Prevention Strategies That Reduce Spread
IHE administrators should create programs and policies that facilitate the adoption and implementation of prevention strategies to slow the spread of COVID-19 at the IHE and in the local community. Evidence-based prevention strategies, including vaccination, should be implemented, and layered in IHE settings. Key prevention strategies include
- Maintaining healthy operations
These prevention strategies remain critical in IHE and community settings with mixed populations of both people who are fully vaccinated and people who are not fully vaccinated.
Particularly in areas of substantial to high transmission, IHEs in collaboration with their local or state health department may consider maintaining or implementing additional prevention strategies including physical distancing and mask use indoors by all students, faculty, staff, and other people such as visitors, including those who are fully vaccinated.
Wearing a Mask
When people consistently and correctly wear a mask, they protect others as well as themselves. Consistent and correct mask use by people who are not fully vaccinated is especially important indoors and in crowded settings, when physical distancing cannot be maintained.
IHEs that require universal mask policies should make exceptions for the following categories of people:
Promote physical distancing by
Housing and Communal Spaces
IHEs should consider:
Testing for SARS-CoV-2 Infection
How Can The Covid Vaccine Be Mandated
Even with varied percentages of students skeptical about receiving the vaccine, there are some students who lend their support to requiring vaccinations before heading back to school. In fact, many students prefer this over social distancing guidelines. The CDCs guidelines have made it easy for employers to require their employees have the COVID vaccine before returning to work. In the same instance, Dr. Howard Forman, director of Yale Universitys MD/MBA program says, Schools are allowed to require vaccinations to protect both the students and teachers. There are reasons why employment law allows for vaccine requirements.
Under everything that weve seen, and the guidance from agencies like the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Department of Education, its been stated that just like how colleges require other vaccines like meningitis and measles and hepatitis for incoming students, they can require this vaccine as well. The EEOCs guidance released in December made it clear and paved the way to say vaccines can be mandated and that isnt considered a medical examination which is prohibited by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
A Why Is The District Requiring Students And Employees To Be Vaccinated
Consistent with recommendations and directives from the State of California and the federal government, the Board of Trustees at the August 23, 2021 Board meeting, directed the Chancellor effective October 15, 2021, to ensure that all employees, students, contractors, and visitors present proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 as a condition to physically access any District building. The vaccine requirement was developed consistent with applicable legal requirements, including exceptions for medical conditions and sincerely held religious beliefs. The deadline to submit religious or medical exemptions for the spring semester is December 13, 2021.
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Section : Guidance For Ihes Where Everyone Is Fully Vaccinated
This section is intended for IHEs that have a fully vaccinated campus. Currently available vaccines in the United States are effective at protecting vaccinated people against symptomatic and severe COVID-19. Fully vaccinated people are less likely to become infected and, if infected, to develop symptoms of COVID-19. They are at substantially reduced risk of severe illness and death from COVID-19 compared with unvaccinated people.
Infections in fully vaccinated people happen in only a small proportion of people who are fully vaccinated, even with the Delta variant. Moreover, when these infections occur among vaccinated people, they tend to be mild.
However, evidence suggests that fully vaccinated people who do become infected with the Delta variant can be infectious and can spread the virus to others.
IHEs should comprehensively engage their IHE networks to establish and promote a vaccination environment that is safe and equitable for all students, faculty, and staff.
Some students, faculty, or staff might not be able to get a COVID-19 vaccine due to medical or other conditions or reasons. IHEs will need to determine prevention strategies, accommodations, and policies for any students, faculty, or staff who cannot be vaccinated.
Outbreaks can and do occur in IHEs. Careful planning can help IHEs make decisions about prevention strategies and steps to take to limit transmission, avoid outbreaks when possible, and contain outbreaks when they do occur.
The College Vaccine Debate
Most U.S. colleges and universities already require on-campus students to show proof of vaccines for illnesses, like bacterial meningitis, that can spread rapidly in close quarters. But Covid-19 is a much more complicated story.
A growing number of schools will require proof of a coronavirus vaccination for on-campus students this fall, including Cornell, Rutgers, Oakland University in Michigan, Brown University in Rhode Island and St. Edwards University in Texas. Other schools are not requiring vaccines but will offer incentives, such as an exemption from the campus mask mandate.
Vaccines are our way of ensuring that we can be together for a normal fall semester, Tom Stritikus, the president of Fort Lewis College in Colorado wrote in a letter to the school.
Many more schools have yet to set a policy, or have explicitly said they would not require proof. And the issue of requiring vaccinations is shaping up to be yet another political debate.
A day after Nova Southeastern University in Florida announced it would require vaccinations, Gov. Ron DeSantis, a Republican, issued an executive order banning businesses and government agencies from requiring vaccination documentation.
The universitys president and chief executive, George Hanbury, said the Fort Lauderdale-based school was caught off guard, but was reviewing the order. Some Florida counties are working feverishly to inoculate college-age people.
