What Is The Safest Covid Vaccine Type

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Can I Add A Record Of My Covid

There are four types of COVID-19 vaccines: heres how they work

Yes. You may do this by sending a photo of your vaccine card to your provider through MyChart or by bringing your vaccine card to your next appointment with a UW Medicine provider. If you received your vaccination through UW Medicine, there is no need to do anything as a record of your vaccination will be added automatically to our system.

Which Countries Are Signing Up For India’s Vaccines

India has shipped 66 million doses of vaccines to 95 countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Asia and Africa. The recipient countries include UK, Canada, Brazil and Mexico.

Both Covishield and Covaxin have been exported – some in the form of “gifts”, others in line with commercial agreements signed between the vaccine makers and the recipient nations, and the rest under the Covax scheme, which is led by the World Health Organization and hopes to deliver more than two billion doses to people in 190 countries in less than a year.

But in March, India placed a temporary hold on all exports of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine. The government said rising cases meant domestic demand was expected to pick up and so the doses were needed for India’s own rollout.

What Should I Expect At My Vaccine Appointment

When you get your COVID vaccine, youll receive a paper card that says which vaccine you received, and when and where you received it. Youll also get a fact sheet with more information about the vaccine, its benefits, and its side effects. After you get your injection, youll be asked to stay on-site for a short period of time so that healthcare professionals can monitor your bodys reaction.

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Rare Reactions Post Covid

People are supposed to wait around for a short time after vaccination in case they have a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis. Such incidents so far have been rare, with between 2 and 5 anaphylaxis reports for every million vaccine doses in the first weeks of U.S. inoculations, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Officials expected to receive reports of health problems, even deaths, that occur just by chance in the days or weeks after vaccination, given the huge numbers of people, including the frail elderly, getting inoculated.

Deaths and other serious events are investigated to see if the vaccine played a role. Authorities consider the person’s overall health and how often the reported condition occurs without vaccination. With more than 52 million vaccine doses administered in the U.S. by mid-February, the CDC said it hasn’t detected any patterns in deaths that signal a safety problem.

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Modernas must be shipped at -4 degrees Fahrenheit, which is within the temperature of a regular refrigerator freezer.

After thawing, a vial of the Pfizer vaccine must be used within five days; Modernas is stable at fridge temperature for 30 days and at room temperature for 12 hours. J&Js vaccine can be stored at room temperature not to exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit ;for 12 hours when the vial hasnt yet been punctured. After the first dose is withdrawn, the vial can be stored in a fridge for six hours or at room temperature for two hours.

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What Vaccines Are Available

In November 2020, Pfizer and BioNTech announced positive results from the conclusion of their COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials, quickly followed by Moderna. In February 2021, Johnson & Johnsons announced the same.;

Each has now been approved for use in multiple countries across the globe, with a few other vaccines rolling out on a country by country basis. Worldwide, more than 90 other vaccines are in various stages of clinical trials.;

Each vaccine went through the standard three phases of clinical trials Phase 1, where it is administered to a small number of people to show initial safety, Phase 2 to hundreds of people split into groups by things like age, ethnicity, and background to show how different types of people react to the vaccine, then Phase 3, in which it is given to tens of thousands of people, tested against a placebo. Because of the speed needed for development, both vaccines were approved to go through animal clinical trials at the same time as human Phase 1 clinical trials.

The Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines are mRNA vaccines, a type of immunization that does not use the real virus in the vaccine, but instead employs a piece of genetic material to create antibodies against the novel coronavirus. Each of the mRNA vaccines requires two doses, given three to four weeks apart. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is slightly different, which makes it easier to store and only requires one dose.;

Is Duke Health Offering The Johnson & Johnson Covid

Duke Health is;offering the Johnson & Johnson vaccine after a thorough safety review by the CDC and FDA determined the use of the;vaccine should resume. The CDC and FDA found the vaccine to be safe and effective in preventing COVID-19. The available data show that the vaccines known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks in individuals 18 years of age and older. These data suggest that the chance of concerning side effects occurring after receiving the Johnson & Johnson;vaccine is very low, but the FDA and CDC will remain vigilant in continuing to monitor people who receive any COVID-19 vaccine for unexpected events.

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What Side Effects Can I Expect From The Covid Vaccine

Minor side effects are common after COVID-19 vaccination. Almost everyone experiences arm pain at the injection site. Other symptoms can include low grade fever, body ache, chills, fatigue, and headache.

You can expect to feel better within 24 to 48 hours. Some people feel too unwell to go to work or perform their usually daily activities during this period. Contact your doctor if your symptoms have not improved by the third day.

Moving your sore arm around may help to relieve discomfort. If you have a fever, drink plenty of fluids. Over the counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can also help with fever, pain, and other discomfort. However, its best to not take a pain reliever right before getting your shot, because there is a chance this could blunt your immune response.

