Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm

Global Statistics

All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm
All countries
Updated on August 7, 2022 7:30 pm
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Will We Need A Covid Vaccine Every Year

Fact: Adding Pepper To Your Soup Or Other Meals Does Not Prevent Or Cure Covid

Will I Have To Get The COVID-19 Vaccine Every Year?

Hot peppers in your food, though very tasty, cannot prevent or cure COVID-19. The best way to protect yourself against the new coronavirus is to keep at least 1 metre away from others and to wash your hands frequently and thoroughly. It is also beneficial for your general health to maintain a balanced diet, stay well hydrated, exercise regularly and sleep well.

How Will I Get My Second Vaccination

If you had your first vaccination at your local GP centre, you will be contacted by your practice when it is time to have your second dose.

If you booked your first vaccination through the National Booking Service, you will have made your second appointment at the same time. If you need to check when this is or make any changes you can do this online or by calling 119.

If you had your first dose at a walk-in service, you can book your second appointment through the National Booking Service. This can be done from 24 hours after your first vaccination, once your record will have been updated.

Would We Need A Special Booster Tailored For A Particular Variant

Its not clear yet. Some scientists suspect that a high immune response to the original version of the coronavirus will provide sufficient protection against variants as well. But its also possible that a vaccine designed to thwart one variant in particular may be more effective.

Pfizer has begun a trial to test both options. Some volunteers who have already received two doses of their vaccine will get a third dose of the same shot as a booster. As part of the same trial, researchers will give other volunteers an experimental booster designed to protect against the Beta variant.

Based on what we have learned so far, our current thinking is that until we see a reduction in SARS-CoV-2 circulation and Covid-19 disease, we think it is likely that a third dose, a boost of our vaccine, within 12 months after vaccine administration, will likely be needed to help provide protection against Covid-19, said Jerica Pitts, the director of global media relations for Pfizer.

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Ive Got A Health Condition How Will I Find Out If The Vaccine Is Safe For Me

Tell healthcare staff before you are vaccinated if youve ever had a serious allergic reaction .

You should not have the vaccine if youve ever had a serious allergic reaction to:

  • a previous vaccine
  • a previous dose of the same COVID-19 vaccine
  • some medicines, household products or cosmetics

Serious allergic reactions are rare. If you do have a reaction to the vaccine, it usually happens in minutes. Staff giving the vaccine are trained to deal with allergic reactions and treat them immediately.

What Is A Booster Shot

Covid Vaccine: Will We Need One Every Year?

A booster shot is an extra dose of a vaccine needed periodically to boost your immune system. Vaccines are there to help protect us from certain diseases. Once youve had a vaccine, you might think youre always safe from that disease. Thats not necessarily the case. Some diseases require more than one shot to build strong immunity. For other illnesses, your protection wears off over time, making a vaccine less effective. Booster shots help our bodies remember the illness so it knows to attack it before it causes harm.

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Meningococcal Stockpile Responds To Outbreaks

Gavi funds a stockpile of multivalent vaccine to respond to outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis A, C, W and Y. From 2009 through 2020, the stockpile had been accessed 48 times by 13 countries, with over 22.6 million doses shipped. In 2020, Benin was the only country that applied to use the stockpile.

Can I Go Elsewhere If My Gp Practice Or Pharmacy Has Run Out

If you are eligible for the free flu vaccine, you may get it either from your own GP practice or any pharmacy offering NHS flu vaccinations. They should be able to tell you when they expect to be able to offer you a vaccine.

Pregnant women can ask their maternity provider for the free flu vaccine and some of those visiting hospitals, either as in- or out-patients may also be offered the flu vaccine there.

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When Does It Start Working

The Pfizer vaccine is given in two doses scheduled three weeks apart. It’s not ideal but, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the second dose may be given up to 6 weeks after the first dose, if necessary. You should not get the second dose early.

These doses are given as injections and offer full protection two weeks after the second dose, the CDC says. The data suggest that after the first dose, some immune response is present in about two weeks.

A CDC report that tracked almost 4,000 healthcare personnel, first responders, and other frontline workers under real-world conditions found that the mRNA vaccines were 80% effective at least 14 days following the first dose and 90% effective at least two weeks after the second dose.

How Effective Is The Nhs Flu Immunisation Programme

Will we need annual COVID-19 vaccines?

The flu vaccine works better in some years than others . In children aged 2-17, the flu vaccine prevented 66% of flu cases in 2016-17, 27% of flu cases in 2017-18, 49% of flu cases in 2018-19 and 45% of flu cases in 2019-20 .

The aim is to protect children and also people around them, particularly those at risk of complications of flu. If children get flu they can remain infectious for longer than adults , and they are also more likely to pass on the infection. There is good evidence to show that vaccinating children against flu is a good way to reduce flu-related illness, GP visits, hospital admissions and deaths for the whole community.

