Will Vaccines Give You More Side Effects If Youve Already Had Covid
Walmart will be administering the COVID vaccine in 22 states, including Alabama.Walmart
Worried about potential side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine? Are you unsure what activities are safe following vaccination? Whether youre vaccinated or not, AL.com will be reaching out to public health experts to get your concerns addressed about the COVID-19 vaccine.
Just send an email to and well get an expert to directly answer your question.
Vaccinations to protect from COVID-19 have grown in importance with the rise of the delta variant and surging infection numbers and hospitalizations across Alabama. We are taking your questions about the vaccines and getting answers from healthcare experts.
To get some answers, we consulted Karen Landers, area health officer for the Alabama Department of Public Health. It should be noted that specific questions about your own health should be addressed with your primary care provider.
Question:Is it true that you will have more side effects from the vaccine if you already had Covid? And how long should you wait after having COVID to get vaccinated?
Landers said people who have previously had COVID-19 before receiving the vaccine can expect to have some side effects, post-vaccine.
In one study with the Pfizer vaccine, some persons who previously had SARS-CoV-2 infection experienced a slightly increased side effect profile, Landers said. These side effects resolved within one to two days after receiving the vaccine.
People Who Have Had Covid ‘can Afford To Wait’
It’s uncommon for people who are infected with Covid to get infected again within 90 days of recovering, according to the CDC. CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said that since there’s a lower risk of reinfection in this population, “you may choose to temporarily delay vaccination if you already had Covid-19,” during a Thursday.
Dr. Saad B. Omer, a fellow and spokesperson for the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and director of the Yale Institute for Global Health, agrees that if you’re someone who has Covid antibodies “you can afford to wait a little bit” to get the vaccine. “In the long run, it could be risky because there’s a higher rate of reinfection than those who go get vaccinated,” Omer tells CNBC Make It.
Do I Still Need The Vaccine If Ive Already Had Covid
Absolutely. While we know recovering from a COVID-19 infection means you will have circulating antibodies in your system, we are still learning about how the immune system handles the antibody response after a natural infection. Were not sure how protective the antibodies are from different kinds of infections such as an asymptomatic infection versus a symptomatic infection. With vaccination, we know that people with healthy immune systems are getting a great antibody response. So I would recommend vaccination even after a COVID-19 infection to get the best protection.
On top of that, if you live with people who are at higher risk of severe infection or may not develop a strong antibody level after vaccination, getting your own COVID-19 vaccination may make it less likely that you will transmit the virus to them.
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What Do We Know About The Role Of Genetics And Other Factors In Side Effects
Thinking about this is just in its infancy, Wherry said.
So far, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been asking people to self-report their side effects via an online form known as V-Safe. Some scientists say those who reported more severe side effects or systemic side effects have slightly better immune responses. That doesnt mean someone with mild side effects doesnt develop a good immune response to COVID-19. But someone with a fever and chills might have high levels of antibodies.
Wherry said there is interest in looking at whether underlying genetics might have something to do with that, whether it has to do with receiving a particular vaccine, or whether theres a relationship with age, because older people often have less severe side effects.
I think there are many possible contributors here, and many of us are looking at this carefully, Wherry said. Its a bit challenging, because we have to accurately quantify those side effects, and for the most part, theyre self-reported. And so what might feel like a horrible raging headache to one person may be an annoyance to another person. And so on. So we have to get an accurate description of the side effects and pain.
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Use Caution If You Are Allergic To This Ingredient
If you are allergic to polyethylene glycol or polysorbate, pay attention: “PEG and polysorbate are closely related to each other. PEG is an ingredient in the mRNA vaccines, and polysorbate is an ingredient in the J& J/Janssen vaccine. If you are allergic to PEG, you should not get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. Ask your doctor if you can get the J& J/Janssen vaccine.
If you are allergic to polysorbate, you should not get the J& J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine. Ask your doctor if you can get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.”
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Coronavirus Faq: Should I Get My Antibodies Checked After I Get Vaccinated
If you received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma as a COVID treatment, however, the CDC currently recommends waiting 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine, to reduce any risk of the treatments interfering with the vaccine.
The vaccine should give you the same protection that it offers to those who haven’t had COVID, and cover you from variants you weren’t infected with, Baker says. Natural immunity appears to only protect you from the version of COVID that you had.
The bottom line: “You getting COVID-19 may help protect a little for a little while, but the vaccine helps protect a lot for a longer time,” Baker says.
I’ve heard that side effects from the shot can be worse for people who had COVID.
This may be true, though evidence is light so far. Baker has some personal experience with this:
“My brother had COVID really early on, and he and I got the vaccine the same day,” she says. “My symptoms subsided in a day or so, but his lasted a week. But we’ve also seen some who got the vaccine after being sick and they were good to go.”
