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When Do Side Effects Start After Second Covid Vaccine

Period Problems And Unexpected Vaginal Bleeding

Vaccine Side Effects: What to Expect After Your Covid-19 Shot | WSJ

Some women have reported temporary changes in their periods after receiving the coronavirus vaccine. Some women have reported heavier bleeding than usual, delayed periods or unexpected vaginal bleeding. The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and other experts are closely monitoring and evaluating these reports.

Current evidence suggests there is no link between period problems or unexpected vaginal bleeding and COVID-19 vaccines. The number of reports is relatively low given the number of women who have taken the vaccine and how common period problems are generally. The menstrual changes reported usually do not last long. Whilst uncomfortable or distressing, period problems are extremely common and stressful life events can disrupt with your periods. Changes to the menstrual cycle have also been reported following infection with COVID-19 and in women affected by long-COVID.

If you have changes to your periods that are unusual for you, persist over time, or you have any new vaginal bleeding after the menopause, following COVID-19 vaccination, please speak to your GP.

About Author: Lisa Coon

Lisa Coon is a Writing Coordinator for OSF HealthCare, where she has worked since August 2016.;;A Peoria native, she is a graduate of Bradley University with a degree in journalism. Previously, she worked as a reporter and editor at several newspapers in Iowa and Illinois.She lives in Groveland with her husband and son. In her free time she likes to cook, bake and read. She freely admits that reality TV is a weakness, and she lives by the quote, The beach is good for the soul.

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Q: Ive Heard The Covid Vaccine Side Effects Especially After The Second Dose Can Be Really Bad Should I Be Worried

Short-lived side effects like fatigue, headache, muscle aches and fever are more common after the second dose of both the Pfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna vaccines, which each require two shots. Patients who experience unpleasant side effects after the second dose often describe feeling as if they have a bad flu and use phrases like it flattened me or I was useless for two days. During vaccine studies, patients were advised to schedule a few days off work after the second dose just in case they needed to spend a day or two in bed.

Data collected from v-safe, the smartphone-based tool everyone is encouraged to use to track side effects after vaccination, also show an increase in reported side effects after the second dose. For instance, about 29 percent of people reported fatigue after the first Pfizer-BioNTech shot, but that jumped to 50 percent after the second dose. Muscle pain rose from 17 percent after the first shot to 42 percent after the second. While only about 7 percent of people got chills and fever after the first dose, that increased to about 26 percent after the second dose.

The New York Times interviewed several dozen of the newly vaccinated in the days afterward. They recounted a wide spectrum of responses, from no reaction at all to symptoms like uncontrolled shivering and brain fog. While these experiences arent pleasant, they are a sign that your own immune system is mounting a potent response to the vaccine.

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Fever After Vaccination Against Covid

If you develop a fever within 48 hours after receiving the vaccination, it is likely that the fever is a side-effect of the vaccination. In that case, it is best to stay home yourself, but your household members do not have to stay home. If you have a fever, but also have other symptoms that could indicate COVID-19, such as cold symptoms, coughing, or sudden loss of smell or taste, make an appointment to get tested. Except for the test, you must stay home, and your household members must also stay home until you get the results of the test. In case of doubt, you can consult the GGD infectious disease control department. If you develop a fever more than 48 hours after vaccination, you may have a coronavirus infection. In that case, get tested; you and your household members must stay home until you get the results of the test.

Are The Side Effects A Good Sign What Is Happening In My Body When I Have A Reaction To The Vaccine

How LVHN Colleagues Feel After Their COVID

Yes. Side effects mean that the vaccine is beginning to work. At the same time, the absence of side effects doesnt mean that the vaccine is not working. Each person can respond a little differently.

Your body is responding to the foreign protein, the COVID-19 spike protein thats in the vaccines, Campbell said. Symptoms like fever, chills and muscle aches are signs that your body is mounting a response against the foreign protein. Thats what its intended to do.

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Should I Expect Side Effects To Be Worse After My Second Pfizer Or Moderna Covid

Maybe. Only people who receive mRNA vaccines need two injections, which are given several weeks apart. Some people who receive mRNA vaccines do experience side effects more intensely after the second shot. This is normal and expected, but it doesnt happen to everyone. Even if you feel worse after the second shot, the side effects should still resolve within a few days.

How Long Before The Vaccine Is Effective

This protection doesnt happen overnight.;It typically takes a few weeks for the body to build immunity, which means its still possible to get sick just after vaccination.

The CDC said it can take 10 to 14 days after the second shot of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines or the one-dose J&J vaccine for someone to develop the full immunity. This doesn’t mean a person can set aside all public health measures two weeks after getting fully vaccinated.;

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What Should I Do If I’m Worried About Side Effects

Dr Cheng said it’s important to call your GP or go to the emergency department;if you’re experiencing more serious side effects such as difficulty breathing and chest pain.

And if you have a severe;reaction to the first dose,;your health provider can advise you about whether to go ahead with a second shot of Pfizer or to have the AstraZeneca vaccine instead.

