Study Design And Population
This work is a retrospective cohort study in unvaccinated hospitalized patients80 years of age with COVID-19 in Spain from March 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020. Data were drawn from the national SEMI-COVID-19 Registry. Vaccination against COVID-19 began in Spain in January 2021, but data on patient vaccination are not included in the registry. Therefore, as the aim was to study unvaccinated patients, no patients hospitalized after December 31, 2020 were analyzed in this study. Patients were grouped according to the pandemic wave in which they were included in the registry: the first wave or subsequent waves . This cut-off date between the first and subsequent waves corresponds to the date used in several previous studies from Spain .
How Weak Is Covid
Covid is so weak that the people in the population with better immune systems will not even create antibodies when infected with covid, as their innate immune system will kill the virus without marshaling the adaptive immune system. The vaccines could have been dispensed with, and health authorities could have focused on improving the immune system of the general population. Still, they dispensed with discussing the natural immunity, and put 100% of their energy into convincing people to get vaccinated, as is covered in the article A Comparison of How Much Effort the CDC Puts Into Immunity Versus Vaccines.
How little of a concern the CDC has in improving general immunity? Well, there is more information at our website than there is at the CDCs website, which has a yearly budget of roughly $9 billion per year.
Treatment And Vaccine For Covid
Remdesivir is currently the only drug authorized with conditions to treat COVID-19 in those who are hospitalized with severe symptoms. On January 17, 2022 Health Canada authorized the combination of two antiviral drugs, nirmatrelvir and ritonavir to treat adults with mild to moderate COVID-19 who are at high risk of progressing to serious disease, including hospitalization or death. For more information about treatment .
On Nov. 18, Pfizer released updated results of its Phase 3 clinical trials, suggesting the vaccine is 95 per cent effective at preventing COVID-19, a little over a week after releasing interim results showing the vaccine may be 90 per cent effective. Moderna announced on Nov. 16 that preliminary data from its ongoing Phase 3 clinical trial shows the vaccine is 94.5 per cent effective at preventing COVID-19. On Nov 23, Astra Zeneca announced their vaccine appeared to be 70 per cent effective against the novel coronavirus. On Jan 21, 2021 Johnson and Johnson announced their vaccine was 85% effective overall in preventing severe disease and demonstrated complete protection against COVID-19 related hospitalization and death as of day 28. For more information on COVID-19 vaccines .
Also Check: How Much Does A Covid 19 Test Cost At Cvs
Age Is Not The Only Factor
Underlying health conditions also play a role in determining the severity of the infection. Of particular consequence are cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory disease and high blood pressure. Just over 10% of those who have died had CVDs, whereas the figure was a shade over 5% for the other conditions. Those who have more than one pre-existing condition also have a higher mortality rate.
Chronic conditions hamper the immune response of the body and increase vulnerability to all sorts of ailments and infections.
The Coronavirus Is Most Deadly If You Are Older And Male New Data Reveal The Risks
The risk of dying from COVID-19 increases significantly with age.Credit: Jose Coelho/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock
For every 1,000 people infected with the coronavirus who are under the age of 50, almost none will die. For people in their fifties and early sixties, about five will die more men than women. The risk then climbs steeply as the years accrue. For every 1,000 people in their mid-seventies or older who are infected, around 116 will die. These are the stark statistics obtained by some of the first detailed studies into the mortality risk for COVID-19.
Trends in coronavirus deaths by age have been clear since early in the pandemic. Research teams looking at the presence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in people in the general population in Spain, England, Italy and Geneva in Switzerland have now quantified that risk, says Marm Kilpatrick, an infectious-disease researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
It gives us a much sharper tool when asking what the impact might be on a certain population that has a certain demographic, says Kilpatrick.
The studies reveal that age is by far the strongest predictor of an infected persons risk of dying a metric known as the infection fatality ratio , which is the proportion of people infected with the virus, including those who didnt get tested or show symptoms, who will die as a result.
Recommended Reading: Cvs Rapid Test Price
Figure 5 Of Confirmed Covid
Of these people:
Based on detailed case information reported to PHAC from provinces and territories, cases following vaccination were reported more frequently among females and those aged 60 years and older . This may be the result of higher vaccination coverage in Canada among females and those aged 60 years and older due to the prioritization of older age groups and healthcare workers as part of the vaccine rollout.
- : Detailed case information received by PHAC from provinces and territories, since December 14, 2020
- Twelve of thirteen provinces and territories have reported case-level vaccine history data to PHAC as part of the national COVID-19 dataset. Nine provinces and territories have reported complete case-level vaccine history data to PHAC since October 2021. A data cut-off of November 27, 2021 was used to account for routine reporting delays associated with vaccine history information.
- *Cases with missing gender were excluded. Where available, gender data was used when gender data was unavailable, sex data was used. Reliable data on gender diverse respondents are unavailable due to small counts.
Mortality By Age Cohort
Is this table misinformation? According to NBC, the answer is yes, and its a table of mortality by age cohort. However, according to NBC, it is irresponsible of me to show this table.
