Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases
Chronic lower respiratory diseases include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases . Chronic lower respiratory diseases are a sub-group of respiratory diseases .
- There were 3,473 deaths from chronic lower respiratory diseases between January and June 2021.
- This is comparable to the 2015-19 average of 3,393, and 117 deaths higher than at the same point in 2020.
- During June 2021 there were 633 deaths from chronic lower respiratory conditions, which is 15.1% higher than in June 2020, but remains 4.8% below the baseline average of 665 deaths.
Refer to the weekly data cube to find the dates corresponding to each week. For example, week 1 in 2020 was 29 December 2019 to 5 January 2020, while week 1 in 2021 was 4 January to 10 January 2021.
More Than 9 In 10 Double
27 August 2021
The majority of adults who have received two doses of a coronavirus vaccine would be very or fairly likely to accept a booster jab if offered.
Data from the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey conducted from 18 to 22 August 2021 also show 1 in 50 double-vaccinated adults were very or fairly unlikely to do so.
The main reasons among these adults were:
thinking the first and second vaccine will be enough to keep them safe
not thinking the booster jab will offer any extra protection
being worried about the long-term effects on health
These estimates are based on a small sample size and should be treated with caution.
Following a gradual decline since mid-July 2021 , the proportion of adults who felt very or somewhat worried about the effect of COVID-19 on their life appears to have stabilised .
The Viruss Survival Rate Is Lower Than 998% In The Uk
Covid-19 is far more dangerous for older people than younger people. Therefore in countries with older populations, the virus will be more deadly and have a lower survival rate than countries with younger populations.
Weve about how European estimates put the fatality rate at somewhere between 0.5% and 1%, meaning the survival rate could be somewhere between 99% and 99.5%, but not as high as 99.8%.
Precise estimates for the UK are difficult to make, because we dont know how many people have caught Covid, and therefore what proportion have survived.
However, we can be almost certain that the survival rate here is not as high as 99.8%, because of the sheer number of people who have already died.
If only 0.2% of people die from Covid-19 after catching it , then virtually everyone in the country must have already been infected. This is almost certainly not the case, because the disease is still spreading between susceptible people, more people are still dying, and population surveys have not shown high enough rates of infection. .
Even assuming many people were infected during the first spring wave, its implausible that everyone has already been infected.
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Fhp Trooper Dies From Covid
Six more people lost their battles with COVID-19 in Lee Health hospitals on Monday. Now, the total number of deaths in one week in one hospital system has risen to 54.
Many of those dying lately are young and unvaccinated people. For doctors, they say part of the job is seeing people die. But now, the job is changing because more people are dying.
When Lee Health Dr. Jordan Taillon joined the Intensive Care Unit, he was aware of the average overall mortality rate. About 10% of the people that go into the ICU never make it out.
It started flipping here, your survival rates, said Dr. Taillon. Now were starting to see a higher and higher rate of mortality. once these patients come into the ICU, and go on the ventilator, were not having great success getting them off the ventilator.
COVID-19 has changed the ICU, not just because its overrun with patients but because the amount of people dying is closing in on the number of survivors.
Doctors feel that many of these deaths are preventable. And while there have been many tough moments, for some doctors, watching young, healthy people die is difficult.
Theres been a lot uhthere was a young gentleman in his twenties, said Dr. Taillon. I went and had the talk with him about going on the ventilator, his heart rate starting going way up it was only a matter of time before his body collapsed.
That young man did not survive. And, in the end, according to Dr. Taillon, the only thing on that patients mind was his mom.
Top Five Causes Of Death Globally
According to official statistics, COVID-19 was the leading cause of death in France, Spain, the United Kingdom, and several U.S. states. But after accounting for undercounting of COVID-19 deaths, it was the leading cause of death in the United States, Iran, and Poland . COVID-19 was the leading cause of death in the Region of the Americas and the third leading cause of death in the European Region. People over 70, who are at higher risk of COVID-19 mortality, make up a higher share of the population in higher-income countries. Those countries also tend to have a higher prevalence of chronic health conditions that increase with age such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and respiratory illness, which likely contributed to higher rates of COVID-19 mortality.
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In Many Parts Of The World Official Death Tolls Undercount The Total Number Of Fatalities
Visit our new tracker with excess deaths estimates for every country in the world, updated daily.
