Increased Risk Of Severe Illness From Covid
Older adults are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19. Getting very sick means that older adults with COVID-19 might need hospitalization, intensive care, or a ventilator to help them breathe, or they might even die. The risk increases for people in their 50s and increases in 60s, 70s, and 80s. People 85 and older are the most likely to get very sick.
Other factors can also make you more likely to get severely ill with COVID-19, such as having certain underlying medical conditions. If you have an underlying medical condition, you should continue to follow your treatment plan, unless advised differently by your health care provider.
Should I Still Wear A Mask After Getting Vaccinated
It takes two weeks to build immunity after the single-dose shot and after the second dose of the two-dose shots. Due to the continuing circulation of the Delta variant, the CDC is recommending fully vaccinated people in areas with high and substantial COVID-19 transmission wear a mask in indoor settings, including schools. The CDC recommends continuing to wear a mask on planes, buses and trains and other shared transport while traveling into, within or out of the United States.
Adults Age 65 And Older
Vaccines are especially important for older adults. As you get older, your immune system weakens and it can be more difficult to fight off infections. Youre more likely to get diseases like the flu, pneumonia, and shingles and to have complications that can lead to long-term illness, hospitalization, and even death.
If you have an ongoing health condition like diabetes or heart disease getting vaccinated is especially important. Vaccines can protect you from serious diseases so you can stay healthy as you age.
Getting vaccinated can help keep you, your family, and your community healthy.
On this page, you’ll find answers to common questions about vaccines for adults age 65 and older.
Recommended Reading: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Can Children Get The Covid
Children age 12 and up can be vaccinated with the Pfizer vaccine. Vaccines are currently being studied in children under the age of 12, and a vaccine may become available to younger children in the late fall or winter.
Over 4 million children have tested positive for COVID-19 in the US since the start of the pandemic. Even though COVID-19 is often milder in children than adults, some children can get very sick or have lasting health problems from COVID-19. Getting your child vaccinated lowers their risk of getting infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. The vaccine will also protect against Multi-system Inflammatory Syndrome in Children – a rare but serious condition in young people who have had COVID-19.
Children who get infected can spread the virus to others even if they donât feel sick. Getting vaccinated helps to protect friends and families, as well as the larger community. This includes protecting people with weak immune systems and children under 12, who canât be vaccinated yet.
Once your child is fully vaccinated, they will be less likely to get infected if they visit with friends, play sports, travel to see family, and return to school. They wonât need to quarantine if a friend, family member, teacher or teammate gets COVID-19.
For Older Adults And Adults With Disabilities
What are warning signs and risk factors that older adults and adults with disabilities may be experiencing emotional stress or anxiety?
Older adults and adults with disabilities who are impacted by an infectious disease outbreak are faced with difficult challenges. Many older adults already struggle to maintain social connections and meaningful activities because they may not have many friends and family members nearby, they may not drive, children are grown, and they are likely retired. When asked to further limit contact with the public to reduce exposure to COVID-19, they may experience increased loneliness and isolation.
Additionally, many older adults and adults with disabilities are reliant on help from family, friends or paid caregivers. Fear of not having access to this care if the caregiver becomes sick can cause stress and anxiety.
Warnings signs of stress may include:
- Difficulty concentrating on daily activities
- Loss of interest in daily activities
- Crying spells, irritability or bursts of anger
- Difficulty eating
- Sleep problems, like difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep or sleeping too much
- Increasing physical distress symptoms such as headaches, stomach pains or restlessness
- Increased fatigue
- Feeling guilty, helpless or hopeless
Older adults and adults with disabilities most at risk of experiencing severe emotional stress or anxiety include those with a history of:
What can older adults and adults with disabilities do to reduce emotional stress and anxiety?
Also Check: Cvs Covid Testing Result Time
Tips For How To Get A Covid
- Contact your state or local health department for more information.
- Ask a family member or friend to help with scheduling an appointment.
- Ask your doctor, pharmacist, or community health center if they plan to provide vaccines and ask them to let you know when vaccines are available.
Find a COVID-19 vaccine: Search vaccines.gov, text your ZIP code to 438829, or call 1-800-232-0233 to find locations near you in the U.S.
Early Data Shows Striking Racial Disparities In Who’s Getting The Covid
Philip Bretsky, a primary care doctor in Southern California, says his older patients would typically call him or visit their local pharmacy for vaccines like the annual flu shot, rather than rely on online scheduling systems.
“That’s not how 85-year-olds have interacted with the health care system, so it’s a complete disconnect,” Bretsky says. “These folks are basically just investing a lot of time and not getting anything out of it.”
