If I Have An Autoimmune Or Immune
People with immune-compromising conditions may get the COVID-19 vaccine as long as they are not in one of the following categories:
- Severe allergy to a vaccine component
- History of severe allergy to any vaccine or injectable medication
However, it is recommended that individuals with compromised immune systems discuss their personal risks and benefits with a healthcare provider to determine whether to receive the vaccine. Data about how well the vaccine works and its safety in immune-compromised individuals are not currently available, so it is possible that these individuals could have a lower immune response to vaccination. On the other hand, persons with these conditions may also be at higher risk of severe disease due to COVID-19. Therefore, the CDC recommended that people who are immune-compromised or taking immunosuppressive medications could receive the vaccine if they wanted as long as they do not have other contraindications.
With this said, knowing the potential for a lower immune response, if someone with an immune-compromising condition decides to get vaccinated, it will be important to get both doses and practice other public health measures until more is known about their protection against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.Post-licensure monitoring systems, like the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System and the Vaccine Safety Datalink , will be used to allow for real-time monitoring of these sub-groups.
Will You Need To Get The Covid
Will the coronavirus vaccine need to be taken annually like the flu shot?
As a vaccine for the deadly pandemic is underway, that’s become one of the most pressing questions.
TODAY spoke with NBC News senior medical correspondent Dr. John Torres to find out how long the vaccine will protect against COVID-19.
“When you get the shot right now, it’s actually going to be two shots,” Torres said.
The first one will happen on “day zero,” he said, adding that the booster shot will come 21 days later.
After that, Dr. Torres said researchers will have to determine “how long the shot will last.”
“We think it’s going to last a few years, it’s not going to be like the flu shot, at least initially,” he added.
According to Torres, to determine the efficacy, researchers will be required to observe and follow people who were given the shot. He added that they’ll also have to “follow the virus to make sure it hasn’t changed.”
Torres said the virus has not mutated much since the beginning, which has led researchers to believe the vaccine can last a few years or “hopefully even longer.”
According to the CDC, the first-wave will give vaccine priority to health care workers and essential workers.
They will also prioritize people that are considered “high-risk” and those 65 years and older.
Torress noted that the rollout plan varies by state.
He also anticipates that doctor offices and hospitals will let patients know when they are eligible to get the vaccine.
When Fda Career Scientists Say The Vaccine Is Safe Fauci Will Recommend The Vaccine To Friends Family And Former Presidents
President-elect Joe Biden and former President Barack Obama said they will get the vaccine when Fauci said it is safe. He said when “the F.D.A. with their career scientists say it is safe and effective, I will take it myself when my time comes and I will recommend it to all people…because I would feel comfortable taking it.” When we asked Fauci if he’d be willing to get the vaccine on television, he said “I’d be more than happy to do it publicly.”
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Cdc Director Says We Might Not Need Annual Covid Boosters After Third Shot
- CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said Thursday that Americans may not need yearly Covid-19 booster shots.
- Walensky suggested a third shot may sufficiently strengthen the long-term protection of Pfizer’s or Moderna’s vaccines.
CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said Thursday that Americans may not need yearly Covid-19 booster shots, suggesting that a third shot may sufficiently strengthen the long-term protection of Pfizer‘s or Moderna‘s vaccines.
Walensky’s remarks come a day after she and other top U.S. health officials said they plan to start offering boosters to all eligible Americans eight months after their second vaccine shots. The effectiveness of mRNA vaccines lessens over time, particularly for anyone at high risk for dangerous coronavirus complications or for those who were immunized early in the vaccine rollout, Walensky and several of the country’s top medical officials said in a statement Wednesday.
“This virus has been humbling, so I don’t want to say never, but we are not necessarily anticipating that you will need this annually,” Walensky said in an interview Thursday on the CBS program “This Morning.””It does look like after this third dose, you get a really robust response, and so we will continue to follow the science both on the vaccine side but also on the virus side.”
In New Interviews Fauci Discusses The Future Of Covid
by Beth Mole – May 20, 2021 9:49 pm UTC
As COVID-19 vaccination efforts continue across the United States, many are wondering how long protection from the shots might last. And if protection is relatively short-lived, what does that mean for the years ahead? Will we need boosters? Will COVID-19 vaccines become an annual jab like the seasonal flu shot?
In back-to-back public interviews, top infectious disease expert Anthony Fauci provided the current outlook based on the latest data. Boosters are looking likely, but it’s still unclear when we’ll need them, with current speculation landing in the range of a year or so after previous vaccination. Whether we’ll need them every year seems, for now, dependent on how many people get vaccinated this year.
