Global Statistics

All countries
620,178,414
Confirmed
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm
All countries
598,749,055
Recovered
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm
All countries
6,540,217
Deaths
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
620,178,414
Confirmed
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm
All countries
598,749,055
Recovered
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm
All countries
6,540,217
Deaths
Updated on September 25, 2022 5:41 pm
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What Is In The Covid Vaccine

Johnson & Johnson Vaccine And Tts A Possible Rare Side Effect

What The COVID Vaccine Does To Your Body

A small number of people have developed a serious blood clot condition after they received the J& J vaccine. Nearly all reports of this problem have been in adult women younger than age 50. A review of all available data at this time shows that the J& J vaccines known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks.

However, women younger than age 50 should be aware of this rare adverse event and should know that other COVID-19 vaccines are available.

For three weeks after receiving the J& J vaccine, you should watch for possible symptoms of a blood clot with low platelets called thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, or TTS. Although very rare and treatable when diagnosed in time, TTS is serious.

Get medical help immediately if you have any of these symptoms within 3 weeks of receiving the J& J coronavirus vaccine:

  • Severe or persistent headaches or blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easy bruising or tiny blood spots under the skin near the injection site

Myth: The Side Effects Of The Covid

FACT: In April 2021, the CDC temporarily paused and then resumed use of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Read full story.

The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines can have side effects, but the vast majority are very short term not serious or dangerous. The vaccine developers report that some people experience pain where they were injected body aches headaches or fever, lasting for a day or two. These are signs that the vaccine is working to stimulate your immune system. If symptoms persist beyond two days, you should call your doctor.

If you have allergies especially severe ones that require you to carry an EpiPen discuss the COVID-19 vaccine with your doctor, who can assess your risk and provide more information about if and how you can get vaccinated safely.

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What About Safety Of The Covid

The FDA and other reviewers closely consider diverse populations included in the trials for safety purposes. The clinical trials for the first two COVID-19 vaccines included underrepresented minorities, older age groups, and people with conditions such as obesity, diabetes and heart and respiratory conditions.

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Can I Still Get Covid

Cases of infection post-vaccine, called breakthrough cases, are being reported, but experts stress they are still relatively uncommon. Whats more, its rare to get an infection that results in hospitalization or death once you are fully vaccinated.

According to data collected by the CDC, less than 1 percent of fully vaccinated Americans have been hospitalized or have died from COVID-19. The vast majority of serious illness and death is occurring in unvaccinated individuals.

Breakthrough infections, however, can contribute to the spread of COVID-19. New data show that fully vaccinated people who become infected with the delta variant can pass the virus on to others, which is why health officials now recommend that vaccinated individuals in areas of high community transmission wear a face mask in indoor public settings.

The masking recommendation was updated to ensure the vaccinated public would not unknowingly transmit virus to others, including their unvaccinated or immunocompromised loved ones, CDC Director Rochelle Walensky said.

Does Johns Hopkins Medicine Recommend I Get A Covid

The Covid

Yes, we recommend that everyone who is eligible get vaccinated with one of the three currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines. We view all three vaccines as highly efficacious for preventing serious disease, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. Read more about vaccine safety.

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Do I Need The Vaccine If I Have Already Had Covid

Even if you had COVID-19, the CDC still recommends getting vaccinated. Thats because experts do not yet know how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible although rare that you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again, the agency explains.

Have questions? Talk to your doctor.

Essentially, what a vaccine is doing is teaching the immune system how to handle something before you actually encounter the real thing so that, hopefully, when you do encounter the real thing, youre able to deal with it quickly and get rid of it.

Myth: Now That We Have A Vaccine For Covid

FACT: The thousands of viruses that cause various diseases are very different. Many change year by year, making it difficult to develop one vaccine that works for a long period of time.

Developing vaccines for some disease-causing viruses is tough. For example, the virus that causes HIV can hide and make itself undetectable by the human immune system, which makes creating a vaccine for it extremely difficult.

The common cold can be caused by any one of hundreds of different viruses, so a vaccine for just one of them would not be very effective.

Coronavirus

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How Do The Vaccines Work

The United States has authorized three vaccines for emergency use, and a fourth is likely to go before the Food and Drug Administration for approval in the coming weeks.

Pfizer and Moderna: The first two COVID-19 vaccines to be greenlit in the United States use messenger RNA , which is a molecule that instructs human cells to make a piece of the spike protein that the coronavirus uses to attach to and infect human cells. The material from the vaccine quickly disintegrates and never enters the cells nucleus, so it cant alter the recipients DNA. The presence of the harmless spike proteins triggers the immune system to create antibodies and activate T-cells that mount an immune response. With the immune system primed, it is ready to act quickly if it ever detects the coronavirus in the body.

Researchers have been working on mRNA technology since the 1990s to fight a variety of diseases from influenza to Ebola, but the COVID-19 vaccine is the first time this technology has been authorized for the public.

