Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 8:27 pm
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What Is A Close Contact Covid

The Contract Tracing Form Explained

New CDC guidelines redefine what is considered close COVID-19 contact

Video explaining how the Test and Protect online contact tracing form works.

If you have tested positive, contact tracers will:

  • contact you by phone or text message
  • ask you who you live with, who you have been physically close to recently and where you have been
  • contact these people to tell them to self-isolate immediately and book a test

Isolating In The Community

When advising individuals to isolate at home or in a co-living setting, it is important that the risk of transmission from the case to other members of the household or occupants in the co-living setting be minimized as much as possible. Advice is available for individuals who are required to isolate at home due to COVID-19 .

As much as possible, the following strategies should be used during isolation in the community.

  • A case should have their own room and a dedicated washroom.
  • When awake, the case should wear a respirator Footnote a, when they using a living space that may be accessed by other household members or occupants in the co-living setting , to avoid aerosol transmission and/or contaminating shared surfaces and objects.
  • The case and other members of the household or co-living setting should avoid any activities that put them in a shared space with one another. This includes avoiding shared activities like watching television, congregate dining , playing games, etc.
  • When other members of the household or co-living setting are unable to avoid sharing a space with the case, they should wear a respirator . This is especially important if household members are at high risk of more severe disease or outcomes, or if they are living in an overcrowded setting with the case.
  • If a member of the household or co-living setting needs to provide care to the case, they should wear a respirator Footnote a.
  • The case should avoid sharing personal items with others .
  • Below Are Some Considerations For Who Might Be A Close Contact:

    Close Contact

    • You were within 2 metres of a person who is infectious. There are different activities that increase risk in this case. For example, face to face conversations increase the risk and the longer you spend with an infected person, the greater the risk.
    • You had multiple close encounters with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 over a 24-hour period.
    • You had close, physical contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19, such as a hug, hand shake or massage.
    • You live in the same home as someone diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • You worked physically near a person who is infectious for a prolonged period of time.
    • You took lunch breaks or socialized in the break room with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 and were within 2 metres.

    Not a Close Contact

    • If you consistently maintained a distance of at least 2 metres away from the individual who was diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • You had a very brief, close contact while wearing a mask and/or with a barrier in place.
    • You passed by someone quickly.
    • You made a delivery to someone who was diagnosed with COVID-19 but had no contact with them .
    • You worked the same shift as someone diagnosed with COVID-19 but never worked within 2 metres of them.
    • You attended the same store as someone diagnosed with COVID-19 but had no direct contact with them .

    Not sure if youre a close contact? Contact Hamilton Public Health Services at 905-974-9848.

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    Definition Of Close Contact

    You are a close contact if you are a household member or a household-like contact of a diagnosed person.

    • A household member is a person who ordinarily resides at the same premises or place of accommodation as the diagnosed person, and who are residing at the premises or place of accommodation at the time the diagnosed person receives their positive COVID-19 test result. You do not have to be related to the diagnosed person to be considered a household member.

    • A household-like contact is a person who has spent more than four hours with the diagnosed person in a house or other place of accommodation, care facility or similar. Note: a person is not a household-like contact if they are in a separate part of the house, accommodation or care facility that has a separate point of entry and no shared common areas, and if they do not have contact or interaction for more than four hours.

    Children Under The Age Of Five Who Are Close Contacts

    When are you a Covid

    It is no longer necessary for children under five years of age to take a PCR test even if they have symptoms like a cough or temperature – unless advised to do so by their doctor.

    If they develop symptoms and are identified as a close contact of a positive case, parents are encouraged to carry out a lateral flow test.

    If this is positive they should then take a PCR test to confirm the positive result. Daily lateral flow tests are not required.

    If a child has been identified as a close contact and has symptoms there is an increased risk that the child may have COVID-19.

    If it is not possible to carry out any test because the child will not tolerate the swab, parents and carers should take a cautious approach and avoid contact with vulnerable and older adults.

    They should also stay at home until they do not have a temperature and are well enough to return to school or childcare. .

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    Health And Social Care Staff And Those Who Work In Special Educational Provision

    If you work in health and social care or special educational needs provision, you should take additional precautions before attending work. You should refer to the separate guidance for health and social care workers or special educational provision workers and discuss with your manager.

    Your employer may ask you to take tests as a precaution or be redeployed to a role where you are not facing individuals who have higher clinical risks. You may also be instructed not to attend work.

