Additional Primary Shot And Booster Shot For Some Immunocompromised People
After completing the primary series, some moderately or severely immunocompromised people should get an additional primary shot.
Everyone 12 years and older, including immunocompromised people, should get a booster shot. If you are eligible for an additional primary shot, you should get this dose first before you get a booster shot.
What’s The Difference Between Fda Approval And Emergency Use Authorization
If a vaccine is fully approved by the FDA, it means that the information on the vaccine and its effects have been thoroughly reviewed, and the FDA has determined that the benefits outweigh the known and possible risks for the people it is meant to help.
In an EUA, the FDA allows the use of a vaccine or drug during a time of emergency, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, when the available evidence shows the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks. Drugs and vaccines that have been given an EUA continue to be studied in clinical trials. An EUA is not the same as a full FDA approval, which requires a more thorough review of safety and effectiveness.
Even after a drug or vaccine has been given full approval, the FDA might continue to monitor it for unexpected side effects or for more information that might be helpful to know. For example, it is not yet clear how likely it is that someone who gets one of the vaccines could still spread the virus to others. This is still being studied, as are any possible long-term effects of the vaccines. Researchers are also still trying to determine how long the vaccines will provide protection against the virus.
Choosing Where To Receive A Second Dose
- If you have lost your Record of Immunization and got your first dose at a New Brunswick Pharmacy, you can book an appointment through either a pharmacy or a clinic hosted by a regional health authority.
- If you have lost your record of immunization and got your first dose at a clinic hosted by a regional health authority, you must again book through a regional health authority.
- If you got your first dose outside of New Brunswick and have lost your record of immunization, you will need to contact the jurisdiction or organization that provided the first dose to obtain a record of that dose.
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Phased Vaccine Distribution Plan
Massachusetts COVID-19 vaccination plan was guided by the Commonwealths COVID-19 Vaccine Advisory Group, a diverse group launched in October consisting of medical professionals, public health experts, elected officials, community leaders, and infectious disease specialists. The plan consists of 3 phases, which reflect several priorities: protecting our most vulnerable, maintaining health care system capacity, and addressing inequities in health care access and COVID-19 burden.
Phase 1 of the plan began in December, and prioritized health care workers, first responders, and vulnerable populations like those in congregate care settings and residents and staff of long-term care facilities.
Massachusetts moved to Phase 2 in February, and the plan continued to focus on vaccinating the oldest and most vulnerable, supporting the Commonwealths nation-leading success in vaccinating these populations. Phase 2 also included workers in certain categories and people with certain medical conditions.
As of April 19, Massachusetts has entered Phase 3 of the vaccine distribution plan. Everyone over the age of 12 is eligible for the vaccine.
Phase 4 began Nov. 3, with children ages 5-11 eligible for the vaccine.
This page provides information about the previous phases of the distribution plan. You can also use the links below to find and schedule a vaccine appointment.
What Else Can I Use
One popular option is the well-known airport security service Clear. In fact, some concert and exhibition halls require that attendees use Clear to verify their vaccination status to attend a show. You can go to clearme.com/healthpass to download the app and get your card added.
VaxYes is another service that verifies your vaccination status and then adds your vaccination card to your Apple Wallet. I’ve read that you can add your card to the Google Pay app, but after signing up and going through the process myself, I don’t see the option on a Pixel 5 running Android 12.
If your local municipality or employer uses the CDC’s Vaccine Administration Management System, then you can use the VAMS website to access your vaccination records. I’ve had more than one reader reach out to me about using this system to show proof of vaccination, but without an account myself, I’m unable to go through the process of accessing a vaccination record.
You can also use a scanner app on your phone and store a scanned copy of your vaccination card in something like your OneDrive personal vault or a password manager. On an iPhone, you can use the scanner built into the Notes app. On Android, will be enough to get the job done.
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Are These New Mrna Vaccines Safe
Yes. Both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines were approved for emergency use by the Federal Drug Administration . As part of the approval process, independent experts reviewed the data from approximately 33,000 individuals who received either vaccine and concluded that side effects were relatively mild and short-lived and the known and potential benefits of avoiding serious disease from coronavirus outweighed the risk. Since these vaccines have been approved, roughly 63 million doses have been administered and the vaccines continue to be monitored for safety.
How Do The Covid
All 3 COVID-19 vaccines work by teaching our immune cells how to make copycat spike proteins . Making the spike protein does not harm our cells.
- Our immune system sees the spike protein and knows that it doesnât belong there.
