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Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm
All countries
Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm
All countries
Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm
All countries
Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm
All countries
Updated on August 10, 2022 4:58 pm
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What Covid Vaccine Is The Best

What If I Have Breast Cancer Or A History Of Breast Cancer

Which COVID-19 vaccine is the best? | DW News

Some people who get a COVID-19 vaccine might have swollen lymph nodes under the arm in which the injection was given . Because a swollen lymph node under the arm can also be a sign of breast cancer spread, most doctors recommend that people with breast cancer or a history of breast cancer get the injection in the arm on the opposite side of your breast cancer. For example, if your breast cancer/breast surgery was in the left breast, it is probably best to get the injection in the right arm. If you have had surgery on both breasts, its best to talk with your doctor about the best place on your body to get the injection.

Swollen lymph nodes after a vaccine injection might also have an effect on your mammogram results.

What Are The Side Effects

Reported side effects in young children receiving a COVID-19 vaccine include fever, fatigue and pain at the injection site.

The two vaccines for younger children produced common, mild side effects including irritability, sleepiness, fever, fatigue and pain at the injection site, similar to the effects reported in a December 2021 CDC report on more than 8 million doses of Pfizer’s vaccine given to kids 5 to 11.

FDA Commissioner Robert Califf said in a June 17 statement that parents of younger children “can have confidence in the safety and effectiveness of these COVID-19 vaccines and be assured that the agency was thorough in its evaluation of the data.”

Inflammation of the heart muscle, known as myocarditis, is a rare and typically mild side effect linked to the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, mostly in adolescent males and young men ages 12 to 29.

In one study, the CDC said that only 54 recipients out of 1 million males ages 12 to 17 experienced myocarditis following their second dose of Pfizer-BioNTech’s vaccine. Neither trial with younger children reported any cases of myocarditis, but the FDA said there isn’t enough data to adequately determine the risk.

Choose An Mrna Vaccine

vaccine recommendations to state that either of the two mRNA vaccines is preferred over the J& J vaccine.

This change comes after a review of an updated risk-benefit assessment of the COVID-19 vaccines. The CDC based their decision on two main factors:

However, the reviewers also noted that the benefits of vaccination still outweigh the risks of remaining unvaccinated. As such, the J& J vaccine can still be used in people who cannot receive an mRNA vaccine.

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Is The Covid Vaccine Safe For Children

The results submitted to the FDA and CDC are still preliminary, both agencies say they are safe and effective.

“There are many processes in place to ensure safety, including oversight from vaccine advisory groups, the FDA, and the vaccine manufacturers,” Dr. Leslie Sude, a pediatrician at the Yale School of Medicine, said in a statement. “We are fortunate to live in a country that has these oversights in place.”

Sude added that children get lower doses of the vaccines than adults but “mount robust antibody responses with no safety concerns.”

Preparing Children And Teens For Vaccination

Moderna says its coronavirus vaccine exhibits " 94.5% vaccine efficacy ...

The experience of getting a COVID-19 vaccine will be very similar to the experience of getting routine vaccines. Use our tips to support your child before, during, and after routine vaccinations when they get a COVID-19 vaccine.

  • Talk to your child before vaccination about what to expect.
  • It is not recommended you give pain relievers before vaccination to try to prevent side effects.
  • Tell the doctor or nurse about any allergies your child may have.
  • To prevent fainting and injuries related to fainting, your child should be seated or lying down during vaccination and for 15 minutes after the vaccine is given.
  • After your childs COVID-19 vaccination, you will be asked to stay for 1530 minutes so your child can be observed in case they have a severe allergic reaction and need immediate treatment.

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Moderna: Redesigned Covid Booster Is Stronger Against Omicron

BA.4 and BA.5 have been steadily gaining ground in the U.S., and experts worry about the subvariants’ ability to dodge immunity and cause more reinfections. There are concerns that they may also cause more severe illness.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious diseases expert at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, called Moderna’s trial results “good news,” saying the updated shot should provide protection against BA.4 and BA.5, which are expected to be the dominant strains in the country by the end of summer.

Schaffner noted that experts had been unsure whether the shot, designed to target the original variant, would work against BA.4 and BA.5. The two subvariants make up about 35% of all new Covid cases, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

BA.4 and BA.5 share many similarities to the original variant, he said, but also appear to have mutations that make them more transmissible.

John Moore, a professor of microbiology and immunology at Weill Cornell Medical College, remained doubtful that the bivalent vaccine would be a game changer against omicron and its growing family of subvariants.

He said he’d like to see additional data from Moderna that was not included in Wednesday’s news release, including how the updated shot stacks up against Moderna’s existing booster shot.

“To go to the trouble of rolling out a new vaccine, Moderna needs to show it’s a better option,” Moore said.

Phase Two And Three Clinical Trials Vaccine And Placebo

The efficacy of the Pfizer vaccine was tested in about 44,000 participants aged 16 years and over where COVID-19 was already circulating in communities. About half of these participants were randomised to receive the vaccine and the other half received a saline placebo.