    How Do People Living Together Manage Quarantine When They Cannot Be Separated From The Person With Covid

    It is very important for people with COVID-19 to remain apart from other people if possible, even if they are living together. If separation of the person with COVID-19 from others in the home is not possible, the other members of the household will have ongoing exposure, meaning they will be repeatedly exposed until that person is no longer able to spread the virus to other people.

    Public health recommendations for testing and quarantine of close contacts with ongoing exposure depend on vaccination status.

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    Contacts Who Are Required To Self

    If you are a contact of someone who has had a positive test result for COVID-19 and you are aged over 18 years and 6 months and not fully vaccinated, you are legally required to self-isolate. This does not apply if you have taken part in or are currently part of an approved COVID-19 vaccine trial or you are not able to get vaccinated for medical reasons.

    Self-isolation means you must stay at home and not leave the house. Do not go to work, school, or public areas, and do not use public transport or taxis. There is further information on how to self-isolate later in this guidance.Do not go outside even to buy food or other essentials, except in certain specific circumstances. Any exercise must be taken within your home, garden or private outdoor space.

    Ask friends or relatives to help with buying groceries, other shopping or picking up medication, or walking a dog. You can also order your shopping online and medication by phone or online. Delivery drivers should not come into your home, so make sure you ask them to leave items outside for collection.

    Who Will Be In Touch With Me From The Government Or National Institute For Communicable Diseases

    Concerns about close contact with coronavirus cases

    The person with COVID-19, with whom you were in close contact, made a list of all the people he/she had close contact with from 2 days before they became ill. You may therefore be called, visited at home or otherwise contacted by government officials, community health workers and/or the NICD. The purpose of this contact is to assist you to self-quarantine at home for 14 days after your last contact and to monitor you for symptoms.

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    If You Are A Household Member Of A Covid

    Whether you are vaccinated or not, you need to:

    • stay home and self-isolate from others for 10 days from your last contact with the case
    • get a test for COVID-19 straight away, another one 5 days after your last contact with the case, and another one 8 days after your last contact with the case
    • get another test straight away if you develop COVID-19 symptoms.

    Your Obligations As A Critically Essential Worker

    Once you meet the requirements of a critically essential worker, you can end your isolation period. However, you must:

    • remain in separate accommodation from the diagnosed person and any other household members of the diagnosed person for the duration of their isolation period.
    • comply with any additional COVID-19 testing or infection controls requirements put in place by your employer or an emergency officer
    • carry evidence that you have been approved as a critically essential worker
    • keep records of the people you have close contact in the workplace until the end

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    If You Are Quarantining In A Household With Someone Who Has Covid

    If you are quarantining in a household with someone who has COVID-19 your last date of exposure will be the date that the first person in your household tested positive for COVID-19.

    If possible, you should appropriately separate from the person who has COVID-19.

    While there is someone in your house in isolation, you should not enter high risk settings, including:

    • hospitals
    • residential aged care facilities
    • correction and detention facilities, and
    • residential accommodation facilities that support people who require frequent, close personal care and who are vulnerable to disease.

    You can still access urgent medical care or aged or disability care services.

    You are permitted to enter a residential aged care facility, or another residential accommodation facility, if you are a resident of that facility.

    Facilities may able to permit entry into a facility following a risk assessment .

    You should:

    • minimise your movement in public spaces wherever possible. This includes working from home if practical.
    • wear a face mask whenever in an indoor public place.
    • avoid mass gatherings and large-scale events, even outdoor events.
    • avoid using public transport. If essential, you should wear a face mask.
    • practise good hand and respiratory hygiene at all times.
    • keep good records of where you have been, including dates and times .

    Reducing The Spread Of Covid

    When are you a Covid

    If you have COVID-19, there are practical steps that you can take to protect the members of your household.

    If possible, you should try and arrange for one room in your home to be just for you. Try to spend the majority of your time in this room. This could include eating or sleeping.

    Ask the people you live with to help by bringing your meals to your door if possible.

    If possible, use a separate bathroom too.

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    Part 3 Post Quarantine Entry To Vulnerable Facilities For Vaccinated Persons

  • The purpose of this Part is to set out the requirements for entry to a vulnerable facility for the period from Day 8 to Day 14 after a fully vaccinated person enters quarantine as a close contact.

  • Where the responsible person for a vulnerable facility undertakes a risk assessment and determines it is appropriate, a fully vaccinated worker who has been released from quarantine as a close contact may enter and work at the vulnerable facility.

