Fact: Vaccines Against Pneumonia Do Not Protect Against The Covid
Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus.
The virus is so new and different that it needs its own vaccine. Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine against COVID-19, and WHO is supporting their efforts.
Although these vaccines are not effective against COVID-19, vaccination against respiratory illnesses is highly recommended to protect your health.
Keep Yourself And Others Safe: Do It All
Protect yourself and those around you:
- Get vaccinated as soon as its your turn and follow local guidance on vaccination.
- Keep physical distance of at least 1 metre from others, even if they dont appear to be sick. Avoid crowds and close contact.
- Wear a properly fitted mask when physical distancing is not possible and in poorly ventilated settings.
- Clean your hands frequently with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Dispose of used tissues immediately and clean hands regularly.
- If you develop symptoms or test positive for COVID-19, self-isolate until you recover.
To properly wear your mask:
- Make sure your mask covers your nose, mouth and chin.
- Clean your hands before you put your mask on, before and after you take it off, and after you touch it at any time.
- When you take off your mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash it if its a fabric mask or dispose of it in a trash bin if its a medical mask.
- Dont use masks with valves.
More about masks:
Make your environment safer
The risks of getting COVID-19 are higher in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected people spend long periods of time together in close proximity.
To make your environment as safe as possible:
Keep good hygiene
To ensure good hygiene you should:
What to do if you feel unwell
If you feel unwell, heres what to do.
New Study Tests The Senses
The study enrolled 813 healthcare workers from the Quebec National Institute of Public Health four months after they tested positive for COVID-19. Five months after they were diagnosed, the subjects were asked to complete a home test that assessed their ability to taste and smell.
Additionally, an online questionnaire asked the participants to self-report any issues with smell and taste, as well as self-rating their senses from a scale of 0 to 10 .
About 71% of healthcare workers lost their sense of smell when they first tested positive for COVID-19. Five months later, 51.2% of the people in that group had not recovered their sense of smell. Based on the results of the home tests, 18.4% of the subjects showed a persistent loss of smell.
Approximately 64% reported losing their sense of taste when they had COVID-19. Five months later, 38% of the group said that they had not recovered their sense of taste.
Healthcare workers ranked their ability to smell an 8.98 out of 10 before becoming sick, a 2.85 during infection, and a 7.41 5 months after recovery. The ranks for their sense of taste were a bit higher, at 9.20 before infection, a 3.59 during infection, and an 8.05 5 months after recovery.
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How Common Is This Symptom
The reported prevalence of a loss of smell and taste with COVID-19 varies greatly across studies.
A recent study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings took a deep dive into how common a loss of smell or taste is in COVID-19. Researchers reviewed results from 24 studies, which represented data from over 8,000 people with a confirmed case of COVID-19. They found the following:
- The reported prevalence for loss of smell ranged from 3.2 percent to 98.3 percent. The average prevalence of loss of smell was calculated to be about 41 percent.
- The reported prevalence for loss of taste was between 5.6 percent to 62.7 percent. The average prevalence for loss of taste was calculated to be about 38.2 percent.
- Older age correlated with a lower prevalence of loss of smell or taste.
- No difference in the prevalence of either symptom was seen in men versus women. However,
If you believe that you may have COVID-19, stay home and try to isolate yourself from others in your household.
Contact your doctor to discuss your symptoms. Your doctor can also advise you on getting tested and how to care for yourself if you test positive for COVID-19.
Most of the time, mild cases of COVID-19 can be treated at home. However, in some cases the illness can become more serious. This is more likely in older adults and in individuals with certain underlying health conditions, such as:
Accelerating Smell And Taste Recovery After Covid
Many children whove contracted COVID-19 experience changes in their sense of smell while the virus is active in their bodies and for some time afterward. Older children are the most likely to notice and verbalize this change. They may say their favorite foods dont smell the same or taste as good as they used to. As humans, our ability to perceive flavors depends mostly on our sense of smell when olfaction is altered, taste is affected.
While there are not yet any clinically-approved methods to reactivate a childs sense of smell after COVID-19, there is evidence that shows olfactory training to be helpful in speeding recovery from smell loss due to other causes.
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Return On Investment Of Immunisation In Gavi
A study covering the 73 Gavi-supported countries shows that, for every US$ 1 spent on immunisation in the 20212030 period, US$ 21 are saved in health care costs, lost wages and lost productivity due to illness and death. When considering the value people place on lives saved by vaccines which is likely to include the value of costs averted plus the broader societal value of lives saved and people living longer and healthier lives the return on investment is estimated to be US$ 54 per US$ 1 spent.
