They Spread The Virus Now Universities Are Also Rolling Out The Vaccine
Colleges have been hot spots for spreading the coronavirus since students returned to campus this fall. Now, with universities and their health care centers playing a crucial role in distributing the vaccine, many are relishing a chance to redeem themselves.
The Covid-19 vaccine is about to be here, crowed an email sent early Monday morning to students, faculty and staff of the University of Florida, calling it a true testament to the power of science.
The email announced that the universitys medical system in Jacksonville would be among the first in the country to receive doses of the Pfizer vaccine. Ten thousand doses arrived on Monday, with another 10,000 expected on Tuesday, said Dr. Leon L. Haley Jr., chief executive officer of UF Health Jacksonville and dean of the College of Medicine.
He expects more doses of both Pfizers and Modernas vaccines to follow in the coming weeks.
American universities have been the source of significant coronavirus spread, with more than 397,000 cases since the pandemic began, according to New York Times tracking data. And deaths in communities that are home to colleges have risen faster than in the rest of the nation.
Distribution of the vaccine to universities depended to some degree on their ability to store it at subfreezing temperatures. The University of Kentucky purchased four negative-80-degree freezers to store the vaccine when it is available for faculty and students on campus, as well as the wider community.
How Did The Research Help
Using their prototype coronavirus, the researchers studied the spike protein, which appears on the surface of coronaviruses. These spikes let the coronavirus latch onto cells in our body. When the bodys immune system sees the spike protein, it makes antibodies to try to protect the body from infection. This makes it a good vaccine target.
Traditionally, researchers would try putting the spike protein in the vaccine. When injected, the vaccine would stimulate a persons immune system to protect them from a particular coronavirus. But the team knew that during a pandemic, it would take too long to make large amounts of a specific spike protein.
So, they studied a faster way to get a spike protein into the body. This new approach is to inject mRNA instructions for the spike protein into a persons muscle. The muscle cells then make the spike protein. And then the bodys immune system makes the needed antibodies to protect itself.
First Authorizations Of Rna Vaccines
In the United States, an Emergency Use Authorization is “a mechanism to facilitate the availability and use of medical countermeasures, including vaccines, during public health emergencies, such as the current COVID19 pandemic.” Once an EUA is issued by the FDA, the vaccine developer is expected to continue the Phase III clinical trial to finalize safety and efficacy data, leading to application for licensure in the United States. In mid-2020, concerns that the FDA might grant a vaccine EUA before full evidence from a Phase III clinical trial was available raised broad concerns about the potential for lowered standards in the face of political pressure. On 8 September 2020, nine leading pharmaceutical companies involved in COVID19 vaccine research signed a letter, pledging that they would submit their vaccines for emergency use authorization only after Phase III trials had demonstrated safety and efficacy.
As of December 2020, many countries and the European Union have authorized or approved the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID19 vaccine. Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates granted emergency marketing authorization for BBIBP-CorV, manufactured by Sinopharm. In the United Kingdom, 138,000 people had received the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID19 vaccine Comirnaty by 16 December, during the first week of the UK vaccination programme. On 18 December 2020, the US FDA granted an EUA for mRNA-1273, the Moderna vaccine. Vaccine manufacturers are awaiting full approvals to name their vaccines.
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Number Of Vaccination Centres
As of 28 September This data is subject to change anytime.
Citizens above the age of 18 can book appointments through the COWIN platform or can do a Walk-In registration on site.All vaccine centres have registration desks, vaccine booths and observation rooms.Vaccine certificates can be downloaded digitally through the COWIN platform, or citizens can ask for a hard copy from vaccination centres.All government run vaccination centers provide free of cost vaccines, private centers do charge.
% Vaccination Milestone And Second Doses
By May 22, 2021, at least half of the overall population had received at least one vaccine dose, with Canada having administered 20.328 million vaccine doses overall. The country has passed other large countries in coverage like the U.S. vaccination program.
As new arrivals of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine came into the country in late May, provinces chose whether to administer second doses, for example as Ontario is going forward with, or providing people who took a first dose to choose a different second vaccine, as in British Columbia.
The country’s percentage of single doses had been disproportionately high in comparison to second doses, due to NACI’s earlier recommendations for intervals of up to four months. This led to calls from medical experts for provinces to prioritize second doses, citing the possibility having only one dose would make populations vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 variants. By late-May, amid an increased supply, several provinces had begun to shorten their intervals for second doses. NACI followed suit on May 28, issuing new guidance that second doses should be administered “as soon as possible”, especially to high-risk individuals.
For the week following the Victoria Day weekend, Canada expected a smaller vaccine shipment than normal, as Pfizer-BioNTech sent more vaccine the previous week.
