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Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 10:25 pm
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What Are The Two Covid Vaccines

Vaccine Information For Youth Aged 12 To 17

Comparing and Contrast of the two COVID-19 vaccines

Getting vaccinated is easy. Everyone age 12 or older is eligible to get vaccinated.

If you are aged 16 or older, you can book an appointment yourself, with your friends or with your family.

Parents/Guardians have an important role in discussing treatments which affect a minorâs health and well-being. It is highly recommended that parents/legal guardians discuss COVID-19 disease and immunization with their children in a loving and caring environment.

If you are aged between 12 to 15 and your consent is filled by your parent or legal guardian, you can make plans with friends or your family to get appointments at the same time.

If you want to get vaccinated with a group of friends or your family, you must each have an appointment. To book your appointment, you first need to register here or can contact a local pharmacy for an appointment.

The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is the only vaccine Health Canada has approved for use in children aged 12 to 17.; If you would like more information on the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, .

How Can I Get A Covid

Text your ZIP code to 438829.;Youll receive an immediate response with a list of vaccination sites in your area, a number you can call if you need more help, and information on how you might get a free ride to the location using Uber or Lyft.

Search for vaccine locations by ZIP code:;.

You an also call 800-232-0233 for information about getting a vaccine.

Amazon Established A Foothold In Diagnostics During Covid

There have been reports of severe allergic reactions to the mRNA vaccines. Both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines appear, on rare occasions, to;trigger anaphylaxis, a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction. People who develop anaphylaxis must be treated with epinephrine the drug in EpiPens and may need to be hospitalized to ensure their airways remain open. The CDC says people should be monitored for 15 minutes after getting a Covid-19 shot, and 30 minutes if they have a history of severe allergies. J&J recently revealed that a single case of anaphylaxis has been reported in someone who received its vaccine.

It will take time to come up with a firm estimate of how frequently this side effect occurs. The most recent data from the CDC suggest that anaphylaxis occurs at a rate of about 2.5 cases per one million doses given of the Moderna vaccine, and 4.7 cases per million doses of the Pfizer. Many of the people who have developed anaphylaxis have a history of severe allergies and some have had previous episodes of anaphylaxis.

The mRNA vaccines carry a small risk of myocarditis and pericarditis, two types of heart inflammation that are most commonly seen soon after people receive their second shots, health officials have said. Men under 40 seem to be at highest risk, particularly those aged 12 to 17. Most cases reported have been mild and resolved.

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Is The Second Dose Necessary

Because both vaccines appear to have high effectiveness 14 days or more after the first dose, you may be wondering whether the second dose of the vaccine is actually necessary.

Its true that there have been discussions amongst public health officials and scientists about the possibility of delaying or eliminating the second dose of these vaccines.

The thought process behind this is that either delaying or eliminating the second dose would enable a greater number of people to get some level of protection. It would also aid in stretching vaccine supplies to more people.

However, there are some concerns about doing this. Its possible that overall immunity or vaccine effectiveness could be impacted. Additionally, lower levels of immunity could drive the emergence of more virus variants that can escape our current vaccines.

Additional research into delaying or eliminating second doses is needed. Currently, the FDA

Side effects that are felt throughout your body, such as fever, fatigue, and headache, are more common after getting the second dose of the vaccine. This is true for both the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines.

Remember that the first dose of the vaccine generates a weaker response than the second dose. Because of this, youre more likely to feel side effects after the second dose.

If I Have Already Had Covid

Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) COVID

The COVID-19 vaccine is the most reliable way to protect oneself against the coronavirus, which has already claimed more than 5,000 lives in Lithuania and causes long-term complications in some patients regardless of their age.

In addition, mass vaccination is the only way to end the pandemic in Lithuania and around the world, which is having a negative impact on the economy and society, and to return to normal life.

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Are There Any Side Effects To The Vaccines

In Modernas Phase 3 trials, the company said the most common side effects were fatigue, muscle soreness and aches, joint pain and headache, plus pain, redness or swelling at the injection site.

In Pfizer/BioNTech Phase 3 trials, many participants endured side effects for a day or two after getting their shots, particularly the second one. The most commonly reported side effect among vaccine recipients under age 55 was a sore arm, followed by fatigue ; headache ; other muscle aches ; and chills . About 28% took pain medication after the first shot and 45% after the second shot.

A sore arm and feeling crummy for a day or two is a lot better than COVID, said Dr. William Schaffner, professor of health policy and of preventive medicine at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.

Physicians emphasize that the side effects are not just normal but also a sign that the body is reacting properly to the vaccine.

Side effects of the;COVID-19 vaccines look similar to side effects of the influenza vaccine, which include;soreness, redness, and/or swelling where the shot was given, headache, low-grade fever, nausea, muscle aches and fatigue, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.;

In trials of 44,000 and 30,000 respectively, Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna saw very few problems;more serious than a couple of days of feeling lousy.

