A Weakened Immune System
Some people might have a weakened immune system because of their cancer or cancer treatment. This includes people with:
- a blood cancer
- a weakened immune system due to a treatment
You will know that you are in this group if your GP or healthcare team have informed you that you are eligible for:
- a third primary dose of the COVID-19 vaccine
- the new treatments for COVID-19
If you have a weakened immune system, follow the advice from your healthcare team.
What Is Long Covid
Long Covid is a term that is used to describe those who have recovered from a coronavirus infection, but are still experiencing some lasting effects, or the usual symptoms have lasted far longer than normally expected.
An estimated 10 per cent of people remain unwell beyond the usual time period, while a smaller proportion can experience symptoms for months, according to a study by Kings College.
The study found that some 250,000 people in the UK alone are thought to suffer symptoms for 30 days or more.
In many cases, people who suffered with long-lasting effects of the virus were fit, active and healthy.
The long-term symptoms that some people experience often vary widely and encompass both physical and neurological effects, with these lasting into weeks and even months in some cases.
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Urgent Advice: Only Phone 111 If:
- your symptoms worsen during self-isolation, especially if youre in a high or extremely high-risk group
- breathlessness develops or worsens, particularly if youre in a high or extremely high-risk group
- you have symptoms that you can no longer manage at home
If you have a medical emergency, phone 999 and tell them you have coronavirus symptoms.
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Having The Drugs Outside The Study
You may also be able to have treatment with the new drugs outside of the study. If you are at risk of severe COVID, the NHS will contact you to tell you that you qualify for treatment with these drugs should you test positive for COVID-19.
You will be able to keep a PCR test at home from NHS Test and Trace. This way, you can do a test quickly and get the treatments as soon as possible.
If you qualify and have a positive test, someone from the NHS COVID Medicines Delivery Unit will contact you. They will do an assessment and tell you the best treatment for you.
If casirivimab and imdevimab is the best treatment for you, you will be asked to visit the CMDU. If molnupiravir is suggested to you, you can either get someone to collect it for you or have it delivered to your home.
Next Symptoms: Week 2
COVID-19 may then cause a cough, sore throat, and body aches or headaches. The Frontiers in Public Health study also suggested that COVID-19 could then cause nausea and vomiting, which would develop sooner than it would in similar respiratory infections, such as MERS or SARS.
In severe cases, COVID-19 can require hospitalization. A 2020 study in The Lancet suggests that this typically occurs after 7 days from the onset of symptoms.
Some people will experience acute respiratory distress syndrome after 9 days. This is where the lungs fail to provide the body with sufficient oxygen. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention , around 20% to 42% of people hospitalized with COVID-19 experience this condition.
In these and other severe cases, doctors may admit people to an intensive care unit around 10 days after symptom onset. Around 26% to 32% of people hospitalized with COVID-19 will require treatment in an intensive care unit.
However, the type and order of symptoms will vary from person to person. For example, some people will experience nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea before fever or coughing. Others will experience no symptoms at all.
CDC , most people can be around other people after 10 days since their symptoms first appeared, as long as they have not experienced fever for 24 hours and other symptoms are improving.
People with a positive test result but without COVID-19 symptoms are still infectious and should isolate for 10 days after the date of the test.
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How Long Do Omicron Symptoms Last
Since its still relatively early days for this specific strain of coronavirus, data is limited. However, early reports suggest that symptoms last for a shorter time.
According to Dr Angelique Coetzee, chair of the South African Medical Association who first identified the variant, symptoms of Omicron should clear up after a few days, with this version of the virus being widely considered less severe than previous strains.
Dr Coetzee told the Daily Mail: The symptoms presenting in those with Omicron are very, very mild compared with those we see with the far more dangerous Delta variant After about five days clear up, and thats it.
Its worthwhile noting that its possible to be infectious with the virus whether experiencing symptoms or not meaning that its necessary to continue isolating for the appropriate amount of time.
In addition, all strains of Covid affect different people in different ways, with some being more susceptible to serious illness than others.
In addition, the incubation period for the Omicron variant is shorter than other ones after a person is exposed, it takes as few as three days for them to develop symptoms, become contagious and test positive, compared to the four to six days attributed to previous variants.
