Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am
All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am
All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am
All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am
All countries
Updated on August 14, 2022 6:31 am
- Advertisment -

What Covid Vaccines Are Available

Who Needs An Additional Covid

Currently, CDC is recommending that moderately to severely immunocompromised people receive an additional dose. This includes people who have:

  • Been receiving active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood
  • Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
  • Received a stem cell transplant within the last 2 years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
  • Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency
  • Advanced or untreated HIV infection
  • Active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that may suppress your immune response

People should talk to their healthcare provider about their medical condition, and whether getting an additional dose is appropriate for them.

Reporting Side Effects Of Vaccines

If you have experienced a side effect after COVID-19 vaccination, you can report it to:

    When to call the doctor

    In most cases, discomfort from pain or fever is a normal sign that your body is building protection. Contact your doctor or healthcare provider:

    • If the redness or tenderness where you got the shot gets worse after 24 hours
    • If your side effects are worrying you or do not seem to be going away after a few days

    If you get a COVID-19 vaccine and you have a severe reaction, seek immediate medical care by calling 911. Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and rare severe allergic reactions.

    Cancelling Or Rescheduling A Vaccination Appointment

    Need to cancel or reschedule a vaccination appointment booked online through or by calling 1-833-437-1424? 

    If you are no longer able to attend the appointment at a clinic organized by Horizon Health Network or Vitalité Health Network, you may cancel or reschedule the appointment.

    If you don’t have the Booking ID or date of birth, you can cancel the appointment by filling out the OR by calling 1-833-437-1424 to reach someone who will assist you in cancelling or rescheduling your appointment.

    The earlier you can provide notification, the better. By cancelling your appointment as soon as possible, you may be helping someone else in your community get vaccinated sooner against COVID-19.


    The Four Main Types Of Covid

    There are four categories of vaccines in clinical trials: whole virus, protein subunit, viral vector and nucleic acid . Some of them try to smuggle the antigen into the body, others use the body’s own cells to make the viral antigen.

    Whole virus

    Many conventional vaccines use whole viruses to trigger an immune response. There are two main approaches. Live attenuated vaccines use a weakened form of the virus that can still replicate without causing illness. Inactivated vaccines use viruses whose genetic material has been destroyed so they cannot replicate, but can still trigger an immune response. Both types use well-established technology and pathways for regulatory approval, but live attenuated ones may risk causing disease in people with weak immune systems and often require careful cold storage, making their use more challenging in low-resource countries. Inactivated virus vaccines can be given to people with compromised immune systems but might also need cold storage.

    Protein subunit

    Subunit vaccines use pieces of the pathogen – often fragments of protein – to trigger an immune response. Doing so minimises the risk of side effects, but it also means the immune response may be weaker. This is why they often require adjuvants, to help boost the immune response. An example of an existing subunit vaccine is the hepatitis B vaccine.

    Nucleic acid

    Viral vector

    Is There Risk Of Allergic Reaction From Covid

    How the 4 biggest COVID

    According to the CDC, anyone who has a known severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients should not receive that vaccine.

    The CDC says people with allergies to certain foods, insects, latex and other common allergens can safely receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Those with a history of severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines should discuss the vaccination with their doctor, who can evaluate and assess their risk.

    How Do We Know a COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe and Effective?

    Information For Parents Caregivers Or Legal Guardians

    Under the New Brunswick Medical Consent of Minors Act, children can give consent as a mature minor to receive health care, like getting a vaccine. Under certain conditions they do not require parental consent; however, it is preferred that parents/legal guardians consent to immunizations for minors younger than 16.  

    For more information on Mature Minor consent for COVID-19 vaccination:

    The Four Types Of Covid

    Over the past month, a number of COVID-19 vaccines have been approved for general or emergency use in the Middle East and North Africa . Understandably, there remains confusion over which one to choose – for example, should it be based on technology? On which one has the most advantages? Or simply on the one a country’s government chooses?

    We’re not here to tell you which type of vaccine to choose – that is, and should be, your own choice. However, what we can agree on is that all vaccines work by exposing the human body to particles or molecules that trigger an immune response, thus protecting the subject from future infection. The key difference between the four main types of vaccines is the method of exposure used.

