Global Statistics

All countries
547,145,332
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
519,394,584
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
6,346,678
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
547,145,332
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
519,394,584
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
6,346,678
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
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What Are Ingredients In Covid Vaccine

Information For Uk Recipients On Covid

Are the Ingredients in the COVID-19 Vaccine safe?

This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: .

Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.

This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/regulatory-approval-of-covid-19-vaccine-astrazeneca/information-for-uk-recipients-on-covid-19-vaccine-astrazeneca

Regulation 174 Information for UK recipients

Myth: If Ive Already Had Covid

FACT: People who have gotten sick with COVID-19 may still benefit from getting vaccinated. Due to the severe health risks associated with COVID-19 and the fact that re-infection with COVID-19 is possible, people may be advised to get a COVID-19 vaccine even if they have been sick with COVID-19 before.

There is not enough information currently available to say if or for how long people are protected from getting COVID-19 after they have had it . Early evidence suggests natural immunity from COVID-19 may not last very long, but more studies are needed to better understand this. Several subjects in the Pfizer trial who were previously infected got vaccinated without ill effects. Some scientists believe the vaccine offers better protection for coronavirus than natural infection.

The Johnson & Johnson Janssen Covid

  • Recombinant, replication-incompetent adenovirus type 26 expressing the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein:a modified and harmless version of a different virus is used as a vector to deliverthe DNA gene sequence to produce the coronavirus spike protein. Once the modified adenovirus vaccine enters into the cells, the body of the virus essentially disintegrates and the DNA material within it travels into the nucleus of the human cell where it is transcribed into mRNA. The coronavirus spike protein is then produced and displayed on the cells surface, prompting the immune system to begin producing antibodies and activating T-cells to fight off what it thinks is an infection.

The Adenovirus 26 in the J& J vaccine does not replicate, and like the mRNA vaccines, does not change our genetic code.

  • Acids
  • ethanol
  • Thats it!

    Read Also: How Much Is Covid Test At Cvs

    What Ingredients Are In The Mrna Vaccines

    The rest of the ingredients in the mRNA vaccines are called excipients. These are very small amounts of certain ingredients that help the mRNA stay intact and get into cells.

    Lipids are part of this group. Lipids are waxy molecules our body produces that function as chemical messengers and energy storage â they’re an effective means of getting something into a cell. So in the analogy of mRNA as a mail carrier, lipids are the mail trucks that allow the mail carriers to get where they need to go.

    Pfizer-BioNtech â The lipids that are in the Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine are:

    • azanediyl)bisbis
    • , 2 -N,N-ditetradecylacetamide
    • 1,2-Distearoyl-snglycero-3- phosphocholine
    • Cholesterol

    One of the lipids used in both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines is polyethylene glycol . This one is important to note because some people are allergic to it. For most people, itâs very safe and commonly used: Itâs found in ultrasound jelly and some medications. If you have an allergy to PEG, the CDC advises getting the Johnson and Johnson vaccine, which doesnât contain PEG.

    Salt: These salts are included in the Pfizer vaccine. They help balance the acidity in your body.

    • Potassium chloride
    • Sodium chloride
    • Dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate

    Sugar: A small amount of sugar, also known as sucralose is in both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. This is exactly the same stuff that you might put in your coffee every morning.

    Lipids: The Moderna vaccine also uses lipids to help deliver the mRNA to the cells.

    Next Steps & Resources:

    Only two
    • Meet our clinical contributor: Juan Ravell, M.D., division chief of allergy and immunology at Hackensack University Medical Center
    • Hackensack Meridian Health has appointments available for Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines. to get your appointment within 24 hours.
    • To make an appointment with a doctor near you, call or visit our website.

    Read Also: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results

    Myth: Now That We Have A Vaccine For Covid

    FACT: The thousands of viruses that cause various diseases are very different. Many change year by year, making it difficult to develop one vaccine that works for a long period of time.

    Developing vaccines for some disease-causing viruses is tough. For example, the virus that causes HIV can hide and make itself undetectable by the human immune system, which makes creating a vaccine for it extremely difficult.