The good news: These side effects are a sign that the vaccine is working and that your body is building an antibody response. The currently available vaccines require two shots, and side effects are more likely to occur after the second shot.

Who Can Get A Third Dose Of A Covid

Are the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Vaccines Safe and Effective?

Based on CDC recommendations, third vaccine doses are available now for people who are considered moderately or severely immunosuppressed. These would include those who:

  • Receive active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood.
  • Received an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Have either had a stem cell transplant within the last two years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system.
  • Were diagnosed with DiGeorge syndrome or Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.
  • Are diagnosed with HIV and have a high viral load or low CD4 count, or are not currently taking medication to treat HIV.
  • Are taking drugs such as high-dose steroids or other medications that may cause severe suppression of the immune system.

If you are not sure whether you fit into any of these categories, please contact your medical provider.

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Vaccine For Coronavirus: Is It Safe

All three vaccines authorized or approved by the Food and Drug Administration have been thoroughly tested and found to be safe and effective in preventing severe COVID-19. They continue to undergo continuous and intense safety monitoring.

Please see below for more information and safety guidance for the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine and information about rare cases of myocarditis associated with the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.

Johns Hopkins Medicine is administering all three COVID-19 vaccines: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson. We view all three vaccines as highly effective in preventing serious disease, hospitalization and death from COVID-19 and that their benefits outweigh their risks.

How Well The Vaccine Works

  • Based on;evidence from clinical trials in people 16 years and older, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was 95% effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed infection with the virus that causes COVID-19 in people who received two doses and had no evidence of being previously infected.
  • In clinical trials, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was also highly effective at preventing laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection in adolescents 1215 years old, and the immune response in people 1215 years old was at least as strong as the immune response in people 1625 years old.
  • The vaccine was also highly effective in clinical trials at preventing COVID-19 among people of diverse age, sex, race, and ethnicity categories and among people with underlying medical conditions.
  • Evidence shows mRNA COVID-19 vaccines offer similar protection in real-world conditions as they have in clinical trial settingsreducing the risk of COVID-19, including severe illness by 90% or more, among people who are fully vaccinated.
  • CDC will continue to provide updates as we learn more.

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I Have Been Hearing About Heart Problems In Kids And Young Adults Following The Covid Vaccine Should I Still Get My Child Vaccinated

There has a been a higher-than-expected number of heart inflammation cases after vaccination with the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, particularly among boys and young men. However, the CDC still strongly recommends that all children 12 years and older be vaccinated.

As of July 12, 2021, 1,047 reports of myocarditis and pericarditis had been reported in people under age 30, particularly in male teens and young adults, after vaccination with the Pfizer/BioNTech or Moderna mRNA vaccines The CDCs Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has said available data “suggest likely association of myocarditis with mRNA vaccination in adolescents and young adults.” Even with the increased risk, heart inflammation is a rare occurrence.

Myocarditis and pericarditis after vaccination was most common in males ages 16 to 24. Cases tended to occur within several days after the second mRNA vaccine dose. Most people who developed myocarditis or pericarditis had mild cases and recovered completely after treatment.

If your child develops any of the following symptoms within a week of vaccination, seek medical care:

  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • feeling like your heart is beating fast, fluttering, or pounding.

Vaccines Lower Risk Of Death And Severe Illness For Everyone Not Just You

UAEs Covid
  • This isnt to scare you, but its a fact that needs to be stated at this point, nearly all deaths and hospitalizations from COVID-19 are people who have not been vaccinated. Infection rates are highest in places with lower rates of vaccination among the population, but are happening everywhere because people who are not vaccinated carry and spread significant amounts of the virus, and people who are vaccinated but arent wearing masks may be able to spread smaller amounts of the virus as well.
  • Even if youre not worried about getting sick yourself, unless you never leave your house, you being unvaccinated puts kids at risk. Childhood COVID-19 cases doubled in July. Those under the age of 12 still cannot get vaccinatedthe vaccines are still going through clinical trials and approvals for their age groupsso they are very at risk for the contagious delta variant. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, after seeing steady declines in childhood COVID-19 cases over the last few months, children accounted for 16.8% of all COVID-19 cases for the week ending on July 22.

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How Much Of My Personal Data Will Be Collected And Will It Be Shared

Duke Health collects name, address, date of birth, location at which the vaccine was given, when the vaccine was given, the person who administered the vaccine, information about the specific vaccine vial, and how the vaccine was given . This information is required by the state and by Duke Health in order to contact the patient after the visit to schedule additional visits. Information about race and ethnicity is also collected, which helps support North Carolinas efforts for the equitable distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine.;

North Carolina is required to submit vaccination data to the CDC;to meet federal requirements. Data submitted to the CDC will not be used to market commercial services to individual patients or nonpatients, assist in bill collecting services, or civil or criminal prosecution or enforcement, including but not limited to immigration enforcement.