Can I Still Get Covid
Yes, you can still get COVID-19 after getting the vaccine. In fact, were sometimes seeing people pop up with reinfections. In the majority of cases, these are people who are being screened asymptomatically and just happen to be positive for the virus, or who show mild symptoms of the virus. The vaccine is intended to prevent severe infections and hospitalizations and its doing an excellent job!
We can predict who might not have the best immune response to the vaccine these are usually people who have other health conditions affecting the strength of their immune system, such as organ transplants or cancer. These people are likely to have already been taking precautions to prevent illness even before the pandemic and will most benefit from continuing to follow other guidance on preventing COVID-19 even after their vaccination, such as mask wearing and social distancing.
We also think that the amount of virus a person is exposed to can influence the severity of infection. So even as masking guidance changes and people start gathering in larger crowds again, individuals should be aware of their own comfort levels and remember that even after vaccination, there is still some risk of possible infection.
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Could The Flu Shot Give Me The Flu
This is a worry we hear every flu season, but Skariah says that the flu shot cannot give you the flu.
It is not a live vaccine unless you are given an intra-nasal formulation, but even the live vaccine cannot cause influenza, Skariah said. Flu vaccines are made with killed virus or only a protein from the flu virus.
You could feel bad after getting the flu shot, the same way you may have felt a reaction to the COVID vaccine. Thats normal but its not the flu.
Sometimes after a vaccine you may mount a low grade fever, feel tired, or feel like you are coming down with something, Skariah said. That is actually your immune systems complex signaling system telling your body to fight off a potential invader. This is how the body builds up antibodies so that if you ever do encounter influenza your body is already armed and ready to fight it off.
Waiting For More Information
Among those resisting the call to get vaccinated is Kylee Robinson of Virginia, who had COVID-19 but is still holding off on vaccination.
Robinson wants more information, such as mortality rates and the level of sickness from those who developed the disease again, issues the study did not address.
Id be more interested to find out what our mortality rate is before affected my thought process, Robinson told Healthline.
Cavanaugh said the CDC would continue to monitor reinfections and continue researching.
But for now, she said, this study clearly shows vaccinating after the disease decreases the risk of developing the disease again.
Miller said people who question any danger to the vaccine being administered after having the disease can rest easy.
He said that in the clinical trials leading up to the emergency use approval, Moderna had more than 500 people in their studies who had previously developed COVID-19. Pfizer had more than 1,000 such participants.
There was no difference in side effects for those who had contracted COVID-19 prior , he said.
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What Are The Chances Of Being Reinfected With Covid
If youve had COVID-19, whats the likelihood that you could contract the virus a second time if you dont get vaccinated against it?
Were not seeing very many secondary infections, says Dr. Englund. But she says its also relatively early on in the pandemic. Scientists are still learning about coronavirus, and if youve had the virus and arent vaccinated, its unclear how long it will take before you can be reinfected with COVID-19.
Its much better to get yourself vaccinated. Then you dont have to worry moving forward until we learn more about whether we need booster shots or not, Dr. Englund clarifies.
Question : Are Young People Dying From Covid
Young people are at lower risk of falling seriously ill with COVID than older people. This is what weve heard since the early days of the pandemic.
But do the numbers back this up?
Yes but with some caveats.
Meanwhile, data from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases shows that people between the ages of 20 and 29 accounted for just over 1% of the 93 273 deaths recorded as of 6 October.
While we cant know exactly what the numbers are for the age group mentioned in the Twitter thread , the NICD can give us a sense of how 15 to 24-year-olds fare in terms of COVID hospital admissions and deaths.
Between 5 March 2020 and 25 September 2021 a total of 686 young people 15-24 died in hospital due to COVID-related causes. This is less than 1% of all deaths recorded during this time.
So yes, young people are at lower risk of dying as a result of COVID-19. But that doesnt mean theyre completely safe either.
As Lessells explains: Although the risk of COVID in the younger age groups is clearly much, much less, its not zero.
This risk also increases in young people who have underlying health conditions, like diabetes or high blood pressure.
Lessells further cautions that these numbers could be an underestimate of the true number of deaths faced by young people in this age group.
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Shots are the best defense against variants
Using a single shot to protect previously infected people is promising, but the spread of delta and other variants has called into question whether that single shot is enough.
Lab-based studies suggest that even a single COVID-19 shot makes antibodies from previously infected people better at recognizing other versions of the coronavirus. One mRNA vaccine dose was enough to increase infection-halting antibodies to levels up to 1,000 times higher than before vaccination, researchers reported in the June 25 Science. That was true not only for an early version of the virus from China, but also the beta variant, which first emerged in South Africa, and the closely related virus that caused the 20032004 SARS outbreak.