The trial looked at how many people got COVID-19 symptoms after they were vaccinated compared to how many got COVID-19 after getting the placebo.

Participants had two doses of the vaccine or placebo, getting their second dose within 19 to 42 days after their first dose. They were then closely monitored and evaluated for at least 2 months after their second dose.

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Safety For Those Who Are Pregnant Lactating Or Planning A Pregnancy

Early on in the Covid vaccine rollout, there were no data on which to determine if the vaccines were safe for people who are pregnant or lactating. But after several studies, experts have concluded the vaccines are safe during pregnancy and lactationand furthermore, they are important for these two groups to receive. This study in the New England Journal of Medicine, for instance, looked at the safety of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines in pregnant and lactating people.

The CDC and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advise that people who are pregnant or lactating should get vaccinated, because of the risk Covid infection poses to them.

There are a lot of rumors making the rounds that getting vaccinated against Covid will negatively impact a persons ability to conceive a child. ESPN football reporter Allison Williams recently announced she was quitting the network which has a vaccine mandate because she wants to have another child.

Why Children And Teens Should Get Vaccinated For Covid

These 2 COVID vaccines protect best against omicron variant: experts

There are approximately 28 million children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old in the United States, and there have been nearly 2 million cases of COVID-19 within this age group during the pandemic. COVID-19 can make children very sick and cause children to be hospitalized. In some situations, the complications from infection can lead to death.

Children are as likely to be infected with COVID-19 as adults and can

  • Get very sick from COVID-19
  • Have both short and long-term health complications from COVID-19
  • Spread COVID-19 to others, including at home and school

As of mid-October 2021, children ages 5 through 11 years have experienced more than 8,300 COVID-19 related hospitalizations and nearly 100 deaths from COVID-19. In fact, COVID-19 ranks as one of the top 10 causes of death for children ages 5 through 11 years.

Children who get infected with COVID-19 can also develop serious complications like multisystem inflammatory syndrome a condition where different body parts become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs. Since the pandemic began, more than 2,300 cases of MIS-C have been reported in children ages 5 through 11 years. Children with underlying medical conditions are more at risk for severe illness from COVID-19 compared with children without underlying medical conditions.

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Top 7 Best Selling Covid

Pandemics first authorized therapeutics generated $4B last year, with up to $38.5B forecast for 2021

A year into the COVID-19 pandemic, the first authorized drugs and vaccines indicated for the virus have generated more than a combined $4.23 billion for their developers.

A year into the COVID-19 pandemic, the first authorized drugs and vaccines indicated for the virus have generated more than a combined $4.23 billion for their developers, according to sales figures released in recent weeks by developers of the therapeutics.

Those developers have set the stage for a potentially much more lucrative 2021, based on forecasts released by Wall Street watchers of the biopharma industry.

AllianceBernsteins Sanford C. Bernstein unit is predicting the top five therapeutics will yield a combined $38.5 billion in sales. Nearly two-thirds of that total, $25.2 billion, is expected to be generated by two vaccines: BNT162b2, developed by Pfizer and BioNTech , and Modernas namesake Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine .

And in a report focused on antiviral drugs, Morningstar forecast more than $10 billion in sales potential for authorized treatments led by Eli Lillys bamlanivimab and Regenerons two-antibody combination or cocktail REGEN-COV .

Sponsor: Gilead Sciences

2020 Sales: $2.811 billion 6

2021 Forecasts: $1.445 billion Between $2 billion and $3 billion $2.1 billion $2.7 billion $2.82 billion $4.2 billion 7


The Best Vaccine Is The One You Can Get Now

It is entirely rational to want the best vaccine available. But the best vaccine is the one available to you right now because it stops you from catching COVID-19, reduces transmission to vulnerable members of our community and substantially reduces your risk of severe disease.

All available vaccines do this job and do it well. From a collective perspective, these benefits are compounded. The more people get vaccinated, the more the community becomes immune , further curtailing the spread of COVID-19.

The global pandemic is a highly dynamic situation, with emerging viral variants of concern, uncertain global vaccine supply, patchy governmental action and potential for explosive outbreaks in many regions.

So waiting for the perfect vaccine is an unattainable ambition. Every vaccine delivered is a small but significant step towards global normality.

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Should Cancer Patients And Survivors Get The Vaccine

Many expert medical groups recommend that most people with cancer or a history of cancer get the COVID-19 vaccine once its available to them. This includes people who have already had COVID-19.

The main concern about getting the vaccine is not whether its safe for people with cancer, but about how effective it will be, especially in people with weakened immune systems. Some cancer treatments like chemotherapy , radiation, stem cell or bone marrow transplant, or immunotherapy can affect the immune system, which might make the vaccine less effective. People with certain types of cancers, like leukemias or lymphomas, can also have weakened immune systems which might make the vaccine less effective.