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Is It Necessary To Wait To Get Blood Work Done After Getting The Covid
Generally speaking, it would be recommended to wait about a week after getting the mRNA vaccine and a few weeks after getting the adenovirus-based vaccine before getting bloodwork. However, it would be better to inquire with the healthcare provider who ordered the bloodwork as they have the benefit of knowing the reason for the bloodwork, the type of tests ordered, and the patients medical history. As such, they will be in the best position to offer this guidance for each individual situation.
Should Englands Lockdown Really End In June
Dr Matthews theorises that the reason older people have been so impacted by the virus is because as you get older, your immune system relies more on memory. So, by the time your immune system has realised it cant remember how to the fight Covid, the virus has snuck past it and wreaked havoc.
We need to build this collective immune memory for everyone in the world to remember the virus. And a few jabs, including a couple of boosters along the way to deal with new variants, could be enough to do that, he suggests. What the vaccine does is it artificially creates immune memory for you, he explains.
The vaccine currently creates an immune memory designed towards what you might call classic Covid, which first emerged. The next set of vaccines theyre talking about, which are similar, will be based on the South Africa variant.
So if youve had the classic vaccine, and then this autumn you get the South African version, and then maybe in a years time you get another version after two or three goes with these vaccine variants, youll probably have a sufficiently broad immune memory that youll be able to deal with most variants that are ever going to come out. Thats my best guess.
Ultimately, he believes Covid-19 will become like the common cold in terms of how it affects us and our immune systems will simply learn to bat it away.
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Can I Get The Covid
In the U.S., the CDC recommends waiting until COVID-19 symptoms go away and the individual is done isolating. However, they indicate that it is okay to get the COVID-19 vaccine shortly after recovering from the disease as long as the patient was not treated with antibody-based treatments .
Due to limited supplies of vaccine in some countries and the experience that people who recently had COVID-19 rarely get re-infected in the months immediately after recovery, some areas may be delaying vaccination of recently recovered individuals. As such, we recommend talking with your healthcare provider or health officials to see what the recommendations are in your area.
What Is A Booster Shot
A booster shot is an additional vaccine dose needed to boost your immunity. This will give you better protection from disease.
Many routine vaccines require more than one shot to achieve immunity. For example, the MMR vaccine requires two shots. Some people may not develop full protection to fight off an infection after one dose. Thats why, a second dose is given to make sure that almost everyone who is vaccinated has complete protection.
Other vaccines, like DTaP , require a booster shot. This is because protection from the first shot goes away over time. The booster shot helps raise the immunity levels again.
The timing of the booster shot varies. Some vaccines require a booster shot weeks or months after the first shot. Other booster shots, like MMR and DTaP, are given years after the first shot.
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What Do You Know About The Halt On The J& j Vaccine
Federal health officials recommended a pause on the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine after six women developed blood clots in their brain up to 3 weeks after their vaccine. The blood clots in the brain are called cerebral venous sinus thrombosis . While a few of these women had an underlying health condition, no pattern of pre-existing conditions emerged. These cases are similar to those caused in European countries by the AstraZeneca vaccine, which is not currently used in the United States. The J& J and AZ vaccines are similar in that both use an adenovirus vector to induce immunity to the SARS-C0V-2 surface protein, but they use different adenovirus vectors. The J& J vaccine uses a human adenovirus, and the AZ version uses a chimp adenovirus.
The pause was recommended for three reasons:
- First, the FDA and CDC needed time to review these cases and collect as much information as they could to figure out what was happening.
- Second, they needed to update healthcare providers across the country on what to watch for in their patients. In this way, physicians can properly diagnose and treat the condition. This condition is very rare and treating it with blood thinners could make this situation worse.
- Third, the pause allowed for the public to quickly become aware of the potential side effect, so that people who got the vaccine and those around them would be more likely to recognize the need to seek medical attention if they experience symptoms.
What Is Long Covid
Long COVID, also known as COVID syndrome or long-term COVID, is a condition characterized by long-lasting symptoms related to previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. Symptoms can last for weeks or months after viral clearance and resolution of the initial infection. Examples of the types of symptoms that affected individuals report include fatigue, difficulty thinking or concentrating , headache, loss of taste or smell, dizziness, heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough, joint or muscle pain, anxiety, depression, or fever. Symptoms sometimes appear or worsen after physical or mental activity. The reasons for or susceptibility to these long-lasting effects remain uncertain but are being studied.
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What Are The Side Effects Of The Covid
Side effects from both the mRNA and adenovirus vaccines are caused as part of the immune response to the vaccine.
The most common side effects from the mRNA vaccines are:
- Muscle aches
Side effects occurred during the first seven to eight days after vaccination but were most likely to occur one or two days after receipt of the vaccine. Side effects were more often experienced by younger, rather than older vaccine recipients.
Two rare, but potentially dangerous conditions, have been identified following receipt of the adenovirus-based vaccines, such as the J& J/Janssen version:
Will We All Need Covid Vaccine Booster Shots
How do boosters work and how can we celebrate Eid safely this year?