    The common cold can be caused by any one of hundreds of different viruses, so a vaccine for just one of them would not be very effective.

    Coronavirus

    Young Slams Vaccine Makers For Refusing To Divulge Ingredients

    Young slams vaccine makers for their refusal to disclose the full ingredient list of COVID-19 vaccines. He notes that vaccine vials usually come with a safety and ingredients sheet as required by law. However, Young says that not all vaccine makers are truthful with this sheet as some of them do not divulge other ingredients use in the shots.

    Hotze comments: We know that they have proprietary substances in there that they havent revealed in the patent. They dont believe they have to reveal them, and you studied it.

    Young says that is exactly what motivated him to take a closer look at the COVID-19 vaccines.

    In the case of mRNA vaccines, he notes that the modified mRNA coated in polyethylene glycol delivers specific instructions to specific areas of the body. That becomes very important because in their statements, these pharmaceutical companies have stated that the inoculation stays at the site of the inoculation it doesnt disperse out. This is not the case, Young points out.

    Watch the full Oct. 18 episode of The Dr. Hotze Report below. Tune in to The Dr. Hotze Report every Monday at 5-6 p.m. on Brighteon.TV.

    DangerousMedicine.com has more articles about the toxic ingredients used in COVID-19 vaccines.

    Image by Thomas Wolter from Pixabay.

    Also Check: Can Breastfeeding Moms Get Covid Vaccine

    Why You Need Two Doses

    Both doses of the Pfizer vaccine are the same. The second dose increases your protection giving you better and likely longer-lasting immunity than the first dose alone.

    Youll need two doses. The standard gap between doses is now 6 weeks or more.

    We are extending the standard gap because it allows us to give 1 dose to a larger number of people faster.

    Young Warns Of The Dangers Of Graphene Oxide

    Coronavirus Q& A: Vaccine ingredients and side effects

    Hotze lauds Young for doing the most extensive work on evaluating the four COVID-19 vaccines. He then asks: Whats in it that they havent told us about? Is there anything in it thats concerning to you, or we should be concerned about?

    Young answers: All of these vaccines contain graphene oxide and at different amounts. For example, Pfizer , which has claimed it contains no graphene oxide or iron oxide, is approximately 98 percent graphene oxide, he tells Hotze. Young continues that the Moderna mRNA vaccine also contains the same amount of graphene oxide.

    Youngs observation is consistent with the revelation of former Pfizer employee turned whistleblower Karen Kingston. She reveals during an interview with podcast host Stew Peters that the Pfizer/BioNTech mRNA vaccine does contain graphene oxide. One hundred percent it is, and its irrefutable, Kingston tells Peters.

    The whistleblower continues that the reason why graphene oxide is not listed as an ingredient is because it is well-known that its poisonous to humans.

    The research scientist also elaborates on why graphene oxide in vaccines is something to watch out for. Young explains: Its not an electron donor. Its a proton donor and it literally takes up electrons, so it takes life force energy from you. It has been identified by other scientists as cytotoxic, meaning it destroys the cell membrane. Its genotoxic which means it destroys or mutates the genetics of the cell or has the capacity to do that.

    Recommended Reading: Hank Aaron Dies After Covid Vaccine

    Alterations Require Fda Re

    Once a COVID-19 vaccine has been granted EUA or is formally licensed and distributed for human use as with Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine, Comirnaty there really is no changing its ingredients or formulation, said Dr. Paul Offit, director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and a member of the FDA’s COVID-19 vaccine advisory panel.

    “Every lot has to be exactly the same as the next lot, exactly the same,” he told USA TODAY, explaining this consistency is baked into the vaccine’s approval process, which also involves how it’s manufactured.

    Fact check:False claim that FDA vaccine officials resigned to avoid criminal charges

    Any modification or addition to a vaccine needed for whatever reason would require vaccine developers to have their product reassessed by the FDA.

    “If a company ever decides to make a change … they have to essentially get a new license,” Offit said.

    In an emailed statement, an FDA spokesperson told USA TODAY any major changes made to a vaccine or drug require “the submission of data, based on adequate and well-controlled clinical studies demonstrating safety and effectiveness.” The FDA must then approve any such changes.