It’s also important to report any unexpected side effects either directly to the TGA or to your state or territory health unit.;

This can be done;on your behalf by your health professional, but there are a range of self-reporting options available.;

Unusual side effects can be reported online via the TGA website or you can call your local;health department.;

AusVaxSafety also texts some patients;three days after their;the first or second dose of any COVID-19 vaccine;with a link to a reporting platform.;

Reporting side effects is important because it helps health units build a better picture of adverse reactions people may experience after receiving the Pfizer or AstraZeneca vaccines, Dr Cheng said.;

It can also help health units pick up on rare;side effects that haven’t been seen in clinical trials.;

“The more people report, the more data we have to actively look for any potential side effects,” Dr Cheng said.;

Heres How To Treat Covid

Many report side effects after second COVID-19 vaccine dose

      Though Japans vaccine rollout still lags behind other developed countries, more and more people have been getting their jabs.

      To date, over 49 million people about 39% of Japans total population have been fully vaccinated with either the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines. And, from Aug. 16, the AstraZeneca vaccine has also become available for people over the age of 40. As more people get vaccinated, the shots potential short-term side effects have become better known.

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      Pain And Swelling In The Vaccinated Area

      Pain, swelling, and tenderness in the arm where you receive a shot is a common side effect of many vaccines, and the COVID vaccine is no different. The CDC suggests reducing any pain by applying “a clean, cool, wet washcloth over the area” and continuing to use your arm as usual.

      But keep an eye on your symptoms: while a little discomfort is nothing to worry about, the agency says you should contact your healthcare provider if the redness or tenderness in the spot you got the shot gets worse after 24 hours. The agency suggests also consulting your doctor about taking over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen if you’re experiencing any significant discomfort. And for more on the inoculation process, check out These Are the Only People Who Shouldn’t Get 2 Doses of the COVID Vaccine.

      Do Vaccines Provide Even Better Protection From A Future Infection Than A Previous Case Of Covid

      Yes.

      The vaccines do a better job of providing better protection, Campbell said.

      Thats because the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 is very good at camouflaging itself until it finds the opportunity to infect cells, Campbell said.

      The virus has developed ways to keep key parts of itself protected from the immune system so the immune system doesnt see it. Its kind of stealth in that way, Campbell said.

      Imagine that your hand is the spike protein. If you clench your hand into a fist, you cant see whats inside the fist. If you open it up, then you can see inside. The spike protein keeps itself closed up and hides the receptors until its ready to infect the cell. Theres not much time for the immune system to see the spike protein when its in the open state, Campbell said.

      The vaccine works by opening up the part of the spike protein that normally remains hidden.

      What the vaccines do is present the spike protein so its frozen in that open state. Its called pre-fusion complex. All three of these vaccines do that. Thats a key difference between what the vaccine does and natural immunity, Campbell said.

      So, people who have had COVID-19 have some natural immunity, whereas people who have gotten vaccines have higher levels of antibodies that can more easily find and incapacitate the virus.

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      Before I Knew How My Body Would React To The Second Dose I Prepared Myself For The Possibility Of Feeling Lousy For A Day Or Two Afterward

      If it were an option, I would have scheduled the day off work after the second vaccination to be safe. For me that wasn’t possible, so I scheduled a grocery delivery before my shot and purchased the same items I’d buy if I had a cold or the flu I also made sure my pets were stocked up with plenty of food and water.;

      How Modernas Reactions Compare To Other Shots

      Patients Experience Some Side Effects With COVID

      Reactions to the Moderna vaccine are similar to those reported after the Pfizer vaccine, which is also an mRNA vaccine.

      Recipients of both the Moderna and Pfizer mRNA vaccines commonly reported pain at the injection site and redness after the first dose, along with fatigue and joint pain after the second dose.

      The reactions to the mRNA vaccines have not been terribly different, certainly not to a degree that an individual should choose one or the other on the basis of side effects, said Liu.

      In clinical trials, the Johnson & Johnson shot was associated with milder side effects compared to the mRNA shots.

      Since Moderna and Pfizer require two shots and most side effects were from the second shot, the J&J vaccine may have slightly fewer side effects, said Swaminathan.

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      Are There Special Side Effects To Be Aware Of From The Johnson & Johnson Viral Vector Vaccine

      As part of the normal safety surveillance of all new medications, the Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tracks recipients for any unusual medical conditions. In April, the FDA placed a pause on the Johnson & Johnson / Janssen vaccine, after serious blood clots were identified in six people .

      All of the people who experienced this side effect were women between the ages of 18 and 48, who noticed symptoms between six and 13 days after they were vaccinated. After a thorough review of the cases, the FDA decided to resume use of the Johnson & Johnson / Janssen vaccine shortly after the pause.

      The FDA did add the recommendation that if you notice any of the following symptoms in the first two weeks after you receive the Johnson & Johnson / Janssen vaccine, you should seek medical care right away:

      • severe headaches
      • swelling or pain in the legs
      • trouble breathing, or shortness of breath
      • bruising easily

      Are Side Effects More Likely After The First Or Second Dose

      With the two-shot vaccines, people are more likely to report side effects after their second dose, experts have said.