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P1 What Happens If I Am Not Fully Vaccinated And Do Not Meet The Requirements Of An Exemption By The Vaccination Requirement Deadline
Employees, visitors, and contractors who are not fully vaccinated by October 15, 2021, will not be allowed to enter District facilities, except for persons who have a medical or religious exemption. Spectators attending an indoor athletic, academic, or art event must show proof of being fully vaccinated or a negative COVID-19 test with a specimen taken no more than 72 hours before entry into District facilities. A person wearing a face covering regardless of vaccination status may temporarily enter District facilities for up to 15 minutes to use restroom facilities, drop off or pick up items or equipment, or food from the pantry.
D How Do Employees Report That They Are Fully Vaccinated
Proof of vaccination is required. You can report your COVID vaccine on the COVID Vaccine Submission page on the District portal. You can also access that page under the SCCCD Resource Links on the District Portal. If you self-attested in the portal previously but did not upload proof of vaccination, you will need to do so now. Your vaccination information will be secure and held confidentially by the District.
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‘quite A Few’ Exemption Requests
Some students opposed to mandates see vaccination as a personal choice and exemptions as a way to bypass mandates.
I feel that I shouldn’t be forced to get the shot by a school that Im paying to go to, said a 19-year-old rising sophomore at Hofstra University on Long Island, who requested that she not be identified.
She told NBC News that she does not agree with the university requiring students to get the Covid-19 vaccination before returning to campus, and even considered transferring to a school that does not require the vaccination.
Although she does not have a medical condition that would make it dangerous for her to get vaccinated, she found a doctor who would sponsor a medical exemption and plans to submit a request before returning to campus in August.
Im not at all against getting vaccinated, but I feel like the vaccine is kind of new and I would rather wait to get it until its approved by the FDA, just to have peace of mind, she said.
Will You Need The Vaccine To Come Back To School
Possibly. On Friday, Boston University became the latest local college to say it will require students to be vaccinated against COVID-19 before returning to campus this fall. BU joins Northeastern, Brown, and Roger Williams University in mandating the shots.
Other schools are taking a more cautious approach and waiting for the go-ahead from the US Food and Drug Administration. All three vaccines currently administered in Massachusetts Moderna, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson are distributed under emergency approval.
Until the vaccines get full FDA approval, we will not be requiring vaccinations, a Suffolk University representative wrote in an e-mail.
That said, every college strongly recommends students get vaccinated.
The leaders of the Institute and MIT Medical are strongly encouraging vaccination, a representative of MIT wrote in an e-mail. These campus leaders, as well as the nations top medical experts, believe that the vaccine represents the best way for individuals to keep themselves, their families, and their communities safe from COVID-19.
Diti Kohli can be reached at . Follow her on Twitter at .
Diti Kohli can be reached at her on Twitter .
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Less Than Half Of Young Adults Plan To Get Vaccinated
A growing share of Americans intend to get vaccinated against COVID-19, but many still have questions about the COVID-19 vaccine, or vaccines in general. While most college students accept other now-common vaccinations, Pew Research Center polls show that Americans aged 18-29 are the least likely to say they’d get the vaccine.
Campus studies found similar numbers. In a survey of almost 600 graduate and undergraduate students at a Connecticut public university, 30% said they would not get the vaccine and another 20% said they weren’t sure.
Polls show that about one-third of college-aged Americans do not want to get the new COVID-19 vaccine.
To help counteract students’ hesitancy, marketing professor C. Kevin Synnott advises colleges to start information campaigns, which could include leaving easy-to-read info cards on dining hall tables, offering prizes for vaccine trivia games, and handing out swag.
Young people and people of color are both more likely to distrust the vaccine than other demographic groups. In November, less than half of Black respondents said they would definitely or probably get vaccinated, compared to 61% of white respondents. Meanwhile, the Biden administration has called vaccinating people of color a top priority.
Gop Legislators Block College Student State Worker Vaccine Mandate
- SEAN GOLONKA & JACOB SOLISThe Nevada Independent
COVID-19 vaccines are loaded into syringes inside the Joe Crowley Student Union on Aug. 13 2021.
In a party-line vote on Tuesday, six Republican lawmakers blocked the state Board of Healths COVID-19 vaccine mandates for college students and state health and corrections workers from becoming permanent.
The tied 6-6 vote on the Legislative Commission, a panel of legislators charged with giving final approval to proposed regulations, means the mandate for students is no longer in effect, as the 120-day timeline for the emergency regulation approved in August expired over the weekend. The emergency regulation for health and corrections workers is set to expire in early January.
Tuesdays vote was a show of political force for the states legislative Republicans, who are in the minority in the Legislature but not on the commission. They challenged the permanent nature of the regulations presented by both the state Department of Health and Human Services and the Nevada System of Higher Education .