    How To Get Tested After Covid

    If you dont have COVID-19 symptoms but are getting tested because youve been exposed to someone who tested positive, youll get a more accurate result if you get a PCR test instead of a rapid antigen test. However, it can take a few days to get your PCR test results.

    After a possible COVID-19 exposure:

    • wait until five days after youve been exposed to get tested
    • wear your mask when you go to and from the appointment
    • self-quarantine at home until you get a negative test result
    • if you get a positive test result, self-isolate at home for 10 days after getting your result
    • do not go out until you experience 24 hours with no fever and your other symptoms of COVID-19 improve

    Also Check: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results

    What Are The Ingredients Of Covid

    Vaccine ingredients depend on the type of vaccine. As vaccines are approved for use, the contents and presentation of each vaccine is published by Medsafe as a data sheet and consumer medicine information.

    These form part of the information that companies submit during the approval process. Find the ingredients for the Comirnaty vaccine here.

    Some other types of vaccines use human cell lines in the vaccine manufacturing process. This is known to be a safe and efficient way to produce vaccines. Both the Janssen and Oxford/AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine candidates use cell lines. NO cells from the manufacturing process remain in the vaccine because purification removes all the cell culture material and each batch undergoes thorough quality control checks. The Catholic Church has issued a formal statement saying it is morally acceptable to take vaccines that use cell lines. Find further information on fetal cells and COVID19 vaccines here.

    What Are Vaccines Made Of

    Understanding mRNA COVID

    The ingredients in the coronavirus vaccines are very similar to those used in other vaccines which make up the routine course of childhood vaccinations in the UK.

    Many ingredients found in vaccines are also commonly found in some processed foods, and are used to preserve the vaccine and ensure that it works properly. Other ingredients you would find in a vaccine can also be found naturally in the human body, such as salt. The main ingredient in all vaccines is water.

    Active vaccine ingredients are usually present in very small quantities. Each dose of the University of Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine is 0.5 millilitres, and each dose of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine is 0.3 millilitres. The active ingredients in these vaccines amount to just a few thousandths of a gram.

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    How Do Vaccines Work

    Your immune system acts like a response force within your body to combat germs. Once your body has successfully warded off the intruder, it develops antibodies that help protect you against those same germs in the future.

    Vaccines generally work by helping your body develop immunity to a certain germ by mimicking an infection, says David Kountz, M.D., the co-chief academic officer at Hackensack Meridian Health. The infection is usually not strong enough to make you sick, but enough that your body detects the signature of the germ and begins creating antibodies to protect you against future infection.

    In addition to the COVID-19 vaccines under development that use live or inactivated virus, like traditionally vaccines, a new type of vaccine has also been developed. The new type of vaccine is called a messenger RNA vaccine and it triggers our cells to develop a protein that, in turn, triggers an immune response within our bodies to produce antibodies. Once the antibodies are produced, they help prevent us from getting infected if we come in contact with the real virus.

    While the mRNA vaccines are new to market, the research behind them has been studied and worked on for decades.

    What We Know So Far About Allergic Reactions To Covid

    The FDA has issued emergency use authorization for three COVID-19 vaccines. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, which has been recommended by the CDC for people age 16 and older, is 95% effective at preventing COVID-19 illness according to clinical trial results. The Moderna vaccine, which has been suggested by the CDC for people age 18 and older, is 94.1% effective.

    A third vaccine, produced by Johnson & Johnson via Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies, was just recently approved for an Emergency Use Authorization by the FDA. In clinical trials, this vaccine was shown to be 66% effective in preventing moderate and severe COVID-19 disease 28 days after vaccination. Overall, the vaccine was also 85% effective in preventing hospitalization and 100% effective in preventing death, 28 days after vaccination.

    The CDC has since reported that between Dec. 14 and Dec. 23, 2020, there were 21 cases of anaphylaxis after the administration of a reported 1,893,360 first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine . Of these cases, 71% of these occurred within 15 minutes of vaccination.