What Are The Benefits Of People Receiving An Additional Vaccine Dose

An additional dose may prevent serious and possibly life-threatening COVID-19 in people who may not have responded to their initial vaccine series. In ongoing clinical trials, the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines have been shown to prevent COVID-19 following the two-dose series. Limited information suggests that immunocompromised people who have low or no protection after two doses of mRNA vaccines may have an improved response after an additional dose of the same vaccine.

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Is Everyone Recommended To Get Vaccinated Against Covid

The COVID-19 vaccine is the most reliable way to protect oneself against the coronavirus, which has already claimed more than 5,000 lives in Lithuania and causes long-term complications in some patients regardless of their age.

In addition, mass vaccination is the only way to end the pandemic in Lithuania and around the world, which is having a negative impact on the economy and society, and to return to normal life.

Do The Coronavirus Vaccines Protect You From Long Covid

S. Korea reports first two deaths linked to COVID-19 vaccines

Currently, there is no major study highlighting how well a coronavirus vaccine protects a person from suffering from long COVID.

However, when posed this question at a Downing Street press conference on 5 July, Chris Whitty said that although the data is currently unclear on this issue, we can be confident that the vaccines offer protection from catching COVID, in itself a protection against long COVID.

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Who Needs An Additional Covid

Currently, CDC is recommending that moderately to severely immunocompromised people receive an additional dose. This includes people who have:

  • Been receiving active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood
  • Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
  • Received a stem cell transplant within the last 2 years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
  • Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency
  • Advanced or untreated HIV infection
  • Active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that may suppress your immune response

People should talk to their healthcare provider about their medical condition, and whether getting an additional dose is appropriate for them.

Are These Vaccines Authorized For Use

COVID-19 vaccines used in the United States, including the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, are currently authorized under an emergency use authorization . EUAs are issued by the FDA, but arent the same thing as full FDA approval.

An EUA is used by the FDA to allow the use of unapproved medical products during a public health emergency, like a pandemic. The FDA must carefully review a product before granting an EUA:

  • Product submission: A company seeking an EUA for a product needs to submit results from a phase 3 clinical trial to the FDA with both safety and efficacy data. This trial can still be in progress, but must meet specific milestones set by the FDA.
  • Internal review: Once the submission is received, FDA scientists carefully go over clinical trial data.
  • External advisory panel review: During the internal review, an external advisory panel also reviews and discusses the data provided in the submission. This panel includes scientists and public health experts.
  • The decision: The FDA considers the feedback from the internal review and the external advisory panel review. When deciding to grant an EUA, the FDA must conclude that the benefits of a product outweigh its risks.
  • The AstraZeneca vaccine isnt authorized for emergency use in the United States and has yet to submit for an EUA.

    Now lets look at some specific authorization details for these two vaccines. Additional authorizations or approvals may be added on an ongoing basis.

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    What Types Of Covid

    There are three;different coronavirus vaccines widely available today:

    Pfizer: Made in partnership with the German-based biotechnology firm BioNTech, this coronavirus vaccine is fully for use in Americans ages 16 and older. Adolescents ages 12-15 also are eligible for the Pfizer vaccine under an FDA emergency use authorization. It is given in a series of two doses, spread three weeks apart. It is being marketed now under the brand name Comirnaty.

    Federal regulators have recommended;a third dose for people with immune-suppressing conditions. A decision is expected next week on whether;Americans ages 65 and older, along with people who are at high risk of severe disease, should also take a third dose.;

    Moderna:;Available under an emergency use authorization for Americans 18 and older, the Massachusetts-based;company has applied for full approval from the;FDA for its coronavirus vaccine. It is given in a series of two doses, spaced four weeks apart.;Federal regulators have recommended a third dose for people with compromised immune systems.

    Johnson & Johnson: Available through an FDA;emergency use authorization for Americans ages 18 and older, the J&J vaccine, made by its Belgian-based pharmaceutical branch,;Janssen Pharmaceuticals,;is given in;a single dose.;

    The CDC published a study;Friday analyzing the effectiveness of all three vaccines in use in the U.S. from March to August, when;the more contagious delta variant was circulating.;

    Los Angeles Mandates Vaccines For Students 12 And Older

    Western Medical Clinic » COVID

    Los Angeles is the first major school district in the United States to mandate coronavirus vaccines for students 12 and older who are attending class in person.

    With the Delta variant ripping across the country, the districts Board of Education voted to pass the measure on Thursday afternoon. The Los Angeles Unified School District is the second largest in the nation, and the mandate would eventually apply to more than 460,000 students.

    The interim superintendent, Megan Reilly, said at Thursdays board meeting that student vaccination was one way to ensure that the districts classrooms would be able to remain open. Los Angeles had some of the countrys longest school closures last year.

    Los Angeles already has a strict vaccine mandate for teachers and staff members, and the new student mandate will further increase the safety of the classroom. But it is also likely to be more divisive.

    Nick Melvoin, a Board of Education member who supports the mandate, said that in the hours after news of the proposed resolution was first published, about 60 percent of the emails he received expressed opposition to the mandate, which he noted was most likely a reflection of the oppositions organizing strength.