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When Will Vaccine Mandate Start
It was unclear on Thursday when exactly the requirements would take effect. OSHA is expected to issue the rule “in the coming weeks,” according to the White House, and implementation could follow a timeline similar to those in the public and private sectors. In some cases, those have ranged from weeks to months.
The exact timeframe will be dependent on the rulemaking process.
As Nurses In A Hospitals Toughest Covid
COLUMBUS, Ohio Phillip Grudowski works in the intensive care unit at an Ohio State hospital that has been converted to treat only people with Covid-19.
His patients at Wexner Medical Center have to be sedated, paralyzed and flipped on their stomachs to better oxygenate their bodies. The disease attacks their organs many require dialysis for kidney failure, and a host of scans and medications for heart and liver failure.
The nurses spend three or four hours at a time in patient rooms, covered in personal protective gear. Even bathroom breaks are difficult.
Theres a lot of overtime available, but a lot of us are exhausted and stressed, and we dont want to pick up that overtime, Mr. Grudowski, 40, said. But the patients keep on coming, whether we have space for them or staff for them.
On Monday, Mr. Grudowski became one of the first people in Ohio to receive Pfizers newly approved coronavirus vaccine. I feel very privileged to get it, he said. I know theres a lot of nervousness around vaccines. But its gone through the processes.
Kristen Dinardo, 35, also works with Covid patients in the intensive care unit. One of her earliest patients there whom she remembers clearly months later was a man on immunosuppressive medications he and his wife got the virus at around the same time.
The cause was complications of Covid-19, her sister, Adrienne Jopes, said.
Im very excited, she said. I dont feel bad. I feel good. I dont have pain.
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Booster Shots And Additional Doses
Booster shots are not yet available.
But additional doses of COVID-19 vaccines are now available for those with moderately to severely compromised immune systems.
This includes people who:
- Get active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood
- Got an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
- Got a stem cell transplant within the last 2 years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
- Have moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency
- Have advanced or untreated HIV infection
- Get active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that suppress immune response
Talk to your doctor to see if getting an additional dose is right for you. If you meet these criteria, you can book your third dose at My Turn.
Concerns Over Mrna Vaccine
According to Dr. Kenyon, misinformation surrounding mRNA vaccines stems from a concern that the vaccine infects people with the virus.
Nobody is getting infected with a COVID vaccine. It is only the surface protein that would be replicated because we have given you the messenger RNA. It is not the entire virus, he explained.
One misconception is that an mRNA vaccine would not be useful if the virus mutates.
A July study published in Frontiers in Microbiologyconfirms that the virus mutates. After analyzing 48,635 samples of SARS-CoV-2, the researchers identified an average of 7.23 mutations per sample.
A more recent study, published in November in , found that a D614G mutation in the S protein made it more infectious. However, there was no evidence to suggest a link between the mutation and more severe illness.
While mutations are possible, Dr. Sun said it should not be a cause for alarm.
There has been an estimated 250,000 variants or strains of SARS-CoV-2 sequenced in the lab. For the most part, the virus has a low mutation rate compared to the mutation rate of the influenza virus , Dr. Sun explained. The spike protein is important for the ability of the virus to infect humans cells. I think it would not mutate enough for the vaccines to be ineffective.
In addition, according to Dr. Parry, virologists are continually monitoring and examining for any significant changes from new strains of the virus.
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Rare But Serious Side Effects
Rarely, women under 50 who get the Johnson & Johnson vaccine have a risk of blood clots with low platelets. This risk is not seen in other COVID-19 vaccines. Read CDPHâs Fact Sheet: Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 Vaccine Benefits and Risks.
Myocarditis and pericarditis
Some young people have developed inflammation of heart muscle or membrane after getting a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. Despite this, the CDC believes that the benefits of COVID-19 vaccination outweigh the risks. Read more in these CDPH fact sheets:
The Cdc Urges Doctors To Reassure Their Patients About The Safety Of Covid
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Monday advised clinicians to reassure their patients of the safety of Covid-19 vaccines.
Safety standards for vaccines are high, Dr. Tom Shimabukuro, the agencys vaccine safety team lead, said on a conference call with clinicians.
But trials may not detect all types of adverse events, especially ones that are rare or take longer to occur, Dr. Shimabukuro added, reiterating the importance of continuing to monitor vaccinated people for any rare or unexpected side effects.
On Friday, a vaccine manufactured by pharmaceutical company Pfizer became the first to receive an emergency green light from the Food and Drug Administration. The first shots of the vaccine were administered on Monday to health workers in several states.
A vaccine very similar to the Pfizer-BioNTech shot, made by a competitor, Moderna, is expected to receive emergency clearance by weeks end.
But neither vaccine is fully approved or licensed. Although panels of experts have deemed the vaccines both safe and effective, more data must be collected before the products can receive an official stamp of approval from the F.D.A.