The Pfizer vaccine requires two doses administered 21 days apart and the Moderna vaccine requires two doses 28 days apart.

Its kind of like hijacking a known virus, says Wilbur Chen, MD, an infectious disease and vaccine expert and chief of the adult clinical studies section of the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health within the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine requires only one dose.

Which Vaccine Can I Get For My Second Dose

Pfizer Coronavirus Vaccine: Does it Use Fetal Cell Lines?

If you received a first dose of an mRNA vaccine , you can get either mRNA vaccine for your second dose.

If you received a first dose of AstraZeneca/COVISHIELD, an mRNA vaccine is now preferred for your second dose. This is based on emerging evidence of better immune response from this mixed vaccine schedule, and to mitigate the potential risk of Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia associated with viral-vector vaccines. Please review the AstraZeneca/COVISHIELD Information page to help you decide which vaccine to receive.

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Johnson & Johnson Vaccine

In April 2021, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine was paused while the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated a small number of cases of rare blood clots in people who had received that vaccine. Nearly all reports of this problem have been in adult women younger than age 50. After careful review, the FDA and CDC recommended that administration of the J& J COVID-19 vaccine could safely resume. Johns Hopkins Medicine followed these recommendations, temporarily pausing and then resuming use of the J& J vaccine.

What Are The Covid Vaccine Side Effects

Some people notice side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine, such as pain or swelling where they got the vaccine. You may also get fever, muscle aches, chills, fatigue, headaches or a combination of these symptoms.

COVID-19 vaccine side effects may last about a day or two, and do not signify illness. These are signs that your immune system is responding and preparing to fight the coronavirus if you catch it. If symptoms persist, you should call your doctor.

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Do I Still Have To Wear A Mask And Continue Covid

The CDC continues to monitor the spread of COVID-19 and makes recommendations for wearing face masks, both for those who are fully vaccinated as well as those who are not fully vaccinated.

The CDC also recommends that masks and physical distancing are required when going to the doctors office, hospitals or long-term care facilities, including all Johns Hopkins hospitals, care centers and offices.

Johns Hopkins Medicines current mask safety guidelines have not changed, and we still require all individuals to wear masks inside all of our facilities.

Vaccinations For Homebound Individuals

Numerous COVID

In May and June, Extra-Mural/Ambulance New Brunswick are providing vaccinations to homebound individuals 55 and older who are unable to leave their home to go to a pharmacy or regional health authority vaccination clinic. Existing clients of the Extra-Mural Program will be assessed to determine if they qualify for this service.

Homebound individuals who are not Extra-Mural clients may also be referred for a home vaccination by their primary care provider beginning May 3.

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How Much Does The Vaccine Cost

The federal government pre-purchased hundreds of millions of vaccine doses with taxpayer money, and Americans will not have to pay to receive them.

Vaccine providers are able to charge an administration fee for giving the shot, but this fee should be covered by public or private insurance, or by a government relief fund for the uninsured.

Myth: Getting The Covid

FACT: The CDC continues to monitor the spread of COVID-19 and makes recommendations for wearing face masks, both for those who are fully vaccinated as well as those who are not fully vaccinated.

The CDC also recommends that masks and physical distancing are required when going to the doctors office, hospitals or long-term care facilities, including all Johns Hopkins hospitals, care centers and offices.

Johns Hopkins Medicines current mask safety guidelines have not changed, and we still require all individuals to wear masks inside all of our facilities.

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Update Your Proof Of Vaccination

If your Nova Scotia COVID-19 Proof of Vaccination has an error or missing information, call to report an issue with your proof of vaccination. You can also call to report an issue if you cant get your Nova Scotia COVID-19 Proof of Vaccination online using your Canadian Health Card number and the email address or phone number you used to book your vaccination appointment.

When you call to report an issue with your proof of vaccination, you may need to provide your:

  • name
  • email address or phone number you used to book your appointment
  • Health Card number
  • type, date and location of COVID-19 vaccine you received

After you report an issue, it should take 2 weeks to get a new digital copy of your Nova Scotia COVID-19 Proof of Vaccination. It can take longer if more information is needed.

Is There Risk Of Allergic Reaction From Covid

Why you can’t compare Covid-19 vaccines

According to the CDC, anyone who has a known severe allergy to any of the vaccine ingredients should not receive that vaccine.

The CDC says people with allergies to certain foods, insects, latex and other common allergens can safely receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Those with a history of severe allergic reaction to injectables or other vaccines should discuss the vaccination with their doctor, who can evaluate and assess their risk.

How Do We Know a COVID-19 Vaccine Will Be Safe and Effective?

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Is It Good To Have More Than One Vaccine Available

Absolutely. In fact, its highly desirable, says William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert and professor at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, because that would mean there would be more vaccine manufacturers working to actually produce the vaccine, and so we could more expeditiously try to vaccinate the population in the United States and beyond.