    Here are the key differences.


    Vaccines include: Sinopharm, Sinovac

    Number of doses required: 2 doses, intramuscular

    Other licensed vaccines that use this type of technology: Hepatitis A, polio, rabies  

    What to know: The whole virus vaccine uses a weakened or deactivated form of the pathogen that causes COVID-19 to trigger protective immunity to it. 

    The two vaccines mentioned above – Sinopharm and Sinovac – both use inactivated pathogens, therefore they cannot infect cells and replicate, but can trigger an immune response.

    Challenges: Booster shots may be required.


    2) RNA or mRNA VACCINE

    Vaccines include: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna

    Number of doses required: 2 doses, intramuscular


    Vaccines include: Oxford-AstraZeneca, Sputnik V



    Response Of Patients With Preexisting Diseases

    Hematologic malignancies

    In a study on the serologic response to COVID-19 messenger RNA vaccines among patients with lymphoma, leukemia and myeloma, it was found that one-quarter of patients did not produce measurable antibodies, varying by blood cancer type. Patients with these conditions need to take precautions to avoid exposure to COVID-19.

    List Of Authorized And Approved Vaccines

    List of COVID-19 vaccine authorizationsVaccination policy § Table

    National regulatory authorities have granted emergency use authorizations for fifteen vaccines. Six of those have been approved for emergency or full use by at least one WHO-recognized stringent regulatory authority. Biologic License Applications for the Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna COVID?19 vaccines have been submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration .

  • Serum Institute of India will be producing the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine for India and other low- and middle-income countries.
  • Oxford name: ChAdOx1 nCoV-19. Manufacturing in Brazil to be carried out by Oswaldo Cruz Foundation.
  • ^ Recommended interval. The second dose of the Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna vaccines can be administered up to six weeks after the first dose to alleviate a shortage of supplies.
  • Long-term storage temperature. The Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine can be kept between ?25 and ?15 °C for up to two weeks before use, and between 2 and 8 °C for up to five days before use.
  • Storage temperature for the frozen Gam-COVID-Vac formulation. The Gam-COVID-Vac-Lyo formulation can be stored at 2-8°C.
  • What Do We Know About Covaxin

    Bharat Biotech’s was given nod for restricted emergency use authorization by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation . The vaccine maker stated that Covaxin is made of an inactivated vaccine, which means the vaccine is made up of the coronavirus which has been killed and has no longer the capability to cause severe infection. When you take the vaccine, immune cells recognize the virus as it is already in an active form. After recognizing the virus attack, the immune cells trigger their responses.

    Which Vaccine Will I Get

    You cannot usually choose which vaccine you have. When you book, you’ll only be offered appointments for vaccines that are suitable for you.

    Most people can have any of the COVID-19 vaccines, but some people are only offered certain vaccines.

    For example:

    • if you’re pregnant or under 40 you’ll usually be offered appointments for the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna vaccines
    • if you’re under 18, you’ll only be offered the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine

    You should have the same vaccine for both doses, unless you had serious side effects after your 1st dose.

    How Do The Covid

    mRNA Vaccine

    Both the Pfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are mRNA vaccines. This means they use mRNA to teach the body’s cells how to make a protein which will cause your body to have an immune response and make antibodies. These antibodies then help fight an infection if the virus, which causes COVID-19, later enters the body. These vaccines do not use a live virus – they cannot give you COVID-19. Learn more ?

    Viral Vector-Based Vaccines

    The Oxford-AstraZeneca and Janssen vaccines are viral vector-based vaccines. This means they use a harmless virus that doesn’t cause COVID-19 to act as a “vector.” When introduced to the body through the vaccine, this vector virus produces a protein that causes your body to have an immune response and make antibodies. These antibodies then help fight an infection if the virus, which causes COVID-19, later enters the body.

    How Well The Vaccine Works

    COVID19 Coronavirus myths what you should know about ...