If Youre Fully Vaccinated And Boosted
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidance on booster shots earlier this month to encourage people to opt for an mRNA shot as their booster dose.
The people in the best position when it comes to the omicron variant are those who are vaccinated and boosted with some combination of mRNA vaccines either the Johnson & Johnson shot followed by Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna, or multiple Pfizer and Moderna shots.
What we know is that two doses of J& J vaccine induce lower antibody response in general, compared to two or three doses of mRNA vaccine, said Dr. Robert Atmar, a professor of infectious diseases at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. If you have a combination of those or just mRNA, youre probably OK.
People in that category who are under 65 and otherwise healthy and not immunocompromised will likely experience mild, coldlike symptoms if they test positive, he said.
Those individuals, if they become infected, are most likely to either not develop symptoms or develop mild symptoms that last only for a day or two, Atmar said.
Fully vaccinated and boosted people will likely experience a sore throat, nasal congestion and mild muscle aches, he said. Loss of taste and smell, shortness of breath and coughing have been less common in vaccinated people who get sick with omicron.
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How To Feel Better
Theres no treatment for COVID-19, although if you have to stay in the hospital, some medicines may shorten your recovery.
Some of the things you can do to speed your healing are similar to how you might take care of the flu or a bad cold.
Eat healthy foods. If you feel like eating, fuel your body with the vitamins and nutrients it needs to get better. Limit sugary or highly processed foods like cookies and sodas. If you dont have an appetite, you dont need to try to force food down.
Drinks lots of fluids. Do this even if you dont feel like eating. Water is always a good pick.
Lower your fever. Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen if you have a temperature or body aches. Be careful not to take more than a total of 3,000 milligrams every 24 hours. That includes acetaminophen alone as well as in medications like cold and flu pills and syrups.
Rest. Know that youll probably feel better eventually. If your symptoms do get worse, call your doctor.
J. Randall Curtis, MD, A. Bruce Montgomery, American Lung Association Endowed Chair in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle.
World Health Organization: Coronavirus disease 2019 Situation Report — 41, Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 , WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 — 24 February 2020.
National Health Service : Cough.
How Can I Care For My Pets If I Have Covid
While researchers are still studying the risk of spreading the coronavirus between humans and pets, its best to follow the same safety measures with your pet as you would with people.
- Avoid contact with your pet, including petting, snuggling, being kissed or licked, and sharing food.
- When possible, have another member of your household care for your animals.
- If you must care for them, wear a face mask and wash your hands before and after.
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Does Vitamin D Protect Against Covid
We need vitamin D for healthy bones and muscles. Not getting enough vitamin D can cause a bone problem called rickets in children. In adults, not having enough vitamin D can lead to bone pain and muscle weakness. Low levels may also increase the risk of falls in older people.
The UK Government advises that we should all take a vitamin D supplement during the autumn and winter. This is because between October and early March we cant make enough.
At Assessment Centres Participating Community Labs Or Participating Pharmacies
You can get a free COVID-19covid 19 test at a participating testing location if any of the following apply to you:
- Symptoms and exposure
- you are currently experiencing COVID-19covid 19 symptoms that are not related to other know causes or conditions
- you have been exposed to a COVID-19covid 19-positive person
- you have received a Covid Alert app exposure notification
- you are a resident or worker in a setting that has a COVID-19covid 19 outbreak, as identified by your local public health unit
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Do I Need To Quarantine If I Have Been Exposed To Covid
If you have been exposed to COVID-19 and do not have symptoms, you should quarantine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention strongly recommends a full 14-day quarantine. It gives you the lowest risk of spreading infection to others. However, the CDC recently gave some flexibility on quarantine length.
Keep in mind that local officials may determine quarantine requirements for different states or counties. Reducing the length of quarantine may not be an option in all areas. If you need to quarantine, you should follow any local requirements and recommendations.
More information about quarantine for COVID-19 is available on the CDCs website.
What Happens When I Am Admitted To The Hospital
Your emergency room provider will likely recommend you stay in the hospital if:
You are struggling to breathe.
Your oxygen levels are low.