Kathleen Neuzil, M.D., professor in vaccinology and director of the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, echoes Schaffners sentiment and points to the flu vaccine for comparison: There are multiple formulations on the market, including the injectable high-dose vaccine and the nasal spray vaccine, for example, which are recommended for different populations.

We really need every person on Earth, theoretically, to be able to receive this vaccine. So, to me, is a positive, because we need so much, she adds.

Editors note: This article, originally published May 1, 2020, has been updated to reflect new information.

Also of Interest

Vaccine Safety After Authorization

As for all medicines, Health Canada continues to monitor the safety of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in Canada closely. Along with the Public Health Agency of Canada and working in close collaboration with the provinces and territories and the manufacturer, we monitor for any adverse events that may develop after immunization.

In addition, the manufacturer is legally required to submit reports of adverse events to Health Canada.

The manufacturer is planning to follow clinical trial participants for at least 2 years after the second dose of the vaccine is given. It must communicate any safety concerns to Health Canada.

To ensure that the benefits of the vaccine continue to outweigh the risks, we may also impose terms and conditions at any time. For example, we can require the manufacturer to take further risk mitigation measures. We can also ask the manufacturer to submit additional safety information.

Health Canada continues to review all the available safety data as it becomes available. We will take appropriate action, if required, to protect the health and safety of Canadians.

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How Effective Are Covid

All authorized vaccines are very good at preventing severe infection, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. The testing methods for the vaccines are not all alike, which makes it difficult to compare them. Johns Hopkins Medicine considers them to be equally effective.

Why is it Important that I Consider Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Trial And Authorization Status

A Dose of Truth: COVID

Phase I trials test primarily for safety and preliminary dosing in a few dozen healthy subjects, while Phase II trials following success in Phase I evaluate immunogenicity, dose levels and adverse effects of the candidate vaccine, typically in hundreds of people. A Phase III trial consists of preliminary safety and immunogenicity testing, is typically randomized, placebo-controlled, while determining more precise, effective doses. Phase III trials typically involve more participants at multiple sites, include a control group, and test effectiveness of the vaccine to prevent the disease , while monitoring for adverse effects at the optimal dose. Definition of vaccine safety, efficacy, and clinical endpoints in a Phase III trial may vary between the trials of different companies, such as defining the degree of side effects, infection or amount of transmission, and whether the vaccine prevents moderate or severe COVID19 infection.

A clinical trial design in progress may be modified as an “adaptive design” if accumulating data in the trial provide early insights about positive or negative efficacy of the treatment. Adaptive designs within ongoing Phase IIIII clinical trials on candidate vaccines may shorten trial durations and use fewer subjects, possibly expediting decisions for early termination or success, avoiding duplication of research efforts, and enhancing coordination of design changes for the Solidarity trial across its international locations.

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Should I Be Worried About Vaccine Safety

Over the past months, millions of people in the U.S. have been safely vaccinated. The FDA has fully approved the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, and may fully approve other coronavirus vaccines in the future. The FDA and CDC continue to carefully monitor each of the authorized COVID-19 vaccines for safety concerns.

These organizations are being thorough and transparent. One example is that in April 2021 the CDC and FDA paused administration of the J& J vaccine so they could review data on a few reported cases of serious blood clots following vaccination with that vaccine. After this review, the FDA and CDC determined that the benefits of the J& J vaccine outweigh the risk of this very rare side effect, and authorized vaccination with the J& J shot to resume.

Similarly, after observing rare occurrences of myocarditis following the second injection of the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, the CDC released information for the public.

They will continue to communicate with the public about their findings and any possible safety issues with this or any other COVID-19 vaccine. Any potential safety risks of COVID-19 vaccines must be weighed against the known serious risk of harm due to the COVID-19 infection and the benefits of protection that the vaccines offer.

Which Vaccine Is The Best One

The experts agreed: The best vaccine is the one that is first available to you.

What I tell my patients and family members is to take whatever vaccine you can get, says Mark Mulligan, MD, a professor at NYU Grossman School of Medicine and director of the NYU Langone Vaccine Center, who led the clinical trials for the AstraZeneca and Pfizer vaccines at New York University . Theyre all highly effective. You cant really make any discernment from one to another.

Some have speculated that the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines with their roughly 95% efficacy rates in clinical trials are better than the Johnson & Johnson vaccine and the AstraZeneca vaccine . But comparing the different vaccines efficacy rates is sometimes like comparing apples and oranges, according to Anna Durbin, MD, a professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore who specializes in infectious disease and vaccines.

What I tell my patients and family members is to take whatever vaccine you can get. Theyre all highly effective. You cant really make any discernment from one to another.

Another complication is what the researchers conducting the clinical trials were measuring. The efficacy number reported in clinical trials was against any COVID-19 symptoms even mild ones.

What were trying to do is prevent severe illness, Durbin explains. All of them are close to 100% at preventing hospitalized COVID-19.

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