Overall, since the programme began, the impact of the nasal flu vaccine has been greatest in pilot areas of the UK where children in all primary school years have been offered vaccination. This includes the whole of Scotland and Northern Ireland. In 2015 Public Health England published a study evaluating the impact of these flu vaccination pilot programmes in 2014-15 . The study showed that the programme in the pilot areas had a significant impact on flu in children and the community as a whole. For the 2021-22 season, the nasal flu vaccine is being offered to all primary and secondary school aged children in England, in response to the ongoing research on the community impact of this programme.

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Fact: Rinsing Your Nose With Saline Does Not Prevent Covid

There is no evidence that regularly rinsing the nose with saline has protected people from infection with the new coronavirus.

There is some limited evidence that regularly rinsing the nose with saline can help people recover more quickly from the common cold. However, regularly rinsing the nose has not been shown to prevent respiratory infections.

Future Booster Shots May Be Targeted To Specific Variants

If a coronavirus variant emerges that appears to significantly evade the protection we have from current vaccines, a new booster might be required to account for that. And future COVID-19 boosters may target specific coronavirus variants.

“There was some mismatch between the vaccine and the delta variant, but it wasn’t dramatic enough to make the vaccine ineffective,” Camins explained. “With omicron, there’s actually more mismatch.”

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While Major Pharmaceutical Companies Say We May Need Annual Covid

Now that the Food and Drug Administration has approved COVID-19 vaccine boosters for all adults, people are looking ahead to what next year holds for COVID-19 and the future of vaccination. And many questions remain.

At the New Economy Forum this week in Singapore, Bill Gates said he expects that by mid-2022, deaths from COVID-19 and infection rates in general will drop lower than those for seasonal flu, so long as a new dangerous variant doesnt crop up. Thats an even shorter timeline than pharmaceutical heads have predicted. In September, Moderna CEO Stéphane Bancel said that the pandemic was on track to be over in a year. Also in September, Pfizer CEO Alan Bourla said on ABCs This Week that he agreed that people would be able to return to their normal lives in a year, but he anticipated that COVID-19 variants would continue to circulate. I think the most likely scenario is annual revaccination, he said.

Pharmaceutical companies are already preparing for a world in which annual COVID-19 vaccination is routine. Novavax and Moderna are both in the process of developing a single shot that covers COVID-19 and flu. Pfizer, meanwhile, is in the process of developing a separate MRNA-based flu vaccine, which could be given at the same time as a COVID-19 vaccine.

Who Is Eligible For A Flu Vaccine

Will there be enough syringes to deliver Covid

You can get a free flu vaccine if you are:

  • aged 65 years old and over have certain health conditions
  • live with someone who is on the NHS shielded patient list
  • are pregnant
  • receive a carers allowance, or are the main carer of an older or disabledperson who may be at risk if you get sick.

Children aged 2 to 11 years old on the 31 August 2020 are also eligible for the flu vaccine .

You can get the flu vaccine at your GP surgery or a pharmacy, if youre a health or social care worker employed by a:

  • registered residential care or nursing home
  • registered homecare organisation hospice

Or if you provide health or social care through direct payments or personal health budgets.

This year the free flu vaccine will be offered to all 50 to 64 year olds later in the season . Visit to check whether you are eligible.

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How Do Vaccines Work

Vaccines help people develop immunity to a virus or other germ. A vaccine introduces a less harmful part of that germ or something created to look or behave like it into a persons body. The bodys immune system develops antibodies that fight that particular germ and keep the person from getting sick from it. Later, if the person encounters that germ again, their immune system can recognize it and remember how to fight it off.

Fact: Vitamin And Mineral Supplements Cannot Cure Covid

Micronutrients, such as vitamins D and C and zinc, are critical for a well-functioning immune system and play a vital role in promoting health and nutritional well-being. There is currently no guidance on the use of micronutrient supplements as a treatment of COVID-19.

WHO is coordinating efforts to develop and evaluate medicines to treat COVID-19.

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Why Do I Need Two Vaccinations

The evidence from the clinical trials showed that people build up better protection against COVID-19 symptoms when the vaccine is given in two, smaller doses, with an interval between them.

Evidence shows that the second dose not only increases your protection against Covid but gives you longer-lasting protection so it is very important that you have both doses. COVID-19 can make you very seriously ill and have long-term effects on your health so getting the maximum protection possible will give you the best chance of avoiding this. For example, having two doses has been shown to be over 90% effective in preventing hospitalisation.

When Can My Kid Get A Booster

Doctor predicts youâll have to get a COVID-19 shot every year

Most kids 5 and older are currently eligible for a single booster dose of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine at least five months after their second primary dose. Immunocompromised kids are eligible for their first booster at least three months after their last vaccine.

In March, the FDA for children 12 and older with compromised immune systems.