    Even though there is a risk of anaphylaxis, its still very small and the potential benefit from the COVID-19 vaccination clearly exceeds the potential for harm, says Dr. Lang. The situation is evolving, however, and well learn more as we gain more experience with these vaccines.

    Read Also: Cvs Test Result Time

    Myth: Getting The Covid

    FACT: The CDC continues to monitor the spread of COVID-19 and makes recommendations for wearing face masks, both for those who are fully vaccinated as well as those who are not fully vaccinated.

    The CDC also recommends that masks and physical distancing are required when going to the doctors office, hospitals or long-term care facilities, including all Johns Hopkins hospitals, care centers and offices.

    Johns Hopkins Medicines current mask safety guidelines have not changed, and we still require all individuals to wear masks inside all of our facilities.

    What To Do After Covid

    VERIFY: What ingredients are in the COVID-19 vaccines?

    After coming into contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, you should either:

    • self-quarantine at home for five days, then get tested
    • self-quarantine at home for at least 10 days, if you dont want to get tested and remain symptom-free

    People may spread COVID-19 as soon as two to three days before developing symptoms which occur on average 5 to 7 days after exposure, with some cases lasting as long as 14 days. If you live with or care for people who are at risk for severe illness from COVID-19, consider self-quarantining for the full 14 days.

    Self-quarantining after exposure should help to limit the spread of the virus in your home and community, even if you feel fine.

    Recommended Reading: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results

    What Are The Ingredients Of Pfizers Covid

    Facebook said on December 3 that it would remove posts with false claims or conspiracy theories about whats in the covid-19 vaccines that everyones counting on.

    In the face of rumors suggesting that Bill Gates has installed tracking microchips in the shots, or that the inoculations contain luciferase, a glowing chemical from fireflies whose name makes some people think of the devil, the company suggested it would be policing such claims by making reference to the official vaccine ingredient list.

    Whats actually on the official ingredient list? This week an elderly UK woman became the first person outside of a trial to get the newly approved vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech, and the US could greenlight the same inoculation as soon as Thursday, December 10. Along with the regulatory actions over the last week have come the most detailed disclosures yet of the new vaccines makeup.

    Here, for instance, is what the US Food and Drug Administration says is in Pfizers vaccine:

    • Active Ingredient
    • nucleoside-modified messenger RNA encoding the viral spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2
  • Lipids
  • ,2–N,N-ditetradecylacetamide
  • 1,2-distearoyl-snglycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Other
  • sucrose
  • Reading the ingredient list is like looking at the side of a cereal box, except that you need a degree in organic chemistry to understand it. We got help from various scientists and biotech entrepreneurs to understand what each of the ingredients does and make some educated guesses about others.

    Adenovirus Type 26 Expressing The Sars

    The Johnson & Johnson vaccine does not use mRNA, described above, to build an immune response against COVID-19. Instead, it uses a different virus, an adenovirus , to show the body what COVID-19 looks like.

    The adenovirus is modified so that it is not able to cause illness or create more viruses in the body. It is designed to deliver genetic information for the COVID-19 spike protein to human cells.

    Similar to the mRNA vaccines, our own bodys cells then make the COVID-19 spike protein and begin to create antibodies specifically designed to fight COVID-19, if we ever encounter the real virus.

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    Should Pregnant Or Breastfeeding Women Get The Covid Vaccine

    Although pregnant and breastfeeding women did not participate in the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials, the Food and Drug Administration noted during emergency use authorization of that vaccine that these women may opt in for immunization, if they choose. Based on what we know about other vaccines and pregnancy, some experts suggest that this decision was made because the virus itself likely poses a greater risk to pregnant women than the vaccine.

    Also, there has generally been more concern about pregnancy and live virus vaccines. The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is NOT a live virus, but rather is an mRNA vaccine. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, it is expected that the safety of the vaccine in pregnant women would be similar to that observed in non-pregnant women.

    Historically, vaccines have been given to pregnant and breastfeeding women and have been deemed appropriate and safe to do so. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, speak with your physician to determine whats best for you.

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