Above All Remain Calm
In a recent study of 5,000 individuals in the U.S. who tested positive for COVID-19, there was a 10% chance of spread within a family, compared to 0.5% for infrequent contacts.
Its not everyone in the family that gets COVID-19, and its certainly not everybody outside if you are in contact, says Thomas Miller, MD, chief medical officer for U of U Health. It does give me some hope that people who are living in families may not experience the spread as aggressively as they might think.
Staying Protected While Taking Care Of The Person Who Is Sick
- Anyone who has contact with any of the person who is sicks body fluids should wear a disposable mask and gloves.
- Follow these steps to remove your protective gloves and mask after using them:
- First take off the gloves and put them in a lined container for disposal. Clean your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Next, remove the mask and put it in the disposal container. Clean your hands again.
- Never reuse protective equipment like gloves and masks.
Collecting Shopping And Prescriptions
If possible, ask a friend or family member to run errands on your behalf, including buying groceries, picking up prescriptions or walking your dog.
You can also order your shopping online, but ask them to leave items outside or by your front door. The delivery driver should not come into your home.
Pharmacies can often arrange to deliver repeat prescriptions if you run out while you remain at home. Other people can collect a prescription on your behalf.
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Stay Informed Healthy And Safe
To make sure youre taking the steps necessary to keep yourself healthy and safe, check in with your physician and follow recommendations from trusted sources such as the CDC and state health officials.
As always, were here for you, too. If you need care, know that weve put additional safety measures into place at all of our facilities. We’re here if you need us for Emergency or Urgent Care, and you can lean on one of our expert Primary Care providers for your whole health care. For more information about our services, visit AdventHealthGordon.com.
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What To Consider As A Household
If you need to self-isolate:
- plan ahead and ask others for help to make sure you can stay at home successfully
- ask your employer, friends and family to help you get the things you need to stay at home
- stay at least 2 metres away from other people in your home whenever possible
- sleep alone if possible
- wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds regularly
- stay away from the elderly and those with underlying health conditions as much as possible
- consider whether older people and those with underlying health conditions can stay in another house while you need to stay at home
- contact essential carers to tell them someone in your household has symptoms, so that they can follow the correct procedures to prevent spread of the infection
- make sure that you keep in touch with friends and family by phone or through social media
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How You’ll Be Contacted
If you’ve been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19, you may get:
- an email, text or phone call from NHS Test and Trace text messages will come from NHStracing and calls will come from 0300 0135 000
- an alert from the NHS COVID-19 app
Children under 18 will be contacted by phone wherever possible and asked for their parent or guardian’s permission to continue the call.
You’ll be asked to sign in to the NHS Test and Trace contact tracing website at .
If you cannot use the contact tracing website, they will call you.
Who Do I Tell That I Tested Positive
Think about where youve been and who might have inhaled your germs. Contact your employer and let them know. Most workplaces have protocols in place for contact tracing when an employee tests positive. You also want to alert anyone with whom youve spent time, going back at least two days before you got tested or started having symptoms, said Dr. Sax. The C.D.C. defines a close contact as someone who was less than six feet from you for 15 minutes or more.
It may feel overwhelming, or even shameful, to tell people about your positive test, said Dr. Ashish K. Jha, dean of the Brown University School of Public Health. A lot of people think its some failure if you get infected, Dr. Jha said. This is an incredibly contagious variant. A lot of people are going to get it. That is not a moral failure.
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Practicing Social Distancing At Home
The CDC recommends that healthy household members remain at home or in a comparable setting as much as possible and practice social distancing.
If you havent been consistently practicing the recommendations by the CDC in terms of caring for the infected person, it might be a good idea to increase your isolation to a quarantine with no public activities. Follow your physicians recommendations if they differ.
Medical Or Dental Treatment
Everyone following household isolation advice should postpone any non-essential healthcare appointments including medical, dental or optician appointments.
If youre concerned or have been asked to attend an appointment while youve to stay at home, discuss this with your GP, local hospital or outpatient service using the number theyve provided.
If you have to visit a care home, adult hospital, GP practice or pharmacy you must wear a face covering.
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What To Do If A Family Member Has Covid
As the percentage of Hoosiers testing positive for the coronavirus continues to exceed double-digits, chances are higher someone in your home may become infected.