I dont permanent regulation is a wise thing to do now, but to look at the 120 days, make a substantial change in the emergency regulation that uses real words instead of prove immunity, and just require vaccination if you want to do a mandate, Sen. Joe Hardy said.
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Are Colleges Administering Vaccines To Students
Right now, no.
Multiple universities Northeastern, Babson, Boston University, UMass Boston, and more received doses early this year to vaccinate community members included in Phase 1 of the state rollout. That includes people like front-line and emergency workers, student first responders, clinical staff, custodians, and medical students.
But the state halted this distribution in February due to limited federal supply. Instead, officials redirected doses to mass vaccination sites, medical facilities, and pharmacies.
If the state government resumes vaccine supply to universities, administrators are ready. Emerson College, for example, is continuing to explore the possibility of setting up a vaccination clinic with Tufts Medical Center at the start of the fall semester, should the supply chain open up, Assistant Vice President Erik Muurisepp wrote in an e-mail to the Globe. A Suffolk University representative said the plan to partner with another school for vaccine distribution is on hold until the supply to colleges rises again.
Before the switch, more than 12,000 vaccine doses were delivered to colleges in the state, according to data from the Massachusetts COVID-19 Command Center on April 1.
What Are The Exemption Rules
Because of the efficacy of the vaccine and underlying health factors being a possible risk, there are valid, legitimate cases for exemption. This can include medical conditions, religious or philosophical objections. For students who do not want to take the vaccine if mandated by a college or university they are attending, schools may face a decline in enrollment from student transfers. At some point, proof of the vaccine may become a reality but as it stands, there are too many questions and variables involved to make a decision that may impact colleges, universities, and the students they serve.
According to Rupali Limaye at John Hopkins University in Maryland who is an expert in vaccines and public health, it is likely that other methods will be used to control the spread of the virus entering the 2021-2022 school year even if some students and professors have already received the vaccine. In most cases, colleges and universities will have some students who have the vaccine and some who will not. Depending on how things go with the vaccine and stopping the spread, this will give colleges, universities, and their students a better idea of when to expect vaccines to become available and whether they will be required.
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Sciencesuperspreader ‘explosions’ Plague Efforts To Curb Pandemic
This is a challenge all schools with mandates will face: How will exemption requests be vetted, and what will the penalties be for falsifying information? The differences between just a handful of schools illustrate how the mandates vary.
Some schools, including Hofstra, have outlined specific health conditions to be medically exempt from the vaccination. Others are vague. University of Connecticut students dont need to have a specific condition to apply for a medical exemption, but must have a health care professional attest that the Covid-19 vaccines would endanger their life or health.
Students at Indiana University are required to be vaccinated by Aug. 1, but can apply for exemptions if they are allergic to any component of the Covid-19 vaccines. They can apply for vaccination deferral if they are pregnant, breastfeeding, immunocompromised or have received monoclonal antibodies specific to Covid-19 in the past 90 days.
Already, Indiana University has received quite a few exemption requests, Chuck Carney, a spokesperson for the school, said in an email.
Medical exemptions and deferrals require a health providers signature. Religious exemptions, which most schools have voluntarily included, are almost always based on the honor system.
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W What Is The Policy For Visitors Coming Onto Campus
Visitors are also required to present proof of being fully vaccinated. Spectators attending an indoor athletic, academic, or art event must show proof of being fully vaccinated or a negative COVID-19 test with a specimen taken no more than 72 hours before entry into District facilities. A person wearing a face covering regardless of vaccination status may temporarily enter District facilities for up to 15 minutes to use restroom facilities, drop off or pick up items or equipment, or food from the pantry.
Completed forms must be submitted as soon as possible, but no later than December 13, 2021. Please allow a minimum of 10 days for review. You will be notified of your approval status via your college email account. The approval status is shown at the bottom of page 2 of the form.
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Will Colleges Require The Coronavirus Vaccine
When colleges are able to offer vaccines to the larger campus community, will they also require them? Most colleges require incoming students to prove they’re up to date on certain vaccinations. Now, Rutgers University in New Jersey is the first college to require students get vaccinated before arriving on campus next fall.
Whether colleges can make the coronavirus vaccine mandatory for all on-campus residents is up for debate. A bill from the Biden administration would pave the way. In the meantime, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says employers have the right to bar employees from the workplace if they refuse to get vaccinated.
Any right to require the COVID-19 vaccine awaits FDA approval for regular use. At present, COVID-19 vaccines are authorized for emergency use only. Campuses that do not require the vaccine may rely instead on running persuasive campaigns to convince students and employees to opt for vaccination on their own.
âWhen new vaccines come out, a lot of people say, âIâm going to give it a little bit of time to see what happens.ââ¦ This is going to be a process to get out of the pandemic.â. Source: âAllison Winnike, President and CEO of the Immunization Partnership