- Our bodies react by building an immune response. It makes antibodies that can act against the COVID-19 virusâs spike protein and it prepares immune cells. This will protect us if we are exposed to the virus in the future.
The COVID-19 vaccines differ in how they teach our cells to make the spike protein
- The vaccines made by Pfizer and Moderna are called mRNA vaccines. Messenger RNA is genetic material that tells our bodies how to make proteins. The mRNA in the vaccine is wrapped in oily bubbles . When the mRNA enters our cells, it teaches them how to make copies of the spike protein. The mRNA does not enter the cell nucleus and does not interact with DNA in any way.
- The vaccine made by J& J/Janssen is called a viral vector vaccine. The vector uses a harmless virus to carry the genetic material to our cells. Our cells read the genetic material and make mRNA, and this mRNA teaches our cells to make the spike protein. The viral vector is a harmless version of a common cold virus. It canât replicate inside our cells or cause illness and it cannot change our DNA in any way.
You can learn more on the Understanding How COVID-19 Vaccines Work CDC website.
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What This Means For You
People who are actively infected with, or have known exposure to, COVID-19 should not receive the vaccine until they recover from the disease or are safe to leave isolation. Though theres no known individual harm in receiving a vaccine while sick, experts fear people infected with the virus may spread it to others at vaccine distribution sites.
Should Cancer Patients And Survivors Get The Vaccine
Many expert medical groups recommend that most people with cancer or a history of cancer get the COVID-19 vaccine once its available to them. This includes people who have already had COVID-19.
The main concern about getting the vaccine is not whether its safe for people with cancer, but about how effective it will be, especially in people with weakened immune systems. Some cancer treatments like chemotherapy , radiation, stem cell or bone marrow transplant, or immunotherapy can affect the immune system, which might make the vaccine less effective. People with certain types of cancers, like leukemias or lymphomas, can also have weakened immune systems which might make the vaccine less effective.
Although we dont have specific information yet on how effective the vaccines might be in people being treated for cancer, its possible that the vaccines might not be as effective in people with weakened immune systems as compared to people with healthy immune systems. Despite this, experts still recommend that most cancer patients get the vaccine because those with a fragile immune system are at risk for severe COVID-19 disease, so getting even some protection from the vaccine is better than not having any protection. For people with a weakened immune system who are fully vaccinated , the CDC also has recommendations on getting an additional dose of COVID-19 vaccine. See Should I get a COVID-19 vaccine booster?
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Who Should Not Get The Covid
You should not get the vaccine if you:
- have ever had a severe allergic reaction to a previous dose of the COVID-19 vaccine or any of its components or container
- are younger than the approved age for the vaccine
You should delay getting the vaccine if you:
- have symptoms of an acute or co-existing illness
- have symptoms of COVID-19
- have been advised to self-isolate due to a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection or close contact with someone who has COVID-19 delay until your period of self-isolation is over
- children born between 2010 and 2016 should delay getting the COVID-19 vaccine until 14 days before or after any other vaccine
There are certain situations when you will need to talk to your primary healthcare provider before receiving the vaccine. These include if you:
- are pregnant, think you may be pregnant or plan to become pregnant
- have a history of anaphylaxis or immediate allergic reaction to any other vaccine or injectable therapy
- are receiving immunosuppressing therapies such as stem cell therapy, chemotherapy, CAR-T therapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, monoclonal antibodies and other targeted agents . You must speak with your treating provider to ensure the timing of vaccine doses and therapies, and you must state that you have spoken to them prior to receiving the COVID-19 vaccine)
Do I Still Need To Take Precautions If I Get The Covid
The COVID-19 vaccines are still being studied, as there are things we dont yet know about them. For example, researchers are still trying to determine how long the COVID-19 vaccines will help protect against the virus. And while the vaccines can clearly lower the risk of getting serious disease from COVID, its not yet clear how well they can prevent the spread of the virus to others.
For people who are fully vaccinated , the CDC has guidance on things you can now do , as well as what types of precautions you should still be taking. This guidance is being updated regularly, so check the CDC website for details. The CDC guidance may not apply if you have a weakened immune system , so its important to talk with your health care provider about which precautions you still need to take.
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Kids Can Now Get A Booster Shot: What To Know About The Covid Vaccine For Children
The CDC recommends third doses for immunocompromised kids 5 and up, and booster doses for all children 12 and up.