Sim S.Y., Watts E., Constenla D., Brenzel L., Patenaude B.N. Return On Investment From Immunization Against 10 Pathogens In 94 Low- And Middle-Income Countries, 201130. Health Affairs, 2020
Loss Of Taste And Smell: Is It Covid
These days a sudden loss of taste and smell is a cause for alarm. Of course, the first thing that jumps to mind is the potential of having COVID-19.
The good news is that COVID-19 isnt the only disease that can lead to a loss of taste and smell. Other potentially less serious issues could be the reason, too.
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Fact: Studies Show Hydroxychloroquine Does Not Have Clinical Benefits In Treating Covid
Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine, a treatment for malaria, lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis, has been under study as a possible treatment for COVID-19. Current data shows that this drug does not reduce deaths among hospitalised COVID-19 patients, nor help people with moderate disease.* The use of hydoxychloroquine and chloroquine is accepted as generally safe for patients with malaria and autoimmune diseases, but its use where not indicated and without medical supervision can cause serious side effects and should be avoided.
* More decisive research is needed to assess its value in patients with mild disease or as pre- or post-exposure prophylaxis in patients exposed to COVID-19.
How The ‘surprise’ Finding On Loss Of Taste And Smell Was Discovered
Dr. Vinetz says he was originally motivated to look into camostat mesylate after he saw an April 2020 study published in Cell that showed how this medicine could prevent SARS-CoV-2 from entering cells.
Dr. Vinetz recruited several colleagues to collaborate, including Anne Spichler Moffarah, MD, PhD, an infectious diseases specialist, and Gary Desir, MD, chair of the Department of Internal Medicine. Geoffrey Chupp, MD, director of the Yale Center for Asthma and Airways Disease, ran the clinical trial.
The Phase II randomized trial enrolled 70 participants who tested positive for COVID-19 within three days of starting the study. Participants took the medicine four times a day for seven days.
Although the trial was stopped once it was clear that the main objective of reducing viral load was not occurring, the researchers think the surprise findings about loss of smell and taste warrant additional study.
My daughter had COVID a year ago and she still has trouble smelling and tasting things, says Dr. Desir. This drug seems to be able to modulate that loss of smell and taste. It has very few side effects and has been studied extensively. This could be the type of treatment that is given to someone with COVID at the onset of the infection.
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Focus On 20 Priority Countries
In Gavis 20162020 strategic period, we intensified our efforts in 20 priority countries. In 2020, seven of these countries Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Pakistan accounted for the most zero-dose children in Gavi-supported countries, so improving their immunisation coverage is critical.
During 20162020, we also prioritised ten countries facing severe inequities or crises: Central African Republic, Haiti, Madagascar, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen.
Covids Toll On Smell And Taste: What Scientists Do And Dont Know
One treatment for survivors of COVID-19 who have lost their sense of smell is ‘smell training’, in which they relearn prescribed scents, such as those of roses and lemons.Credit: Christine E. Kelly
Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, it emerged that many people infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus were losing their sense of smell even without displaying other symptoms. Researchers also discovered that infected people could lose their sense of taste and their ability to detect chemically triggered sensations such as spiciness, called chemesthesis.
Almost a year later, some still havent recovered these senses, and for a proportion of people who have, odours are now warped: unpleasant scents have taken the place of normally delightful ones. Nature surveys the science behind this potentially long-lasting and debilitating phenomenon.
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How Long Does Loss Of Taste And Smell Last
Not being able to smell or taste like you used to can be frustrating. Tasting your favorite foods and smelling fresh air makes life more enjoyable. Plus, the ability to smell harmful fumes can protect you from danger. But the duration of symptoms will depend on the cause, and its different for each person.
In aging and progressive neurological disorders, the process of losing these senses may take some time. But your sense of taste and smell may never return to what it was before. Viruses for the cold, flu, and COVID-19 can cause these symptoms to happen quickly and can last for 1 to 2 weeks. But they can last up to a few years in some cases.
Treating allergies or nasal polyps may get you back to smelling like you used to. But thats not the case for everyone, as it depends on how severe your case is.
Keep in mind that sometimes there are unknown causes of issues with smell or taste. That can make it hard to tell how long your symptoms last. To make things more confusing, some people get their sense of taste and smell back without any treatment.
Your healthcare provider can help you get to the bottom of your symptoms and determine the best options for treatment.
Loss Of Taste And Smell Treatment
How long does the loss of taste and smell last and is there anything you can do about it?
While we used to think loss of smell was permanent if it lasted more than six months, we now know that it will often recover slowly over the years, Dr. McBrien said. Treatments such as smell training can be helpful in the recovery of this important sense.
You may also be able to speed recovery by addressing the root cause. For example, your doctor may suggest steroid nasal sprays or drops to treat nasal polyps or sinusitis.
