Global Statistics

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Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
All countries
Updated on June 23, 2022 9:27 pm
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What Is Considered Exposure To Covid

Potential Exposure To Covid

New CDC guidelines redefine what is considered close COVID-19 contact

The North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit;is advising parents, students, and school bus drivers of potential exposure to COVID-19 on school bus routes 277 and 278 between September 8 and September 10.

It says the cases were identified Saturday and there is one at each school.;

Although both schools remain open two cohorts have been closed at Scollard and one at St. Bride.

All high-risk close contacts are being contacted and will be provided with instructions by public health. Not all individuals who were on the bus are considered high-risk close contacts.

The Board says when;there is a confirmed case of COVID-19 that involves a student or a staff member in a school setting, NPSC will notify parents immediately and post the information to its website..

Anyone who has not been advised by Public Health that they have had a high-risk exposure is considered low-risk. Low-risk contacts should self-monitor for symptoms of COVID-19 and are not required to self-isolate.; If your child experiences symptoms, even mild symptoms, they should self-isolate and arrange to be tested immediately.

Symptoms include:

  • Fever and/or chills
  • Cough or barking cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea

Predeparture Testing Requirement For International Air Passengers Traveling To The United States

CDC;requires;all air passengers 2 years of age or older coming to the United States, including U.S. citizens and those who are fully vaccinated, to present a negative COVID-19 test result from a;nucleic acid amplification test or antigen test; conducted no more than 3 days before their flights departure. Passengers who have had a positive viral test in the past 3 months and have met the criteria to;discontinue isolation;may travel with documentation of recovery from COVID-19. This documentation of recovery must include their positive viral test result and a letter from a licensed healthcare provider or a public health official that states the individual is cleared for travel. More information about this requirement is available in the;Frequently Asked Questions for air passengers arriving in the United States.

What If My Employee Refuses To Come Back To Work In The Office After Working Remotely

This is a question that our team gets almost every day. The first thing you want to do is understand their motivations behind wanting to work from home. Most likely, this desire is based on fear. Maybe your employee has a compromised immune system? Or maybe they live with a compromised family member? Whatever it is, make sure that you have a clear understanding of why they don’t want to return to the office and take steps and precautions to protect your employees in this situation.

Remember that listening to your employees is key. Ask your employees good questions about what it would take for them to return to the office, listen to their feedback, and take actionable steps based on it.;

We also understand that for most employers, remote work isnt an option. For some industries, like finance and banking, privacy and data are major concerns with working remotely. While other industries, like construction and agriculture, have to be in-person to complete the necessary requirements of the job description.;

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What To Do If Youve Been Exposed To Covid

If you have been exposed to someone who has tested positive for COVID-19, you must quarantine for two weeks.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends checking your temperature twice a day for 14 days after the date of exposure while checking yourself for fever and other symptoms. It is key that you stay away from others throughout this time.

If you share your home with others, sleep in a separate room if possible, and use a separate bathroom. Its also advised that you avoid sharing food, disinfect surfaces after every use, and quarantine yourself to a room or area all of your own. If youre unable to keep a distance from other household members, you should wear a mask at all times.

Heres What The New Cdc Guidance On 15 Minutes Of Covid


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has new guidance clarifying what exactly close contact means when it comes to transmission of SARS-Cov-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

The previous guidance suggested that a close contact occurred when a person was within six feet of an infectious individual for 15 consecutive minutes. Now, the CDC is acknowledging that even brief contact can lead to transmission. Specifically, the new guidance suggests that those spending a total of 15 minutes of contact with an infectious person over the course of a 24-hour period should be considered in close contact.

Despite the change, most public health professionals have been clear for months that there is nothing magic about six feet. In the same way, there is nothing magic about 15 minutes. These should be used as rough estimates to indicate the types of contact that are relatively higher risk.

This new guidance, then, is an important recognition of the ease with which this virus can spread. It is not a dramatic reversal of CDC guidance, like those related to masks and the back-and-forth on testing of asymptomatic individuals.

This change reflects new evidence that has emerged. This change is an example of how science works. As an epidemiologist who studies respiratory virus transmission, I actually dont think this change will greatly impact how we live our lives during the pandemic, but it does represent continued evidence of how easily this virus spreads.

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How People Can Be Exposed To Covid

COVID-19 is spread mainly from person to person. Spread occurs more commonly between people who are in close contact with one another through respiratory droplets that come from the mouth or nose when an infected person coughs, sneezes, sings, or speaks.