      According to the CDC, side effects after your second shot “may be more intense than the ones you experienced after your first shot.”;

      “These side effects are normal signs that your body is building protection and should go away within a few days,” the CDC states.

      In trials of both the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, more people experienced side effects after the second dose.

      But that doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t get your second shot if you get side effects after your first, experts say.

      The CDC also noted that both shots are needed.

      “The;Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine;and;Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine;both need 2 shots;in order to get the most protection,” the CDC states. “You should get the second shot even if you have side effects after the first shot, unless a vaccination provider or your doctor tells you;not to get it.”

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      Will My Vaccine Side Effects Be Worse If I’ve Had Covid

      Side effects from the second shot are sometimes more intense than the first. However, people who have already had COVID-19 might experience more significant side effects even after their first dose of the vaccine.

      In a way, this is a good sign that your body is recognizing the fragment of the virus and mounting an immune response to fight it, Juthani says. The immunity developed from the vaccine is much stronger than immunity from natural infection, so it is still worth getting vaccinated.

      What Are The Potential Side Effects

      Why feeling bad after your second COVID-19 vaccine dose may be a good sign

      Side effects are possible after receiving any COVID vaccine currently being administered in the U.S.

      Experiencing side effects isn’t necessarily a bad thing. In fact, it’s a sign your body is responding and the vaccine is working.

      According to Pfizer, about 3.8% of their clinical trial participants experienced fatigue as a side effect and 2% got a headache.;

      Moderna says 9.7% of their participants felt fatigued and 4.5% got a headache.

      The CDC reports the most common side effects for the vaccines is at the injection site. They include:

      • Pain

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      What’s The Point Of Getting The Vaccine If I Still Can’t Do Anything

      Though there are still some restrictions for vaccinated individuals, health experts urge Americans not to get discouraged.;

      In the White House briefing Monday, Walensky said the guidelines could change as researchers learn more about COVID-19 as a disease, Americans get vaccinated;and “disease dynamics” change.;

      “Its important;to note that this is initial guidance. “The science of COVID-19 is complex, and our understanding;of the virus continues to rapidly evolve,” Walensky;said. “The recommendations issued today are just a first step.”;

      Even with safety measures still;in place, health experts said, Americans should get vaccinated to protect themselves from getting severely ill from COVID-19, which could lead to hospitalization or even death.;

      According to clinical trials, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was 100% effective against severe disease, and the J&J was 86% effective against severe disease in the USA.;

      Getting vaccinated not only protects the individual and reduces strain on the health care system;but also helps;the country inch;closer to herd immunity. Experts said at least 65% of people,;and probably closer to 85%, must be vaccinated;to reach herd immunity.;;

      Fauci said the country may achieve herd immunity by the fall, reaching a degree of normality by the end of 2021. Experts said the vaccine is only one part of that equation, and its important to continue wearing masks;and maintaining social distance until coronavirus circulation is low.;

      What Are Common Side Effects Of Covid

      Of the three COVID-19 vaccines that have been available within the U.S., two are mRNA vaccines , and one is an inactivated viral vector vaccine . People who receive any of these vaccines may experience common side effects such as:

      • pain at the injection site
      • swelling in the arm that received the injection
      • redness at the injection site
      • feeling tired or fatigued
      • chills
      • nausea
      • COVID arm a harmless red rash that appears, on rare occasions, at the injection site about a week after the injection

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      How Do You Treat A Post

      While post-vaccine side effects tend to go away on their own after a few days, Dr. Jain says that there are ways to treat yourself if you’re in discomfort. “If the fever goes above 102 degrees Fahrenheit, it may be appropriate to use Tylenol to reduce fever,” he tells Bustle. You’ll also want to make sure you’re getting plenty of sleep and water. “Adequate hydration and rest can also be beneficial for patients experiencing post-vaccine fevers,” Dr. Jain says. Again, if you have any questions or concerns related to your personal health experience, giving your doctor a call is always encouraged. Otherwise, plan on taking it easy while your new immunity develops.

      Experts:

      Dr. Sanjeev Jain, M.D., doctor double-board certified in immunology and internal medicine, Columbia Asthma and Allergy Clinic

      For Some Covid Vaccine Side Effects Are Very Minor

      You Shouldn

      To balance his own unpleasant vaccine experience, Jones sometimes shares the experience of his wife, Crystal Joy, 41, whos a psychologist. Joy has received both of her doses of the COVID-19 vaccine; she had only a minor headache after the first shot which she said may or may not have been triggered by the vaccine. She felt fine after the second and went out for a five-mile run that same day.;;

      On the other hand, Joy said, her husbands side-effects were striking, despite the fact that, in her view, he has a history of not being very tough when hes sick.;

      He said he had aches in his joints, which is something I’ve never heard him say and we’ve been together now for over 16 years, Joy said. He said his hips hurt and I’ve never heard him talk about his hips before.

      Studies show about a half to two-thirds of patients have symptoms like aches, chills and headaches after the second COVID-19 vaccine but those symptoms are mild to moderate.;

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