Although we dont have specific information yet on how effective the vaccines might be in people being treated for cancer, its possible that the vaccines might not be as effective in people with weakened immune systems as compared to people with healthy immune systems. Despite this, experts still recommend that most cancer patients get the vaccine because those with a fragile immune system are at risk for severe COVID-19 disease, so getting even some protection from the vaccine is better than not having any protection. For people with a weakened immune system who are fully vaccinated , the CDC also has recommendations on getting an additional dose of COVID-19 vaccine. See Should I get a COVID-19 vaccine booster?

Which Covid Booster Should I Get What To Know About Mixing Vaccines


Still need a booster? Thinking about getting a second? Here’s what to know.

Jessica Rendall

Jessica is a Wellness News Writer who wants to help people stay informed about their health. She’s from the Midwest, studied investigative reporting at the Missouri School of Journalism and is now based in NYC.

You can switch COVID-19 vaccine brands for your booster shot, now that heterologous booster doses — aka the “mix and match” approach — was by the US Food and Drug Administration and recommended by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention last fall.

Adults 50 and up, immunocompromised people and those who got two shots of Johnson & Johnson are now eligible for a second booster shot. If you’re eligible, you can get a second booster four months after your last shot. For those folks, an important question is circulating again: Which COVID-19 vaccine should I choose?

The FDA and CDC have made the choice a little easier. Both mRNA vaccines are recommended over Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine. Last week, the FDA limited Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine to adults who can’t take Pfizer’s or Moderna’s vaccine or would be otherwise unvaccinated. The one-dose vaccine is linked to very rare but serious side effects , and it may also be less protective against COVID-19 emergency room visits, according to a CDC report published Tuesday. For this reason, most people should get either mRNA vaccine for a booster or primary shot.

Read more:This Is Who Should Get a Second Booster Shot

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Who Should Get A Booster Dose

Booster doses are available to everyone 18 years and over who have had both doses of their primary course of a COVID-19 vaccine at least four months ago.

ATAGI is not currently recommending booster doses for:

  • people aged 12 to 17 years
  • people who are severely immunocompromised and have already had a third dose.

Read ATAGIs advice on COVID-19 booster doses.

Can We Trust Information About The Covid

People of color, along with immigrants and differently-abled men and women have endured centuries of having their trust violated. We need to give people the facts about the vaccines safety and efficacy, and renew their trust toward health care in general, Golden says. Its incumbent on health care organizations and leaders to help repair and restore that relationship.

Golden says one way health care organizations can rebuild confidence is by working strategically with local elected officials, community leaders and religious leaders to convey accurate and essential health messages, including information about the COVID-19 vaccine.

Here are her answers to some of the questions she is hearing from those considering COVID-19 vaccination.

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Covid Vaccines For Children Under : What Every Parent Needs To Know

Jessica Rendall

Jessica is a Wellness News Writer who wants to help people stay informed about their health. She’s from the Midwest, studied investigative reporting at the Missouri School of Journalism and is now based in NYC.

Dan Avery


Dan is a writer on CNET’s How-To team. His byline has appeared in Newsweek, NBC News, The New York Times, Architectural Digest, The Daily Mail and elsewhere. He is a crossword junkie and is interested in the intersection of tech and marginalized communities.

What’s happening

A CDC panel has unanimously endorsed FDA recommendations that COVID vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna be given to children as young as 6 months old.

Why it matters

To date, younger children haven’t been able to get vaccinated against COVID-19.

What’s next

Infants, toddlers and pre-schoolers could receive their first dose as early as the week of June 20.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Food and Drug Administration have authorized COVID vaccines for children as young as 6 months old.

The agencies approved backed emergency use authorization of Moderna’s a two-part vaccine for children ages 6 months through 5 years, and Pfizer-BioNTech’s three-dose vaccine for children ages 6 months through 4 years.

The CDC encourages parents to vaccinate all eligible children, including those who have already had COVID-19.

Why Mix And Match

Top 8 Vaccines for Covid-19 | Comparison

“The biggest benefit we’re seeing after people receive a heterologous dose is that there may be a potentially boosted immune response,” Dr. Robert L. Quigley, global medical director of International SOS, said in an email. “Mixing and matching vaccines also allows for more freedom and flexibility when looking to schedule a booster appointment.”

Other countries have been allowing people to mix shots for their primary COVID-19 vaccine series. Canada, Quigley says, “serendipitously” found that people mixing and matching COVID-19 vaccines because of a supply issue was actually beneficial from an immunity standpoint. But a more spaced-out vaccine timeline between the two doses may have also been the reason for the bump in immunity, according to Quigley.

“The most important reason is that mixing offers advantages in enhanced immune response and, therefore, anticipated enhanced protection,” Dr. William Schaffner, a professor of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University, told UK health site Patient. He added, though, that the advantage of mixing two mRNA vaccines is smaller than the benefit someone who originally received Johnson & Johnson gets from an mRNA booster.

If you have specific questions about which shot is best for you, talk with your health care provider.

The definition of “fully vaccinated” hasn’t changed. A person is considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose of Pfizer or Moderna, or two weeks after a single dose of Johnson & Johnson.

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