Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 6:30 pm
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What Are Side Effects Of Covid Vaccine

Who Is Eligible For A Covid Booster Vaccine

Possible Side Effects Of Coronavirus Vaccine Described

Covid boosters are currently being offered to all adults over 18 and people aged 16 over who are most at risk of Covid.

Like some other vaccines, levels of protection may begin to reduce over time. This booster dose will help extend the protection you gained from your first 2 doses.

It will also give you longer term protection and reduce the risk of you needing admission to hospital due to Covid-19 infection this winter.

Find out if you are eligible for a Covid booster vaccine.

Why Do I Need To Wait 8 Weeks Between First And Second Doses Can I Get My Second Dose Of The Covid Vaccine Sooner

Although the first people to be vaccinated following the manufacturers guidance received their second doses between 3-4 weeks after their first vaccine, following real world investigation the evidence showed that there was better immune response and protection where longer intervals between doses used.

The current advise from the JCVI is an interval of 8-12 weeks between doses of all available vaccines.The only exception to this would be where the person receiving their vaccination was due to start immunosuppressive treatment .

All children under the age of 18 will need to wait 12 weeks between their first and second doses.

Tips For Managing Side Effects

Its not likely that your child will experience very bothersome side effects, but all children are different, and some children might experience more challenging side effects than others. This may be particularly true after their second dose of vaccine.

You can rest assured, though, that there are several effective ways to soothe your childs discomforts. Here are some doctor-approved tips.

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Johnson & Johnson Covid

A rare and serious adverse event has been associated with the J& J vaccine. This adverse event is very rare affecting about 7 per 1 million vaccinated women between 18 and 49 years old. The rate is even lower in other populations. Women younger than 50 years old should be aware of the rare but increased risk of this adverse event and that there are other COVID-19 vaccine options available for which this risk has not been seen. The CDC and FDA will continue to monitor the safety of all COVID-19 vaccines.

Women between 18 and 49 years old who received the J& J vaccine are encouraged to follow this guidance:

If you have received the J& J vaccine be aware of possible symptoms of a blood clot with low platelets within three weeks of receiving the vaccine. These include:

  • Severe or persistent headaches or blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath

Do I Need A Covid Booster Vaccine

UK Government shocking report on COVID

Protection from the Covid vaccines doesnt last forever in your body. Like many other vaccines, the Covid-19 vaccines will reduce over time.

Booster vaccines are being offered to help extend your protection against Covid-19 to help keep you and your loved ones safer for longer.

Several studies into the Covid vaccines suggest that whilst protection against severe disease remains high in most groups at least 5-6 months after the second dose of a Covid-19 vaccine, there is evidence that protection against infection and symptomatic disease will decrease. Read more about vaccine efficiency here.

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Vaccine Side Effects Show Up Within Weeks If At All

That is not to say that there have never been safety issues with vaccines. But in each instance, these have appeared soon after widespread use of the vaccine began. “The side effects that we see occur early on and that’s it,” Goepfert said. In virtually all cases, vaccine side effects are seen within the first two months after rollout.

The only vaccine program that might compare with the scale and speed of the COVID rollout is the original oral polio vaccine in the 1950s, Goepfert says. When this vaccine was first introduced in the United States in 1955, it used a weakened form of the polio virus that in very rare cases about 1 in 2.4 million recipients became activated and caused paralysis. Cases of vaccine-induced paralysis occurred between one and four weeks after vaccination. None of the COVID vaccines uses a weakened form of the SARS-CoV-2 virus all train the body to recognize a piece of the virus known as the spike protein and generate antibodies that can attack the virus in case of a real infection.

In 1976, a vaccine against swine flu that was widely distributed in the United States was identified in rare cases as a cause of Guillain-Barré Syndrome, in which the immune system attacks the nerves. Almost all of these cases occurred in the eight weeks after a person received the vaccine. But the flu itself also can cause Guillain-Barré Syndrome in fact, the syndrome occurs 17 times more frequently after natural flu infection than after vaccination.

Blood Clots And The Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

In April 2021, the FDA and the CDC put a temporarily pause on allowing the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine to be given to people while they investigated a rare side effect in some who had received that vaccine. Learn more about pausing and resuming the J& J vaccine.

A small number of people developed a serious blood clot condition called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or TTS, after they received the J& J vaccine. TTS causes blood clots with low levels of blood platelets. Although very rare and treatable when diagnosed in time, TTS is serious.

Nearly all reports of TTS have been in adult women younger than age 50. After reviewing the data, the FDA determined that the J& J vaccines known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks, and administration of the J& J COVID vaccine was allowed to continue.

However, women younger than age 50 should be aware of this rare adverse event and should know that other COVID-19 vaccines are available.