The symptoms of COVID-19 range from mild to severe, and many people testing positive ride out the illness at home. That means family members and others in the household need to provide care while protecting themselves from the highly contagious pandemic virus.
Select a Sick Room with a door if possible. The infected person should stay in there with the door closed for the entire quarantine and recovery, and not come out except to use a restroom. Other household members, including pets, should stay out of the room. If possible, the window in the sick room should be opened from time to time to circulate fresh air.
Select a Sick Bathroom for the infected person to use. Others should use another bathroom. If there is no other in the home, the bathroom should be cleaned and sanitized after it is used by the infected person.
Keep them comfortable while keeping your distance. Make sure they have blankets and pillows, so you dont have to go in and out of the room. Keep the house or apartment quiet so they can sleep.
If You Have Symptoms Of Covid
If you have any new symptoms of COVID-19, you should self-isolate and book a PCR test as soon as possible. This applies even if you have mild symptoms or if you have previously tested positive.
The main symptoms of COVID-19 are:
- a high temperature
- a continuous cough
- loss or change of taste or smell
You should continue to isolate until you get the result of the test. If you have had a positive lateral flow test, you should isolate and book a PCR test as soon as possible.
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I Think Or Know I Had Covid
You can be around others after:
- 10 days since symptoms first appeared and
- 24 hours with no fever without the use of fever-reducing medications and
- Other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving*
*Loss of taste and smell may persist for weeks or months after recovery and need not delay the end of isolation
Note that these recommendations do not apply to people with severe COVID-19 or with weakened immune systems .
What You Can Do To Help Yourself Get Better
Drink water to keep yourself hydrated. Drink enough during the day so your urine is a pale clear colour.
You can use over-the-counter medications, such as paracetamol, to help with some of your symptoms. Use these according to the instructions on the packet or label and do not exceed the recommended dose.
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Designate A Contact Person
You should choose one healthy family member who is not in a high-risk group to be the contact person for the sick family member, suggests Aimee Ferraro, PhD, senior core faculty member for Walden Universitys Master of Public Health program. “They should wear a face mask and gloves during any interaction and clean their hands for 20 seconds with soap and water immediately afterwards.” The sick individual should wear a face mask as well.
Why You Should Self
The coronavirus mainly spreads when people who are infected come in close contact with others. A home where people spend many hours a day together is a prime spot for this to happen.
Right now, were seeing a lot of infectivity in homes, where someone whos sick infects other people they live with, says James Merlino, MD, Chief Clinical Transformation Officer.
A study supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that its common for the coronavirus to spread among people in a household often early after one person starts feeling sick.
But its not inevitable, and there are steps you can take to prevent it from happening.
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What Can Other Family Members Do When A Person Is In Isolation
Even if the person in isolation does not have symptoms, all members of the household should:
- Quarantine if a household member has tested positive or has symptoms of COVID-19.
- Wear a mask if they need to be in the room with the person who is in isolation or quarantine.
- Make sure shared spaces in the home have good air flow. You can open a window or turn on an air filter or air conditioner.
- Not have any visitors into the home.
- Wash their hands well and often. Wash with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Other ways to lower the risk of spreading the virus:
- If doing the laundry of the person in quarantine or isolation, wash it with detergent on the hottest temperature possible. To avoid sending the virus into the air, don’t shake the laundry. Wear gloves, if possible. Wash hands well after handling the laundry, even if you wore gloves.
- Every day, use a household cleaner or wipe to clean things that get touched a lot. These include doorknobs, light switches, toys, remote controls, sink handles, counters, and phones.
Stay Away From Others
Stay in a well-ventilated room with a window that can be opened. Try to keep the window open as much as possible to help with ventilation and air flow. This will help to keep clean air moving through your room.
Each person should:
- sleep in a different bed where possible
- use their own toothbrushes, towels, linen, cups, plates, bowls and cutlery
- take meals to their own room to eat
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How Does Someone Quarantine Or Isolate At Home
Someone who is in quarantine needs to stay home and away from other people until it is clear that they are not infected. While watching for symptoms of COVID-19, they should:
- Keep at least 6 feet away from other household members and pets when possible .
- Wear a mask if they must be around other people and can’t stay 6 feet apart. Children under 2 years old and people who have trouble breathing should not wear a mask. For more about masks, check the CDC’s guide.
