Q: What Treatments Are Available For Covid
A: On October 22, 2020, the FDA approved the antiviral drug Veklury for use in adults and pediatric patients for the treatment of COVID-19 requiring hospitalization. Veklury should only be administered in a hospital or in a healthcare setting capable of providing acute care comparable to inpatient hospital care.
This approval does not include the entire population that had been authorized to use Veklury under an Emergency Use Authorization originally issued on May 1, 2020. In order to ensure continued access to the pediatric population previously covered under the EUA, the FDA revised the EUA for Veklury to permit the drugs use by licensed healthcare providers for the treatment of suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in hospitalized pediatric patients 3.5 kg to less than 40 kg or hospitalized pediatric patients less than 12 years of age weighing at least 3.5 kg. For additional information on the authorized use of Veklury under the EUA, refer to the Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers.
Clinical trials assessing the safety and efficacy of Veklury in this pediatric patient population are ongoing.
The National Institutes of Health provides more information about treatment options.
Avoid Sharing Personal Household Items
- Dont share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people or pets in your home.
- Wash used dishes, drinking glasses, cups, and eating utensils well with soap and water or a dishwasher.
- Keep your dirty laundry in a laundry bag. Dont shake your dirty laundry. Wash it using regular laundry soap on the hottest setting available. Dry it well.
Q: Are There Any Approved Products That Can Prevent Or Treat Covid
A: No. Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals are drugs. The FDA has not approved any drugs for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of COVID-19 in animals. The U.S. Department of Agricultures Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Center for Veterinary Biologics regulates veterinary biologics, including vaccines, diagnostic kits, and other products of biological origin. Similarly, APHIS CVB has not licensed any products to treat or prevent COVID-19 in animals.
The FDA has taken action against unapproved products claiming to prevent or cure COVID-19. The public can help safeguard human and animal health by reporting any products claiming to do so to or 1-888-INFO-FDA .
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Vulnerable In Bc And Alberta Approached To Take Covid
Homeless and vulnerable people in British Columbia and Alberta have been approached with offers of payment to be vaccinated against COVID-19 by those attempting to fraudulently get a vaccine card.
Vancouver Coastal Health said Thursday those who have been approached have been asked to get vaccinated while falsely using that persons name and information.
This behaviour is deplorable and were disappointed that anyone would take advantage of vulnerable people in this way in an attempt to circumvent the process for receiving a BC Vaccine Card, the health authority said in a statement. Future instances of fraud may be forwarded to local police authorities for follow up.
In Alberta, Linda Pires-Relvas, a nurse in an Edmonton community centre, said a client told her in December about being approached by a stranger to take the vaccine.
Ms. Pires-Relvas works at Boyle Street Community Services, a charity that works with homeless people in Edmonton.
The client, herself, shared that someone had approached her to get vaccinated using that persons health card in exchange for getting paid $100, she said.
Other friends of hers had also been approached and received multiple doses of the vaccine for different people, Ms. Pires-Relvas said.
They dont want to get the vaccine for whatever reason but are not considering the health and potential harm of the vulnerable people, she said.
Vancouver police say no cases have been reported to the department.
Changing Travel Requirements To Address Covid
Effective All Canadians returning from short trips must take a molecular pre-entry test. The test must be taken outside of Canada.
Effective Temporary enhanced requirements ending for travellers who have been in Botswana, Egypt, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada, regardless of your vaccination status. Omicron travel health notice
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Q: Are There Any Vaccines Or Other Medical Products Available To Prevent Covid
A: Yes. The FDA issued emergency use authorizations for three COVID-19 vaccines and on August 23, 2021, the FDA approved the first COVID-19 vaccine. More information on the approval can be found here.
Additionally, the FDA is working with other vaccine developers, researchers, and manufacturers to help expedite the development and availability of medical products such as additional vaccines,monoclonal antibodies, and other drugs to prevent or treat COVID-19.
For information about vaccine clinical trials for COVID-19 visit clinicaltrials.gov and the COVID-19 Prevention Network. Note: The information on clinicaltrials.gov is provided by the sponsor or principal investigator of a clinical trial. The listing of a study on the site does not reflect evaluation or endorsement of the trial by the Federal government.
What Are Ace Inhibitors And Arbs
ACE inhibitors and ARBs are blood pressure-lowering medicines that lower blood pressure through their effects on a hormone called angiotensin-II. This hormone causes blood vessels to become narrow, so the heart has to work harder to push blood around your body, leading to higher blood pressure. When this hormone is inhibited or blocked by medicines, the blood vessels relax and blood pressure lowers.
