Explainer Of Who And The World Health Assembly
16 May 2020
Ahead of the first-ever virtual World Health Assembly , WHO explains what WHO is, what we do, our work to fight COVID-19, what the WHA is, how WHA will work in 2020 and why both WHO and WHA matter so much right now.
This year, the 73rd WHA will mostly focus on the COVID-19 pandemic. Member States will deliver statements, report their progress in fighting coronavirus, share knowledge on the evolving situation and consider a draft resolution on COVID-19.
Who Academy And Who Info Apps Launch
13 May 2020
The WHO Academy app provides health workers with access to up-to the-minute guidance, tools, training, and virtual workshops that will help them care for COVID-19 patients and protect themselves. The app is built around the needs expressed by 20,000 global health workers in a WHO Academy survey.
The WHO Info app aims to inform the general public. Regarding COVID-19, the app will provide updates on the latest case numbers, WHO initiatives, partnerships and the race to find medicines and vaccines for fighting the disease.
Treatment And Drug Development
Very few drugs are known to effectively inhibit SARSCoV2. Masitinib is a clinically safe drug and was recently found to inhibit its main protease, 3CLpro and showed > 200-fold reduction in viral titers in the lungs and nose in mice. However, it is not approved for the treatment of Covid-19 in humans as of August 2021.
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What Every Individual Can Do To Protect Themselves And Others
28 February 2020
In a daily COVID-19 press briefing the WHO Director-General said that more than 20 vaccines are in development globally, and several therapeutics are in clinical trials. But we dont need to wait for vaccines and therapeutics. There are things every individual can do to protect themselves and others today.
“There are 10 basic things that you should know.1clean your regularly with an alcohol-based hand rub, or wash them with & .Touching your face after touching contaminated surfaces or sick people is one of the ways the #coronavirus can be transmitted”-
World Health Organization
What Is A Pandemic
Global health crises tend to grow in phases. This chain of events starts with an outbreaka sudden rise in confirmed cases of an disease thats contained to a small geographic region like Wuhan. If the disease spreads just beyond that communitylike how the novel coronavirus spread across Chinathen it becomes an epidemic.
Pandemics, according to their classical definition, are epidemics that cross international boundaries and affect a large number of people worldwide.
Its all about geography, says Lauren Sauer, an assistant professor of emergency medicine and the director of operations with the Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response. Its not about severity, its not about high versus low case counts. Its…do we see spread across the globe?
If a person catches the coronavirus in China and travels back to their home country, they do not count toward the tally that ultimately decides a pandemic declarationand neither does anyone they infect.
Not every widespread epidemic is considered a pandemic. Seasonal influenza, for example, checks those boxesbut its cyclic nature is what differentiates it from pandemic influenza, which can spread anywhere across both hemispheres regardless of the weather.
So what stopped the WHO from calling this epidemic a pandemic? In reality, its semantics, Sauer says. But semantics become important when youre talking to the general public about these issues.
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Identifying The Source Of The Outbreak
The novel coronavirus that first appeared in China had never been seen before, so it quickly gained the attention of scientists around the world.
Epidemiologists did field investigations to find out how the new virus started. They conducted surveys in the community and in health facilities and collected nose and throat specimens for lab analyses. These investigations showed them who was infected, when they became sick, and where they had been just before they got sick.
Using this information, epidemiologists determined that the virus possibly came from an animal sold at a market. The new virus was found to be a coronavirus, and coronaviruses cause a severe acute respiratory syndrome. This new coronavirus is similar to SARS-CoV, so it was named SARS-CoV-2 The disease caused by the virus was named COVID-19 to show that it was discovered in 2019.
An outbreak is called an epidemic when there is a sudden increase in cases. As COVID-19 began spreading in Wuhan, China, it became an epidemic. Because the disease then spread across several countries and affected a large number of people, it was classified as a pandemic.
Epidemic: Sudden increase in cases of a disease.
Epidemiology: Study of disease and other health outcomes, their causes in a population, and how they can be controlled.
Outbreak: A higher-than-expected number of occurrences of disease in a specific location and time.
President Trump Tested Positive For The Virus
President Trump said early on Oct. 2 that he and the first lady had tested positive for the coronavirus, throwing the nations leadership into uncertainty and escalating the crisis posed by a pandemic that had already killed more than 207,000 Americans and devastated the economy.
Mr. Trump had a fever, congestion and a cough and was hospitalized at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. He returned to the White house on Oct. 5.
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How Does The Coronavirus Spread
As of now, researchers know that the coronavirus is spread through droplets and virus particles released into the air when an infected person breathes, talks, laughs, sings, coughs or sneezes. Larger droplets may fall to the ground in a few seconds, but tiny infectious particles can linger in the air and accumulate in indoor places, especially where many people are gathered and there is poor ventilation. This is why mask-wearing, hand hygiene and physical distancing are essential to preventing COVID-19.