For three weeks after receiving the J& J vaccine, you should watch for possible symptoms of TTS and get medical help immediately if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Severe or persistent headaches or blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easy bruising or tiny blood spots under the skin near the injection site

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What Does A Lack Of Side Effects From The Covid

Some people will experience mild side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine, while others may have none.

Your side effects dont mean the vaccine will work better for you than another person. The vaccine can help protect you regardless of your bodys response.

If you experience side effects from the COVID-19 vaccine, here are some measures that may help:

  • Apply cold compresses to the injection site.
  • Perform light stretches to relax your arm muscles.
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin .
  • Rest and give your body time to recover.

If you experience a significant side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine, report it to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. This resource can also be used to report any new side effects you havent heard mentioned before.

How Do I Know If What I Am Experiencing Is Normal Or If I Should Alert My Doctor Or Health Care Provider

Potential Side Effects Of Coronavirus Vaccine

You will be told about the side effects of the vaccine and when you should consult a health care worker at the time you are vaccinated.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that you should contact your doctor or health care provider if the redness or tenderness where you got the shot increases after 24 hours, or if your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days.

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Can You Spread Coronavirus After Getting The Vaccine

Yes, you can. Whilst Covid-19 vaccines provide a high level of protection against severe disease, hospitalisation and death, you can still get Covid-19 and pass it on to others, even if you have been fully vaccinated, although studies have shown that the chances of spreading the disease do reduce if someone has been vaccinated

Vaccine Development: Vaccines Approved For Use And In Clinical Trials

The speed at which the first COVID-19 vaccines were developed was extraordinary. We have previously looked into the history of vaccine development. The measles vaccine was found relatively rapidly: it took only 10 years from the discovery of the pathogen to the development of the first vaccine. But for typhoid it took more than a century, and for some diseases for which weve known the pathogens for more than a century we still havent found an effective vaccine.

The development of a vaccine against COVID-19 has been much faster than the development of any other vaccine. Within less than a year several successful vaccines have already been announced and were approved for use in some countries.

The hope is that even more manufacturers develop vaccines for COVID-19. This will be important because eventually a very large share of the world population needs to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.

We are on the way to several vaccines against COVID-19 vaccine trackers monitor the progress:

Several institutions maintain websites on which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed:

Oxford/AstraZeneca, Sinopharm/Beijing, Sinovac, Sputnik V

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How Do The Covid Vaccines Work

The Covid-19 vaccines work in the same way all vaccines do: by sending a signal to our immune system to create the antibodies that will fight the virus. Once your immune system knows how to fight disease, it can protect you in the event of exposure.

Getting a vaccine is a much faster and safer way for your immune system to learn how to create the antibodies required to protect you from a disease, rather than catching the disease or virus itself.

If enough people are vaccinated, its harder for the virus to spread to people who are unable to have vaccines. For example, people who are ill or have a weakened immune system. This is called herd immunity.

How Long Do Covid Symptoms Last

Common Side Effects (AEFI) of COVID

Covid symptoms can last for several weeks or months after the infection is gone this is called long Covid. However, most people will make a full recovery within 12 weeks.

Common long Covid symptoms include:

  • a high temperature and cough
  • tinnitus, earaches
  • shortness of breath chest pain or tightness
  • problems with memory and concentration
  • difficulty sleeping

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Which Covid Vaccine Is Best

Experts agree – the best vaccine is the one thats offered to you first. All vaccines available in the UK are regularly monitored and have been thoroughly tested. Some people may be advised to have a specific vaccine due to age, medical conditions or allergies.

The Moderna and AstraZeneca Covid vaccines have been approved by the MHRA for individuals 18 years of age and older, whereas the Pfizer Covid vaccine has been authorised for individuals 12 years of age and older.

If you have questions about which vaccine to get, contact 119 or your GP, who can best advise.

Which Vaccine Will I Get

Which vaccine you get will mainly depend on availability, but you will only receive a vaccine that has been officially approved. Some people may be advised to have a specific vaccine due to age, medical conditions or allergies. The only vaccines currently available in the UK are Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna.

People receiving booster vaccinations will get either the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines.

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Study Design And Participants

The COVID Symptom Study app14 was developed by health data company ZOE Global, with input from King’s College London , the Massachusetts General Hospital , Lund University , and Uppsala University . In the UK, it was launched in English on March 24, 2020. The app enables self-reported information related to SARS-CoV-2 infection to be captured. Individuals older than 18 years can sign up to the app without any restrictions. Individuals can also record information for dependents younger than 18 years. Use of the app was driven by referrals or word of mouth, the media, and eventually partnerships with charities and the Welsh and Scottish Governments.15 On first use, the app records self-reported location, age, and core health risk factors , as well as employment status, such as being a health-care worker. With continued use, participants provide daily updates on symptoms experienced, SARS-CoV-2 test results , vaccines administered, and whether they are self-quarantining or seeking health care, including the level of intervention and related outcomes. Individuals without symptoms are encouraged to report through the app every day. Through direct updates to the app, new or modified questions are added in real time to capture data to test emerging hypotheses about COVID-19 symptoms and treatments. Versions 2.1.0â2.4.0 of the app were in use during the study period.