Survivors of that 20032004 outbreak also benefit from COVID-19 vaccines. Antibodies from vaccinated SARS survivors could stop not only the coronaviruses behind SARS and COVID-19 from infecting cells, but also animal coronaviruses from bats and pangolins, researchers reported August 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Theres hope that vaccines can tackle yet-to-be-seen variants, too
Why You Should Be Vaccinated Even If Youve Already Had Covid
Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine is pictured at Rady Children’s Hospital before it’s placed back in the … refrigerator in San Diego, California on December 15, 2020.
A case of Covid-19 almost always results in an immune response that provides protection against being infected again. Nevertheless, the CDC recommends people whove had Covid-19 should be vaccinated. Here at Forbes, Bruce Lee and William Haseltine have said the same thing.
However, many people are still asking why? Here are four reasons.
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Discuss Your Case With Your Doctor If You Have Allergy Concerns
The CDC has some good advice for those unsure: “If you have had an immediate allergic reactioneven if it was not severeto a vaccine or injectable therapy for another disease, ask your doctor if you should get a COVID-19 vaccine. Your doctor will help you decide if it is safe for you to get vaccinated,” they explain. Additionally, those with an allergy to polyethylene glycol or polysorbate should also avoid getting it. “These recommendations include allergic reactions to PEG and polysorbate. Polysorbate is not an ingredient in either mRNA COVID-19 vaccine but is closely related to PEG, which is in the vaccines. People who are allergic to PEG or polysorbate should not get an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine,” they explain.
A Q& a With Uchicago Medicine Infectious Disease Specialist Jennifer Pisano
The Centers for Disease Control announced that in most cases, vaccinated adults in the U.S. could start going without masks, even indoors a long-awaited benchmark to signal a return to a more normal life. But many people still have lingering questions about the COVID-19 vaccines and whether or not theyre needed, especially if youve already had COVID-19.
Jennifer Pisano is an Associate Professor of Medicine in Infectious Diseases at the University of Chicago. She serves as medical director of antimicrobial stewardship and infection control at the University of Chicago Medicine.
As an infectious diseases expert and someone who contracted COVID-19 myself, Im here to share my insights, said Pisano.
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Already Had Covid Be Prepared For Possible Stronger Side Effects From The Vaccine
You may experience temporary side effects – injection-site reactions, fatigue, fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, and muscle aches and pain – from the COVID-19 vaccines currently authorized for emergency use in the US. We know people tend to report more intense side effects from the second dose of the mRNA-based Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. This is because the body is already primed and building an immune response after the first dose of these shots. Similarly, people who have been sick with COVID-19 could exhibit stronger side effects from their vaccine dose because their immune systems were previously introduced to the virus and have some form of immunity .
Sabrina Assoumou, MD, MPH, an infectious-diseases physician at the Boston Medical Center and an assistant professor at Boston University’s School of Medicine, reiterated to POPSUGAR that if people had COVID-19, they may exhibit more symptoms to the vaccine since “they’ve already had that prime” with the virus. As for the side effects, the body is doing what it’s supposed to be doing: “It’s learning, it’s making those antibodies that are going to protect you.”
Gallery: If You Feel Pain Here After Your Vaccine, the CDC Says Call Your Doctor
Antonio Crespo, MD, an infectious-disease expert at Orlando Health, agreed. “Your body already has been exposed,” he told POPSUGAR, speaking about people who previously had COVID-19. “And now it’s reacting a little bit more violently to the exposure.”
You Can Get The Covid
“CDC recommends that people get vaccinated even if they have a history of severe allergic reactions not related to vaccines or injectable medicationssuch as food, pet, venom, environmental, or latex allergies,” says the agency. “People with a history of allergies to oral medications or a family history of severe allergic reactions may also get vaccinated.”
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Other Myths And Facts
No. The federal government does not mandate vaccination for people. Additionally, CDC does not maintain or monitor a persons vaccination records. Whether a state or local government or employer, for example, can require or mandate COVID-19 vaccination is a matter of state or other applicable lawexternal icon.
No. None of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines in the United States contain the live virus that causes COVID-19. This means that a COVID-19 vaccine cannot make you sick with COVID-19.
COVID-19 vaccines teach our immune systems how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19. Sometimes this process can cause symptoms, such as fever. These symptoms are normal and are signs that the body is building protection against the virus that causes COVID-19. Learn more about how COVID-19 vaccines work.
No. Your menstrual cycle cannot be affected by being near someone who received a COVID-19 vaccine.
Many things can affect menstrual cycles, including stress, changes in your schedule, problems with sleep, and changes in diet or exercise. Infections may also affect menstrual cycles.