Kids 12 and up can now get a COVID-19 booster shot of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine after the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended them for a larger age group on Wednesday, at least five months after their second shot. The CDC’s endorsement of the new guidance followed a vote by an independent committee which advises the agency. Typically, the panel of scientists meet to go over data on vaccine safety and effectiveness before shots are recommended to the public.
“This booster dose will provide optimized protection against COVID-19 and the Omicron variant,” CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said in a statement Wednesday. “I encourage all parents to keep their children up to date with CDC’s COVID-19 vaccine recommendations.”
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Pfizer-BioNTech’s vaccine is currently the only one authorized for children Moderna’s and Johnson & Johnson’s shots are still only authorized for adults age 18 and up.
Vaccinations For Homebound Individuals
Extra-Mural/Ambulance New Brunswick are providing vaccinations to homebound individuals who are unable to leave their home to go to a pharmacy or regional health authority vaccination clinic. Existing clients of the Extra-Mural Program will be assessed to determine if they qualify for this service.
Homebound individuals who are not Extra-Mural clients may also be referred for a home vaccination by their primary care provider.
If you are unable to book a clinic online for a Horizon or VitalitÃ© clinic, call1-833-437-1424.
A limited amount of the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine is available to eligible New Brunswickers over 18 years of age through a special appointment only. To schedule an appointment for this vaccine, contact Tele-Services at 1-833-437-1424 or email . Only one dose of the Janssen vaccine is required to be considered fully immunized.
If you are unable to book a clinic online for a Horizon or VitalitÃ© clinic, call1-833-437-1424.
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If My Child Has A Serious Health Condition Can They Get A Third Shot
On Tuesday, the CDC recommended a third dose for children as young as 5 who are “moderately to severely” immunocompromised, 28 days after their second shot. This guidance for immunocompromised children are in line with guidance for adults whose bodies don’t mount a good immune response to the COVID-19 vaccines.
Researchers Take A Closer Look At Menstruation
Clinical trials and other studies have already established the vaccines are safe and effective for pregnant women, but the rumors that surrounded menstruation made the National Institutes of Health decide to take a closer look.
“There was a need to be able to counsel women on what to expect,” says Dr. Diana Bianchi, director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, which funded the work.
Edelman’s team took data from a popular app known as “Natural Cycles,” which people can use to track their menstrual cycles. Looking at data from 3,959 individuals, they were able to see a small shift in the time between bleeding.
“We see a less-than-one-day change in their menstrual cycle length with vaccination,” Edelman says.
In other words, people who were vaccinated experienced on average a slightly longer menstrual cycle around the time of their first and second doses.
“It’s really nothing to get alarmed about,” Bianchi says. Nevertheless, she adds, it does prove that the vaccines are affecting menstruation independently of other possible factors such as pandemic stress.
“I think the beauty of the study is that it does affirm what individuals were reporting,” she says.
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Before You Get Your Vaccine
- If you are sick, even with a mild illness, you should not get vaccinated. Stay home and get tested for COVID-19.
- If you currently have COVID-19, please wait until you have recovered before getting vaccinated.
- If you had COVID-19 and are recovered, you can get the vaccine or choose to wait for up to three months. It is uncommon to get infected with COVID-19 again within the first three months of your initial infection.
- If you had monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma as part of COVID-19 treatment, wait for at least 90 days before getting the vaccine to avoid interfering with your treatment.
- If you are under quarantine, you can leave quarantine to get your vaccine , but if you have symptoms, stay home and get tested for COVID-19.
- If you have COVID-19 and are in isolation, you will need to wait to get your first or second dose until you are able to end your isolation.
- You can get the COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines at the same time.
- You do not need to get tested for COVID-19 before getting the vaccine, unless you have symptoms. Then stay home and get tested for COVID-19.
- If you are getting a booster, second or additional dose, remember to bring your vaccine card.
You can get a vaccine at a walk-in clinic or you can make an appointment. Be sure you are getting the Pfizer vaccine since that is the only vaccine that is authorized for people age 12 to 17. A child must have reached their 12th birthday to be eligible.
If I Have Already Had Covid
Yes. You should still get vaccinated even if you already had COVID-19. We donât know yet how long you are protected after you have had COVID-19. Getting vaccinated will boost your immunity for better and longer protection against COVID-19.
It is safe to get the vaccine after getting COVID-19, but you should wait until after your isolation period is over. This is so that you donât infect healthcare workers and others when you go to get vaccinated. If you have had monoclonal antibody treatment for COVID-19 infection, you should wait for 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
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