    • Based on evidence from clinical trials in people 16 years and older, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was 95% effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed infection with the virus that causes COVID-19 in people who received two doses and had no evidence of being previously infected.
    • In clinical trials, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was also highly effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection in adolescents 12–15 years old, and the immune response in people 12–15 years old was at least as strong as the immune response in people 16–25 years old.
    • The vaccine was also highly effective in clinical trials at preventing COVID-19 among people of diverse age, sex, race, and ethnicity categories and among people with underlying medical conditions.
    • Evidence shows mRNA COVID-19 vaccines offer similar protection in real-world conditions as they have in clinical trial settings?reducing the risk of COVID-19, including severe illness by 90% or more, among people who are fully vaccinated.
    • CDC will continue to provide updates as we learn more.

    The Benefits Of Vaccination

    Vaccination confers upon the vaccinated individuals quite a few benefits:

    • Protecting loved ones
    • Life

    Holders of vaccination or recovery certificates are exempt from the isolation requirement, unless they returned from one of the destinations designated as destination with the highest COVID-19 risk, travel to which is prohibited in accordance with the Ministry of Health’s guidance .

    Covid Vaccine Uk: What Vaccinations Are Being Developed How Effective Are They

    Four coronavirus vaccines have been approved for use in the UK after demonstrating promising trial results in protecting people against COVID-19.

    There are also several other vaccines that are yet to be approved for use in the UK.

    Many other companies are also developing vaccines, with major trial results yet to be announced.

    Which Vaccine Is The Best One

    The experts agreed: The best vaccine is the one that is first available to you.

    “What I tell my patients and family members is to take whatever vaccine you can get,” says Mark Mulligan, MD, a professor at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and director of the NYU Langone Vaccine Center, who led the clinical trials for the AstraZeneca and Pfizer vaccines at New York University . “They’re all highly effective. You can’t really make any discernment from one to another.”

    Some have speculated that the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines — with their roughly 95% efficacy rates in clinical trials — are better than the Johnson & Johnson vaccine and the AstraZeneca vaccine . But comparing the different vaccines’ efficacy rates is sometimes like comparing apples and oranges, according to Anna Durbin, MD, a professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore who specializes in infectious disease and vaccines.

    “What I tell my patients and family members is to take whatever vaccine you can get. They’re all highly effective. You can’t really make any discernment from one to another.”

    Mark Mulligan, MDProfessor at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and director of the NYU Langone Vaccine Center

    Another complication is what the researchers conducting the clinical trials were measuring. The efficacy number reported in clinical trials was against any COVID-19 symptoms — even mild ones.

    Who Should Get Vaccinated

    Every New Brunswicker who can get vaccinated should get vaccinated.

    Vaccines are safe and effective. By saying “yesâ€? to vaccination, you are helping to protect yourself, your family and your community against COVID-19. 

    For some people, the decision to get vaccinated will require consideration of risks versus benefits. If you have questions about the vaccine or your health conditions, contact your primary healthcare provider. 

    Currently, the vaccines approved in Canada are not approved for those under the age of 12. 

    Have questions?

    COVID-19 vaccine information for physicians, nurses, pharmacists and other health care providers.

    If so, you can now register to be counted in New Brunswick’s vaccination program.

    Register now

    Vaccinations For Homebound Individuals

    In May and June, Extra-Mural/Ambulance New Brunswick are providing vaccinations to homebound individuals 55 and older who are unable to leave their home to go to a pharmacy or regional health authority vaccination clinic. Existing clients of the Extra-Mural Program will be assessed to determine if they qualify for this service.

    Homebound individuals who are not Extra-Mural clients may also be referred for a home vaccination by their primary care provider beginning May 3.

    Encouragement By Public Figures And Celebrities

    Many public figures and celebrities have publicly declared that they have been vaccinated against COVID?19, and encouraged people to get vaccinated. Many have made video recordings or otherwise documented their vaccination. They do this partly to counteract vaccine hesitancy and COVID?19 vaccine conspiracy theories.


    Francisco Sagasti

    Elizabeth II and Prince Philip announced they had the vaccine, breaking from protocol of keeping the British royal family‘s health private.Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict both announced they had been vaccinated.