California’s recent decision to change its vaccination plan and open it up to those older than 65 only adds to the confusion.
Bretsky says his patients are being told to call their doctor for information, but he isn’t even sure when his office, which is authorized to give the vaccine, will receive any.
“Patients in this age group want to know that they’re at least being heard or somebody is thinking about the challenges they have,” he says.
There are some local efforts to make that happen.
In the village of Los Lunas, New Mexico, public health workers held an in-person sign-up event for seniors who needed assistance or simply a device connected to the internet.
A Florida senior center recently held a vaccination registration event and a clinic specifically for people over 80 who might not have a computer.
“We have a huge number of requests that are just piling up,” says Novich.
“People are really desperate and they’re also confused because nobody has actually explained to them when they are expected to get vaccinated… it’s a big mess.”
Also Check: Cvs Covid Test Cost
What About A Paper Record
Paper records for immunizations are not standardized in BC. Pharmacies, physicians, and health authorities, like Northern Health, use different formats. The official record of immunization for every BC resident is kept in the Provinces online Health Gateway system.
In BC, some people received a credit-card size piece of paper, which is one form of paper immunization record however, it doesnt contain as much information as the paper record that you received from the clinic in your community. After your immunization, you received a copy of your record on yellow paper. It includes your name, date of birth, personal health number, the date you received your immunization, lot number, type of vaccine, and injection site, as well as your immunizer’s name and signature at the bottom. On the back, it also has information about after-immunization care, like what side effects can be expected and what to do if you experience any of the side effects.
More information can be found on the Government’s Immunize BC site.
Visiting Older Adults In Residential Communities
Residential communities for older adults may combine nursing, assisted living, and independent living lifestyles. Each community may face different risks and decide to put in place less restrictive or more restrictive protocols.
To help protect friends and family members who live in these communities, get vaccinated. CDC has also issued updated recommendations for visitations at post-acute facilities. These recommendations align with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services external iconexternal icon guidance for visitations under various circumstances.
Learn more about the risks among people who live in nursing homes or long-term care facilities and about CDCs guidance for preventing the spread COVID-19 infection in nursing homes.
There is no way to ensure you have zero risk of getting the virus that causes COVID-19. So, it is important to understand the risks and know how to reduce your risk as much as possible if or when you do resume some activities, run errands, and attend events and gatherings.
Recommended Reading: How Long Does It Take To Get Cvs Covid Results
Top 5 Things To Know About Covid
Health Department Vaccine Scheduling Resource Line
Free Transportation And In
City residents 65 and older can get free transportation to and from a vaccination appointment. This service is also available for those with disabilities who have no other way to get to a vaccination site.
To schedule free transport by either ambulette or taxi , call 877-VAX-4NYC . If you are younger than 18, you must have your parent or guardian call to book the trip on your behalf.
You can also or by calling 877-VAX-4NYC . Anyone 12 and older is eligible for in-home vaccination.
Don’t Miss: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Booster Shots And Additional Doses
Booster shots are not yet available.
But additional doses of COVID-19 vaccines are now available for those with moderately to severely compromised immune systems.
This includes people who:
- Get active cancer treatment for tumors or cancers of the blood
- Got an organ transplant and are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
- Got a stem cell transplant within the last 2 years or are taking medicine to suppress the immune system
- Have moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency
- Have advanced or untreated HIV infection
- Get active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or other drugs that suppress immune response
Talk to your doctor to see if getting an additional dose is right for you. If you meet these criteria, you can book your third dose at My Turn.
Designate A Coordinator Or Task Force
Building your companyâs COVID-19 Vaccination Policy and Workplace Safety Protocol will require navigating technical, logistical, organizational and communications challenges. Identify a leader within your company whoâs adept at responding to employee, worker and stakeholder questions, and is well-positioned to coordinate with management, human resources, employee resource groups, workers and labor representatives, as appropriate. Leading your companyâs COVID-19 vaccine planning is a complex and time-consuming assignment, so be sure to empower a leader who has the authority, trust, empathy, communication skills and capacity to serve in this role.
For larger companies, you may want to establish a COVID-19 vaccine task force with representation from each of the key departments. Input from a racially and ethnically diverse cross section of your company can help ensure you understand specific needs and questions within communities that have been hit hardest by the virus.
What should they do?
Don’t Miss: Cvs Covid Test Results Delay
Q Besides Health Care Workers Who Will Be Able To Administer The Vaccine
A. Dentists, pharmacists, and pharmacy technicians have had their scope of practice extended by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation to allow them to administer the COVID-19 vaccine. IDPH has authorized Emergency Medical Technicians Intermediate and Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians to administer the COVID-19 and influenza vaccines after successful completion of an IDPH approved vaccine training program.