Children’s booster shots are available only at locations where the low-dose Pfizer vaccine for kids is in stock. Call your pediatrician or local health clinic for a recommendation. You can text your ZIP code to 438829 or use this vaccine finder link to find a location near you.

“Vaccination with a primary series among this age group has lagged behind other age groups leaving them vulnerable to serious illness,” Walensky said in a statement in May. “We must continue to increase the number of children who are protected.” A decision has not been made yet about boosters for children under 5.

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Will Some Covid Vaccines Last Longer Than Others

Possibly. Scientists have already found that vaccines using different technologies can vary in their effectiveness. The strongest vaccines include Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech, both of which are based on RNA molecules. Vaccines relying on inactivated viruses, such as those made by Sinopharm in China and Bharat Biotech in India, have proved somewhat less effective.

Its not entirely clear why thats the case, said Scott Hensley, an immunologist at the University of Pennsylvania. RNA vaccines are relatively new and so the immunity they provoke has not been thoroughly studied. In his own research on mice getting different types of flu vaccines some made with RNA and others inactivated viruses Dr. Hensley sees a similar difference. The level of antibodies produced by the two kinds of vaccines are outrageously different, he said.

Its possible that the protection from the less effective Covid-19 vaccines will fade more quickly. Sinopharms vaccine may already be showing some signs of this decline. Clinical trials indicate that it has an efficacy of 78 percent. But the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain are already offering boosters to people who received the Sinopharm vaccine to bolster their waning immunity.

> 205 Million Children Vaccinated Against Je

Although there were no new launches in 2020, by the end of the year more than 3.9 million children had been immunised against Japanese encephalitis through routine service deliveries. In addition, over 16.6 million had been reached through catch-up campaigns, resulting in more than 20.5 million children in total being vaccinated.

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Who Is Eligible And How To Get The Vaccine

The UK is gradually introducing annual flu vaccination for all children. This year, the programme has been extended to all children in year 7 – 11 in secondary school, and will continue to vaccinate all primary school children and those aged 2 to 4 years. There are some differences between the programmes in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The programme may be extended to additional secondary school years once there has been an assessment of the full impact of the current school programme.

In the 2021-22 season the nasal flu spray will be available for free to the following groups:

  • All children aged 2 or 3 on 31stAugust 2021
  • All children in Primary school
  • All children in year 7 – 11 of Secondary school
  • Children and young people aged 2 to 17 who are ‘at risk’ of developing complications from flu, such as those with long-term health conditions including:
  • Respiratory diseases, including asthma
  • Heart disease, kidney disease or liver disease
  • Neurological conditions including learning disability
  • Diabetes
  • A severely weakened immune system , a missing spleen, sickle cell anaemia or coeliac disease
  • Being seriously overweight

If a child has missed the flu vaccine in school, they can also receive the vaccine from their GP surgery.

Your doctor may recommend the flu vaccine in other circumstances as well.

What’s The Difference Between A Live Or Killed Vaccine

Pfizer To Begin Testing Third Dose Of COVID Vaccine

Live and killed vaccine comparison

Live and killed vaccine comparison

Live vaccines
Contain viruses or bacteria that have been weakenedContain viruses or bacteria that have been destroyed
Cannot be given to people with a weakened immune systemCan still be given to people with a weakened immune system
Gives long-term protectionOften needs several doses or a booster vaccine for full protection

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Safety And Side Effects

Side effects associated with the vaccine are:

Very common

  • runny or stuffy nose

Common :

  • high temperature

Uncommon :

  • nose bleeds
  • rash
  • allergic reactions

Additional information about vaccine side effects, anaphylaxis and adverse reactions can be found here.

There is no evidence that healthy unvaccinated people can catch flu from the nasal flu spray .

It is known that vaccinated children shed the virus for a few days after vaccination . However, the vaccine virus is weakened, and so it is much less able to spread from person to person than flu viruses that circulate during the flu season, and it cannot grow inside the body. The amount of virus that children shed is normally below the levels needed to pass on infection to others. The virus does not survive for long outside the body.

It is therefore not necessary for children to be excluded from school during the period when the vaccine is being given. The only exception is the very small number of children who are extremely immunocompromised . These children are usually advised not to attend school anyway, because of the higher risk of being in contact with infections that circulate in schools.

The nasal flu spray should not be given to anyone who is severely immunodeficient due to a medical condition or treatment with an immunosuppressive therapy such as:

This is because the weakened viruses in the vaccine could replicate too much and cause infection.

How Many Vaccine Shots Do Kids Get

Moderna’s vaccine is a two-shot dose. Each dose is 25 micrograms, a quarter the strength given to adults, with the second shot given four weeks after the first.

Pfizer’s vaccine is a three-shot process: Each dose is only 3 micrograms, a tenth of the adult version. The first two shots are given three weeks apart, and the third is administered at least two months after the second.

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