    Media personalities

    Dolly Parton recorded herself getting vaccinated with the Moderna vaccine she helped fund, she encouraged people to get vaccinated and created a new version of her song “” called “Vaccine”. Several other musicians like Patti Smith, Yo-Yo Ma, Carole King, Tony Bennett, Mavis Staples, Brian Wilson, Joel Grey, Loretta Lynn, Willie Nelson, and Paul Stanley have all released photographs of them being vaccinated and encouraged others to do so. Grey stated “I got the vaccine because I want to be safe. We’ve lost so many people to COVID. I’ve lost a few friends. It’s heartbreaking. Frightening.”


    Magic Johnson and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar released photographs of themselves getting vaccinated and encouraged others to do the same; Abdul-Jabbar said, “We have to find new ways to keep each other safe.”

    Specific communities

    The Eu Vaccine Strategy

    With the EU Vaccines Strategy, the EU is supporting efforts to accelerate the development and availability of safe and effective vaccines in a timeframe between 12 and 18 months, if not earlier. Delivering on this complex task requires running clinical trials in parallel with investing in production capacity to be able to produce millions, or even billions, of doses of a successful vaccine.

    What Share Of The Population Has Been Partly Or Fully Vaccinated Against Covid

    Publix COVID vaccine appointments available

    The following charts show the breakdown of vaccinations by those that have been partly or fully vaccinated. A person is considered partly vaccinated if they have received only one dose of a 2-dose vaccine protocol. A person is considered fully vaccinated if they have received a single-dose vaccine or both doses of a two-dose vaccine.

    This data is only available for countries which report the breakdown of doses administered by first and second doses.

    How To Access Your Vaccine Receipt

    NOTE: you will need your date of birth, postal code and health card information in order to access your vaccination receipt online. You can only access your vaccination receipt through the provincial COVID-19 vaccination portal if you have a green Ontario Health Card and presented the card at the time of your vaccination.

    If you do not have a green Ontario Health Card or used another form of identification at the time of vaccination, or if you have questions or concerns about your vaccine receipt, please call 226-289-3560 .

    How To Get Your Covid

    The COVID-19 vaccines currently available are given in 2 doses. You usually have the 2nd dose 8 to 12 weeks after the 1st dose.

    If you’re aged 18 or over you can:

    If you cannot book appointments online, you can call 119 free of charge. You can speak to a translator if you need to.

    If you have difficulties communicating or hearing, or are a British Sign Language user, you can use textphone 18001 119 or the NHS 119 BSL interpreter service.

    Teens Asked We Answered: The Truth About Covid

    Do we need to give children COVID-19 shots?

    Even with the emergence of new variants, the risk of severe illness from COVID-19 remains quite low for younger children compared to the adult population. But with so many infections each day in the U.S., a huge number of children are now being exposed to the virus and testing positive.

    More than 120,000 COVID-19 cases were reported among children between Aug. 5 and 12 — about 18% of the total weekly case count, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics.

    “They do have a milder illness and lower likelihood of becoming infected,” says Muñoz of Texas Children’s Hospital. “But they can be infected. They can have severe illness and they can transmit the virus.”

    And with such high numbers of infections nationally and no protection from a vaccine if they do get infected, more children are at risk of becoming one of the unlucky few who do get seriously ill or face long-term symptoms post-infection — a syndrome widely known as “long COVID.”

    Dr. Paul Offit, a pediatric vaccine specialist at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, says a vaccine for younger children can’t come soon enough, given the growth in cases.

    Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

    In April 2021, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine was paused while the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated a small number of cases of rare blood clots in people who had received that vaccine. Nearly all reports of this problem have been in adult women younger than age 50. After careful review, the FDA and CDC recommended that administration of the J&J COVID-19 vaccine could safely resume. Johns Hopkins Medicine followed these recommendations, temporarily pausing and then resuming use of the J&J vaccine.

    Learn more about how Johns Hopkins Medicine responded to the pause.

    Johnson & Johnson Vaccine And Tts A Possible Rare Side Effect

    A small number of people have developed a serious blood clot condition after they received the J&J vaccine. Nearly all reports of this problem have been in adult women younger than age 50. A review of all available data at this time shows that the J&J vaccine’s known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks.

    However, women younger than age 50 should be aware of this rare adverse event and should know that other COVID-19 vaccines are available.