- Wash their hands well and often. Wash with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Someone in isolation who has symptoms of COVID-19 or had a positive test also should:
- Sleep in a bedroom not used by anyone else. If that’s not possible, try to keep as much of a distance as possible between beds. If sharing a bed, even sleeping head to toe can help.
- Use a separate bathroom, if possible.
- Use their own personal items and not share these with others.
- Eat apart from the rest of the family.
Person Who Is Not Adequately Protected Against Covid
If you are not adequately protected against COVID-19 and have been in contact with a confirmed case, you must self-isolate at home for a period of 10 days after your last contact with the person who is positive. Self-isolation must be carried out even if you do not develop any symptoms, even if your test result is negative. A COVID-19 screening test will be requested as soon as possible and 48 hours before the end of your 10 days self-isolation. You must monitor your symptoms for an additional 4 days, for a total period of 14 days.
If you develop symptoms during your self-isolation, get a screening test even if you tested negative before the onset of symptoms. See the symptom self-assessment tool for clarification on screening in this situation. While awaiting your test result, you must stay self-isolate. The same applies to the people who live with you and who are not adequately protected. If your test is positive, see the page instructions for people with COVID-19.
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If You Are A Close Contact Of Someone From Outside Of Your Household
If you have been in close contact with someone who tests positive for COVID-19 and you do not live or spend a significant amount of time in the same household as that person, you do not need to self-isolate unless you have symptoms.
You should take a PCR test on day 2 and day 8. It is important that you take these tests even if you feel well as you may have COVID-19 even if you do not have symptoms.
If your test is negative, you should remain vigilant for new symptoms, and try to avoid contact with vulnerable family and friends in the short-term (for example elderly relatives or those who are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 infection.
Cover Your Coughs And Sneezes
Cover your mouth and nose with disposable tissues when you cough or sneeze. If you do not have one to hand, sneeze into the crook of your elbow, not into your hand. Dispose of tissues into a disposable rubbish bag and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds, or use a hand sanitiser.
If you have a carer they should use disposable tissues to wipe away any mucus or phlegm after you have sneezed or coughed. Then they should wash their hands with soap and water for 20 seconds, or use a hand sanitiser.
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Do Others In The Household Need To Quarantine Or Isolate
- If someone is in quarantine and watching for symptoms, other household members do not need to quarantine unless the quarantined person develops symptoms or has a positive test result.
- If someone is in isolation because they have symptoms that could be from COVID-19 or had a positive test result, everyone in the family should quarantine for 14 days after their last close contact with that person.
- If someone taking care of a person in isolation can’t keep 6 feet between them, they should begin a 14-day quarantine when the person in their care is done their 10-day isolation.
- Fully vaccinated people do not need to quarantine after contact with an infected person.
- People who were infected with coronavirus within the previous 3 months, are recovered, and have no symptoms also do not need to quarantine after contact with an infected person.
For the latest updates, visit your local health department’s website or the CDC’s website.
Avoid Contact With Other Members Of Your Household As Much As Possible
If you have symptoms of COVID-19, it is important to reduce the spread of infection to others in your household as much as possible.
If possible, you should:
- stay in a well-ventilated room separate from other people in your home, with an outside window that can be opened
- keep the door closed
- use a separate bathroom from the rest of the household if possible
- clean the bathroom regularly if you have to share these facilities, or try to use the facilities last and thoroughly clean the bathroom
- use separate towels from other household members, for drying yourself and for hand hygiene purposes
- avoid using shared spaces such as kitchens whilst others are present
- take your meals back to your room to eat
- wash your dishes using detergent and warm water and dry them, using a separate tea towel from the rest of the household, or use a dishwasher
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Stay At Home: Guidance For Households With Possible Or Confirmed Coronavirus Infection
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: .
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-stay-at-home-guidance/stay-at-home-guidance-for-households-with-possible-coronavirus-covid-19-infection
When To Discontinue Home Isolation
Current CDC guidelines say that if you are not being tested to determine whether youre still contagious, a person whos sick with coronavirus can leave home after these three conditions happen:
- At least 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared
- No fever for at least 24 hours with no fever-reducing medication
- Other symptoms have improved
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