Global Statistics

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Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
All countries
Updated on June 22, 2022 7:24 pm
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What Meds Are Given For Covid

What Are Monoclonal Antibodies Can They Help Treat Covid

Advice on pain meds and the COVID-19 vccine

Three monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19 have been granted emergency use authorization by the FDA. The treatments may be used to treat non-hospitalized adults and children over age 12 with mild to moderate symptoms who have recently tested positive for COVID-19, and who are at risk for developing severe COVID-19 or being hospitalized for it. This includes people over 65, people with obesity, and those with certain chronic medical conditions. Newer research suggests that monoclonal antibody treatment may also help to save lives in a specific subgroup of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Monoclonal antibodies are manmade versions of the antibodies that our bodies naturally make to fight invaders, such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus. All three of the FDA-authorized therapies attack the coronavirus’s spike protein, making it more difficult for the virus to attach to and enter human cells.

The monoclonal antibody treatments that have EUA approval are: a combination of casirivimab and imdevimab, called REGN-COV, made by Regeneron a combination of bamlanivimab and etesevimab, made by Eli Lilly and sotrovimab, made by GlaxoSmithKline. These treatments must be given intravenously in a clinic or hospital. These treatments are not currently authorized for hospitalized COVID-19 patients or those receiving oxygen therapy.

Can Naproxen Be Used To Treat Coronavirus

Naproxen, which is known as Aleve, is another NSAID that can reduce inflammation and lower your fever. It cannot treat COVID-19 itself, but it can certainly help you feel better. Naproxen is similar to ibuprofen, except that it lasts longer. For many people, that means a single pill can keep your temperature down for up to 12 hours and help stave off body aches. But remember, if your doctor has told you not to take medications like ibuprofen or naproxen before, you shouldnt take either one now.

COVID-19 continues to spread rapidly across the globe, so some information may be outdated from our publish date. For our latest updates, read our most recent coronavirus coverage.

What Are The Recommendations For Influenza Vaccination

With COVID-19 spreading across Australia, this year it is more important than ever to ensure that patients receive the seasonal influenza vaccination. Influenza vaccination should be given as soon as possible. The regular influenza season may coincide with the peak of the current COVID-19 pandemic, potentially placing additional burden on the Australian health system.

Influenza vaccine distribution to immunisation providers has commenced. Adjuvanted influenza vaccines are available for people aged 65 years and over.

Claims that influenza vaccination may increase the risk of COVID-19 infection have been circulating on social media. There is no evidence to support these claims.

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When To See A Doctor

If you have COVID-19 signs or symptoms or you’ve been in contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19, contact your health care provider right away for medical advice. Your health care provider will likely recommend that you get tested for COVID-19. If you have emergency COVID-19 symptoms, such as trouble breathing, seek care immediately. If you need to go to a hospital, call ahead so that health care providers can take steps to ensure that others aren’t exposed.

If you have emergency COVID-19 signs and symptoms, seek care immediately. Emergency signs and symptoms can include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • New confusion
  • Pale, gray or blue-colored skin, lips or nail beds â depending on skin tone

This list isn’t complete. Let your health care provider know if you are an older adult or have chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease or lung disease, as you may have a greater risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.

What The Labels Mean


WIDELY USED: These treatments have gained strong endorsements from medical organizations for Covid-19 patients or are already used widely by doctors and nurses to treat patients hospitalized for many diseases that affect the respiratory system.

NOT CURRENTLY AUTHORIZED: These treatments received emergency use authorizations to treat previous variants of the coronavirus, but are no longer authorized because of the prevalence of the Omicron variant.

PROMISING EVIDENCE: Early evidence from studies on patients suggests effectiveness, but more research is needed. This category includes treatments that have shown improvements in morbidity, mortality and recovery in at least one randomized controlled trial, in which some people get a treatment and others get a placebo.

TENTATIVE OR MIXED EVIDENCE: Some treatments show promising results in cells or animals, which need to be confirmed in people. Others have yielded encouraging results in retrospective studies in humans, which look at existing data rather than starting a new trial. Some treatments have produced different results in different experiments, raising the need for larger, more rigorously designed studies to clear up the confusion.

NOT PROMISING: Early evidence suggests that these treatments do not work.

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What Is Hydroxychloroquine And Can It Be Used To Treat Covid

Hydroxychloroquine is a medicine used to treat some autoimmune diseases, as well as treat or prevent malaria.

The National COVID-19 Clinical Evidence Taskforce strongly advises against using hydroxychloroquine for the treatment of COVID-19 in Australia. Many clinical trials of this medicine have shown no evidence of its usefulness in treating COVID-19. It may even be dangerous for COVID-19 patients.

Does Paxlovid Work Against Omicron

Paxlovids clinical trials took place before Omicron became predominant, but Pfizer says the drug works against the highly contagious variant. So far at least three laboratory-based studies claim to back this uptwo of those studies were conducted by Pfizer, while the third was done by Pfizer in partnership with the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. These studies have not yet been published in peer-reviewed medical journals.