Dr. Shimabukuro encouraged clinicians to report all clinically important or medically significant adverse events following vaccination, even if its not clear if the vaccination caused the adverse event.
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Who Counts As A Federal Worker
The vaccine order for the federal government requires all federal executive branch workers to be vaccinated as well as all employees of federal contractors.
It covers about 90% of approximately 4 million federal workers but does not apply to non-executive branch employees such as members of Congress or judicial employees.
In addition, the order covers federal departments and agencies that have already started to implement vaccination mandates: the military and other service members under the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Indian Health Service, and the National Institutes of Health.
Previously, Biden in July required federal employees show they have been vaccinated or undergo regular testing.
In Canada The First Vaccines Leave Health Workers In Tears Of Relief
The start of Canadas vaccine campaign on Monday was an emotional one, with the first precious doses going to people from nursing homes: health care workers in Toronto, and residents in both Montreal and Quebec City.
That was recognition that nursing homes have been ground zero in Canada when it comes to both Covid-19s cruel ravages and the storm of criticism over the countrys lack of preparation for it. More than 460,000 people have tested positive for the coronavirus in Canada, and 13,400 have died from it.
We have never distributed so many Kleenex boxes as the last few days, said Sue Graham-Nutter, chief executive officer of the Rekai Centres, which runs two nursing homes in Toronto tapped to receive the countrys first vaccinations. We have the images of what happened on the floors.
Less than a week after Canada became the third country in the world to approve the vaccine created by the American drugmaker Pfizer and a German firm, BioNTech, the first shipment arrived to a Montreal airport on Sunday night. From there, kicking off the countrys largest largest-ever inoculation program, the boxes of frozen vials were dispersed to 14 sites across most of the country that were equipped with special freezers for the vaccine, which needs to be kept at ultracold temperatures.
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Myth: Getting The Covid
FACT: The CDC continues to monitor the spread of COVID-19 and makes recommendations for wearing face masks, both for those who are fully vaccinated as well as those who are not fully vaccinated.
The CDC also recommends that masks and physical distancing are required when going to the doctors office, hospitals or long-term care facilities, including all Johns Hopkins hospitals, care centers and offices.
Johns Hopkins Medicines current mask safety guidelines have not changed, and we still require all individuals to wear masks inside all of our facilities.
The Number Of People With The Virus Who Died In The Us Passes 300000
The number of people with the coronavirus in the United States who have died passed 300,000 on Monday, another wrenching record that comes less than four weeks after the nations virus deaths reached a quarter-million.
Covid-19 surpassed heart disease as the leading cause of death in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director Robert Redfield said in public remarks last week, referring to a breakdown of deaths for a week in early December. Almost the same number of Americans are being lost to the disease each day as were killed in the Sept. 11 terror attacks or the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The surge in deaths reflects how much faster Americans have spread the virus to one another since late September, when the number of cases identified daily had fallen to below 40,000. A range of factors including financial pressure to return to workplaces, the politicization of mask-wearing and a collective surrender to the desire for social contact has since driven new cases to more than 200,000 per day. Preventable deaths on a staggering scale, many experts said, were sure to follow.
Theres no need for that many to have died, said David Hayes-Bautista, a professor of medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles. We chose, as a country, to take our foot off the gas pedal. We chose to, and thats the tragedy.
But the worst is yet to come.
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Q After Getting A Flu Shot I Always Get The Flu Will This Cause Me To Get Covid
A. No, you cannot become infected, or infect others, from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, because the vaccine contains no live virus. Instead, the vaccine directs your body to produce a protein that teaches your body how to fight off the virus. Some people develop flu-like symptoms, such as mild fever and muscle aches, after getting a flu vaccination. These symptoms are not the same as having influenza.
Q: What Can You Do Once You Are Fully Vaccinated
A: If you have been fully vaccinated and two weeks have passed since either your second dose of Pfizer or Moderna vaccines or the single dose of the Johnson & Johnson Janssen vaccine, you can:
- Gather indoors with fully vaccinated people without wearing a mask or staying 6 feet apart.
- Gather indoors inside a home or private setting without a mask or staying 6 feet apart with one household of unvaccinated people who are not at risk for severe illness from COVID-19 .
- Travel in the United States and you do not need to get tested before or after travel or self-quarantine after travel.
If youve been around someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay away from others or get tested unless you have symptoms.
- However, if you live in a group setting and are around someone who has COVID-19, you should still stay away from others for 14 days and get tested, even if you dont have symptoms.
If traveling internationally, you need to pay close attention to the situation at your international destination.
- You do NOT need to get tested before leaving the United States unless your destination requires it.
- You still need to show a negative test result or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 before boarding a flight to the United States.
- You should still get tested 3-5 days after international travel.
- You do NOT need to self-quarantine after arriving in the United States.
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