AS COVID-19 has spread around the world, people have become grimly familiar with the death tolls that their governments publish each day. Unfortunately, the total number of fatalities caused by the pandemic may be even higher, for several reasons. First, the official statistics in many countries exclude victims who did not test positive for coronavirus before dyingwhich can be a substantial majority in places with little capacity for testing. Second, hospitals and civil registries may not process death certificates for several days, or even weeks, which creates lags in the data. And third, the pandemic has made it harder for doctors to treat other conditions and discouraged people from going to hospital, which may have indirectly caused an increase in fatalities from diseases other than covid-19.
Stopping The Spread Can Improve Outcomes
Yumou Qiu, assistant professor of statistics at Iowa State University, helped develop a model measuring the rate of spread around the globe. He found that once social distancing efforts took hold, the number of people each carrier infected started to drop. The United States reached its peak rate of spread, about 4.4 new people infected per carrier, on about March 11. It is now at about 0.98, meaning the spread is slowing.
He also tracked death rates and found that countries where the health care system was overwhelmed, such as Italy, experienced a spike in that metric. He referenced flattening the curve, or slowing the spread of the disease so it never creates a peak medical need thats higher than the countrys capacity to deliver care.
varies country to country, Qiu said. Thats why epidemiological experts say to flatten the curve. If we dont control the curve, then we can overwhelm the health care system.
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Innovation Through Partnership: World Health Data Hub
WHO’s new World Health Data Hub will leverage digital solutions and technology partners to provide a more streamlined experience, integrating existing systems from across the three levels of the Organization to improve data collection, reporting and use. This includes the use of disaggregated data to more precisely address the inequalities that have been highlighted by the pandemic.
As key technology partners, Microsoft and Avanade are working closely with WHO to deliver this ambitious, end-to-end solution with a shared commitment to establish health data as a public good.
COVID-19 global excess mortality is one of the first use cases to demonstrate the power of the collaborative research environment offered by the Hub, with this work continuing as methods are refined and additional data is attained at the regional and country level.
Currently, WHO data engineers are leveraging state-of-the-art data pipelining services including Azure Data Factory to ingest and harmonize data from various sources into a modern Data Lake project repository. After data is ingested, WHO data scientists and Technical Advisory Group members are then able to build statistical and machine learning models together in R and Python in a cloud-based collaborative research environment. This significant upgrade in tooling enables faster and easier research collaboration with partners allowing researchers to work on the most up to date versions of data and code in a shared programming environment.
What Is Covid Pneumonia
Dr. Lee: Pneumonia occurs when a bacterial or viral infection causes significant damage and inflammation in the lungs. The resulting fluid and debris build-up makes it hard for a person to breathe sometimes to such an extent that oxygen therapy or ventilator support is required. Regardless of the bacteria or virus causing it, pneumonia can become very serious, even life-threatening.
In the case of COVID pneumonia, the damage to the lungs is caused by the coronavirus that causes COVID-19.
When COVID pneumonia develops, it causes additional symptoms, such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Increased heart rate
- Low blood pressure
What’s more is that COVID pneumonia often occurs in both lungs, rather than just one lung or the other. Additionally, the widespread inflammation that occurs in some people with COVID-19 can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome a severe type of lung failure.
Like other respiratory infections that cause pneumonia, COVID-19 can cause short-term lung damage. In more severe cases, the damage can last a long time. In fact, early data is showing that up to a third of COVID pneumonia patients have evidence of scarring on X-rays or lung testing a year after the infection.
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One way to account for these methodological problems is to use a simpler measure, known as excess deaths: take the number of people who die from any cause in a given region and period, and then compare it with a historical baseline from recent years. We have used statistical models to create our baselines, by predicting the number of deaths each region would normally have recorded in 2020 and 2021.
Many Western countries, and some nations and regions elsewhere, regularly publish data on mortality from all causes. The table below shows that, in most places, the number of excess deaths is greater than the number of covid-19 fatalities officially recorded by the government. The full data for each country, as well as our underlying code, can be downloaded from our GitHub repository. Our sources also include the Human Mortality Database, a collaboration between UC Berkeley and the Max Planck Institute in Germany, and the World Mortality Dataset, created by Ariel Karlinsky and Dmitry Kobak.
Below are a set of charts that compare the number of excess deaths and official covid-19 deaths over time in each country. The lines on each chart represent excess deaths, and the shaded area represents the number of fatalities officially attributed to coronavirus by the government.
Correction: The data for deaths officially attributed to covid-19 in Chile were corrected on September 9th 2020. Apologies for this error.
The Case Fatality Rate
There is a straightforward question that most people would like answered. If someone is infected with COVID-19, how likely is that person to die?
This question is simple, but surprisingly hard to answer.
Here we explain why that is. Well discuss the case fatality rate, the crude mortality rate, and the infection fatality rate, and why theyre all different.