These medicines are often prescribed to reduce the risks associated with high blood pressure, especially in patients with coexisting heart disease, kidney disease or type 2 diabetes, or who have had a stroke or are at a high risk of having a heart problem .
ACE inhibitors and ARBs have been around for a long time and their benefits are well known, which is why they are recommended in the treatment of high blood pressure by Australian and international heart-health experts.
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What Are Monoclonal Antibodies Can They Help Treat Covid
Three monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19 have been granted emergency use authorization by the FDA. The treatments may be used to treat non-hospitalized adults and children over age 12 with mild to moderate symptoms who have recently tested positive for COVID-19, and who are at risk for developing severe COVID-19 or being hospitalized for it. This includes people over 65, people with obesity, and those with certain chronic medical conditions. Newer research suggests that monoclonal antibody treatment may also help to save lives in a specific subgroup of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.
Monoclonal antibodies are manmade versions of the antibodies that our bodies naturally make to fight invaders, such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus. All three of the FDA-authorized therapies attack the coronavirus’s spike protein, making it more difficult for the virus to attach to and enter human cells.
The monoclonal antibody treatments that have EUA approval are: a combination of casirivimab and imdevimab, called REGN-COV, made by Regeneron a combination of bamlanivimab and etesevimab, made by Eli Lilly and sotrovimab, made by GlaxoSmithKline. These treatments must be given intravenously in a clinic or hospital. These treatments are not currently authorized for hospitalized COVID-19 patients or those receiving oxygen therapy.
Q: What Is A Monoclonal Antibody
A: Monoclonal antibodies are laboratory-produced molecules that act as substitute antibodies that can restore, enhance or mimic the immune system’s attack on cells. Monoclonal antibodies for COVID-19 may block the virus that causes COVID-19 from attaching to human cells, making it more difficult for the virus to reproduce and cause harm. Monoclonal antibodies may also neutralize a virus.
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Changes To Albertas Testing Program
- PCR testing for Albertans with symptoms continues to be available at AHS assessment centres. Asymptomatic PCR testing is no longer recommended, including for close contacts of positive cases.
- Free rapid antigen test kits are available for at-home use.
- Wastewater monitoring is used to provide a broad picture of infection levels in a community.
Coronavirus Disease : How Is It Transmitted
We know that the disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people in several different ways.
The virus can spread from an infected persons mouth or nose in small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing or breathe. These particles range from larger respiratory droplets to smaller aerosols.
- Current evidence suggests that the virus spreads mainly between people who are in close contact with each other, typically within 1 metre . A person can be infected when aerosols or droplets containing the virus are inhaled or come directly into contact with the eyes, nose, or mouth.
- The virus can also spread in poorly ventilated and/or crowded indoor settings, where people tend to spend longer periods of time. This is because aerosols remain suspended in the air or travel farther than 1 metre .
People may also become infected by touching surfaces that have been contaminated by the virus when touching their eyes, nose or mouth without cleaning their hands.
Further research is ongoing to better understand the spread of the virus and which settings are most risky and why. Research is also under way to study virus variants that are emerging and why some are more transmissible. For updated information on SARS-CoV-2 variants, please read the weekly epidemiologic updates.
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Q: Why Is The Fda Providing Flexibility To Food Manufacturers Under Limited Circumstances During The Covid
A: Due to limited shortages of specific ingredients and foods, or unexpected supply chain disruptions in some industries, food manufacturers may need to make small changes to some ingredients during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Manufacturers may not be able to relabel their products to reflect these minor changes on the food label without slowing down the processing or distribution of the food.
To avoid slowing down food processing or distribution during the coronavirus pandemic, the FDA issued a guidance titled “Temporary Policy Regarding Certain Food Labeling Requirements During the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency: Minor Formulation Changes and Vending Machines.” The temporary policy provides food manufacturers with flexibility to make minor formulation changes in certain, limited circumstances without making conforming label changes on packages as long as any substitutions or omissions of ingredients do not pose a health or safety issue , and do not cause significant changes in the finished product.
Q: Will There Be Animal Food Shortages
A: There are no nationwide shortages of animal food, although in some cases the inventory of certain foods at your grocery store might be temporarily low before stores can restock. Animal food production and manufacturing are widely dispersed throughout the United States and no widespread disruptions have been reported in the supply chain.
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S To Help Prevent The Spread Of Covid
If you are sick with COVID-19 or think you might have COVID-19, follow the steps below to care for yourself and to help protect other people in your home and community.