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What Do We Know About How Paxlovid Works In Kids

Pfizer launched a clinical trial in March to study the safety and efficacy of Paxlovid in children and teenagers ages 6 to 17 who have COVID-19 symptoms and test positive for the virus, and who are neither hospitalized nor at risk for severe disease.

While Paxlovid is authorized for use in adolescents and teenagers ages 12 and up, and weighing at least 88 pounds, that age group wasnt tested in the original clinical trial. But because many children reach 88 poundsconsidered to be an adult weightthe FDA has allowed extensions of EUAs for medications such as monoclonal antibodies and remdesivir in younger age groups, adds Dr. Topal.

Based on the pharmacokinetics of the drugs in Paxlovid, the differences in metabolism and excretionliver and kidney function specificallyof these drugs in this age group are thought to be similar to that of adults, Dr. Topal says.

Risk Groups Who Will Also Be Prioritised

FDA looking to expand list of drugs for COVID-19 emergency use

There is a limited supply of COVID-19 medicines. People at the very highest risk from COVID-19 will be considered for treatment first.

Other COVID-19 medicines are expected to become available soon. As availability increases, other people at high risk from COVID-19 may be considered for treatment

You may be considered for a COVID-19 medicine soon if:

  • you are aged 75 or over and are fully vaccinated
  • you are aged 65 or over, are fully vaccinated and have additional risk factors

You may also be considered for a COVID-19 medicine soon if:

  • you are aged 65 or over and are fully vaccinated
  • you are aged 65 or under, are fully vaccinated and have additional risk factors

People in any of the above groups who have not had their booster vaccine will be considered for treatment first.

You may be considered for treatment if you have additional risk factors also.

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Keep Rapid Lateral Flow Tests At Home

If you are eligible for COVID-19 treatments, make sure you have some rapid lateral flow tests at home so you can get tested quickly if you get symptoms of COVID-19.

Rapid lateral flow tests are tests that show you the result on a device that comes with a test.

If you do not have tests at home or need more tests, you can order free COVID-19 rapid lateral flow test kits on GOV.UK.

If you cannot order tests online, you can call 119 free of charge.

You will no longer be sent a PCR test kit to keep at home.

If you were previously sent a PCR test kit you can keep it. You may be asked to use it if you receive COVID-19 treatments.

If You Are More Likely To Get Very Sick From Covid

Your healthcare provider might recommend that you receive investigational treatment.

  • For people at high risk of disease progression. The FDA has issued EUAs for a number of investigational monoclonal antibodies that can attach to parts of the virus. These antibodies could help the immune system recognize and respond more effectively to the virus. The NIH COVID-19 Treatment Guidelinesexternal icon provide information about these drugs and describe what is known about their effectiveness. If used, they should be administered as soon as possible after diagnosis and within 10 days of symptom onset. Your healthcare provider will decide whether these investigational treatments are appropriate to treat your illness.

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Take A Rapid Lateral Flow Test If You Get Symptoms

If you have any symptoms of COVID-19, take a rapid lateral flow test as soon as possible, even if your symptoms are mild.

Do not use a test you have bought, such as a test from a supermarket or pharmacy.

You cannot report a result from a privately bought test on GOV.UK, which means the NHS cannot contact you about COVID-19 treatments.

Treatment For People At The Highest Risk From Covid

Coronavirus treatments: Here

New medicines are available to treat people with COVID-19 who are at the highest risk of becoming seriously ill.

These are:

  • Paxlovid – an oral medicine taken as tablets
  • Sotrovimab – given through a drip in your arm

You’ll be told by your doctor or consultant if these medicines are for you.

Most people will not need or benefit from these medicines. Most people can treat the symptoms of COVID-19 at home.

The best way for most people to protect themselves from COVID-19 is to get vaccinated and get a booster dose, when they can.

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Treatment Outside Of The Hospital

Your healthcare provider might recommend the following to relieve symptoms and support your bodys natural defenses:

  • Taking medications, like acetaminophen or ibuprofen, to reduce fever
  • Drinking water or receiving intravenous fluids to stay hydrated
  • Getting plenty of rest to help the body fight the virus

Find Out If You Qualify For The Pills

The pills are not available to everyone.

The FDA authorized Paxlovid for at-risk people as young as 12 with mild to moderate Covid to receive a five-day course of the medication. The agency authorized molnupiravir for at-risk adults with the illness. Molnupiravir is also limited to situations where other authorized treatments are inaccessible or not clinically appropriate,” according to the FDA.

Because of supply shortages, some states and local governments may have even narrower eligibility requirements and some people at high risk may be turned away. Additionally, unvaccinated patients may get priority when there is a limited supply under National Institutes of Health guidelines.

The guidelines have “rubbed some people the wrong way,” said Dr. David Boulware, an infectious disease physician at the University of Minnesota Medical School. “But as far as if you want to maximize the absolute benefit, that’s sort of the best way.”

For example, in Clark County, Nevada, Paxlovid is initially being given first to patients who arrive at the county’s public health department testing site who are:

  • Symptomatic
  • Have a positive Covid test
  • Over the age of 65.

