Global Statistics

All countries
547,145,332
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
519,394,584
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
6,346,678
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
547,145,332
Confirmed
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
519,394,584
Recovered
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
6,346,678
Deaths
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
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What Happens When You Get The Covid Vaccine

Will The Vaccines Work Against The New Variants That Have Emerged Around The World

COVID-19 Animation: What Happens If You Get Coronavirus?

While the rise of more infectious variants, including the highly-infectious Delta variant, has caused cases of Covid-19 to surge around the world, the risk is primarily to the unvaccinated, for whom there is great concern. But for the vaccinated, the outlook is much more hopeful. While its true that the vaccines have different success rates against different variants, the perception that they dont work against variants at all is incorrect. In fact, the available vaccines have worked remarkably well at preventing serious illness and hospitalization, even as new variants circulate around the globe.

The variants are all the more reason to get vaccinated, said Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the nations top infectious disease specialist. The bottom line is the vaccines we are using very well protect against the most dominant variant we have right now, and to varying degrees protect against serious disease among several of the other variants.Tara Parker-Pope

If I Have The Virus But Dont Know It Will The Vaccine Still Work

While theres not yet a lot of data about this scenario, vaccine researchers say theres no cause for additional worry if you find out you were infected at the time of vaccination. You wont feel very well, but thats due to the Covid, not the Covid vaccine, said Dr. Helen Talbot, a member of a panel advising the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and an infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University.

Its unlikely the first dose of vaccine has had enough time to help your body fight the infection, but the vaccine should still spur your body to produce a lasting immune response. Once youve recovered, you should plan to get your second dose as planned. If you unknowingly have the virus and are immunized, the vaccine will not prevent disease but will likely help in the overall development of immune response, said Dr. Talbot. You would then get your second immunization once fully recovered likely after the usual 21 or 28 days. No need to start the vaccine series over.”Dani Blum

What Happens Once The Immune System Gets Revved Up

Thanks to that process, the body is now on high alert and ready to learn to fight invaders in this case, the spike proteins made after injection with the COVID-19 vaccine.

Immune cells in the body, called B-cells and T-cells, recognize the warning signs of an outside invader. Thousands of these cells rush to the area to learn about this new threat so they can help provide protection.

B-cells are specialists at building traps, called antibodies, that will take down any invading spike proteins. Different B-cells make lots of specialized antibodies that recognize different parts of a virus or bacteria. And B-cells will act like a factory, continuing to make antibodies against the perceived threat even after its gone in order to protect the body for a long time to come.

One type of T-cell, called helper T-cells, assist the B-cells in making antibodies when danger signals are present. Another kind of T-cell is there to check if other cells in the body are infected by the virus. If that type of T-cell spots an infected cell, it removes the infected cell so it cannot create more copies and pass on the infection to other cells.

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What This Means For You

People who are actively infected with, or have known exposure to, COVID-19 should not receive the vaccine until they recover from the disease or are safe to leave isolation. Though theres no known individual harm in receiving a vaccine while sick, experts fear people infected with the virus may spread it to others at vaccine distribution sites.

It Is Useful To Examine The Various Cognitive Biases That Are Known To Sway Our Perceptions

This Is What Happens If You Only Get One Dose of the COVID ...

In currently unpublished research, Betsch recently used the model to predict people’s uptake of the Covid-19 vaccines, and her results so far suggest that the 5Cs model can explain the majority of the variation in people’s decisions.

There will be other contributing factors, of course. A recent study from the University of Oxford suggests that a fear of needles is a major barrier for around 10% of the population. But the 5Cs approach certainly seems to capture the most common reasons for vaccine hesitancy.

Confirmation bias

When considering these different factors and the ways they may be influencing people’s behaviour, it is also useful to examine the various cognitive biases that are known to sway our perceptions.

Consider the first two Cs the confidence in the vaccine, the complacency about the dangers of disease itself.

Most people hesitant about taking the vaccine do not have anti-scientific views like the small minority of anti-vaccine protesters

Jessica Saleska at the University of California, Los Angeles points out that humans have two seemingly contradictory tendencies a “negativity bias” and an “optimism bias” that can each skew peoples appraisals of the risks and benefits.

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The Vaccine Is Still Worth It

Take it not just from the experts but from two people who actually went through the experience.

Frederking is “a believer in the shot,” as is Gleason.

Vaccination is our best defense against COVID but, the more layers of protection you have in place, the less likely you are to get infected, according to Dr. Oller.

“Vaccination, masking, avoiding large crowds-layering; all of these things together decrease risk,” Dr. Oller says. The decision to get a vaccine, she adds, “can literally be a matter of life or death.”