  • A person who is released from quarantine as a close contact is not permitted to enter a vulnerable facility as a visitor until 14 days have passed since they started quarantine, unless an exception applies under the Hospital Entry Direction , the Residential Aged Care Facility , the or, for a prison, the COVID-19 Vaccination Requirements for workers in a high risk setting Direction.

  • Appendix : Recommendations For Quarantine In The Community

    In general, quarantine means that a contact stays in their home and does not go out, and avoids in-person interactions with others, including their household members.

    The quarantine period typically aligns with the period of communicability. However, PTs may opt to implement a reduced quarantine period in combination with testing protocols, depending on the risk assessment and local circumstances.

    A contact who does not live with a case should quarantine away from other household members or occupants, as directed by their PHA. It is recommended the contact quarantine in a separate room for sleeping with access to a separate washroom from other household members or occupants, if possible. When feasible and as directed by the PHA, a contact who does not live with the case could quarantine in an alternate dwelling such a hotel or self-containing unit.

    A contact who does not live with a case should wear a respirator Footnote a, whenever using a living space that may be accessed by other household members . If the contact requires care during their quarantine period , their caregiver should also wear a respirator Footnote a. Any household members living with the contact should wear a medical maskFootnote a when sharing a space with them.

    If additional members of a household with a case become ill, the PHA should assess whether other asymptomatic household members need to extend their period of quarantine based on their last exposure to the new case.

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    Additional Support From Local Authorities For Those Who Lead A Nomadic Way Of Life

    People who live on a traveller site, in a vehicle or on a canal boat may require additional support.

    Let your site manager or local Gypsy and Traveller liaison team know if you need further support. If you are living on a river or canal, find out what advice is being offered by the organisation who manages the waterway you live on, as this varies for each one. Try to communicate by phone as much as possible to prevent spreading the virus to further contacts.

    If you lack access to basic facilities such as water, sanitation and waste disposal to help with self-isolation, contact your local authority for assistance. They may be able to provide you with additional facilities or make alternative stopping places available.

    The prevailing laws against unauthorised encampments or unauthorised development remain in place.

    Waste should continue to be disposed of through authorised and legal means. Guidance for local authorities on re-opening or keeping household waste and recycling centres open is available. If you need further advice, contact your local authority.

    If you are stopping or cruising in rural or isolated areas, take note of your location if you moor or pull up, especially if you are feeling unwell. You can also use the what3words app if there is a medical emergency and you need services to come to you.

    If You Are A Close Contact With No Symptoms

    CDC Redefines What Counts as ‘Close Contact’ for Covid-19

    This information applies to all close contacts aged 13 andover.

    You need to restrictyour movements for 10 days and do 5 antigentests with 2 days between each test if you:

    You need to restrictyour movements for 5 days and do 3 antigen tests with 2 days between eachtest if you:

    • Got your booster more than 7 days before the close contact text
    • Are fully vaccinated and had a positive PCR test in past 3 months

    If any of your antigen tests are positive, you need to self-isolateand get a PCRtest.

    Also Check: Antigen Test At Cvs

    Throw Out Used Gloves And Masks

    • take the gloves and mask off right after you provide care and throw them in a waste basket lined with a plastic bag
    • take off the gloves first and clean your hands with soap and water before taking off your mask
  • clean your hands again with soap and water before touching your face or doing anything else
  • Tell People You’ve Been In Close Contact With That You Have Symptoms

    Tell people you’ve been in close contact with in the past 48 hours that you might have COVID-19.

    You should tell them to follow advice on how to avoid catching and spreading COVID-19.

    They do not need to self-isolate unless they’re contacted by the NHS Test and Trace service.

    If they get any symptoms of COVID-19, they should self-isolate and get a test as soon as possible.

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    Fully Vaccinated Close Contacts

    If you are fully vaccinated or you have taken part in an approved COVID-19 vaccine trial, you do not need to take a PCR test.

    You are advised to isolate and take a lateral flow device test as soon as possible.

    If this is negative you can stop isolating but should continue to take daily lateral flow tests until the tenth day after the last date of contact with the positive case.

    The lateral flow should ideally be taken before you leave the house for the first time each day.

    If any lateral flow test is positive you should isolate immediately and book a PCR test.

    If at any time you develop symptoms, you should isolate immediately and book a PCR even if the lateral flow test is negative.

    Even if youre fully vaccinated, if you have been identified as a close contact, you are advised not to visit hospitals or care homes for 10 days and to minimise contact with those known to be at higher risk of severe illness if they contract COVID-19 for 10 days.

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