    Los Angeles is not the first district to mandate vaccines for students 12 and older. Culver City, in west Los Angeles County, approved a mandate in August, and other California districts are considering similar requirements.

    Eliza Shapiro and Shawn Hubler contributed reporting.

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    Do The Covid Vaccines Protect Against New Variants

    Health officials say the vaccines still offer strong protection against severe illness from the current variants. Recent data show hospitalization rates among unvaccinated adults were 17 times higher than among the fully vaccinated, the;AP reported.

    There are currently four “variants of concern“: Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta. Delta, which turned up in the U.S. in the spring, is more contagious and now makes up the overwhelming majority of U.S. cases about 99% of new infections are Delta. ;

    Experts are also keeping an eye on the Mu variant, which emerged in Colombia in January, and which has mutations suggesting it may be able to bypass existing coronavirus antibodies.;

    “But there isn’t a lot of clinical data to suggest that. It is mostly laboratory in vitro data,” Dr. Fauci said. “…We don’t consider it an immediate threat right now.”;

    Is Safety Monitored After The Vaccine Is Approved

    Even after the approval of a vaccine, the FDA and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continue to monitor its safety. Anyone involved in the use or distribution of vaccines including patients, pharmacists, health care providers, and vaccine manufacturers can report side effects through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System .

    In all, this process of vaccine development, from preclinical research to licensure and vaccine production, usually takes a decade or longer. The fastest vaccine ever successfully developeda mumps vaccine produced by Merck in the 1960sstill required four years.

    But with the COVID-19 pandemic still among us, vaccine researchers are rushing to develop vaccines in record time, perhaps within a year or so from the start of initial vaccine research.

    But experts like Iwasaki do not see this as cause for alarm. The vaccine candidates undergo rigorous testing before being approved by the FDA, she says. Even though the timeline is rushed to develop COVID-19 vaccines, the evaluation of safety and efficacy is not being compromised.

    View part two of our series on vaccinesa Q & A with a Yale public health expert on the safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines currently in development.

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    In The 1950s Americans Rallied Behind Dr Jonas Salks Shot To Eradicate Polio; Covid

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    Church bells rang out. Car horns honked. Stores painted Thank you, Dr. Salk on their windows. Synagogues and churches held services of thanksgiving.

    It was 1955 in America. Dr. Jonas Salk, the son of Jewish immigrants and the first in his family to go to college, had successfully developed a vaccine against polio.

    A young Charlotte D. Jacobs, the daughter of Presbyterians in the Bible belt state of Tennessee, already had her shot. She got it the year before as part of the March of Dimes national trial of Salks vaccine.

    First of two parts

    Coming up on Oct. 3: From the pope to Franklin Graham to the Dalai Lama, a look at the faith-based campaign to convert the hearts and minds of the unvaccinated.

    My parents signed the permission because they wanted to protect me from polio and the iron lung and paralysis, she remembers. They trusted the medical profession, their government leaders and Jonas Salk.

    After that news, childrens vaccinations went into overdrive, followed by a national mass immunization drive. The number of polio cases plummeted from 35,000 in 1953 to only 161 cases in 1961.

    Salk was a national hero. He would go on to found the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, living out his final years here until his death in 1995. Jacobs would grow up to be a professor of medicine at Stanford and write a biography of Salk, Jonas Salk: A Life.

    Miller did not appear to have much impact.

    How Does A Mrna Vaccine Work

    Good Question: Why does the COVID vaccine require 2 shots? What problems will that cause?

    mRNA vaccines contain genetic information from the virus that allows human cells to produce only the surface spike protein specific for SARS-CoV-2. Following vaccination, when the SARS-CoV-2 virus reaches the human body, the immune system recognizes its surface protein, activates the immune response, and destroys the virus.

    Two mRNA vaccines are currently used for vaccination: Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna.

    The principle of action of mRNA vaccines has been known to scientists for decades. The work has been done on the basis of this principle to find effective protection against influenza, Zika, rabies, CMV viruses.

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    New Yorks Governor Orders The Release Of 191 Detainees From Crowded Rikers

    Responding to an escalating crisis inside New York Citys notorious Rikers Island jail complex, Gov. Kathy Hochul on Friday signed a measure that will lead to the release of about 200 detainees, many of them being held for parole violations.

    The law, known as the Less is More Act, is intended to ease crowding in the jail at a time when severe staffing shortages at the citys Department of Correction have led to unsafe and unsanitary conditions for detainees and guards. Ten people have died at Rikers since December, several by suicide.

    Even though the law does not go into effect until March, Ms. Hochul said she was directing the board of parole to immediately release 191 people who qualify from Rikers Island. They were expected to be released on Friday.

    Ms. Hochul also said an additional 200 people serving sentences would be moved from Rikers Island to state prisons over the next five days to ease the burden on the city jail.

    But the legislation will still leave Rikers far more crowded than it was last spring, when a wave of releases amid the pandemic dropped the population below 4,000. As of Friday, more than 6,000 people were being held at the jail.

    Only 36 percent of detainees at the jail are fully vaccinated, according to city data.

    Chelsia Rose Marcius

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