or cross the placenta.
- The immunity that a pregnant person generates from COVID-19 vaccination can cross the placenta, and may help keep the baby safe after birth.
Important points about the Johnson & Johnson vaccine:
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What Does The New Advice Say
The peak medical body for Australian obstetricians and gynaecologists recently updated its advice in a joint statement with the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation , the governments vaccine advisory group.
The two groups recommend:
pregnant women are routinely offered Pfizer mRNA vaccine at any stage of pregnancy because the risk of severe outcomes from COVID-19 is significantly higher for pregnant women and their unborn baby.
There are also other benefits. During pregnancy, antibodies that pass through the umbilical cord may offer protection to the baby. We dont know how long this protection lasts.
Prevent The Spread Of Covid
After you are fully vaccinated, you may be able to participate in many of the activities that you did before the pandemic. Learn more about what you can do;when you have been fully vaccinated.
If you have a condition or are taking medications that weaken your immune system, you may NOT be fully protected even if you are fully vaccinated. Talk to your healthcare provider. Even after vaccination, you may need to continue taking all precautions.
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Your Baby’s First Vaccinations
At 2 months old, you should start your baby on his or her vaccination schedule. In certain circumstances, some vaccines may even be given to your baby at birth, such as the hepatitis B vaccine.
You will pass on some immunity to your child during pregnancy and breastfeeding. But your baby will still be able to catch many vaccine preventable infections. You can help protect your baby by making sure that you are vaccinated, and that family, friends and other visitors:
- have up-to-date vaccinations
- do not have an infection that can be spread to you or your baby, such as the flu
- use proper hand washing habits
Check the vaccination schedule for your province or territory, and have your baby vaccinated properly. You can use the schedule tool to get your babyâs vaccination schedule where you live. You can also use CANImmunize, a mobile application, to help you keep track of your childâs vaccinations.
How Is It Possible To Develop A Safe Vaccine So Quickly
While COVID19 vaccines have been developed faster than any other vaccine in history, safety was just as much a focus as in any other vaccine development. Scientists prioritized COVID19 vaccine development because of the global emergency.
The vaccines that are now being reviewed and approved by regulatory bodies have been through the same amount of testing and safety processes as other vaccines. The speed in the development of COVID-19 vaccine has also been made possible because of the availability of new tools and technologies used in vaccine development.
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What Is Emergency Use Authorization
This is when a medical product is authorized for use during a pandemic to ensure timely access to much needed health products. The objective is to make medicines, vaccines and diagnostics available as rapidly as possible to address the emergency, while adhering to stringent criteria of safety, efficacy and quality. This authorization is given for the duration of the pandemic. In the EUA manufactures are requested to submit any additional documentation on the product as and when it becomes available.
EUA is given only when the National Regulatory Authority is satisfied that the product has met all efficacy, safety and quality specifications.
Do I Still Need To Wear A Mask After Receiving A Covid Vaccine
Once you’ve gotten vaccinated it takes about two weeks for the body to develop immunity, so you’ll need to continue taking precautions like social distancing and wearing masks to reduce your risk of infection during that time.
After that, the CDC says it is safe for fully vaccinated people shed their masks in some situations, although it urged the continued use of masks indoors in areas of higher transmission as the more contagious Delta variant spread. Masks are still required for everyone in certain venues like airlines, public transit and health care facilities.
Many states have since dropped their mask mandates, although masks are still recommended for people who are not vaccinated.
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If I Dont Get Vaccinated What Are The Risks Of Contracting Covid
During pregnancy, the body undergoes a lot of changes, some of which can affect the strength of the immune system. While the overall risk of experiencing a severe course of COVID-19 is low, if youre pregnant you have an increased risk of getting severely ill if you contract COVID-19. That means you have an increased risk of hospitalization, ICU admission, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment and death.
Recent data has indicated that individuals who experience severe COVID-19 symptoms have a higher risk of complications during and after pregnancy. Compared to asymptomatic COVID-19 patients, those with severe symptoms were at higher risk for cesarean delivery, preterm birth, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, and postpartum hemorrhage. A recent study indicated that pregnant people who contract COVID-19 are 20 times more likely to die than those who do not contract the virus. For some people, pregnancy isnt their only health risk factor they might be overweight or obese, have underlying high blood pressure or diabetes, or be part of a minority group that had more severe outcomes.