The key point is that the case fatality rate, the most commonly discussed measure of the risk of dying, is not the answer to the question, for two reasons. One, it relies on the number of confirmed cases, and many cases are not confirmed and two, it relies on the total number of deaths, and with COVID-19, some people who are sick and will die soon have not yet died. These two facts mean that it is extremely difficult to make accurate estimates of the true risk of death.
The case fatality rate
In the media, it is often the case fatality rate that is talked about when the risk of death from COVID-19 is discussed.1 This measure is sometimes called case fatality risk or case fatality ratio, or CFR.
But this is not the same as the risk of death for an infected person even though, unfortunately, journalists often suggest that it is. It is relevant and important, but far from the whole story.
Another important metric, which should not be confused with the CFR, is the crude mortality rate.
The crude mortality rate
But, just as with CFR, it is actually very different.
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The Vaccines Have Been Tested For Safety
Its not clear exactly what the post means by experimental.
At the time of writing, the Pfizer/BioNTech and Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccines have been approved for use in the UK and are being rolled out. The Moderna vaccine has been approved, and is expected to be rolled out in the spring.
Vaccines undergo multiple trials, increasing in scale, to check whether they work and if they are safe. The final trial before launch is the phase three trial where the vaccine is given to tens of thousands of people. All threevaccines were shown to be safe in these trials.
The vaccines were approved using rapid temporary regulatory approvals, but this doesnt mean theyre untested or experimental.
Members of the public being given the vaccine as part of the national vaccine roll-out are not participating in an experiment and are not part of ongoing trials, although the authorities will continue to monitor the safety of the vaccines.
This monitoring happens with all vaccines, including those that have been in use for years, to detect any adverse effects.
Uk Daily Flights At Highest Weekly Average Since March 2020
26 August 2021
The seven-day average of UK daily flights are at the highest they have been since the week to 22 March 2020.
In the week to 22 August 2021, the seven-day average number of UK daily flights rose by 4% from the previous week to 3,256, according to data from EUROCONTROL. This rise brings the weekly average to the highest level it has been since the week to 22 March 2020, which was the day before the first national coronavirus lockdown was implemented in the UK.
Since the week to 23 May 2021, when the week that international travel was allowed to restart and the travel traffic light system was implemented, the seven-day average number of UK daily flights has now increased by 128%.
In comparison to the equivalent week in 2019, the average number of UK daily flights in the latest week was at 49%, a slight increase from the previous week. Compared with the equivalent week in 2020, the seven-day average number of daily flights was at 120% in the latest week.
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The Peaks Of The Outbreak Vary Greatly Across Member States
The comparison of the number of deaths in 2020-2021 with data from the period 2016-2019 shows, at aggregate level, the exceptional situation in the first months of 2020 across the EU. While important disparities existed between countries and regions, the first two months of the year presented lower values than those observed in the previous years. However, while mortality normally starts declining at the beginning of March, in 2020 on the contrary the number of deaths started to rise sharply. In March, the values of 2020 exceeded those recorded on average in the previous years, and this gap was at its height in April 2020, while in the following month and in May there was a sharp decrease. Values for the summer period of 2020 showed a lower level of mortality, compared to the average of the previous period, but a new upward trend began again at the end of August and increased in October, reaching its peak in November at 40.0 %, the highest rate in 2020. This second wave continued until January 2021, and it was more geographically balanced than the first wave, with a prevalence of higher excess mortality rate in the eastern regions.
In the tool below, you may select the country you would like to analyse.
Hospitalizations And Deaths To Date
We have detailed case report data on 99,853 cases, and hospitalization status for 65,597 of them:
- cases were hospitalized, of whom:
- were admitted to the ICU
- needed mechanical ventilation
The provinces and territories provided detailed case report forms for deaths related to COVID-19.
Figure 7. Age and genderFootnote 4 distribution of COVID-19 cases in Canada as of
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Disadvantaged Older Workers Less Likely To Work From Home
25 August 2021
Those living in deprived areas are less likely to have switched to home working during the coronavirus pandemic. Those with poor health, poor well-being and lower levels of qualifications are also less likely to have switched to working from home.
Overall, the proportion of older workers planning to work from home after the pandemic is higher than the proportion who worked from home before the pandemic.
Working from home appears to benefit older workers and their employers, with older workers reporting improved productivity, well-being and work-life balance. Evidence suggests that working from home may enable older workers to retire later, having a positive impact on both the individual’s financial security and the wider economy.
While increased homeworking among older workers may benefit some, dissimilar opportunities to work remotely may reinforce existing inequalities.