Protect Yourself And Others In Your Household
Caring for your family member or housemate who has COVID-19 while also protecting yourself will require some care and caution. Experts recommend that you:
- Avoid close contact with the person whos sick, if you can.
- If you cant avoid close contact with them, wear a mask. They should also wear a mask when theyre around others at home to block the droplets that spread the virus from going into the air.
- Continue to follow everyday coronavirus precautions. Wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Clean and disinfect frequently-touched surfaces every day. This includes doorknobs, faucets and light switches. Check the Environmental Protection Agencys list to make sure that your household disinfectant is effective against the coronavirus.
- Dont share personal household items with the person who is sick. Wash all of their cups, dishes and eating utensils with dish soap and hot water . The CDC says its fine to wash their laundry along with yours but recommends that you wear disposable gloves and use warm water.
- Avoid visitors to your home especially anyone whos at high risk for COVID-19 complications.
COVID-19 often gets in through the back door it spreads when someone loosens up on precautions or when a family member isnt careful, Dr. Merlino says. So we have to be very vigilant with these precautions.
Reducing The Spread Of Covid
GermDefence is a website that can help you identify ways to protect yourself and others in your household from COVID-19. It provides scientifically proven advice on reducing the risks from COVID-19 and other viruses in your home.
GermDefence is easy to use and only takes 10 minutes to identify actions and make a plan on how to protect yourself. GermDefence is also available in a range of different languages.
Everyone should also take the following steps to reduce the spread of infection within their household.
By Step Video For Throat And Nose Swab Test
Do not eat or drink 30 minutes before taking the test.
Youll need to swab both your tonsils and nose. If youve had a nosebleed in the last 24 hours, swab the other nostril or wait 24 hours from when the nosebleed stopped.
If you have a nose piercing, swab the other nostril. If you have a piercing on both sides, remove the piercing on the side youre going to swab.
The fabric tip of the swab should not touch anything apart from the inside of your throat and nose.
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Quarantine When Arriving From Abroad If You Are Not Yet Protected
If you are not yet protected against COVID-19, and are travelling to the Netherlands from a country with a high risk of COVID-19 , you will be required to show a negative COVID-19 test when you return. You may also have to go into quarantine. See Government.nl for the latest information on travel and quarantine.
If You Test Positive For Coronavirus
If you know when your symptoms began, you have to self-isolate until the later date out of:
- 10 days after your symptoms began
- 5 days after the test
If you dont have symptoms or you dont know when they began, you should self-isolate for 10 days after the test.
If you still have symptoms at the end of the period, you should self-isolate until your symptoms end. You can check what symptoms to look out for on the NHS website.
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How Multigenerational Families Manage ‘social Distancing’ Under One Roof
Ideally, the “sick room” will have a door that can be kept shut when the sick person is inside which should really be most of the time.
“It would make sense for the person to just to be in their area in which we presume that things have virus exposure,” says Dr. Rachel Bender Ignacio, an assistant professor of infectious diseases at the University of Washington and spokesperson for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. That way, she says, everyone else can move about the home more freely. A door would also make it easier to keep kids out of the isolation room.
Things get trickier if you all live in tighter quarters, like a one-bedroom or studio apartment, or have shared bedrooms. Everyone should still try to sleep in separate quarters from the sick person if at all possible “whether it’s one person on a couch, another person on a bed,” Bender Ignacio says.
That said, when multiple people share a small living space like that, “it may be very near impossible to avoid exposure,” says Dr. Amesh Adalja, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security. “If you are somebody that has other medical conditions or you’re an advanced age and you’re at risk for having a more severe course , I do think you should take that into consideration and, if it’s feasible, move out.”
Limit your physical interactions but not your emotional ones
Consider yourself quarantined, too
If You’ve Been Vaccinated
In most cases, if exposed to someone with COVID-19, people who have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 do not have to quarantine if they meet all of the following criteria:
- it has been at least 2 weeks since their final dose, and
- they have had no symptoms since their COVID-19 exposure.
Exceptions to this guidance include:
- Inpatients/residents in healthcare settings and inmates in jail/prison must quarantine for the full 14 days.