There are even some home remedies for this issue. These include smell training with pungent odors such as coffee or fresh ginger, placing drops of castor oil in your nose and using a saline rinse.
Keep in mind that working smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are essential in the homes of people who have lost their sense of smell. They wont have the ability to detect these life-threatening situations as early as someone else.
Dr. McBrien says that if youre concerned about new or worsening loss of taste and smell, your first step should be contacting your primary care doctor. If your diagnosis requires additional follow up, you may be referred to an ENT specialist.
Next Steps and Helpful Resources
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I Lost My Sense Of Smell: Do I Have Covid
Understanding the differences between common smell loss and COVID-19 symptoms
Do I have COVID-19 or is it something else? This question has probably crossed your mind a time or two or maybe even 20. COVID-19 symptoms can be so similar to other conditions, its not unusual to search your symptoms to see if you need to be tested.
One COVID-19 symptom thats frequently Googled: smell loss.
There are actually a variety of reasons other than COVID-19 why someone may lose their sense of smell, says Bobby Tajudeen, MD, director of rhinology, sinus surgery and skull base surgery at Rush University Medical Center. It can be due to nasal or sinus inflammation, or other viral infections distinct from COVID-19. And it can even occur as a result of some neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimers or dementia , or vitamin deficiencies. Rarely tumors can present with smell loss.
So how do you know if its COVID-19 or something else thats keeping you from enjoying the fragrant scent of your Christmas tree or the aroma of freshly baked holiday treats? And when should you see a specialist for smell loss?
Tajudeen says that while smell loss from congestion or common viral infections and COVID-19-related smell loss may feel the same on the surface, whats happening internally and how the symptoms present themselves is actually very different.
When An Rdn Cant Taste Anything
Amanda Frankeny is a registered dietitian nutritionist who lives in Boulder, Colorado. Like Nilan, she contracted COVID-19 in March, when little was known about some of her symptoms.
During the second week I was sick, things started tasting and smelling funny, Frankeny said. Chocolate smelled like red meat. My taco soup could have been water, for all I knew. For me, the disease was slow and steady. Each day brought something new, as my other symptoms worsened. Losing my sense of taste was one of the worst parts.
She used her professional knowledge to make sure she stayed nourished. I was intentional about getting enough to eat at every meal, Frankeny said. I ate from every food group, and I tried to eat regular, colorful plates of food even when the blandness took over.
Other tips from Frankeny include remembering to drink water regularly. A dry mouth can affect your ability to taste, she said. Fluids help dissolve taste components, allowing them to reach the taste buds. Also, chew slowly to release flavors and increase saliva production.
While its tempting to want to treat yourself when youre sick, Frankeny warned against highly processed foods like chips, fast foods and sugary treats. Theres no point in wasting a pint of delicious ice cream if you cant taste it. Instead, eat things that make you feel a little better. Try a hot drink or soup, mostly because higher-temperature foods will feel nice.
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Introduction: When And Where Did Everything Start
In the past 20 years, mankind has experienced two severe coronavirus infections, the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in 2002 and the Middle East respiratory syndrome in 2012. The first cases of the COVID-19 outbreak started in December 2019 in Wuhan in patients with complicated pneumonia . The disease is caused by a new coronavirus from a potential bat origin and from which viral genome was rapidly characterized . In January 2020, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 was identified as the functional receptor for SARS-CoV-2, present in multiple human organs including the central nervous system.
The disease progressively spread to other Asian countries, Iran, and European countries such as Italy, Spain, France, Germany, and UK. Later the COVID-19 also spread to African and North and South American countries such as USA, Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina. Until the present day , COVID-19 has affected 188 countries, infected over 18 million people , and caused more than 700,000 deaths all over the World. The WHO declared the disease a global pandemic on March 11, 2020.
Effects Of Losing Your Ability To Smell
For those that do lose their sense of smell for a prolonged period, there can be concerns that extend beyond the pleasure of tasting ones food.
A lot of people dont realize how much they miss their sense of smell until it is gone. For example, not being unable to smell something burning can be a health hazard, says Brian DAnza, MD, a UH rhinologist and sinus surgeon.
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How Do Illnesses Like Covid
Some viruses damage olfactory sensory neurons, nerves that help you smell. It may take months to recover from this damage. And being sick can make it hard to smell if your nose is stuffed up. With COVID-19, more than 8 in 10 people may briefly lose their sense of smell. Along with it, they lose their ability to taste. Researchers are still trying to determine how and why the COVID-19 virus affects smell and taste. One study suggests the virus doesnt directly damage olfactory sensory neurons. Instead, it may affect cells that support these neurons. Once the infection goes away, the olfactory nerve starts working properly again. Most people regain these senses within 60 days of recovering from COVID-19.