As more and more people are fully vaccinated around the world, attention has turned to whether or not booster vaccines will be required to maintain immunity and to protect against emerging variants of the COVID-19 virus.
A booster vaccine is designed to strengthen our bodys immune response to an antigen or foreign invader that it has been primed to respond to by a previous vaccine. These are commonly used to protect against diseases such as tetanus and polio, where, after time, our immunity against the antigen wanes. Boosters are usually a shot of the same vaccine again, just given at a later date.
Scientists are still studying how long immunity provided by the COVID-19 vaccines lasts, and whether or not they are effective against the new variants of the virus which have already emerged.
We do know that the current batch of vaccines trigger our immune systems to produce cells which protect against severe illness from COVID-19. These include killer T Cells, which recognise virus-infected cells and kill them, and so-called B memory cells that remember the virus and call the immune system into action should it attempt to infect a person after vaccination. The idea is that these B memory cells will stimulate an immune response that will neutralise the coronavirus before it is able to make you unwell, or at least severely unwell.
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Readers Question: Is It Safe To Celebrate Eid
Often known as big Eid, the second of the two major Muslim celebrations is right around the corner with Eid-al-Adha falling on the 10th day of the Islamic lunar calendars 12th month, Dhu al-Hijjah, this week. With last years Eid-al-Adha marred by the global pandemic, will it be any different now that many people will have had both doses of a coronavirus vaccine?
Traditionally, Eid is a day of celebration, when family and friends meet to socialise and share meat from an animal that has been sacrificed in the name of God.
For those people yet to be fully vaccinated, however, it would serve well to be cautious. The emergence across the world of the highly transmissible Delta variant means the number of people becoming infected in many countries is rising, and this will inevitably lead to increased hospitalisations and death.
If this applies to you, think about meeting a small number of people outdoors rather than inside. The coronavirus is mainly transmitted via the airborne route, meaning tiny particles containing the virus which have been coughed, sneezed or breathed out by an infected person can linger in indoor spaces without fresh air for hours and infect others.
It is tough because many Eid celebrations over the past 18 months have been curtailed by the coronavirus pandemic, but to ensure our loved ones are around to celebrate future Eids, we should all be as COVID-cautious as possible, while still enjoying ourselves.
Whats A Booster Anyway
A booster shot is a repeat dose of a vaccine that youve already received to literally boost your immunity, says Susan R. Bailey, an allergist and clinical immunologist and president of the American Medical Association. The immune system creates virus-fighting memory from repeat exposure. Its common that a second or third encounter with an antigen, a molecule that prompts antibody production, creates a greater and more long lasting immune response, Bailey says.
The shingles vaccine, for example, which is recommended for all healthy adults older than 50, requires a first shot and a booster two to six months later to ensure it is 90 percent effective at preventing the infection and its side effects.
The Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, which are mRNA vaccines, include an initial dose and a second shot three or four weeks later, respectively. Currently, the third COVID-19 vaccine authorized for emergency use in the United States, made by Johnson & Johnson, is given in a single dose, but the company is testing the efficacy of a second booster shot, too. In February, Pfizer-BioNTech launched a study of a third dose of its now two-dose regimen. And yesterday, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla told CNBC that people would “likely” need a third shot, 12 months after the initial dose.
Whats more, a vaccine booster is different from what some scientists are testing now: new shots targeted at specific variants.
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Will We Need To Get A Covid
It is not yet known how long the COVID-19 vaccine protection will last. Clinical trials are currently happening to find out if we will need booster doses on an annual or longer basis.
To be fully vaccinated in the initial vaccine roll out, a person must have two doses of the same vaccine, given at the appropriate dosing schedule.
With new COVID-19 vaccine developments every day, its normal to have questions or concerns, and possibly feel hesitant about getting a vaccine. That’s why we’re providing accurate, evidence-based answers to questions about COVID-19 vaccines.
Where Can I Get The Vaccine
States have lifted their eligibility restrictions, but each state has slightly different approaches to distribution. As such, we suggest checking your state health department website. We also recommend checking for vaccine at local pharmacies, healthcare facilities, mass vaccination sites or mobile clinics.
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Yes But Pfizer Is Calling Its Third Dose A Booster
The Pfizer-BioNTech partnership has strung together a series of firsts with Covid vaccines. It was the first vaccine to be put into use, the first to get full Food and Drug Administration approval, and is the first to apply to give a third dose which the company is calling a booster.
Pfizer is not asking the FDA to revise the license for Comirnaty, its Covid vaccine, to classify it as a three-dose vaccine.
We expect the primary series to remain at two doses for healthy individuals, the company said in an emailed reply to questions from STAT. Our application to the FDA requests approval of a booster dose for those 16 years of age and older.