How Quickly Could Covid
We dont know how quickly COVID-19 vaccines could control the pandemic. That will depend on many factors, such as the level of vaccine effectiveness; how quickly they are approved and manufactured; how many people get vaccinated; and the continuation of measures such as physical distancing and mask use.; In the UK, with 20 million people vaccinated, the pandemic is said to be about 80% controlled.
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Can The Side Effects Be Minimized
The CDC offers some advice on ways to combat vaccine side effects: After vaccination, use or lightly exercise the arm that got the shot. Take Tylenol or Motrin for any pain you may have, but only after you’ve gotten the shot, not before. The CDC also recommends drinking plenty of liquids after you get either the first or second dose. If redness or tenderness increases at the vaccination site in the days following the shot, the CDC recommends that you call your doctor.
Do I Need To Delay Getting Pregnant Or Fertility Treatments If Im Planning On Getting Vaccinated
Current recommendations say there is no reason to delay conception. If you become pregnant after receiving your first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, you should not delay getting the second booster dose as scheduled. The only possible risk physicians are currently aware of with the vaccine is the possibility of a fever following the second dose, a side effect experienced by around 10-15% of vaccine recipients. In animal studies, high fevers in early pregnancy have been associated with a slight increase in risk of birth defects and pregnancy loss. If this is a concern, the current recommendation is that you take a pregnancy-safe fever reducer such as Tylenol if you experience a fever after getting vaccinated.
If you are undergoing fertility treatments, the current recommendation is to continue the treatments and to get vaccinated. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends vaccination in people planning to conceive spontaneously or with assisted reproductive technology, like IVF . A recent study showed no difference in IVF success outcomes in people who had been vaccinated against or previously infected with COVID-19. Speak with your physician and/or fertility specialists to make the decision that is best for you.
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If You Are Travelling Abroad While Pregnant
If you are planning to travel abroad while pregnant, talk to your health care provider at a travel health clinic. Ask about vaccines you may need. Many vaccine preventable infections are common in other parts of the world.
Depending on where you plan to travel and what you plan to do there, you may need additional vaccinations. However, there are some vaccinations that should be avoided during pregnancy.
You will need to discuss recommended vaccinations at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip. Your health care provider will discuss the risks and benefits with you before providing the vaccine.
What Are My Risks Of A Breakthrough Infection
Large-scale data is still trickling in, but a London;study;released in early September 2021 was encouraging.
The data, gathered from December 8, 2020, through July 4, 2021, show that, of more than 1.2 million adults who got a first dose, fewer than 0.5% reported a breakthrough infection two weeks or more after getting the vaccination. Among people who got both shots, fewer than 0.2% got such an infection during the same period.;
Even better: The odds of a fully vaccinated person who does catch COVID-19 needing a hospital stay shrank by more than two-thirds, compared with an unvaccinated coronavirus patient. The survey also found that the risk of patients suffering from long COVID, with symptoms lasting more than a month, were cut in half by full vaccination.
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Local Doctors Admitting More Pregnant Women To The Hospital With Covid
NORFOLK, Va. Pregnant women tend to carry more than just the weight of their unborn babies, and lately, one big worry is whether expectant women should get the COVID-19 vaccine.
It makes my heart heavy whenever patients are not willing to have the conversation, or theyre so fearful of the vaccine, said Dr. Lea Porche, with the Maternal Fetal Medicine Department at Eastern Virginia Medical School.
On Tuesday, Porche saw three patients in the intensive care unit and two more in other hospital rooms at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital. She said most of the pregnant women being admitted are unvaccinated.
We have seen where the mom, baby, dad does not make it we have seen where we do an emergency c-section and the baby makes it but mom does not, Porche said.
While Porche has seen devastating outcomes, she has also seen mothers fully recover and deliver healthy babies. She has also seen others test positive for COVID-19 but who have no symptoms.
The problem, she said, is theres no way to know which women will end up in the hospital.
It hurts because I feel so strongly that this is something that could be prevented, she said.
The CDC reportsgrowing evidence about the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine during pregnancy.Women who get the shot are also passing along some immunity to their newborns and there is no evidence it causes infertility.
Still, many continue to ask about potential long-term effects.