New York state is prioritizing treatments to those who are:

  • Moderately to severely immunocompromised, regardless of vaccination status
  • Older and not fully vaccinated, with at least one risk factor for severe illness.

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Rationale For The Use Of Dexamethasone Monotherapy

As COVID-19 progresses, a systemic inflammatory response may lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. The anti-inflammatory effects of corticosteroids mitigate the inflammatory response, and the use of corticosteroids has been associated with improved outcomes in people with critical COVID-19.

Dexamethasone reduces mortality in critically ill patients with COVID-19 according to a meta-analysis that aggregated 7 randomized trials and included data on 1,703 critically ill patients.31 The largest trial in the meta-analysis was the RECOVERY trial, whose subgroup of mechanically ventilated patients was included.1 For details about the meta-analysis and the RECOVERY trial, see Corticosteroids and Table 4a. Because the benefits of dexamethasone outweigh the potential harms, the Panel recommends using dexamethasone in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 who require mechanical ventilation or ECMO .

What Authorization Of A Treatment Means

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Health Canada only authorizes treatments, including those for COVID-19, following a thorough scientific review of the safety, efficacy and quality data. A treatment must show evidence that it works well, is of high quality and is safe. The available data must demonstrate that the treatments benefits outweigh its risks.

The authorization may come with terms and conditions that the manufacturer needs to meet. These terms and conditions help ensure the continued quality, safety and effectiveness of authorized products.

As a result, the manufacturer may need to submit more information such as:

  • post-market safety monitoring reports, including serious adverse drug reactions, and foreign regulatory actions related to the treatments safety
  • any further data on the safety and efficacy of the treatment, including final data from ongoing clinical trials
  • further quality data confirming that the manufacturing processes and controls will consistently produce a product of suitable quality for the intended use

Companies are also required to submit a risk management plan to Health Canada when applying for authorization.

RMPs include information on:

  • a treatments safety profile
  • how its risks will be prevented or minimized in patients
  • plans for studies and other activities to gain more knowledge about the safety and effectiveness of the treatment
  • monitoring and assessing the effectiveness of measures that minimize risk

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Who Can Donate Plasma For Covid

In order to donate plasma, a person must meet several criteria. They have to have tested positive for COVID-19, recovered, have no symptoms for 14 days, currently test negative for COVID-19, and have high enough antibody levels in their plasma. A donor and patient must also have compatible blood types. Once plasma is donated, it is screened for other infectious diseases, such as HIV.

Each donor produces enough plasma to treat one to three patients. Donating plasma should not weaken the donor’s immune system nor make the donor more susceptible to getting reinfected with the virus.

The Top 2 Meds Prescribed For Covid

  • Medium
  • Large

Azithromycin and hydroxychloroquine are the top two prescription medications physicians around the world have used to treat COVID-19 patients, according to a new global survey.

Sermo, a healthcare data collection company and social platform for physicians, is conducting a weekly survey among physicians globally. The current results are for the second wave of the survey, conducted March 30-April 2. Physicians could select more than one option.

Of the 1,662 physicians who reported treating COVID-19 patients, half said they used azithromycin or similar antibiotics 44 percent said they used hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine and 36 percent said they used bronchodilators.

The physicians who reported treating COVID-19 patients also said that certain over-the-counter medications have been effective, including acetaminophen and cold medications, such antihistamines, decongestants and cough medications .

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Reuse Our Work Freely

All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited.

The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution.

All of our charts can be embedded in any site.

Data Sources And How To Use These Charts

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Data sources:

The data on confirmed cases and confirmed deaths shown in these visualizations is updated daily and is published by Johns Hopkins University, the best available global dataset on the pandemic.

The data on testing was collected by us more detail can be found here.

How to use these charts:

  • On many charts it is possible to add any country by clicking on Add country.
  • Other charts can only show the data for one country at a time these charts have a change country option in the bottom left corner of the chart.
  • Many charts have a blue adjustable time-slider underneath the charts.

Licensing and how to embed our charts

We license all charts under Creative Commons BY and they can be embedded in any site. Here is how.

Country-by-country data on the pandemic

This page has a large number of charts on the pandemic. In the box below you can select any country you are interested in or several, if you want to compare countries.

All charts on this page will then show data for the countries that you selected.

The doubling time of confirmed deaths

Confirmed COVID-19 deaths by country

Total confirmed COVID-19 deaths

Are countries bending the curve for COVID-19 deaths?

Trajectories of total deaths

Trajectories of per capita deaths

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Which Treatment Will I Get

The NHS will advise which treatment, if any, is suitable for you.

Some treatments come as capsules or tablets that you swallow and they can be taken at home.

The NHS will usually arrange for the medicine to be delivered to you or it can be collected by someone else such as a friend, relative or NHS Volunteer Responder.

Other treatments are given to you through a drip in your arm . You’ll usually get them at your local hospital or in a local health centre.

You’ll get instructions on where to get the treatment and how to get there and back safely.

You may be asked to take a PCR test. The NHS team arranging your treatment will explain how to get a PCR test.

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