Who Supports Smithsonian Science Education Center With Launch Of Covid
21 May 2020
In collaboration with WHO and the InterAcademy Partnership , the Smithsonian Science Education Center has developed a new rapid-response guide for youth ages 817.
COVID-19! How can I protect myself and others” is based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals and aims to help young people understand the science and social science of COVID-19.
Integrating inquiry-based science education with social and emotional learning and civic engagement, it looks to help them take actions to keep themselves, their families and communities safe.
The Smithsonian Science Education Center will disseminate the information to youth worldwide in collaboration with WHO, IAP, educators, and museum and research center networks. The guide is free and will be available to youth in more than 15 languages, particularly African and Asian languages.
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Who Traces Chinese Illness To New Coronavirus
The World Health Organization announced a potential cause of mysterious cases of pneumonia in the Chinese city of Wuhan as stemming from a new coronavirus. WHO said the Chinese government is confirming the explanation, but the government has not yet made an official statement, reported STAT. The illness has infected at least 59 people. Experts urge the country to share more information regarding the outbreak in order to effectively address concerns of travelers to the region.
Brazils President Tested Positive
President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil disclosed on July 7 that he had been infected with the virus, saying that he was tested after experiencing fatigue, muscle pain and a fever. The news came after months of denying the seriousness of the pandemic and brushing aside protective measures, and after more than 65,000 Brazilians had died.
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Japan And Germany Two Of The Worlds Largest Economies Entered Recessions
Japan, the worlds third-largest economy after the United States and China, fell into a recession for the first time since 2015. Its economy shrank by an annualized rate of 3.4 percent in the first three months of the year.
Germany, Europes largest economy, also fell into a recession. Its economy suffered its worst contraction since the 2008 global financial crisis, shrinking by 2.2 percent in the January-March period from the previous quarter.
Measles And Rubella Initiative Responds To Covid
14 April 2020
As COVID-19 continues to spread globally, over 117 million children in 37 countries may miss out on receiving life-saving measles vaccines.
The Measles & Rubella Initiative strongly agrees with the recommendation in WHO guidelinesthat governments temporarily pause preventive immunization campaigns where there is no active outbreak of a vaccine-preventable disease. However, the M& RI also urges countries to continue routine immunization services, while ensuring the safety of communities and health workers.
WHO asks governments to undertake a careful risk-benefit analysis when deciding whether to delay vaccination campaigns in response to outbreaks, with the possibility of postponement where risks of COVID-19 transmission are deemed unacceptably high.
Measles & Rubella Initiative
The Measles & Rubella Initiative is a global partnership, founded by the American Red Cross, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Protection, UNICEF, the United Nations Foundation and WHO.
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Africa Records Over 200 000 Covid
11 June 2020
The pandemic is accelerating in Africa it took 98 days to reach 100 000 cases and only 18 days to move to 200 000 cases.
Ten out of 54 countries are currently driving the rise in numbers, accounting for nearly 80% of all the cases. More than 70% of the deaths are taking place in only five countries: Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa and Sudan.
WHO and other partners have supported governments with scaling up health workforce and laboratory capacities and to set up points-of-entry screening at airports and border crossings. These public health and social measures have been effective in slowing the spread of COVID-19 in Africa.
More than 200,000 #COVID19 cases have been confirmed on the African continent, with over 5,600 deaths. While #Africa accounts for a small fraction of the global caseload, case numbers are growing at an accelerating pace. Read more:
WHO African Region
Major Update To Covid
14 April 2020
Supported by the WHO Technology for COVID-19 initiative, a pro-bono collaboration of technology companies, WHO released a substantial update to its COVID-19 information dashboard.
Users can view:
- A mobile-friendly version of the dashboard.
- New and confirmed cases and deaths globally with daily statistics.
- National info by clicking on any country on the interactive map.
- Reported cases by WHO region including daily and cumulative statistics.
- Confirmed cases and deaths, and changes over time in a specific country, region, or territory, on the interactive chart.
- A new explorer tab designed to provide complex datasets for easy access and use, with variables selectable across three axes.
In future, the platform should be updated with new data sets from national and sub-national levels, as well as clinical trials and country-specific public health measures.
World Health Organization
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The Cdc Began Developing A Plan To Distribute A Coronavirus Vaccine
The C.D.C. began consulting with California, Florida, Minnesota and North Dakota as well as Philadelphia to develop plans for distributing a coronavirus vaccine. The agency chose the communities for a pilot program because they represent different kinds of challenges as the U.S. government prepared to begin the largest such campaign ever undertaken.
Remote Work And Job Insecurity
Because of the pandemic, millions of people worldwide have started working from home. According to a European Commission brief, approximately 40% of all people employed in the European Union began to telework full time as a result of the pandemic.