You Still Need To Get Tested

“If you think you have a breakthrough infection, or even if you think there is a high likelihood you have been exposed, please get tested,” says Dr. Oller. “The best way we can keep this virus from continuing to spread is by knowing if we need to isolate.”

Vaccinated people infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 can still pass it on to others, although “you carry the virus for a shorter period of time,” says Dr. Schaffner.

Both Frederking and Gleason have stayed at home since they learned they had COVID-19. Dr. Oller’s advice is to follow local health department guidelines for quarantining.

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Ive Been Hearing That The Side Effects After The Second Shot Are Far Worse Than The First Shot Is That True

Short-lived side effects like fatigue, headache, muscle aches and fever are more common after the second dose of both the Pfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna vaccines, which each require two shots. Patients who experience unpleasant side effects after the second dose often describe feeling as if they have a bad flu and use phrases like it flattened me or I was useless for two days. During vaccine studies, patients were advised to schedule a few days off work after the second dose just in case they needed to spend a day or two in bed.

Data collected from v-safe, the smartphone-based tool everyone is encouraged to use to track side effects after vaccination, also show an increase in reported side effects after the second dose. For instance, about 29 percent of people reported fatigue after the first Pfizer-BioNTech shot, but that jumped to 50 percent after the second dose. Muscle pain rose from 17 percent after the first shot to 42 percent after the second. While only about 7 percent of people got chills and fever after the first dose, that increased to about 26 percent after the second dose.Tara Parker-Pope

Were Cancer Patients Studied In The Vaccine Trials How Does A Cancer Patient Safely Get The Vaccine

What happens if you get COVID after the first vaccine dose?

Patients in active treatment should consult with their medical team about how and when to get the vaccine. Some patients may be advised to time the vaccine, if possible, between rounds of chemo when their white blood cell counts are highest to optimize their immune response. Ideally, cancer patients in active treatment should receive vaccinations under the care of a doctor, or in a cancer center, where they can be closely monitored and are likely to encounter fewer people than they would at a mass distribution site. The state-by-state nature of vaccination rules can complicate vaccination for cancer patients. For instance, if you live in one state and get cancer treatment in another, your cancer center may not be allowed to give the vaccine to an out-of-state patient.

Patients with a history of cancer or undergoing active treatment may be advised to follow the three-dose immunization schedule recommended for patients with weakened immune systems.Dani Blum

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Who Is Eligible For A Booster Shot

The Food and Drug Administration authorized booster shots for a select group of people who received their second doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine at least six months ago. Eligible people include Pfizer recipients who are 65 or older or who live in long-term care facilities. The agency also authorized boosters for adults who are at high risk of severe Covid-19 because of an underlying medical condition, as well as for health care workers and others whose jobs put them at risk.

People with weakened immune systems who received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines are also eligible for a third shot at least four weeks after their second doses. For these patients, the third shot is not considered a booster dose it is now part of the recommended immunization schedule for those with compromised immune systems who dont generate a robust response after just two shots.Tara Parker-Pope

What To Expect After Your Covid

This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: .

Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.

This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-vaccination-what-to-expect-after-vaccination/what-to-expect-after-your-covid-19-vaccination

People who are most at risk from the complications of coronavirus are being offered the COVID-19 vaccination. This leaflet tells you what to expect after you have had your primary or booster vaccination.

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/7what Is The Likelihood Of Testing Positive Right Now

While we have happened to come out of the peak of the second wave, our fight against COVID-19 isn’t over yet. Not only is the virus still out there, the Delta variant and the Delta plus are still causing a surge in cases, especially in places where there’s a high-risk threshold and now also posing a heightened threat globally. Therefore, not only is it important to continue following COVID-appropriate behaviour, it can be quite concerning to suspect symptoms, or test positive at the time you are about to be vaccinated since the newer variants of the virus are scarier for those who are unvaccinated and have poor immunity.

/4this Is What Happens Inside Your Body When You Get Your Covid Shot

You

Vaccination against the coronavirus is our only way to fight it. Governments all over the world are encouraging people to get vaccinated as soon as possible. A little over 65 crores doses have been administered in India so far and around 15 crore people are fully vaccinated. However, there are still some people who are scared of getting vaccinated due to its side effects.

To ease out your anxiety, here we try to explain what happens inside your body after getting vaccinated and why some people get common side effects, while others don’t.