COVID-19 is spread in three main ways:

  • Breathing in air when close to an infected person exhaling small droplets and particles containing the virus. Spread that occurs by breathing in air that contains the virus when you are not in close contact is uncommon but occurs more often in enclosed spaces with poor ventilation and when you are exposed for a longer period of time.
  • Having small droplets and particles containing the virus land in the eyes, nose, or mouth, especially through splashes and sprays like a cough or sneeze.
  • Touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with hands that have the virus on them. It is also uncommon for COVID-19 to spread through contact with contaminated surfaces. This means that you are unlikely to get COVID-19 by touching your eyes, nose, or mouth after touching a contaminated item.
  • COVID-19 can spread from people to animals in some situations, but this is uncommon. Pet cats and dogs can also sometimes become infected after close contact with people with COVID-19. Additionally, cases of reinfection with COVID-19 remain rare.

    Impact Of Prevention Measures For Travelers In The Context Of Vaccination

    To assess the feasibility of eliminating post-travel testing and self-quarantine recommendations for vaccinated travelers, data from studies that evaluated vaccine effectiveness for infection prevention were reviewed.2 To estimate the impact of vaccination combined with other measures, a range of vaccine effectiveness was used in models previously developed to assess testing and quarantine prevention measures.1;There are currently several vaccines available globally with varying efficacy rates and limited data regarding effectiveness, including against circulating variants; estimates were based solely on data available from the three vaccines authorized in the United States.

    Preliminary data from Israel suggest that people vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine who develop COVID-19 have a four-fold lower viral load than unvaccinated people.3;This observation may indicate reduced transmissibility, as viral load has been identified as a key driver of transmission.3,4

    With a 90% effective vaccine, pre-travel testing, post-travel testing, and 7-day self-quarantine provide minimal additional benefit. When adhered to, a pre-travel test plus a 7-day post-arrival self-quarantine for unvaccinated travelers is >30% more effective at reducing risk compared to travelers vaccinated with a 60% effective vaccine .

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    Difference Between Exposure And Close Contact

    Exposure is defined as being within six feet of someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 for at least 15 minutes and the exposed person is lacking either face or eye protection. Close contact is when you are within six feet of someone for a total of 15 minutes or more within a 24 hour period who has tested positive for COVID-19. If exposure or close contact occurs, your local health department will provide recommendations regarding testing and quarantining.

    Below Are Some Considerations For Who Might Be A Close Contact:

    Do COVID-19 exposure apps work?

    Close Contact

    • You were within 2 metres of a person who is infectious. ;There are different activities that increase risk in this case.; For example, face to face conversations increase the risk and the longer you spend with an infected person, the greater the risk.
    • You had multiple close encounters with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 over a 24-hour period.
    • You had close, physical contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19, such as a hug, hand shake or massage.
    • You live in the same home as someone diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • You worked physically near a person who is infectious for a prolonged period of time.
    • You took lunch breaks or socialized in the break room with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 and were within 2 metres.

    Not a Close Contact

    • If you consistently maintained a distance of at least 2 metres away from the individual who was diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • You had a very brief, close contact while wearing a mask and/or with a barrier in place.
    • You passed by someone quickly.
    • You made a delivery to someone who was diagnosed with COVID-19 but had no contact with them .
    • You worked the same shift as someone diagnosed with COVID-19 but never worked within 2 metres of them.
    • You attended the same store as someone diagnosed with COVID-19 but had no direct contact with them .

    Not sure if youre a close contact? Contact your health care provider, Telehealth at 1-866-797-0000 or Hamilton Public Health Services at 974-9848.

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    Whats Considered Close Contact For Covid

    Editors note: As what we know about COVID-19 evolves, so could the information contained in this story.;Find our most recent COVID-19 blog posts here, and learn the latest in COVID-19 prevention at the;Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Who did you have close contact with? This is one of the first questions patients are asked after theyve been diagnosed with COVID-19. Obviously, family or friends living under the same roof are considered close contacts. But what about those who were at the outdoor party you attended or at dinner inside your favorite restaurant? What exactly is close contact?

    This is a question physicians like myself are increasingly being asked and for good reasonCOVID-19 will continue to be a serious health problem until theres a vaccine and safe and proven therapies to combat it.

    The Centers for Disease Control recently redefined its definition of close contact, which previously was being within 6 feet of an infected person for 15 minutes at a time. But now its within 6 feet of that person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes over a 24-hour period, whether youre wearing a mask or not, even though the science shows masks are effective in helping slow the spread of COVID-19. That means if you spoke with an infected person in the grocery store for five minutes and then on your street later that day for 10 minutes and both times you were within 6 feet, its considered close contact.

    A Student Notifies You That They Are Positive For Covid

    In general, when a student who has been attending in-person classes tests positive, we do not need to quarantine the class as long as members of the class, including the instructor, have been following the universityâs regulations for face coverings.