This graphic is from The Heritage Foundation.
Similar information is shown but as a histogram, with the source being the CDC. This is an easy histogram to read, and it shows the bulk of people dying with covid is 65 and up It is basically impossible to say if a person dies of covid, only that they had covid that is they tested positive with the highly inaccurate PCR test that was never designed to be used for diagnosis as we cover in the article Understanding The PCR Test and How There Was Never a Reliable Test for Covid.
Other articles that cover the falsity of PCR tests for covid are found in our other articles on the topic.
Looking at the histogram which shows total number of deaths with covid. It appears that roughly 20% of the total deaths of those with covid were for all those below 65 years of age.
The average age of death with covid was 86 in Australia, as can be viewed at this PDF.
Also Check: How Much Is A Pcr Test At Cvs
Variants Of The Virus That Causes Covid
Genetic variations of viruses such as the one that causes COVID-19 are not uncommon and many other variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have been previously observed around the world this year. Both new variants include mutations on the spike protein, which may result in the virus becoming more infectious and spreading more easily between people. These variants have been termed variants of concern and have been associated with evidence of increased transmissibility, severity, and/or possible immune evasion with potential implications for reinfection and vaccine effectiveness
Multiple variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 are circulating globally:
For more information of COVID-19 Variants of Concern, .
You Value And Rely On The Work Of The Apm Research Lab And We Rely On You Especially During This Difficult Time If You Can Please Support Our Work With A Donation Today
Our ongoing Color of Coronavirus project monitors how and where COVID-19 mortality is inequitably impacting certain communitiesto guide policy and community responses. Last week, the United States COVID-19 death toll reached half a million. We have documented the race and ethnicity for 94% of these cumulative deaths in the United States.
Even as vaccine distribution ramps up across the U.S., the virus recent toll has been devastating for all groups. Our latest update shows death tolls accelerating in the last four weeks compared to the prior period , which had also notched record losses until this update exceeded them.
The last four weeks have yielded the highest number of new deaths since the start of the pandemic for all groups except Black and Pacific Islander Americans, for whom it was the second most deadly stretch.
Note that March 3 ends the third deadliest four-week period since the beginning of the pandemic according to data compiled by the COVID Tracking Project. Thus, it is likely that some of the apparent increase in deaths reflected below come from reclassification of deaths by race and ethnicity. In fact, over the last four weeks the number of deaths with an unknown race or ethnicity has decreased by more than 13,000.
You May Like: Cvs Rapid Testing Cost
The Proportion Of Deaths Involving Covid
Percentage of deaths involving COVID-19, which were due to COVID-19, England and Wales, deaths registered in March 2020 to April 2022
The proportion of deaths involving COVID-19 where COVID-19 was the underlying cause, slightly increased between March and April 2022 in England , and in Wales .
In England, the proportion of deaths involving COVID-19 that were also due to COVID-19 was highest in April 2020 and lowest in March 2022 . In Wales, this proportion was highest in April 2020 and lowest in June 2021 .
The doctor certifying a death can list all causes in the chain of events that led to the death, and pre-existing conditions that may have contributed to the death. Deaths with COVID-19 mentioned anywhere on the death certificate are defined as deaths involving COVID-19. Deaths where COVID-19 is also the underlying cause of death are defined as deaths due to COVID-19.
Deaths By Disability Status
The risk of death involving COVID-19 was higher for disabled people than non-disabled people
Disabled people in England were at greater risk of death involving COVID-19 during the pandemic than non-disabled people. The risk was greater for more-disabled people than less-disabled people.
Between 24 January 2020 and 9 March 2022, the risk of death involving COVID-19 was:
1.6 times higher for more-disabled women than for non-disabled women
1.4 times higher for more-disabled men than for non-disabled men
1.3 times higher for less-disabled men and less-disabled women compared with non-disabled men and non-disabled women
The higher risk of death for more- and less-disabled people of both sexes compared with non-disabled people was largely unchanged across each wave of the pandemic.
Of deaths in England and Wales where COVID-19 was the underlying cause, the most common pre-existing condition recorded on the death certificate was symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions . Dementia and Alzheimers disease was the second most common at 18.2%, followed by chronic lower respiratory diseases at 15.8% and Diabetes at 15.7%. This was the first time Diabetes was not the most common pre-existing condition since October to December 2020.
Overall, the proportion of COVID-19 deaths with no pre-existing conditions decreased in January to March 2022 , compared with October to December 2021 .
These findings were true for males and females .
Don’t Miss: How Much Are Cvs Covid Tests
Mortality Rates By Age
For those under 10 years of age, there appear to have been no COVID-19 related deaths. However, this does not mean that infants and young children are completely out of danger. While there have been no deaths, there have been reports of hospitalization and ICU admittances. A widely circulated study published in the journal Paediatrics found that 30% of hospitalizations and ICU visits were in infants below the age of 1. So it does appear that infants may be more vulnerable to the disease than slightly older children.