Do I Need To Wait Between Getting The Covid

No, you can get a COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines at the same visit. You no longer need to wait 14 days between vaccines. Your body should develop protection the same as it would whether you get the COVID-19 vaccine alone or with other vaccines.

Previously, the CDC recommended waiting at least 14 days between getting the COVID-19 vaccine and any other vaccine out of an abundance of caution in monitoring the effects of the COVID-19 vaccine. It was not due to any safety concerns. Months later, we now know that it is safe for COVID-19 vaccines and other vaccines to be given at the same visit.

Vaccine Location Questions

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Herd Immunity: An Explanation

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the term herd immunity was possibly something you only heard about during flu season or during reports of upticks in measles casesif at all.;

But COVID-19 has brought that conceptwhen an infectious disease is less likely to spread because enough people have immunity either through exposure or vaccinationto the front of our minds. Now that we have effective coronavirus vaccines, many are wondering if and when we will reach herd immunity with COVID-19.

Manisha Juthani, MD, and other Yale experts explain herd immunity, why it matters, and what needs to happen to get there.

Do Diabetes Medications Affect The Vaccine

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At this time there is no;information available on drug interactions between the authorized COVID vaccines and other medications this has not yet been studied. However, it is not anticipated that the vaccine itself would interact with insulin or other standard diabetes medications. Note: it may be helpful to avoid injecting insulin or placing a glucose sensor or pump infusion set in your vaccine injection site for several days after vaccination.

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What Do We Know About The Pfizer/biontech Covid

In August 2021, the FDA granted full approval to the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 mRNA vaccine for use in people ages 16 years and older. The transition from emergency use authorization status to full licensure was based on additional data and longer follow-up showing that the vaccine met certain safety, effectiveness, and manufacturing quality standards.

Previous milestones for the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine include the following:

  • In December 2020, the FDA granted EUA to the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine in people ages 16 years and older. It was the first COVID-19 vaccine to receive EUA.
  • In May 2021, the FDA expanded its EUA for the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine to include adolescents 12 to 15 years old.
  • In August 2021, the FDA authorized a third dose of mRNA vaccine for certain people with a weakened immune response.

The FDA granted its original EUA based on their own analysis of efficacy and safety data as well as on the recommendation made by the Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee on December 10th. VRBPAC is a group of outside experts in infectious disease, vaccinology, microbiology, immunology, and other related fields.

None of the study participants experienced serious side effects. However, most did have pain at the injection site. Also, about half of those receiving the vaccine reported mild to moderate fatigue or headache or both. Chills and fever were also fairly common. Symptoms almost always resolved within 24 to 48 hours.

Are Side Effects From The Second Dose Of The Pfizer Or Moderna Vaccine Worse Than The First

Yes, in the two-dose Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, side effects tend to be more significant after the second dose. However, only 2% percent of people feel ill enough to limit their usual activities. Symptoms usually last 24-48 hours.

Acetaminophen is recommended to help ease symptoms after vaccination. Do not take acetaminophen before vaccination to prevent side effects it may lessen the immune response.

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How Long With Coronavirus Vaccines Last

If you are fully vaccinated, you may be excited about gathering with family and friends this summer. But there are still nagging questions about how long protection from the coronavirus vaccines will last. Will it wear off gradually or suddenly? Will you need a booster shot? Unfortunately, we cant answer these questions with certainty yet. Though researchers know the vaccines have been effective against COVID-19 thus far, there is no track record to provide data for the future, which is the only way to know for sure.

We can only say that a vaccine is protective as long as we are measuring it, says Yale Medicine infectious diseases specialist Jaimie Meyer, MD, MS.;

In the meantime, there are a few things we do know.

Do Covid Vaccines And Diabetes Mix Well

What are the side effects of COVID

People with diabetes in each of the vaccines trials have not reported major side effects. Overall, some clinical trial participants have reported mild side effects of the vaccines, much like how some people experience injection-site soreness, mild lethargy, a low-grade fever after other vaccines. These mild reactions some people experience after vaccines are typical and not cause for alarm they are a result of the immune system going into action as purposely triggered by the vaccine, creating the ability to fight against the actual virus were a person to be exposed to it.

In the UK, two healthcare workers who received the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine during initial general population rollout experienced severe allergic reactions for which they administered adrenaline autoinjectors. Both individuals had a history of severe anaphylactoid reactions for which they carry adrenaline autoinjectors anyway, so if you are a person who does tend to experience severe allergic reactions, it is recommended that you not receive the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine at this time. Other vaccines may be better indicated for your use. If you do not have a history of severe allergic reactions, there is no reason to expect you will experience one from a vaccine.

If you have specific concerns or worries, make sure you speak to a healthcare provider you trust.

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