    Students and employees are expected to stay home when sick and to check themselves for symptoms before coming to campus each day.

    Complete these steps for this scenario:

    • Complete the COVID-19 case and contact intake form. The case management team will respond by email or phone within one day, prioritizing as necessary depending on the situation.
    • Unless otherwise notified, you may continue teaching the class in person.
    • Be flexible with regard to assignments for the affected student who may be experiencing symptoms and who is likely to be in isolation for at least 10 days.
    • Observe the affected studentâs privacy by not sharing their diagnosis or other health information with other students in the class.
    • You may issue a communication to all of your students reminding them that it is essential that everyone in class is vigilantly following expectations for face coveringsâincluding not eating or drinking in the classroom, distancing, daily symptom self-checks, and staying home when unwell.
    • If you have been in close contact with this student, please follow instructions for scenario No. 3.

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    Other Tips To Stay Safe: Get Vaccinated

    Ormesher, said the amount of “breakthrough” cases ;people who are vaccinated and test positive; should not dissuade people from vaccinating.

    “Just because you have breakthrough COVID despite getting the vaccine doesn’t mean the vaccine didn’t help you and isn’t working for you,”;Ormesher said.;

    About 25% of the county’s COVID-19 cases are breakthrough cases, Davis;with LCPH;said. However, only 17% of those who have been hospitalized for the virus in the past 60 days were vaccinated, and only 15% of those who died in the past 60 days were vaccinated.

    S To Take If You Had Close Contact With Someone With Covid

    • Stay home and away from others unless you are not required to. Avoid contact with others to avoid spreading COVID-19.
    • Do not go to work, school, or public areas. Do not take public transportation, taxis, or ride-shares.
    • If you live with someone with COVID-19, stay separated from sick members in the household as much as possible. Avoid sharing the same space within the home, including being in the same room. Use a different bedroom or bathroom if that is possible.
    • Your local health department can help you make sure that your basic needs are being met.
  • Monitor your health for 14 days after your last contact.;
  • Take your temperature with a thermometer two times a day and watch for fever. Also, watch for other symptoms of COVID-19, such as cough, shortness of breath, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, or new loss of taste or smell.;
  • Your local health department may ask you to check in with Sara Alert. Youll get a message from Sara Alert each day and answer a few questions about how youre feeling. If youre having COVID-19 symptoms, the health department will follow up with you. By checking in with Sara Alert, you can let the health department know how youre feeling and help to slow the spread of COVID-19 in your community. Learn more about How Sara Alert Works.
  • You can also download VDHs Daily Symptom Monitoring Log to help keep track of your symptoms.
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    Follow Guidance To Mask Up

    The CDC updated its mask guidance July 27 and Oregon Health Authority follow suit, issuing guidance that;recommends universal mask use for all public indoor settings.

    “Masks do work. If you’re going out into a public area vaccinated or not vaccinated ; as an extra measure of safety to prevent transmission. Masks are always being encouraged by healthcare professionals, although it’s not mandated by government,” Ormesher said. “Health care, we are as a whole, are saying;continue to mask when you’re out and about.”

    Where To Get Tested

    Rochester Regional Health Immediate Care locations accept walk-in evaluations and will test if deemed necessary by an on-site healthcare provider based on the testing criteria.;

    See where we test for COVID-19

    Rochester Regional Health pediatric practices are also testing for COVID-19 as well as most RRH family practices who see kids .

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    If You Develop Fever Or Any Of The Symptoms Listed Above:

    severe illnessincreases with ageimmune-suppressed or have underlying health conditions such as heart, kidney or lung disease, obesity, or diabetesIf symptoms worsen, especially if you have difficulty breathing, seek medical care immediately.

    A Student Is Exhibiting Visible Symptoms Of Illness Such As Repeated Coughing Or Sneezing

    What Coronavirus Symptoms Look Like, Day By Day

    While it is not unusual for a person to occasionally cough or sneeze, a person who is repeatedly coughing, sneezing or exhibiting other signs of illness should stay home and not come to campus for work or class.

    You MAY complete these steps for this scenario:

    • Advise a student who is visibly exhibiting symptoms of illness to go home until they are symptom free.
    • Remind the student to conduct a daily symptom self-check before coming to campus.
    • Remind the student they may contact University Health Services or a regular healthcare provider to have their symptoms assessed or for treatment.
  • Issue a communication to all of your students reminding them that it is essential that everyone in class is following expectations for daily symptom self-checks and staying home when unwell.
  • Role model this behavior by not teaching in person when you have symptoms of illness.
  • Be prepared for your own and your studentsâ potential absences related to COVID-19 by building flexibility into your syllabus and assignments.

    Also Check: Is Fever A Symptom Of Covid

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