Your symptoms are interfering with your ability to care for yourself. For example, you feel too short of breath to get out of bed, or you are struggling to stay hydrated or keep fluids down.
You have a medical condition that makes it more likely that your infection will worsen. In the hospital, a healthcare provider can monitor you and your symptoms more closely.
In addition to close monitoring, there are treatments that you can receive in the hospital that can help as well. Every person is different and requires different treatments. But some of these include:
Oxygen, like through nasal prongs or a mask
Intravenous fluids to keep you well hydrated
Steroids if you have underlying lung conditions
Rest assured that if you are admitted to the hospital, it does not mean you are bound to develop a complication from COVID-19: Its often to prevent that from happening. And if it does, your provider can treat the complication right away.
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How Long Will It Take To Recover From Coronavirus
How long it takes to recover from coronavirus is different for everyone. Many people feel better in a few days or weeks, but for some people, recovery takes longer. You may find that your symptoms may change over time and that you start getting new symptoms.
How long it takes to recover doesnt seem to be linked to how bad your symptoms were when you first got COVID-19. If youve had symptoms for less than four weeks, youre still at the early stage of infection. Read more about coronavirus and living with a lung condition.
The term Long COVID is used to describe signs and symptoms that last for a few weeks or months after having a confirmed or suspected case of COVID-19. Common symptoms include breathlessness, fatigue and problems with memory and concentration, although there are lots of possible Long COVID symptoms.
How long it takes to recover is different for everyone. Read more on when you might expect to feel back to normal if you have lasting symptoms of COVID-19.
In What Order Do Symptoms Typically Appear
Symptom order can vary from one person to the next, but you may be curious about which COVID-19 symptoms are most likely to appear first.
An used mathematical modeling to predict the likely order of certain COVID-19 symptoms. Data from 55,924 people with confirmed COVID-19 was used for the study.
The symptoms investigated included fever, cough, and digestive symptoms. The researchers found that the predicted order of symptoms was:
A separate dataset of 1,099 people with confirmed COVID-19 was then used in the model. This group was divided into two categories severe and non-severe illness.
The predicted symptom order was the same for this smaller dataset as it was in the first dataset for 55,924 people. It was also the same between individuals with severe and non-severe illness.
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Omicron Symptoms Mirror The Flu And Common Cold What Should I Do If I Feel Sick
Barb Richard spent two weeks in March 2020 in self-isolation in Toronto in an effort to do her part to plank the curve of COVID-19 infections. Now that the Omicron variant is coursing through Canada, many more people are having to self-isolate at home.Fred Lum/the Globe and Mail
In Canada, the seven-day rolling average of confirmed COVID-19 cases is up 107 per cent from the previous period, as the Omicron variant surges through the country ahead of the Christmas holidays.
Preliminary data say that Omicron is more transmissible than other variants, and spreading fast wherever it goes. Less hindered by vaccines, COVID-19 cases of the Omicron variant can also spread more easily through a vaccinated population than other variants, as The Globes science reporter Ivan Semeniuk reports.
Its transmissibility, rising case counts, and varied or inconsistent access to testing help fuel the spread of COVID-19. Staying home unless you are confident you dont have the virus offers the best way to protect others and limit its spread.
How Long Does Covid
Itâs commonly believed that COVID-19 is a short-term illness caused by infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and most health sources suggest that people will recover within two weeks or so.
But itâs becoming increasingly clear that this isnât the case for everyone infected with coronavirus. Some people have reported symptoms for three weeks or more, while others have been suffering for months.
We look at what the data from the COVID Symptom Study app is telling us about the number of people living with COVID-19 over the longer term, the symptoms they are experiencing, and whether they are still infectious. â
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Who This Guidance Is For
This guidance is for:
- people with symptoms that may be caused by COVID-19, including those who are waiting for a test
- people who have received a positive COVID-19 test result
- people who currently live in the same household as someone with COVID-19 symptoms, or with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19
In this guidance a household means:
- one person living alone
- a group of people living at the same address and who share cooking facilities, bathrooms or toilets, or living areas. This may include students in boarding schools or halls of residence who share such facilities
- a group of people who share a nomadic way of life for example those who live on Traveller sites, in vehicles or on canal boats
This guidance applies in England.