For those between 10-20 years of age, the rate of infection and mortality remains low. According to the Chinese CDC study, there is a 0.2% mortality rate in this age group. This confirms what we already suspected: young children and teenagers are not especially vulnerable to the disease – but as evidenced in the LA case, there is still a chance of complications.
For those between 20-29, the mortality rate again hovers at around 0.2%. However, there is a catch – the rate of hospitalization does go up. This means that the disease can develop into something more serious but is still unlikely to progress to a critical phase requiring ventilator support.
For those between 30-50, the mortality rate rises slightly to around 0.5% and ICU admissions climb to 2%. A linear trend can be clearly seen – as the patients get older, complications increase.
For more tips, read our article on Coronavirus.
Open National Portal For Definitions Of Underlying Conditions
We used the Health Data Research UKâCALIBER open online portal to define underlying conditions from records. The underlying conditions were defined using Read codes in primary care and the International Classification of Diseases 10th edition for hospital admissions as per validated CALIBER phenotypes.14 Hypertension was defined on the basis of recorded values in primary care according to the most recent guidelines .16 Diabetes was defined at baseline on the basis of coded diagnoses recorded in Clinical Practice Research Datalink or Hospital Episode Statistics at or before study entry.15 Severe obesity was defined as body-mass index of 40 kg/m2 or more.16 Cardiovascular disease was defined as the 12 most common symptomatic manifestations: chronic stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, unheralded death from coronary heart disease, heart failure, cardiac arrest or sudden coronary death, transient ischaemic attack, ischaemic stroke, intracerebral haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage, peripheral arterial disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm, as per previous studies.15, 16, 17 COPD and chronic kidney disease were defined using previous definitions.14, 15, 16, 17 Multimorbidity was defined as the co-occurrence of two or more conditions in an individual.18 Given recent interest in the potential roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors19 and non-steroidal inflammatory drugs ,20 we also estimated prevalence of their use.
Recommended Reading: Did Hank Aaron Die From Vaccine
Mortality Rates Are A Crude Measure And Vary By Geography
Why is the Italian mortality rate is so much higher than Germanys? Why does WHOs measure differ from the Chinese measure? Aside from demographic differences and the general health of the population, testing methods vary by country as well. Since milder cases are often not tested, and people recover without any adverse events, these are not included when calculating the mortality rate. So, a country that is currently only testing symptomatic patients or those with more severe conditions is likely to report a higher mortality rate as well.
Mortality Rate Based On Sex Age And Underlying Health Conditions
Figure 1 shows the mortality rate based on sex and the presence or absence of underlying health conditions. The proportion of COVID-19 patients without underlying health conditions was higher than that of patients with underlying health conditions however, the mortality rate was higher in COVID-19 patients with underlying health conditions. In other words, the probability of death for patients with underlying health conditions, P, was 0.12, which was 4 times higher than that of patients with no underlying health conditions, P = 0.03. Specifically, the proportion of COVID-19 patients with and without underlying health conditions was 37.6% and 62.4%, respectively however, 70.4% of the total number of deaths occurred in patients with underlying health conditions, and only 29.6% of deaths occurred in patients without an underlying disease . The mortality rate was 1.8 times as high in men than in women . The proportions of men and women among the study participants were similar however, 64.9% and 35.1% of deaths occurred in men and women, respectively .
The average ages of discharged and deceased patients with COVID-19 were 41.4 y and 60.8 y, respectively. Expressly, patients with COVID-19 who died were approximately 20 y older than those who survived. Therefore, age was an important determining factor of the mortality rate. Hence, we evaluated the mortality rates of the following age groups: 0-20, 21-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80, 81+ y.
You May Like: How Much Is Cvs Covid Testing
Coronavirus: Covid Deaths In Us By Age Race
While coronavirus is obviously concerning and a very real threat to some people , these data also show that the risk for the rest of the population is quite low.
Public health officials and the media have been warning us that coronavirus kills not just old or immunocompromised people but young people too. While this is true, it remains relatively uncommon.
The CDC has accumulated mortality data about the COVID-19 pandemic from February 1 to June 17. Using this, it is easy to summarize how the disease has impacted Americans differentially based on age and race. Bear in mind, that the CDC’s mortality data often lags behind other sources. Still, this shouldn’t impact the age and race analysis.
U.S. Coronavirus Deaths by Age
Here’s the coronavirus mortality data by age group:
As shown, deaths in young people are almost non-existent. The first age group to provide a substantial contribution to the death toll is 45-54 years, who contribute nearly 5% of all coronavirus deaths. More than 80% of deaths occur in people aged 65 and over. That increases to over 92% if the 55-64 age group is included.
One thing that is often forgotten is that people of all ages are dying all the time. Each year, about 2.8 million Americans pass away. The following chart shows the percentage of deaths in each age group that were due to coronavirus:
U.S. Coronavirus Deaths by Race
The following chart depicts U.S. coronavirus deaths by race.
CDC Data Sources