Is It Still Possible To Get Covid

Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, side effects from second dose

The COVID-19 vaccines are among the most effective vaccines in history. They are as effective if not more than vaccines for polio, chicken pox, measles and the flu.

The chances of getting sick after vaccination are minimal. Studies show even if you develop COVID-19 after being vaccinated, you are unlikely to get severely ill. Flu vaccines are less effective than the COVID vaccines, but they can protect you from more severe flu illness and hospitalization. The COVID-19 vaccines are even more powerful.

Learn more about the COVID-19 vaccines »

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Is There Risk Of Allergic Reaction From Covid

According to the CDC, anyone who has a known severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients should not receive that vaccine.

The CDC says people with allergies to certain foods, insects, latex and other common allergens can safely receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Those with a history of severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines should discuss the vaccination with their doctor, who can evaluate and assess their risk.

Summary Of This Week’s Report Updated January 14 2022

  • A total of 70,296,539 vaccine doses have been administered in Canada as of January 7, 2022. Adverse events have been reported by 33,387 people. Thatâs about 5 people out of every 10,000 people vaccinated who have reported 1 or more adverse events.
  • Of the 33,387 individual reports, 26,120 were considered non-serious and 7,267 were considered serious .
  • Most adverse events are mild and include soreness at the site of injection or a slight fever.
  • Serious adverse events are rare, but do occur. They include anaphylaxis , which has been reported 741 times for all COVID-19 vaccines across Canada. Thatâs why you need to wait for a period of time after you receive a vaccination so that you can receive treatment in case of an allergic reaction.
  • All serious events undergo medical review to see if there are any safety issues needing further action. These processes include meeting regularly to review the data with provincial and territorial partners, the regulator, research networks and medical advisors. Any unexpected safety concerns are detected quickly and acted upon immediately.
  • The Public Health Agency of Canada and Health Canada continue to closely monitor Canadian and international reports of:
  • The benefits of vaccines authorized in Canada continue to outweigh the risks.
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    Three Things To Know About The Long

      Many Americans say they want to make sure the shot is safe before getting vaccinated. That data is already in, and it is overwhelming.

      Many Americans say they want to make sure the shot is safe before getting vaccinated. That data is already in, and it is overwhelming. In his nearly 30 years studying vaccines, Paul Goepfert, M.D., director of the Alabama Vaccine Research Clinic at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, has never seen any vaccine as effective as the three COVID vaccines from Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson currently available in the United States.

      A 90 percent decrease in risk of infections, and 94 percent effectiveness against hospitalization for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines is fantastic, he said.

      But what makes vaccine experts such as Goepfert confident that COVID vaccines are safe in the long term? We have all seen billboards and TV infomercials from law firms seeking people harmed by diet drugs or acid-reflux medicines for class-action lawsuits. What makes Goepfert think that scientists would not discover previously unsuspected problems caused by COVID vaccines in the years ahead?

      Vaccines are eliminated quickly

      Unlike many medications, which are taken daily, vaccines are generally one-and-done. Medicines you take every day can cause side effects that reveal themselves over time, including long-term problems as levels of the drug build up in the body over months and years.

      Weighing the odds

      Fever After The Coronavirus Vaccine

      Common Side Effects (AEFI) of COVID

      Its quite common to develop a fever after a vaccination. This normally happens within 48 hours of the vaccination and usually goes away within 48 hours.

      You do not need to self-isolate or book a test unless you have other coronavirus symptoms or:

      • you have been told by NHS Test and Protect, or your occupational health team, that you are a close contact of someone who has tested positive for coronavirus
      • you live with someone who has recently tested positive for coronavirus
      • you live with someone who has symptoms of coronavirus

      If the fever starts more than 48 hours after the vaccination or lasts longer than 48 hours, you should self-isolate and book a test.

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      How Long Does It Take For Covid Symptoms To Appear

      Covid symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus.

      The most common Covid symptoms are:

      • a new continuous cough
      • a high temperature
      • a loss of or change in your normal sense of taste or smell.

      About 1 in 3 people with Covid-19 do not have symptoms, but can still infect others.

      If you, or someone you know might have Covid-19, the advice is to stay at home and arrange to have a Covid test.

      If youre concerned about symptoms or are unsure of what to do, get help from NHS 111 online

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