- Public Health may determine that people who are a part of an outbreak due to a variant strain of the virus that causes COVID-19 should quarantine for the full 14 days regardless of vaccination status.
Please note: Even in the absence of quarantine, a person who has been exposed to COVID-19 should continue to monitor for symptoms for 14 days after their last exposure and wear a facemask.
Since it can take 2-14 days to show symptoms of COVID-19, you should continue monitoring yourself for symptoms and wearing a mask through Day 14 after exposure, regardless of when your quarantine period ends.
Close contact is being within 6 feet of the sick person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period* starting from 2 days before illness onset until the time the patient is isolated.
*Individual exposures added together over a 24-hour period .
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Is It Possible For People To Develop Symptoms Even After Testing Negative For Covid
A few of the close contacts identified from source and contact tracing only develop symptoms 7 days after their last contact with a COVID-19 patient. Quarantine is therefore not necessary if you test negative for COVID-19. However, it is still important to keep track of whether you develop symptoms.
I Think Or Know I Had Covid
You can be around others after:
- 10 days since symptoms first appeared and
- 24 hours with no fever without the use of fever-reducing medications and
- Other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving*
*Loss of taste and smell may persist for weeks or months after recovery and need not delay the end of isolation
Note that these recommendations do not apply to people with severe COVID-19 or with weakened immune systems .
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Our Listeners Tell Of Joys And Trials Of Living In Multigenerational Households
“The hope is that with more time, if the patient was coughing in the room, fewer infectious droplets would remain suspended in the air,” explains Dr. Alex Isakov, a professor of emergency medicine at Emory University and one of the creators of Emory’s online tool for checking for COVID-19 symptoms at home. “It would help if you could ventilate the bathroom by opening a window, or running the exhaust fan, if so equipped.”
If feeling well enough, experts say, the person who tested positive for the virus should disinfect the bathroom before exiting, paying close attention to surfaces like door knobs, faucet handles, toilet, countertops, light switches and any other surfaces they touched. If they can’t do that, then the healthy housemate should wait as long as feasible before entering to disinfect, then wash their hands thoroughly afterward. And this is key each person in the household should use only their own frequently laundered towel.
Bender Ignacio says it wouldn’t be a bad idea to try to remove all the bottles and lotions people tend to keep in the bathroom, so you can minimize the number of surfaces you have to disinfect in there. One idea: Everyone in the home might carry the items they’ll need to use in the bathroom with them in a caddy, and remove them when they exit.
Handling food and dirty dishes
Should I Wear A Mask When I Go Out In Public
All unvaccinated residents are advised to wear masks in indoor settings and when they cant socially distance. Masks continue to be required for both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals at all times in the following locations:
- On public and private transportation as well as in transportation hubs like bus stations, train stations, and airports
- In K-12 schools and in childcare programs
- In healthcare facilities and medical provider offices
- In congregate care settings
The Disaster Distress Helpline, 1-800-985-5990, is a 24/7, 365-day-a-year, national hotline dedicated to providing immediate crisis counseling for people who are experiencing emotional distress related to any natural or human-caused disaster, including disease outbreaks like COVID-19. This toll-free, multilingual, and confidential crisis support service is available to all residents in the United States and its territories.
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If You Take Part In Asymptomatic Testing
People in England who do not have symptoms of COVID-19 can take part in regular testing using LFD tests. Asymptomatic testing can help to identify people who may have COVID-19, but are not feeling unwell, so that they can take steps to reduce the spread of infection to others.
Asymptomatic LFD testing is most effective when tests are taken regularly, twice a week. More information on ordering LFD tests is available. If you test positive for COVID-19 by LFD test, you should self-isolate and follow this guidance. You should also request a follow-up PCR test.
LFD tests can be taken in 2 ways:
an assisted test is where the person takes the test themselves under the supervision of a trained operator, and this operator processes the test, reads and reports the result
a home test is where a person takes the test themselves and reads and reports their own result
If you have any of the symptoms of COVID-19, you should request a PCR test.
Medical Or Dental Treatment
Everyone following household isolation advice should postpone any non-essential healthcare appointments including medical, dental or optician appointments.