In the United States, 41.8% of the workforce was working remotely full time in December 2020, and 56.8% were doing so some of the time, according to an Upwork report.
Upwork Chief Economist Adam Ozimek notes: Our research shows the long-lasting impact that remote work and COVID-19 are likely to have on how hiring managers think about their organizations. As businesses adapt and learn from this remote work experiment, many are altering their long-term plans to accommodate this way of working.
Working from home can certainly have both positive and negative effects on employees well-being. A review published in BMC Public Health in November 2020 relayed several reported effects of remote work on physical and mental well-being.
Working from home was sometimes associated with more emotional exhaustion, especially in people who felt isolated from their colleagues and thus had less social support.
Others, however, reported feeling more content because they did not have to face a stressful workplace on a daily basis.
This may reflect the persistence of traditional gender roles, in which women tend to take on the majority of the childcare and household chores.
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Who Releases Its Manifesto For A Healthy Recovery From Covid
26 May 2020
WHO prescription for a healthy & green #COVID19 recovery:Protect natureEnsure a quick healthy energy transitionPromote healthy, sustainable food systemsBuild healthy, liveable cities
World Health Organization May 29, 2020
WHO, Gavi and UNICEF warn that disruption to routine vaccination leaves at least 80 million children at risk
22 May 2020
COVID 19 is disrupting life-saving immunization services around the world, putting millions of children in rich and poor countries alike at risk of diseases like diphtheria, measles and polio.
Provision of routine immunization services is substantially hindered in at least 68 countries and is likely to affect approximately 80 million children under the age of 1 living in these countries.
Since March 2020, routine childhood immunization services have been disrupted on a global scale that may be unprecedented since the inception of expanded programs on immunization in the 1970s.
The reasons for disrupted services vary. Some parents are reluctant to leave home because of restrictions on movement, lack of information or because they fear infection with the COVID-19 virus. And many health workers are unavailable because of restrictions on travel, or redeployment to COVID response duties, as well as a lack of protective equipment. Transport delays of vaccines are also exacerbating the situation.
Launch Of #safehands Challenge
13 March 2020
WHO launched the #SafeHands Challenge to promote the power of clean hands fo fight the coronavirus.
To support the challenge to encourage people to clean their hands with soap or alcohol-based hand rub, Twitter created a new #HandWashing emoji.
Heads of State, footballers, singers and more have already taken part, with more people nominated to join the challenge every day.
There are several measures you can take to protect yourself from #COVID19. One of the most important ones is regular & safe hand hygiene. Here are the steps recommended by Show the where and how you wash your hands. Join the WHO #SafeHands challenge!
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
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Why Is It Being Called A Pandemic Now
The use of the p-word by the WHO to describe the global spread of this new coronavirus is not a huge surprise.
Up until now, it has talked merely of the “threat” or the “potential” for a pandemic. But with cases in more than 100 countries, and increasing numbers not linked to travel, the language has changed.
The WHO no longer ‘declares’ a pandemic the way it used to, so this is as official as it gets. Yet this doesn’t mean the pandemic cannot be controlled, it explains.
It’s a call to action and a plea for all countries not to give up, no matter how large the number of cases.
Practically, countries are being told to continue to do what they have been advised to do. That means some may have to step up their response.
But the WHO is not changing what it’s doing or the threat level of the virus.
What the use of the word “pandemic” highlights is the importance of countries around the world taking urgent action to respond to their own outbreaks – because now it’s everyone’s responsibility to turn the tide on the virus.
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Advice On The Use Of Masks
6 April 2020
WHO issued updated guidance on masks, including a new section on advice to decision-makers on mask use by healthy people in communities.
“There is no black or white answer, and no silver bullet. Masks alone cannot stop the #COVID19 pandemic. Countries must continue to find, test, isolate and treat every case and trace every contact”-#coronavirus
World Health Organization
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Where Did The Coronavirus Come From
Experts say SARS-CoV-2 originated in bats. Thats also how the coronaviruses behind Middle East respiratory syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome got started.
SARS-CoV-2 made the jump to humans at one of Wuhans open-air wet markets. Theyre where customers buy fresh meat and fish, including animals that are killed on the spot.
Some wet markets sell wild or banned species like cobras, wild boars, and raccoon dogs. Crowded conditions can let viruses from different animals swap genes. Sometimes the virus changes so much it can start to infect and spread among people.
Still, the Wuhan market didnt sell bats at the time of the outbreak. Thats why early suspicion also fell on pangolins, also called scaly anteaters, which are sold illegally in some markets in China. Some coronaviruses that infect pangolins are similar to SARS-CoV-2.
As SARS-CoV-2 spread both inside and outside China, it infected people who have had no direct contact with animals. That meant the virus is transmitted from one human to another. Its now spreading in the U.S. and around the globe, meaning that people are unwittingly catching and passing on the coronavirus. This growing worldwide transmission is what is now a pandemic.