- Stay home. Most people with COVID-19 have mild illness and can recover at home without medical care. Do not leave your home, except to get medical care. Do not visit public areas.
- Take care of yourself. Get rest and stay hydrated. Take over-the-counter medicines, such as acetaminophen, to help you feel better.
- Stay in touch with your doctor. Call before you get medical care. Be sure to get care if you have trouble breathing, or have any other emergency warning signs, or if you think it is an emergency.
- Avoid public transportation, ride-sharing, or taxis.
As much as possible, stay in a specific room and away from other people and pets in your home. If possible, you should use a separate bathroom. If you need to be around other people or animals in or outside of the home, wear a mask.
Tell your close contacts that they may have been exposed to COVID-19. An infected person can spread COVID-19 starting 48 hours before the person has any symptoms or tests positive. By letting your close contacts know they may have been exposed to COVID-19, you are helping to protect everyone.
Look for emergency warning signs* for COVID-19. If someone is showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical careimmediately:
Notify the operator that you are seeking care for someone who has or may have COVID-19.
Q: Are Chloroquine Phosphate Or Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate Approved By The Fda To Treat Covid
A: No. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate and some versions of chloroquine phosphate are FDA-approved to treat malaria. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is also FDA-approved to treat lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
On March 28, 2020, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for chloroquine phosphate and hydroxychloroquine sulfate to treat adults and adolescents hospitalized with COVID-19 for whom a clinical trial was not available or participation was not feasible. Based on FDAs continued review of the scientific evidence available, the criteria for an EUA for chloroquine phosphate and hydroxychloroquine sulfate as outlined in Section 564 of the FD& C Act are no longer met. As a result, the EUA for these two drugs was revoked on June 15, 2020. Read more about this action.
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At Assessment Centres Participating Community Labs Or Participating Pharmacies
You can get a free COVID-19covid 19 test at a participating testing location if any of the following apply to you:
- Symptoms and exposure
- you are currently experiencing COVID-19covid 19 symptoms that are not related to other know causes or conditions
- you have been exposed to a COVID-19covid 19-positive person
- you have received a Covid Alert app exposure notification
- you are a resident or worker in a setting that has a COVID-19covid 19 outbreak, as identified by your local public health unit
How Can I Access These Treatments
Depending on your medical history, risks, and symptoms, your health care provider can help you determine whether a therapy that is FDA-approved, or available under an EUA, is right for you.
The following websites contain information regarding access to monoclonal antibody treatments for COVID-19:
You can also contact your state health department for treatment information.
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A Quick Getaway: Half
The lifting of travel test restrictions means a break in Europe is now cheaper and easier just in time for the school holidays
Holiday bookings are experiencing a surge ahead of Covid travel tests being scrapped, making it a real possibility to go abroad without having to take a single test this February half-term.
Last month the UK government scrapped pre-departure tests, along with the need for travellers to self-isolate on arrival until they receive a negative PCR test result. With the requirement for the day two test also being dropped from 11 February, test-free holidays for fully vaccinated Britons will soon, finally, be possible again.
On the Beach has predicted the biggest wave of holiday bookings the travel industry has seen in the past two years, with holiday sales already 150% up week on week since the start of the year.
Zoe Harris, chief customer officer at On the Beach, said: The scrapping of test requirements will give people the peace of mind they need to book with confidence, and that extra nudge to escape the cold and grey at home in favour of a sun lounger with their name on it.
There are 37 countries that are welcoming visitors without the requirement to take a test, but travel-testing regulations change often, so check the rules for your designated country before departure. Below we list a selection of options that still have availability for February half-term.
Q: Is An Approval Different From An Emergency Use Authorization Does It Change The Availability Of Covid
A: Emergency use authorizations can be used by the FDA during public health emergencies to provide access to medical products that may be effective in preventing or treating a disease. In determining whether to issue an EUA for a product, after the FDA receives an application, it evaluates the data submitted, conducts its own analyses and assesses any known or potential risks and any known or potential benefits. For COVID-19 vaccines that received emergency use authorization from the FDA, the agency evaluated data submitted by the manufacturers about the COVID-19 vaccines safety and effectiveness, and conducted its own analyses, before reaching each decision and found it to be clear and compelling to support its use for the prevention of COVID-19. Emergency use authorization is a tool that the FDA can use in a declared public health emergency, like the pandemic that we are in now, in order to more rapidly make potentially life-saving products available under very specific conditions.
An application for approval for a COVID-19 vaccine provides FDA with a wealth of data and information, such as information about safety and effectiveness in the population who will receive the vaccine.
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