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It Is Easy To Dismiss Someone Else’s Decisions If You Don’t Understand The Challenges They Face In Their Day

Then there’s the famous confirmation bias, which can also twist people’s perceptions of the risks of the virus through the ready availability of misinformation from dubious sources that exaggerate the risks of the vaccines. This reliance on misleading resources means that people who score highly on the “calculation” measure of the 5Cs scale the people who actively look for data are often more vaccine hesitant than people who score lower. “If you already think the vaccination could be risky, then you type in ‘is this vaccination dangerous?’, then all you are going find is the information that confirms your prior view,” says Betsch.;

Remember that these psychological tendencies are extremely common. Even if you have accepted the vaccine, they have probably influenced your own decision making in many areas of life. To ignore them, and to assume that the vaccine hesitant are somehow wilfully ignorant, is itself a foolish stance.

Health authorities need to produce simple, easy to understand information which shows the vaccine is safe

Finally, we need to be aware of the context of people’s decisions, he says such as the structural racism that might had led certain ethnic groups to have lower overall trust in medical authorities. It is easy to dismiss someone else’s decisions if you don’t understand the challenges they face in their day-to-day lives.

Opening a dialogue

So what can be done?

At The Vaccination Centre

When waiting in line outside of the vaccination centre, and once you are inside:

  • Keep your mask on at all times.
  • Don’t touch your mask once it’s on and properly fitted.
  • Keep at least 1 metre distance between yourself and others.
  • Sanitize or wash your hands after touching door handles, surfaces or furniture.
  • Dont touch your face.

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Is There A Risk Of Developing Covid

No. The Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines approved in the United States do not contain any live virus, weakened virus, dead virus or any infectious element, so there is no way for the vaccine to give you Covid-19. The best way to understand the mRNA vaccines is that they carry a set of instructions to teach your bodys immune system how to attack the coronavirus. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine uses a different technology to send similar instructions.Tara Parker-Pope

Should I Wait To Conceive Until After I Get The Vaccine

5 things NOT TO DO after getting the COVID-19 vaccine

Obstetricians recommend being up-to-date on all vaccines before pregnancy, so its a good idea to get the Covid-19 vaccine as soon as you are eligible and can get an appointment. Covid-19 poses an especially high risk to pregnant women, so ideally you should get vaccinated before you become pregnant. Its really good if you can be protected from Covid before pregnancy, said Dr. Denise Jamieson, an obstetrician at Emory University in Atlanta and a member of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists committee on Covid vaccines.

The challenge for women of childbearing age is that most are not in the priority age groups scheduled to get the vaccine first. If the timing of your pregnancy does not matter to you, then its up to you if you prefer to get vaccinated first. But lack of access to the vaccine now should not be a reason to delay your pregnancy, experts say.

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How Many Children Were Studied In The Clinical Trials And For How Long

Pfizers trial included 2,268 children ages 5 to 11, two-thirds of whom received two doses of the vaccine three weeks apart; the rest were injected with two doses of saltwater placebo. Given how rarely children become severely ill, the trial was not big enough to draw meaningful conclusions about the vaccines ability to prevent Covid or hospitalization. Instead, the researchers relied on measurements of the children’s immune response, on the assumption that the protective levels of antibodies seen in older people would be as protective in younger children.

The Pfizer study for older children enrolled 2,260 participants ages 12 to 15. Of those children, 1,131 received the vaccine and 1,129 received saline placebo shots. The vaccine worked even better in children than it did in adults. No children in the vaccine group got sick with Covid-19, while 18 children in the placebo group became ill. The company is still gathering information, including testing the trial participants every two weeks for the coronavirus.

Moderna recently released the results of its trial testing the vaccine in 3,732 people ages 12 to 17, two-thirds of whom received two vaccine doses. There were no cases of symptomatic Covid-19 in fully vaccinated adolescents, the company reported.

Will My Employer Require A Covid Vaccination

Employers do have the right to compel their workers to be vaccinated once a vaccine is formally approved. Many hospital systems, for example, require annual flu shots. But employees can seek exemptions based on medical reasons or religious beliefs. In such cases, employers are supposed to provide a reasonable accommodation with a coronavirus vaccine, for example, a worker might be allowed to work if they wear a mask, or to work from home.

The Biden administration has mandated that all companies with more than 100 workers require vaccination or weekly testing. Mr. Biden also moved to mandate shots for health care workers, federal contractors and the vast majority of federal workers, who could face disciplinary measures if they refuse.Abby Goodnough

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Helpful Tips To Relieve Side Effects

Talk to your doctor about taking over-the-counter medicine, such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, aspirin, or antihistamines, for any pain and discomfort you may experience after getting vaccinated. You can take these medications to relieve post-vaccination side effects if you have no other medical reasons that prevent you from taking these medications normally.

It is not recommended you take these medicines before vaccination for the purpose of trying to prevent side effects.

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