    For three weeks after receiving the J&J vaccine, you should watch for possible symptoms of a blood clot with low platelets called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or TTS. Although very rare and treatable when diagnosed in time, TTS is serious.

    Get medical help immediately if you have any of these symptoms within 3 weeks of receiving the J&J coronavirus vaccine:

    • Severe or persistent headaches or blurred vision
    • Shortness of breath
    • Easy bruising or tiny blood spots under the skin near the injection site

    Trial And Authorization Status

    Phase I trials test primarily for safety and preliminary dosing in a few dozen healthy subjects, while Phase II trials –following success in Phase I –evaluate , dose levels and adverse effects of the candidate vaccine, typically in hundreds of people. A Phase I–II trial consists of preliminary safety and immunogenicity testing, is typically randomized, placebo-controlled, while determining more precise, effective doses. Phase III trials typically involve more participants at multiple sites, include a control group, and test effectiveness of the vaccine to prevent the disease , while monitoring for adverse effects at the optimal dose. Definition of vaccine safety, efficacy, and clinical endpoints in a Phase III trial may vary between the trials of different companies, such as defining the degree of side effects, infection or amount of transmission, and whether the vaccine prevents moderate or severe COVID?19 infection.

    A clinical trial design in progress may be modified as an if accumulating data in the trial provide early insights about positive or negative efficacy of the treatment. Adaptive designs within ongoing Phase II–III clinical trials on candidate vaccines may shorten trial durations and use fewer subjects, possibly expediting decisions for early termination or success, avoiding duplication of research efforts, and enhancing coordination of design changes for the Solidarity trial across its international locations.

    Pregnancy Childbirth And Children

    Pregnant women are permitted and even encouraged to get vaccinated. According to experts from the Ministry of Health who have examined test results of mothers and newborns who have been vaccinated during pregnancy, there is no evidence to suggest that the vaccine may cause any harm to the fetus at any stage of the pregnancy. Furthermore, the Ministry of Health stresses that there is no evidence to suggest that the vaccine contains any biological mechanism which can cause any harm to the pregnancy or to the fetus. Therefore, there is no hindrance to vaccination at all stages of the pregnancy. Although there is no hindrance to vaccination at all stages if the pregnancy, since the first trimester is the most vulnerable, it is recommended to wait until the second trimester before vaccinating, in order to prevent any suspicion of link, however incidental, between the vaccine and occurrences which are characteristic of the first trimester. Detailed information from the National Council of Health and the Israeli Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

    What Should Immunocompromised People Who Received The J&j/janssen Vaccine Do


    The FDA’s recent EUA amendment only applies to mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, as does CDC’s recommendation.

    Emerging data have demonstrated that immunocompromised people who have low or no protection following two doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines may have an improved response after an additional dose of the same vaccine. There is not enough data at this time to determine whether immunocompromised people who received the Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen COVID-19 vaccine also have an improved antibody response following an additional dose of the same vaccine.

    How To Keep Your Child Safe From The Delta Variant

    When could shots be available?

    This depends on how quickly the studies collect the necessary data and what regulators at the Food and Drug Administration ultimately decide when they review the results.

    At the moment, it looks like the Pfizer vaccine will be the first shot available to children under 12. The vaccine-maker expects to have enough data by the end of September to support an emergency use authorization for its vaccine in children who are ages 5 to 11.

    “We’re hoping to have authorization — depending on both results and, of course, a few decisions — not too long after the school year starts,” Dr. Phil Dormitzer, chief scientific officer for viral vaccines at Pfizer, told NPR recently.

    The data for children under 5 will be submitted shortly thereafter, a Pfizer spokesperson told NPR.

    Right now the other mRNA COVID-19 vaccine authorized for use in the U.S. — Moderna’s — can be given to individuals who are 18 and older. Moderna says it expects to have enough data by the end of the year to seek authorization for a shot that can be given to children who are between the ages of 6 and 11.

    Moderna recently expanded the size of its trial and is now enrolling 12,000 children in an effort to increase the likelihood of detecting any rare, but serious adverse events. The Pfizer study currently plans to enroll up to 4,500 children, a company spokesperson told NPR.

    - Advertisment -

    Hot Topics

    - Advertisment -

    Related Articles