Registering For A Covid
Where can I get vaccinated? How do I register or make an appointment?
You can get a COVID-19 vaccine at 700+ pharmacy providers, 400+ primary care providers, hospitals, urgent care clinics, and local health departments across the state. You can find the site nearest you, information about which sites require an appointment, or sites that offer vaccines for ages 12+ by visiting covidvax.maryland.gov or calling the states multilingual call center seven days a week at 1-855-MD-GOVAX.
What do I need to know before I go get the vaccine?
You can make an appointment to get a vaccine, or you can go to a vaccination site or clinic that offers walk-up appointments. If you receive a two-dose vaccine, make sure you have a second appointment scheduled from the same site or know how to schedule it.
What can I expect at my vaccination appointment?
When you go to get the vaccine, you and your healthcare worker will both need to wear masks that cover your nose and mouth. Stay 6 feet away from others while inside and in lines.
You can still get your COVID-19 vaccine without insurance, an ID, or a Social Security number.
The site should give you a vaccination card that tells you what COVID-19 vaccine you received, the date, and the place you got it. Keep this card in a safe place. You will need it for your second shot and to keep for your records. Consider taking a picture of the card for safe keeping.
How do I set an appointment for my second vaccine?
Do I have to pay for the vaccine?
Q It Took Four Years To Develop The Mumps Vaccine How Can The Covid
A. Many things helped this vaccine get developed so rapidly. Significant resources were invested to fund the basic research and clinical trials, accelerating timelines greatly. Joining existing trial sites instead of developing new sites was a time saver. The virus has a good vaccination target and relatively low mutation rate. Additionally, the amount of infection in the communities allowed scientists to quickly compare vaccinated to unvaccinated populations and conclusively shows the vaccine worked. Last, but not least, are the huge number of brave volunteers willing to try the novel vaccines during the clinical trials.
Q After Getting A Flu Shot I Always Get The Flu Will This Cause Me To Get Covid
A. No, you cannot become infected, or infect others, from receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, because the vaccine contains no live virus. Instead, the vaccine directs your body to produce a protein that teaches your body how to fight off the virus. Some people develop flu-like symptoms, such as mild fever and muscle aches, after getting a flu vaccination. These symptoms are not the same as having influenza.
Also Check: How Long Cvs Covid Test Results
Can My Employer Require Me To Get Vaccinated
Technically yes, with some caveats. In May the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission clarified that federal employment protection laws do not prevent an employer from requiring all employees physically entering the workplace to be vaccinated for COVID-19.”
But other federal laws may supersede the EEOC’s, so accommodations may be granted to people who don’t want to be vaccinated because of valid medical or religious reasons. Those workers may still be required to wear a mask in the office or be told not to come in at all.
The federal government announced in August that, in order to receive Medicare and Medicaid dollars, nursing homes must require all workers to be fully vaccinated. Federal employees and contractors also need to get vaccinated or submit to regular testing, masking and social distancing requirements. Individual states, including New York and California, have introduced similar mandates for teachers or other workers.
Can’t Immunocompromised People Already Get Boosters
Not exactly. The CDC recommends that certain immunocompromised people, including those being actively treated for cancer or taking certain immunosuppressing drugs, receive a third dose of Pfizer’s or Moderna’s vaccine at least 28 days after getting their second dose. These individuals immune systems may not respond sufficiently to just two vaccine doses. Only about 3 percent of the U.S. adult population is expected to need a third shot. If you think you may be eligible for one, the CDC recommends talking with your health care provider about your medical condition and whether getting an additional dose makes sense.
Third shots are available at the same locations that offer COVID-19 vaccines. If you received a shot from a mass-vaccination site that has since closed, use Vaccines.gov to find a vaccine provider near you.
Boosters, on the other hand, will likely be available to anyone who is fully vaccinated but not until months after completing the initial regimen.
You May Like: How Long Covid Live On Fabric
Q Do The Vaccines Require More Than One Shot
A. The Johnson & Johnson Janseen vaccine only requires a single dose. The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines require two doses, given weeks apart, to get the most protection.
The first shot of either the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine starts building protection. A second shot a few weeks later is needed to get the most protection the vaccine has to offer. The Pfizer-BioNTech doses should be given 3 weeks apart. Moderna doses should be given 1 month apart. You should get your second shot as close to the recommended 3-week or 1-month interval as possible. However, there is no maximum interval between the first and second doses for either vaccine. You should not get the second dose earlier than the recommended interval.
With the Johnson & Johnson Janssen vaccine, protection against moderate to severe disease starts about two weeks after being vaccinated.