If youre concerned or have been asked to attend an appointment while youve to stay at home, discuss this with your GP, local hospital or outpatient service using the number theyve provided.
If you have to visit a care home, adult hospital, GP practice or pharmacy you must wear a face covering.
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How Long Should I Stay Isolated At Home
It can be confusing to know how long you should isolate at home. Public Health has created a home isolation decision-maker tool to help you know when it’s safe to be around others after being sick with COVID-19.
The length of time you should isolate at home depends on several factors:
- Been tested for COVID-19, what type of test was done, and what the result of the test was
- Had any symptoms consistent with COVID-19
- Been admitted to an Intensive Care Unit for your illness and
- If you are severely immunocompromised.
For your reference, you may also view and download the Home Isolation Guidelines.
S To Take If You Had Close Contact With Someone With Covid
- Stay home and away from others unless you are not required to. Avoid contact with others to avoid spreading COVID-19.
- Do not go to work, school, or public areas. Do not take public transportation, taxis, or ride-shares.
- If you live with someone with COVID-19, stay separated from sick members in the household as much as possible. Avoid sharing the same space within the home, including being in the same room. Use a different bedroom or bathroom if that is possible.
- Yourlocal health department can help you make sure that your basic needs are being met.
- Monitor your health for 14 days after your last contact.
- Take your temperature with a thermometer two times a day and watch for fever. Also, watch for other symptoms of COVID-19, such as cough, shortness of breath, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, or new loss of taste or smell.
- Your local health department may ask you to check in with Sara Alert. Youll get a message from Sara Alert each day and answer a few questions about how youre feeling. If youre having COVID-19 symptoms, the health department will follow up with you. By checking in with Sara Alert, you can let the health department know how youre feeling and help to slow the spread of COVID-19 in your community. Learn more about How Sara Alert Works.
- You can also downloadVDHs Daily Symptom Monitoring Log to help keep track of your symptoms.
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First How Does The Virus Spread
We understand SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, spreads to others primarily in two ways:
an uninfected person breathes in infectious droplets released when an infected person breathes, talks, coughs or sneezes
an uninfected person touches a surface contaminated with these droplets and then touches their mouth, nose, eyes or food. Viral particles can remain infectious on surfaces for extended periods.
Theres also mounting evidence SARS-CoV-2 can spread via the airborne route: smaller aerosolised particles that linger in the air.
Living in close quarters with someone with COVID-19 means thinking about ways to prevent each of these modes of transmission.
I Was Severely Ill With Covid
People who are severely ill with COVID-19 might need to stay home longer than 10 days and up to 20 days after symptoms first appeared. People with weakened immune systems may require testing to determine when they can be around others. Talk to your healthcare provider for more information. Your healthcare provider will let you know if you can resume being around other people based on the results of your testing.
People who are immunocompromised should be counseled about the potential for reduced immune responses to COVID-19 vaccines and the need to continue to followcurrent prevention measures to protect themselves against COVID-19 until advised otherwise by their healthcare provider. Close contacts of immunocompromised people should also be encouraged to be vaccinated against COVID-19 to help protect these people.
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Caring For Someone With Covid
Often, people who get sick with COVID-19 can recover safely at home. Theyll need plenty of rest and likely some help from others so that they can stay isolated. If youre considered high-risk for getting very sick with COVID-19, you should avoid being the caretaker for the person if you can.
The first step is to make sure whoever is sick is in contact with a healthcare provider. They may be advised to get tested for COVID-19, or to just stay home and monitor symptoms.
If they test positive or are assumed to have the virus, heres how to care for someone with COVID-19:
If You Have A Vulnerable Person Living With You
If you can, arrange for anyone who is at increased risk from COVID-19 orclinicallyextremely vulnerable to move out of your home. They could stay with friends or family for the self-isolation periods that you and your other household members need to complete at home.
If you cannot arrange for those vulnerable people to move out of your home, you should stay away from them as much as possible.
You should help those who are at increased risk or extremely vulnerable to minimise their contact with other people in your household during the self-isolation period. This is regardless of whether other household members have symptoms or not. You can also use this advice to protect all the people you live with.
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